Benjamin Graham taught that Intelligent Investors must do a thorough fundamental analysis of investment opportunities to determine their intrinsic value and inherent risk. This is best done by utilizing a systematic approach to analysis that will provide investors with a sense of how a specific company compares to another company or by reviewing the 10 Companies Benjamin Graham Would Invest In Today – July 2016. By using the ModernGraham method one can review a company’s historical accomplishments and determine an intrinsic value that can be compared across industries. What follows is a stock analysis showing a specific look at how EOG Resources Inc (EOG) fares in the ModernGraham valuation model.
Company Profile (obtained from Google Finance): EOG Resources, Inc. (EOG) explores for, develops, produces and markets crude oil and natural gas primarily in major producing basins in the United States, The Republic of Trinidad and Tobago (Trinidad), the United Kingdom, The People’s Republic of China (China), Canada and, from time to time, select other international areas. The Company’s operations are all crude oil and natural gas exploration and production related. EOG’s total estimated net proved reserves include approximately 2,118 million barrels of oil equivalent (MMBoe), of which over 1,098 million barrels (MMBbl) is crude oil and condensate reserves, approximately 383 MMBbl include natural gas liquids (NGLs) reserves and over 3,825 billion cubic feet, or 637 MMBoe, includes natural gas reserves. The Company’s operations are focused in most of the productive basins in the United States with a focus on crude oil and, to a lesser extent, liquids-rich natural gas plays.
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Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:
Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?
|Defensive Investor; must pass 6 out of the following 7 tests.|
|1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise||Market Cap > $2Bil||$45,025,208,272||Pass|
|2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition||Current Ratio > 2||1.53||Fail|
|3. Earnings Stability||Positive EPS for 10 years prior||Fail|
|4. Dividend Record||Dividend Payments for 10 years prior||Pass|
|5. Earnings Growth||Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end||-164.08%||Fail|
|6. Moderate PEmg Ratio||PEmg < 20||-63.48||Fail|
|7. Moderate Price to Assets||PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50||3.60||Fail|
|Enterprising Investor; must pass 4 out of the following 5 tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.|
|1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition||Current Ratio > 1.5||1.53||Pass|
|2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition||Debt to NCA < 1.1||8.53||Fail|
|3. Earnings Stability||Positive EPS for 5 years prior||Fail|
|4. Dividend Record||Currently Pays Dividend||Pass|
|5. Earnings Growth||EPSmg greater than 5 years ago||Fail|
Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value
|MG Growth Estimate||-4.25%|
|MG Value based on 3% Growth||-$18.66|
|MG Value based on 0% Growth||-$10.94|
|Market Implied Growth Rate||-35.99%|
|% of Intrinsic Value||N/A|
EOG Resources Inc does not satisfy the requirements of either the Enterprising Investor or the more conservative Defensive Investor. The Defensive Investor is concerned with the low current ratio, insufficient earnings stability or growth over the last ten years, and the high PEmg and PB ratios. The Enterprising Investor has concerns regarding the level of debt relative to the net current assets, and the lack of earnings stability or growth over the last five years. As a result, all value investors following the ModernGraham approach should explore other opportunities at this time or proceed cautiously with a speculative attitude.
As for a valuation, the company appears to be Overvalued after seeing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) decline from $1.43 in 2012 to an estimated $-1.29 for 2016. This level of negative earnings does not support a positive valuation.As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on Benjamin Graham’s formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value below the price.
EOG Resources Inc scores quite poorly in the ModernGraham grading system, with an overall grade of D.
Stage 3: Information for Further Research
|Net Current Asset Value (NCAV)||-$21.16|
|Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth||18|
|ModernGraham tagged articles||Morningstar|
|Google Finance||MSN Money|
|Yahoo Finance||Seeking Alpha|
Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures
|Balance Sheet Information||3/1/2016|
|Total Current Assets||$2,365,812,000|
|Total Current Liabilities||$1,547,972,000|
|Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average)||546,715,000|
Earnings Per Share History
|Next Fiscal Year Estimate||-$2.24|
Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History
|Next Fiscal Year Estimate||-$1.29|
Other ModernGraham posts about the company
|EOG Resources Analysis – 2015 Annual Update $EOG|
|15 Companies in the Spotlight This Week – 5/31/14|
|EOG Resources Inc. 2014 Annual Valuation $EOG|
Other ModernGraham posts about related companies
The author did not hold a position in any company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours. See my current holdings here. This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to a registered investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions. ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner. Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.