Benjamin Graham taught that Intelligent Investors must do a thorough fundamental analysis of investment opportunities to determine their intrinsic value and inherent risk. This is best done by utilizing a systematic approach to analysis that will provide investors with a sense of how a specific company compares to another company or by reviewing the 10 Companies Benjamin Graham Would Invest In Today – July 2016. By using the ModernGraham method one can review a company’s historical accomplishments and determine an intrinsic value that can be compared across industries. What follows is a stock analysis showing a specific look at how Dollar General Corp (DG) fares in the ModernGraham valuation model.
Company Profile (obtained from Google Finance): Dollar General Corporation is a discount retailer. The Company offers a selection of merchandise, including consumables, seasonal, home products and apparel. The Company’s consumables category includes paper and cleaning products (such as paper towels, bath tissue, and other home cleaning supplies); packaged food (such as cereals, spices, sugar and flour); perishables (such as milk, beer and wine); snacks (such as candy, cookies, and carbonated beverages); health and beauty (such as over-the-counter medicines and personal care products); pet (pet supplies and pet food), and tobacco products. Its seasonal products include decorations, toys, batteries, stationery, prepaid phones and accessories, and home office supplies. Its home products include cookware, craft supplies and kitchen, and bed and bath soft goods. Its apparel products include casual everyday apparel for infants, toddlers, girls, boys, women and men, as well as socks, underwear, disposable diapers, shoes and accessories.
Premium members can view a full ModernGraham valuation of the company and have access to download a PDF version of the valuation for easy reference. Here is a free sample valuation pdf, and here is a post detailing what can be found within each individual company’s valuation.
Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:
Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?
|Defensive Investor; must pass 6 out of the following 7 tests.|
|1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise||Market Cap > $2Bil||$26,598,465,332||Pass|
|2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition||Current Ratio > 2||1.73||Fail|
|3. Earnings Stability||Positive EPS for 10 years prior||Fail|
|4. Dividend Record||Dividend Payments for 10 years prior||Fail|
|5. Earnings Growth||Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end||772.46%||Pass|
|6. Moderate PEmg Ratio||PEmg < 20||23.89||Fail|
|7. Moderate Price to Assets||PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50||4.96||Fail|
|Enterprising Investor; must pass 4 out of the following 5 tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.|
|1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition||Current Ratio > 1.5||1.73||Pass|
|2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition||Debt to NCA < 1.1||2.04||Fail|
|3. Earnings Stability||Positive EPS for 5 years prior||Pass|
|4. Dividend Record||Currently Pays Dividend||Pass|
|5. Earnings Growth||EPSmg greater than 5 years ago||Pass|
Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value
|MG Growth Estimate||13.28%|
|MG Value based on 3% Growth||$56.51|
|MG Value based on 0% Growth||$33.13|
|Market Implied Growth Rate||7.70%|
|% of Intrinsic Value||68.16%|
Dollar General Corp. is suitable for the Enterprising Investor but not the more conservative Defensive Investor. The Defensive Investor is concerned with the low current ratio, insufficient earnings stability over the last ten years, and the poor dividend history, and the high PEmg and PB ratios. The Enterprising Investor is only concerned with the level of debt relative to the net current assets. As a result, all Enterprising Investors following the ModernGraham approach should feel comfortable proceeding with the analysis.
As for a valuation, the company appears to be Undervalued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $2.07 in 2013 to an estimated $3.9 for 2017. This level of demonstrated earnings growth outpaces the market’s implied estimate of 7.7% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on the Benjamin Graham value investing formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value above the price.
At the time of valuation, further research into Dollar General Corp. revealed the company was trading above its Graham Number of $44.12. The company pays a dividend of $0.91 per share, for a yield of 1% Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 23.89, which was below the industry average of 49.91, which by some methods of valuation makes it one of the most undervalued stocks in its industry. Finally, the company was trading above its Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) of $-8.54.
Dollar General Corp. performs fairly well in the ModernGraham grading system, scoring a B-.
Stage 3: Information for Further Research
|Net Current Asset Value (NCAV)||-$8.54|
|Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth||2|
|ModernGraham tagged articles||Morningstar|
|Google Finance||MSN Money|
|Yahoo Finance||Seeking Alpha|
Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures
|Balance Sheet Information||4/1/2016|
|Total Current Assets||$3,477,346,000|
|Total Current Liabilities||$2,011,594,000|
|Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average)||286,978,000|
Earnings Per Share History
|Next Fiscal Year Estimate||$4.60|
Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History
|Next Fiscal Year Estimate||$3.90|
Other ModernGraham posts about the company
|27 Companies in the Spotlight This Week – 4/4/15|
|Dollar General Corporation Annual Valuation – April 2015 $DG|
|14 Companies in the Spotlight This Week – 4/5/14|
|Dollar General Corp (DG) Annual Valuation – 2014|
Other ModernGraham posts about related companies
The author did not hold a position in any company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours. See my current holdings here. This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to a registered investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions. ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner. Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.