Benjamin Graham taught that Intelligent Investors must do a thorough fundamental analysis of investment opportunities to determine their intrinsic value and inherent risk. This is best done by utilizing a systematic approach to analysis that will provide investors with a sense of how a specific company compares to another company or by reviewing the 5 Undervalued Companies for the Enterprising Investor Near 52 Week Lows. By using the ModernGraham method one can review a company’s historical accomplishments and determine an intrinsic value that can be compared across industries. What follows is a specific look at how Yahoo Inc. (YHOO) fares in the ModernGraham valuation model.
Company Profile (obtained from Google Finance): Yahoo! Inc. (Yahoo!), is a global technology company. Through the Company’s technology and insights, Yahoo! delivers digital content and experiences, across devices and globally. The Company provides online properties and services (Yahoo! Properties) to users, as well as a range of marketing services designed to reach and connect with those users on Yahoo! and through a distribution network of third-party entities (Affiliates). These Affiliates integrate its advertising offerings into their Websites or other offerings (those Websites and other offerings, Affiliate sites). Its offerings to users on Yahoo! Properties fall into three categories: Communications and Communities, Search and Marketplaces, and Media. Effective July 11, 2014, Yahoo acquired RayV Inc, a Los Angeles-based provider of video streaming services.
Defensive Investor – must pass at least 6 of the following 7 tests: Score = 4/7
- Adequate Size of Enterprise – market capitalization of at least $2 billion – PASS
- Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition – current ratio greater than 2 – PASS
- Earnings Stability – positive earnings per share for at least 10 straight years – PASS
- Dividend Record – has paid a dividend for at least 10 straight years – FAIL
- Earnings Growth – earnings per share has increased by at least 1/3 over the last 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end of period – PASS
- Moderate PEmg ratio – PEmg is less than 20 – FAIL
- Moderate Price to Assets – PB ratio is less than 2.5 or PB x PEmg is less than 50 – FAIL
Enterprising Investor – must pass at least 4 of the following 5 tests or be suitable for a defensive investor: Score = 4/5
- Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition, Part 1 – current ratio greater than 1.5 – PASS
- Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition, Part 2 – Debt to Net Current Assets ratio less than 1.1 – PASS
- Earnings Stability – positive earnings per share for at least 5 years – PASS
- Dividend Record – currently pays a dividend – FAIL
- Earnings growth – EPSmg greater than 5 years ago – PASS
|Value Based on 3% Growth||$21.36|
|Value Based on 0% Growth||$12.52|
|Market Implied Growth Rate||8.03%|
Balance Sheet – 6/30/2014
Earnings Per Share
Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham
Yahoo does not pay dividends.
Yahoo Inc. is suitable for the Enterprising Investor but not the Defensive Investor. The Defensive Investor has concerns regarding the company’s lack of dividend payments, insufficient growth over the last ten years, and the high PEmg and PB ratios. The Enterprising Investor’s only concern is the lack of dividend payments. As a result, Enterprising Investors following the ModernGraham approach based on Benjamin Graham’s methods should feel comfortable proceeding with research into the company and comparing it to other opportunities including a review of ModernGraham’s valuation of Microsoft Corporation (MSFT) and ModernGraham’s valuation of Google Inc. (GOOG). As for a valuation, the company appears to be undervalued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $0.57 in 2010 to an estimated $1.47 for 2014. This level of demonstrated growth outpaces the market’s implied estimate of 8.03% earnings growth and leads the ModernGraham valuation model, based on Benjamin Graham’s formula, to return an estimate of intrinsic value above the price.
Be sure to check out the previous ModernGraham valuations of Yahoo Inc. (YHOO) for more perspective!
The next part of the analysis is up to individual investors, and requires discussion of the company’s prospects. What do you think? What value would you put on Yahoo Inc. (YHOO)? Where do you see the company going in the future? Is there a company you like better? Leave a comment on our Facebook page or mention @ModernGraham on Twitter to discuss.
Disclaimer: The author did not hold a position in Yahoo Inc. (YHOO) or in any other company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours. Logo taken from wikipedia for the sole purpose of identifying the company; this article is not affiliated with the company in any manner.