Benjamin Graham taught that Intelligent Investors must do a thorough fundamental analysis of investment opportunities to determine their intrinsic value and inherent risk. This is best done by utilizing a systematic approach to analysis that will provide investors with a sense of how a specific company compares to another company or by reviewing the 10 Companies Benjamin Graham Would Invest In Today – June 2016. By using the ModernGraham method one can review a company’s historical accomplishments and determine an intrinsic value that can be compared across industries. What follows is a stock analysis showing a specific look at how Vornado Realty Trust (VNO) fares in the ModernGraham valuation model.
Company Profile (obtained from Google Finance): Vornado Realty Trust is a fully integrated real estate investment trust (REIT). The Company conducts its business through, and its interests in properties are held by, Vornado Realty L.P. (the Operating Partnership). It is the sole general partner of, and owns common limited partnership interest in the Operating Partnership. Its segments include New York and Washington, DC. The New York segment consists of approximately 29.3 million square feet in over 80 properties. The Washington, DC segment consists of over 70 properties aggregating approximately 20 million square feet, which consists of over 15.8 million square feet of office space in over 60 properties, seven residential properties containing over 2,410 units and a hotel property. It also owns approximately 3.6 million square foot Mart (theMart) in Chicago; interest in 555 California Street; interest in Vornado Capital Partners, its real estate fund; interest in Toys “R” Us, Inc., and other real estate and other investments.
Premium members can view a full ModernGraham valuation of the company and have access to download a PDF version of the valuation for easy reference. Here is a free sample valuation pdf, and here is a post detailing what can be found within each individual company’s valuation.
Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:
Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?
|Defensive Investor; must pass all 6 of the following tests.|
|1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise||Market Cap > $2Bil||$18,888,533,686||Pass|
|2. Earnings Stability||Positive EPS for 10 years prior||Pass|
|3. Dividend Record||Dividend Payments for 10 years prior||Pass|
|4. Earnings Growth||Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end||121.67%||Pass|
|5. Moderate PEmg Ratio||PEmg < 20||26.29||Fail|
|6. Moderate Price to Assets||PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50||2.90||Fail|
|Enterprising Investor; must pass all 3 of the following tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.|
|1. Earnings Stability||Positive EPS for 5 years prior||Pass|
|2. Dividend Record||Currently Pays Dividend||Pass|
|3. Earnings Growth||EPSmg greater than 5 years ago||Pass|
Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value
|MG Growth Estimate||6.46%|
|MG Value based on 3% Growth||$55.32|
|MG Value based on 0% Growth||$32.43|
|Market Implied Growth Rate||8.89%|
|% of Intrinsic Value||122.70%|
Vornado Realty Trust is suitable for the Enterprising Investor but not the more conservative Defensive Investor. The Defensive Investor is concerned with the high PEmg and PB ratios. The Enterprising Investor has no initial concerns. As a result, all Enterprising Investors following the ModernGraham approach should feel comfortable proceeding with the analysis.
As for a valuation, the company appears to be Overvalued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $2.67 in 2012 to an estimated $3.82 for 2016. This level of demonstrated earnings growth does not support the market’s implied estimate of 8.89% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on Benjamin Graham’s formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value below the price.
Vornado Realty Trust receives an average overall rating in the ModernGraham grading system, scoring a C+.
Stage 3: Information for Further Research
|Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth||0|
|ModernGraham tagged articles||Morningstar|
|Google Finance||MSN Money|
|Yahoo Finance||Seeking Alpha|
Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures
|Balance Sheet Information||3/1/2016|
|Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average)||188,658,000|
Earnings Per Share History
|Next Fiscal Year Estimate||$4.66|
Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History
|Next Fiscal Year Estimate||$3.82|
Other ModernGraham posts about the company
|30 Companies in the Spotlight This Week – 5/23/15|
|Vornado Realty Trust Annual Valuation – 2015 $VNO|
|16 Companies in the Spotlight This Week – 5/24/14|
|Vornado Realty Trust 2014 Annual Valuation $VNO|
Other ModernGraham posts about related companies
The author did not hold a position in any company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours. See my current holdings here. This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to a registered investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions. ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner. Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.