Benjamin Graham taught that Intelligent Investors must do a thorough fundamental analysis of investment opportunities to determine their intrinsic value and inherent risk. This is best done by utilizing a systematic approach to analysis that will provide investors with a sense of how a specific company compares to another company or by reviewing the 5 Undervalued Companies for the Enterprising Investor. By using the ModernGraham method one can review a company’s historical accomplishments and determine an intrinsic value that can be compared across industries. What follows is a specific look at how EMC Corp (EMC) fares in the ModernGraham valuation model.
Company Profile (obtained from Google Finance): EMC Corporation (EMC) and its subsidiaries develop, deliver and support the Information Technology (IT) industry’s range of information infrastructure and virtual infrastructure technologies, solutions and services. The Company manages its business in two broad categories: EMC Information Infrastructure and VMware Virtual Infrastructure. EMC Information Infrastructure provides a foundation for organizations to store, manage, protect, analyze and secure ever-increasing quantities of information, improve business agility, lower cost of ownership and enhance their competitive advantage within traditional data centers, virtual data centers and cloud-based IT infrastructures. Its EMC Information Infrastructure business consists of three segments: Information Storage, Information Intelligence and RSA Information Security. In July 2013, the Company’s RSA security division acquired Aveksa Inc. In February 2014, the Company’s VMware, Inc completed the acquisition of A.W.S. Holding, LLC.
Defensive Investor – must pass at least 6 of the following 7 tests: Score = 5/7
- Adequate Size of Enterprise – market capitalization of at least $2 billion – PASS
- Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition – current ratio greater than 2 – FAIL
- Earnings Stability – positive earnings per share for at least 10 straight years – PASS
- Dividend Record – has paid a dividend for at least 10 straight years – FAIL
- Earnings Growth – earnings per share has increased by at least 1/3 over the last 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end of period – PASS
- Moderate PEmg ratio – PEmg is less than 20 – PASS
- Moderate Price to Assets – PB ratio is less than 2.5 or PB x PEmg is less than 50 – PASS
Enterprising Investor – must pass at least 4 of the following 5 tests or be suitable for a defensive investor: Score = 4/5
- Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition, Part 1 – current ratio greater than 1.5 – PASS
- Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition, Part 2 – Debt to Net Current Assets ratio less than 1.1 – FAIL
- Earnings Stability – positive earnings per share for at least 5 years – PASS
- Dividend Record – currently pays a dividend – PASS
- Earnings growth – EPSmg greater than 5 years ago – PASS
|Value Based on 3% Growth||$19.25|
|Value Based on 0% Growth||$11.28|
|Market Implied Growth Rate||5.72%|
|Net Current Asset Value (NCAV)||-$3.62|
Balance Sheet – 3/31/2014
Earnings Per Share
Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham
EMC Corp qualifies for the Enterprising Investor but not the Defensive Investor, who is concerned with the company’s low current ratio and the short dividend history. The Enterprising Investor does not have many initial concerns with the company, though, as it passes all of the investor type’s requirements. As a result, Enterprising Investors following the ModernGraham approach based on Benjamin Graham’s methods should feel comfortable proceeding with further research into the company and comparing it to other opportunities through a review of ModernGraham’s valuation of International Business Machines (IBM) and ModernGraham’s valuation of Hewlett-Packard Co. (HPQ). From a valuation side of things, the company appears to be undervalued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $0.70 in 2010 to an estimated $1.33 for 2014. This level of demonstrated growth outpaces the market’s implied estimate of 5.72% earnings growth and leads the ModernGraham valuation model, which is based on Benjamin Graham’s formula, to return an estimate of intrinsic value that is well above the current price.
Be sure to review the previous ModernGraham Valuations of EMC Corp (EMC)!
The next part of the analysis is up to individual investors, and requires discussion of the company’s prospects. What do you think? What value would you put on EMC Corp (EMC)? Where do you see the company going in the future? Is there a company you like better? Leave a comment on our Facebook page or mention @ModernGraham on Twitter to discuss.
Disclaimer: The author did not hold a position in EMC Corp (EMC) or in any other company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours. Logo taken from wikipedia; this article is not affiliated with the company in any manner.