SL Green Realty Corp Valuation – February 2019 $SLG

Company Profile (excerpt from Reuters): SL Green Realty Corp., incorporated on June 10, 1997, is a self-managed real estate investment trust (REIT), with in-house capabilities in property management, acquisitions and dispositions, financing, development and redevelopment, construction and leasing. The Company operates through two segments: real estate, and debt and preferred equity investments. It acquires, owns, repositions, manages and leases commercial office, retail and multifamily properties in the New York Metropolitan area. Its subsidiaries include Reckson Associates Realty Corp. (Reckson) and Reckson Operating Partnership, L.P. (ROP).

 

Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:

ModernGraham Valuation of SLG – February 2019

Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?

What kind of Intelligent Investor are you?

Defensive Investor; must pass 6 out of the following 7 tests.
1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise Market Cap > $2Bil $7,801,417,990 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 2 2.69 Pass
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 10 years prior Pass
4. Dividend Record Dividend Payments for 10 years prior Pass
5. Earnings Growth Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end -61.98% Fail
6. Moderate PEmg Ratio PEmg < 20 51.26 Fail
7. Moderate Price to Assets PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50 1.36 Pass
Enterprising Investor; must pass 4 out of the following 5 tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.
1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 1.5 2.69 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Debt to NCA < 1.1 12.99 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 5 years prior Pass
4. Dividend Record Currently Pays Dividend Pass
5. Earnings Growth EPSmg greater than 5 years ago Fail

 

Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value

EPSmg $1.78
MG Growth Estimate -4.25%
MG Value $0.00
Opinion Overvalued
MG Grade D+
MG Value based on 3% Growth $25.88
MG Value based on 0% Growth $15.17
Market Implied Growth Rate 21.38%
Current Price $91.49
% of Intrinsic Value N/A

SL Green Realty Corp does not satisfy the requirements of either the Enterprising Investor or the more conservative Defensive Investor. The Defensive Investor is concerned with the insufficient earnings growth over the last ten years, and the high PEmg ratio. The Enterprising Investor has concerns regarding the level of debt relative to the net current assets, and the lack of earnings growth over the last five years. As a result, all value investors following the ModernGraham approach should explore other opportunities at this time or proceed cautiously with a speculative attitude.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be Overvalued after seeing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) decline from $3.24 in 2015 to an estimated $1.78 for 2019. This level of demonstrated earnings growth does not support the market’s implied estimate of 21.38% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on the Benjamin Graham value investing formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value below the price.

At the time of valuation, further research into SL Green Realty Corp revealed the company was trading above its Graham Number of $42.89. The company pays a dividend of $3.29 per share, for a yield of 3.6%, putting it among the best dividend paying stocks today. Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 51.26, which was below the industry average of 81.61, which by some methods of valuation makes it one of the most undervalued stocks in its industry. Finally, the company was trading above its Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) of $-69.24.

SL Green Realty Corp scores quite poorly in the ModernGraham grading system, with an overall grade of D+.

Stage 3: Information for Further Research

Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) -$69.24
Graham Number $42.89
PEmg 51.26
Current Ratio 2.69
PB Ratio 1.36
Current Dividend $3.29
Dividend Yield 3.59%
Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth 8

Useful Links:

ModernGraham tagged articles Morningstar
Google Finance MSN Money
Yahoo Finance Seeking Alpha
GuruFocus SEC Filings

Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures

Balance Sheet Information 12/1/2018
Total Current Assets $684,720,000
Total Current Liabilities $254,248,000
Long-Term Debt $5,591,918,000
Total Assets $12,751,358,000
Intangible Assets $0
Total Liabilities $6,803,503,000
Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) 88,376,000

Earnings Per Share History

EPS History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $1.22
Dec2018 $2.67
Dec2017 $0.87
Dec2016 $2.34
Dec2015 $2.70
Dec2014 $5.23
Dec2013 $1.10
Dec2012 $1.74
Dec2011 $7.33
Dec2010 $3.45
Dec2009 $0.54
Dec2008 $6.20
Dec2007 $10.78
Dec2006 $4.38
Dec2005 $3.20
Dec2004 $4.75
Dec2003 $2.66
Dec2002 $2.09
Dec2001 $1.94
Dec2000 $2.93
Dec1999 $1.37

Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History

EPSmg History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $1.78
Dec2018 $2.30
Dec2017 $2.22
Dec2016 $2.81
Dec2015 $3.24
Dec2014 $3.59
Dec2013 $2.79
Dec2012 $3.71
Dec2011 $5.02
Dec2010 $4.26
Dec2009 $4.79
Dec2008 $6.56
Dec2007 $6.21
Dec2006 $3.76
Dec2005 $3.27
Dec2004 $3.16
Dec2003 $2.31

Recommended Reading:

Other ModernGraham posts about the company

SL Green Realty Corp Valuation – April 2018 $SLG
SL Green Realty Corp Valuation – August 2016 $SLG
SL Green Realty Corp Analysis – Initial Coverage $SLG

Other ModernGraham posts about related companies

Regency Centers Corp Valuation – February 2019 $REG
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Vornado Realty Trust Valuation – January 2019 $VNO
Public Storage Valuation – January 2019 $PSA
Macerich Co Valuation – January 2019 $MAC
HCP Inc Valuation – January 2019 $HCP
Apartment Investment and Management Co Valuation – January 2019 $AIV
Simon Property Group Inc Valuation – January 2019 $SPG
Crown Castle International Corp Valuation – January 2019 $CCI
Welltower Inc Valuation – January 2019 $WELL

Disclaimer:

The author did not hold a position in any company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.  See my current holdings here.  This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to a registered investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions.  ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner.  Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.

Silgan Holdings Inc Valuation – August 2018 $SLGN

Company Profile (excerpt from Reuters): Silgan Holdings Inc., incorporated on April 6, 1989, is a holding company. The Company is a manufacturer of rigid packaging for consumer goods products. The Company operates in three business segments: metal containers, closures and plastic containers. Its metal container segment is engaged in the manufacture and sale of steel and aluminum containers for human and pet food and general line products. Its closures segment manufactures and sells metal, composite and plastic closures for food and beverage products. Its plastic containers segment manufactures and sells custom designed plastic containers and closures for personal care, food, healthcare, pharmaceutical, household and industrial chemical, pet care, agricultural, automotive and marine chemical products.

SLGN Chart

SLGN data by YCharts

 

Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:

ModernGraham Valuation of SLGN – August 2018

Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?

What kind of Intelligent Investor are you?

 

Defensive Investor; must pass 6 out of the following 7 tests.
1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise Market Cap > $2Bil $2,993,661,141 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 2 2.26 Pass
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 10 years prior Pass
4. Dividend Record Dividend Payments for 10 years prior Pass
5. Earnings Growth Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end 69.90% Pass
6. Moderate PEmg Ratio PEmg < 20 14.85 Pass
7. Moderate Price to Assets PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50 3.66 Fail
Enterprising Investor; must pass 4 out of the following 5 tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.
1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 1.5 2.26 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Debt to NCA < 1.1 3.08 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 5 years prior Pass
4. Dividend Record Currently Pays Dividend Pass
5. Earnings Growth EPSmg greater than 5 years ago Pass

 

Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value

EPSmg $1.85
MG Growth Estimate 6.01%
MG Value $38.02
Opinion Undervalued
MG Grade B
MG Value based on 3% Growth $26.86
MG Value based on 0% Growth $15.75
Market Implied Growth Rate 3.17%
Current Price $27.51
% of Intrinsic Value 72.36%

Silgan Holdings Inc. qualifies for both the Defensive Investor and the Enterprising Investor. The Defensive Investor is only initially concerned with the high PB ratio. The Enterprising Investor is only concerned with the level of debt relative to the net current assets. As a result, all value investors following the ModernGraham approach should feel comfortable proceeding with the analysis.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be Undervalued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $1.32 in 2014 to an estimated $1.85 for 2018. This level of demonstrated earnings growth outpaces the market’s implied estimate of 3.17% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on the Benjamin Graham value investing formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value above the price.

At the time of valuation, further research into Silgan Holdings Inc. revealed the company was trading above its Graham Number of $17.72. The company pays a dividend of $0.36 per share, for a yield of 1.3% Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 14.85, which was below the industry average of 21.21, which by some methods of valuation makes it one of the most undervalued stocks in its industry. Finally, the company was trading above its Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) of $-22.36.

Silgan Holdings Inc. performs fairly well in the ModernGraham grading system, scoring a B.

Stage 3: Information for Further Research

Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) -$22.36
Graham Number $17.72
PEmg 14.85
Current Ratio 2.26
PB Ratio 3.66
Current Dividend $0.36
Dividend Yield 1.31%
Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth 14

Useful Links:

ModernGraham tagged articles Morningstar
Google Finance MSN Money
Yahoo Finance Seeking Alpha
GuruFocus SEC Filings

Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures

Balance Sheet Information 6/1/2018
Total Current Assets $1,726,800,000
Total Current Liabilities $765,000,000
Long-Term Debt $2,962,700,000
Total Assets $5,059,700,000
Intangible Assets $0
Total Liabilities $4,221,700,000
Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) 111,574,000

Earnings Per Share History

EPS History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $2.01
Dec2017 $2.42
Dec2016 $1.27
Dec2015 $1.41
Dec2014 $1.43
Dec2013 $1.44
Dec2012 $1.09
Dec2011 $1.38
Dec2010 $0.95
Dec2009 $1.04
Dec2008 $0.82
Dec2007 $0.81
Dec2006 $0.69
Dec2005 $0.58
Dec2004 $0.57
Dec2003 $0.29
Dec2002 $0.37
Dec2001 $0.29
Dec2000 $0.22
Dec1999 $0.17
Dec1998 $0.29

Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History

EPSmg History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $1.85
Dec2017 $1.71
Dec2016 $1.35
Dec2015 $1.37
Dec2014 $1.32
Dec2013 $1.24
Dec2012 $1.11
Dec2011 $1.08
Dec2010 $0.91
Dec2009 $0.85
Dec2008 $0.74
Dec2007 $0.66
Dec2006 $0.56
Dec2005 $0.47
Dec2004 $0.39
Dec2003 $0.29
Dec2002 $0.28

Recommended Reading:

Other ModernGraham posts about the company

Silgan Holdings Inc Valuation – Initial Coverage $SLGN

Other ModernGraham posts about related companies

Clearwater Paper Corp Valuation – July 2018 $CLW
Intertape Polymer Group Valuation – July 2018 $TSE-ITP
Bemis Co Inc Valuation – June 2018 $BMS
Owens-Illinois Inc Valuation – June 2018 $OI
International Paper Co Valuation – June 2018 $IP
Ball Corporation Valuation – April 2018 $BLL
WestRock Co Valuation – April 2018 $WRK
Sealed Air Corp Valuation – April 2018 $SEE
Packaging Corp of America Valuation – Initial Coverage $PKG
AptarGroup Inc Valuation – Initial Coverage $ATR

Disclaimer:

The author did not hold a position in any company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.  See my current holdings here.  This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to a registered investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions.  ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner.  Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.

SL Green Realty Corp Valuation – April 2018 $SLG

Company Profile (excerpt from Reuters): SL Green Realty Corp., incorporated on June 10, 1997, is a self-managed real estate investment trust (REIT), with in-house capabilities in property management, acquisitions and dispositions, financing, development and redevelopment, construction and leasing. The Company operates through two segments: real estate, and debt and preferred equity investments. It acquires, owns, repositions, manages and leases commercial office, retail and multifamily properties in the New York Metropolitan area. Its subsidiaries include Reckson Associates Realty Corp. (Reckson) and Reckson Operating Partnership, L.P. (ROP).

SLG Chart

SLG data by YCharts

 

Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:

ModernGraham Valuation of SLG – April 2018

Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?

What kind of Intelligent Investor are you?

Defensive Investor; must pass 6 out of the following 7 tests.
1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise Market Cap > $2Bil $8,581,074,975 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 2 4.08 Pass
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 10 years prior Pass
4. Dividend Record Dividend Payments for 10 years prior Pass
5. Earnings Growth Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end -57.60% Fail
6. Moderate PEmg Ratio PEmg < 20 49.00 Fail
7. Moderate Price to Assets PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50 1.54 Pass
Enterprising Investor; must pass 4 out of the following 5 tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.
1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 1.5 4.08 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Debt to NCA < 1.1 7.30 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 5 years prior Pass
4. Dividend Record Currently Pays Dividend Pass
5. Earnings Growth EPSmg greater than 5 years ago Fail

 

Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value

EPSmg $1.94
MG Growth Estimate -4.25%
MG Value $0.00
Opinion Overvalued
MG Grade D
MG Value based on 3% Growth $28.11
MG Value based on 0% Growth $16.48
Market Implied Growth Rate 20.25%
Current Price $95.00
% of Intrinsic Value N/A

SL Green Realty Corp does not satisfy the requirements of either the Enterprising Investor or the more conservative Defensive Investor. The Defensive Investor is concerned with the insufficient earnings growth over the last ten years, and the high PEmg ratio. The Enterprising Investor has concerns regarding the level of debt relative to the net current assets, and the lack of earnings growth over the last five years. As a result, all value investors following the ModernGraham approach should explore other opportunities at this time or proceed cautiously with a speculative attitude.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be Overvalued after seeing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) decline from $3.59 in 2014 to an estimated $1.94 for 2018. This level of demonstrated earnings growth does not support the market’s implied estimate of 20.25% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on the Benjamin Graham value investing formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value below the price.

At the time of valuation, further research into SL Green Realty Corp revealed the company was trading above its Graham Number of $48.11. The company pays a dividend of $3.14 per share, for a yield of 3.3%, putting it among the best dividend paying stocks today. Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 49, which was above the industry average of 44.79. Finally, the company was trading above its Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) of $-66.44.

SL Green Realty Corp scores quite poorly in the ModernGraham grading system, with an overall grade of D.

Stage 3: Information for Further Research

Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) -$66.44
Graham Number $48.11
PEmg 49.00
Current Ratio 4.08
PB Ratio 1.54
Current Dividend $3.14
Dividend Yield 3.30%
Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth 7

Useful Links:

ModernGraham tagged articles Morningstar
Google Finance MSN Money
Yahoo Finance Seeking Alpha
GuruFocus SEC Filings

Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures

Balance Sheet Information 12/1/2017
Total Current Assets $1,062,979,000
Total Current Liabilities $260,422,000
Long-Term Debt $5,855,132,000
Total Assets $13,982,904,000
Intangible Assets $0
Total Liabilities $7,757,811,000
Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) 100,772,000

Earnings Per Share History

EPS History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $1.59
Dec2017 $0.87
Dec2016 $2.34
Dec2015 $2.70
Dec2014 $5.23
Dec2013 $1.10
Dec2012 $1.74
Dec2011 $7.33
Dec2010 $3.45
Dec2009 $0.54
Dec2008 $6.20
Dec2007 $10.78
Dec2006 $4.38
Dec2005 $3.20
Dec2004 $4.75
Dec2003 $2.66
Dec2002 $2.09
Dec2001 $1.94
Dec2000 $2.93
Dec1999 $1.37
Dec1998 $1.19

Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History

EPSmg History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $1.94
Dec2017 $2.22
Dec2016 $2.81
Dec2015 $3.24
Dec2014 $3.59
Dec2013 $2.79
Dec2012 $3.71
Dec2011 $5.02
Dec2010 $4.26
Dec2009 $4.79
Dec2008 $6.56
Dec2007 $6.21
Dec2006 $3.76
Dec2005 $3.27
Dec2004 $3.16
Dec2003 $2.31
Dec2002 $2.06

Recommended Reading:

Other ModernGraham posts about the company

SL Green Realty Corp Analysis – Initial Coverage $SLG

Other ModernGraham posts about related companies

Regency Centers Corp Valuation – Initial Coverage $REG
Host Hotels & Resorts Inc Valuation – April 2018 $HST
Vornado Realty Trust Valuation – April 2018 $VNO
Public Storage Valuation – March 2018 $PSA
Macerich Co Valuation – March 2018 $MAC
HCP Inc Valuation – March 2018 $HCP
Apartment Investment & Management Co Valuation – March 2018 $AIV
Crown Castle International Corp Valuation – March 2018 $CCI
GGP Inc Valuation – March 2018 $GGP
Starwood Property Trust Inc Valuation – March 2018 $STWD

Disclaimer:

The author did not hold a position in any company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.  See my current holdings here.  This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to a registered investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions.  ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner.  Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.

Silgan Holdings Inc Valuation – Initial Coverage $SLGN

Benjamin Graham taught that Intelligent Investors must do a thorough fundamental analysis of investment opportunities to determine their intrinsic value and inherent risk.  This is best done by utilizing a systematic approach to analysis that will provide investors with a sense of how a specific company compares to another company or by reviewing the 10 Stocks for Using A Benjamin Graham Value Investing Strategy – January 2017.  By using the ModernGraham method one can review a company’s historical accomplishments and determine an intrinsic value that can be compared across industries.  What follows is a stock analysis showing a specific look at how Silgan Holdings Inc (SLGN) fares in the ModernGraham valuation model.

Company Profile (obtained from Google Finance): Silgan Holdings Inc. (Silgan) is a manufacturer of rigid packaging for shelf-stable food and other consumer goods products. The Company operates through three segments: metal container, closures and plastic container. The Company’s products include steel and aluminum containers for human and pet food and general line products; metal, composite and plastic closures for food and beverage products, and custom designed plastic containers and closures for personal care, food, healthcare, pharmaceutical, household and industrial chemical, pet care, agricultural, automotive and marine chemical products. Its metal container business is engaged in the manufacture and sale of steel and aluminum containers that are used primarily by processors and packagers for food products, such as soup, vegetables, fruit, meat, tomato-based products, seafood, coffee, adult nutritional drinks, pet food and other miscellaneous food products, as well as general line metal containers primarily for chemicals.

SLGN Chart

SLGN data by YCharts

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Premium members can view a full ModernGraham valuation of the company and have access to download a PDF version of the valuation for easy reference. Recent valuations of the components of the Dow Jones Industrial Average are available for free members, including this one of Microsoft Corporation.  In addition, here is a post detailing what can be found within each individual company’s valuation.

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Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:

ModernGraham Valuation of SLGN – January 2017

Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?

What kind of Intelligent Investor are you?

Defensive Investor; must pass 6 out of the following 7 tests.
1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise Market Cap > $2Bil $3,253,187,185 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 2 1.34 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 10 years prior Pass
4. Dividend Record Dividend Payments for 10 years prior Pass
5. Earnings Growth Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end 55.74% Pass
6. Moderate PEmg Ratio PEmg < 20 21.97 Fail
7. Moderate Price to Assets PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50 4.83 Fail
Enterprising Investor; must pass 4 out of the following 5 tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.
1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 1.5 1.34 Fail
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Debt to NCA < 1.1 4.11 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 5 years prior Pass
4. Dividend Record Currently Pays Dividend Pass
5. Earnings Growth EPSmg greater than 5 years ago Pass

Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value

EPSmg $2.72
MG Growth Estimate 3.35%
MG Value $41.29
Opinion Overvalued
MG Grade D
MG Value based on 3% Growth $39.37
MG Value based on 0% Growth $23.08
Market Implied Growth Rate 6.74%
Current Price $59.66
% of Intrinsic Value 144.50%

Silgan Holdings Inc. does not satisfy the requirements of either the Enterprising Investor or the more conservative Defensive Investor. The Defensive Investor is concerned with the low current ratio, high PEmg and PB ratios. The Enterprising Investor has concerns regarding the level of debt relative to the current assets. As a result, all value investors following the ModernGraham approach should explore other opportunities at this time or proceed cautiously with a speculative attitude.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be Overvalued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $2.22 in 2012 to an estimated $2.72 for 2016. This level of demonstrated earnings growth does not support the market’s implied estimate of 6.74% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on the Benjamin Graham value investing formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value below the price.

At the time of valuation, further research into Silgan Holdings Inc. revealed the company was trading above its Graham Number of $27. The company pays a dividend of $0.67 per share, for a yield of 1.1% Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 21.97, which was below the industry average of 28.3, which by some methods of valuation makes it one of the most undervalued stocks in its industry. Finally, the company was trading above its Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) of $-23.86.

Silgan Holdings Inc. scores quite poorly in the ModernGraham grading system, with an overall grade of D.

Stage 3: Information for Further Research

Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) -$23.86
Graham Number $27.00
PEmg 21.97
Current Ratio 1.34
PB Ratio 4.83
Current Dividend $0.67
Dividend Yield 1.12%
Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth 13

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Useful Links:

ModernGraham tagged articles Morningstar
Google Finance MSN Money
Yahoo Finance Seeking Alpha
GuruFocus SEC Filings

Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures

Balance Sheet Information 9/1/2016
Total Current Assets $1,298,358,000
Total Current Liabilities $966,401,000
Long-Term Debt $1,364,199,000
Total Assets $3,501,519,000
Intangible Assets $800,133,000
Total Liabilities $2,749,865,000
Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) 60,829,000

Earnings Per Share History

EPS History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $2.60
Dec2015 $2.81
Dec2014 $2.86
Dec2013 $2.87
Dec2012 $2.17
Dec2011 $2.75
Dec2010 $1.89
Dec2009 $2.07
Dec2008 $1.63
Dec2007 $1.61
Dec2006 $1.37
Dec2005 $1.17
Dec2004 $1.13
Dec2003 $0.57
Dec2002 $0.73
Dec2001 $0.58
Dec2000 $0.44
Dec1999 $0.33
Dec1998 $0.58
Dec1997 $0.43
Dec1996 $0.38

Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History

EPSmg History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $2.72
Dec2015 $2.75
Dec2014 $2.65
Dec2013 $2.48
Dec2012 $2.22
Dec2011 $2.16
Dec2010 $1.81
Dec2009 $1.71
Dec2008 $1.48
Dec2007 $1.32
Dec2006 $1.12
Dec2005 $0.94
Dec2004 $0.78
Dec2003 $0.58
Dec2002 $0.57
Dec2001 $0.48
Dec2000 $0.43

Recommended Reading:

Other ModernGraham posts about the company

None. This is the first time ModernGraham has covered the company.

Other ModernGraham posts about related companies

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Bemis Company Inc Valuation – July 2016 $BMS
Owens-Illinois Inc Valuation – June 2016 $OI
Bemis Co Inc Valuation – January 2016 Update $BMS
WestRock Co Valuation – January 2016 Update $WRK
International Paper Co Valuation – December 2015 Update $IP
Bemis Company Inc. Analysis – September 2015 Update $BMS
WestRock Co. Analysis – Initial Coverage $WRK
International Paper Company Analysis – September 2015 Update $IP
Ball Corporation Analysis – 2015 Update $BLL

Disclaimer:

The author did not hold a position in any company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.  See my current holdings here.  This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to a registered investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions.  ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner.  Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.

SL Green Realty Corp Valuation – August 2016 $SLG

Benjamin Graham taught that Intelligent Investors must do a thorough fundamental analysis of investment opportunities to determine their intrinsic value and inherent risk.  This is best done by utilizing a systematic approach to analysis that will provide investors with a sense of how a specific company compares to another company or by reviewing the 10 Stocks for Using A Benjamin Graham Value Investing Strategy – August 2016.  By using the ModernGraham method one can review a company’s historical accomplishments and determine an intrinsic value that can be compared across industries.  What follows is a stock analysis showing a specific look at how SL Group Realty Corp (SLG) fares in the ModernGraham valuation model.

Company Profile (obtained from Google Finance): SL Green Realty Corp. is a self-managed real estate investment trust, with in-house capabilities in property management, acquisitions and dispositions, financing, development and redevelopment, construction and leasing. The Company acquires, owns, repositions, manages and leases commercial office, retail and multifamily properties in the New York Metropolitan area. It operates through two segments: real estate, and debt and preferred equity investments. It owns or holds interests in approximately 30 consolidated and over five unconsolidated commercial office buildings encompassing approximately 21.0 million rentable square feet and approximately 3.0 million rentable square feet, for a total of over 24.0 million rentable square feet, located primarily in midtown Manhattan. It invests in well-collateralized debt and preferred equity investments. It manages an office building owned by a third-party encompassing over 336,000 square feet and holds debt and preferred equity investments.

SLG Chart

SLG data by YCharts

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Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:

ModernGraham Valuation of SLG – August 2016

Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?

What kind of Intelligent Investor are you?

Defensive Investor; must pass 6 out of the following 7 tests.
1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise Market Cap > $2Bil $11,693,396,500 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 2 2.21 Pass
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 10 years prior Pass
4. Dividend Record Dividend Payments for 10 years prior Pass
5. Earnings Growth Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end -29.51% Fail
6. Moderate PEmg Ratio PEmg < 20 32.91 Fail
7. Moderate Price to Assets PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50 1.65 Pass
Enterprising Investor; must pass 4 out of the following 5 tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.
1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 1.5 2.21 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Debt to NCA < 1.1 14.03 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 5 years prior Pass
4. Dividend Record Currently Pays Dividend Pass
5. Earnings Growth EPSmg greater than 5 years ago Fail

Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value

SLG value chart August 2016

EPSmg $3.50
MG Growth Estimate -0.84%
MG Value $23.88
Opinion Overvalued
MG Grade D+
MG Value based on 3% Growth $50.78
MG Value based on 0% Growth $29.77
Market Implied Growth Rate 12.20%
Current Price $115.25
% of Intrinsic Value 482.69%

SL Green Realty Corp does not satisfy the requirements of either the Enterprising Investor or the more conservative Defensive Investor. The Defensive Investor is concerned with the insufficient earnings growth over the last ten years, and the high PEmg ratio. The Enterprising Investor has concerns regarding the level of debt relative to the net current assets, and the lack of earnings growth over the last five years. As a result, all value investors following the ModernGraham approach should explore other opportunities at this time or proceed cautiously with a speculative attitude.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be Overvalued after seeing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) decline from $3.71 in 2012 to an estimated $3.5 for 2016. This level of demonstrated earnings growth does not support the market’s implied estimate of 12.2% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on the Benjamin Graham value investing formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value below the price.

At the time of valuation, further research into SL Green Realty Corp revealed the company was trading above its Graham Number of $83.97. The company pays a dividend of $2.76 per share, for a yield of 2.4%, putting it among the best dividend paying stocks today. Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 32.91, which was below the industry average of 34.03, which by some methods of valuation makes it one of the most undervalued stocks in its industry. Finally, the company was trading above its Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) of $-87.69.

SL Green Realty Corp scores quite poorly in the ModernGraham grading system, with an overall grade of D+.

Stage 3: Information for Further Research

SLG charts August 2016

Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) -$87.69
Graham Number $83.97
PEmg 32.91
Current Ratio 2.21
PB Ratio 1.65
Current Dividend $2.76
Dividend Yield 2.39%
Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth 6

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Useful Links:

ModernGraham tagged articles Morningstar
Google Finance MSN Money
Yahoo Finance Seeking Alpha
GuruFocus SEC Filings

Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures

Balance Sheet Information 6/1/2016
Total Current Assets $1,036,703,000
Total Current Liabilities $469,079,000
Long-Term Debt $7,962,220,000
Total Assets $17,544,223,000
Intangible Assets $0
Total Liabilities $10,225,933,000
Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) 104,792,000

Earnings Per Share History

Next Fiscal Year Estimate $4.42
Dec2015 $2.70
Dec2014 $5.23
Dec2013 $1.10
Dec2012 $1.74
Dec2011 $7.33
Dec2010 $3.45
Dec2009 $0.54
Dec2008 $6.20
Dec2007 $10.78
Dec2006 $4.38
Dec2005 $3.20
Dec2004 $4.75
Dec2003 $2.66
Dec2002 $2.09
Dec2001 $1.94
Dec2000 $2.93
Dec1999 $1.37
Dec1998 $1.19
Dec1997 $2.22

Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History

Next Fiscal Year Estimate $3.50
Dec2015 $3.24
Dec2014 $3.59
Dec2013 $2.79
Dec2012 $3.71
Dec2011 $5.02
Dec2010 $4.26
Dec2009 $4.79
Dec2008 $6.56
Dec2007 $6.21
Dec2006 $3.76
Dec2005 $3.27
Dec2004 $3.16
Dec2003 $2.31
Dec2002 $2.06
Dec2001 $2.01
Dec2000 $1.88

Recommended Reading:

Other ModernGraham posts about the company

SL Green Realty Corp Analysis – Initial Coverage $SLG

Other ModernGraham posts about related companies

Starwood Property Trust Inc Valuation – August 2016 $STWD
Kimco Realty Corp Valuation – August 2016 $KIM
Equity Residential Valuation – August 2016 $EQR
Host Hotels and Resorts Inc Valuation – July 2016 $HST
Iron Mountain Inc Valuation – July 2016 $IRM
Vornado Realty Trust Valuation – July 2016 $VNO
Public Storage Valuation – July 2016 $PSA
Macerich Co Valuation – July 2016 $MAC
HCP Inc Valuation – July 2016 $HCP
Apartment Investment & Management Co Valuation – July 2016 $AIV

Disclaimer:

The author did not hold a position in any company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.  See my current holdings here.  This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to a registered investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions.  ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner.  Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.

SL Green Realty Corp Analysis – Initial Coverage $SLG

sl-green-realty_416x416REITs often attract a great deal of investors because of their strong cash flows and dividends, and those investors often overlook other parts of the business, choosing to analyze the company under a different set of criteria than companies in other sectors.  This can create a problem in that it becomes difficult to compare a REIT to an industrial, which is fine if you use the typical top-down approach to stock selection; however, a top-down approach invites speculation in the fact that you are theorizing which sector will perform well going forward.  Benjamin Graham taught that we should avoid speculation as much as possible, which is why it is critical to develop a system for analyzing companies that will allow them to be compared across industries.  This is best done by utilizing a systematic approach to analysis that will provide investors with a sense of how a specific company compares to another investment opportunity.  By using the ModernGraham method one can review a company’s historical accomplishments and determine an intrinsic value that can be compared across industries.  What follows is a specific look at how SL Green Realty Corp (SLG) fares in the ModernGraham valuation model.

Company Profile (obtained from Google Finance): SL Green Realty Corp. is a self-managed real estate investment trust, or REIT, with in-house capabilities in property management, acquisitions and dispositions, financing, development and redevelopment, construction and leasing. It operates two segments: real estate and debt and preferred equity investments. The Company owns interests in commercial office properties in the New York Metropolitan area, primarily in midtown Manhattan. The Company also manages an approximately 336,201 square foot office building owned by a third party and held debt and preferred equity investments with a book value of approximately $1.4 billion. The Company also invests in well-collateralized debt and preferred equity investments.

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Defensive Investor – must pass at least 6 of the following 7 tests: Score = 5/7

  1. Adequate Size of Enterprise – market capitalization of at least $2 billion – PASS
  2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition – current ratio greater than 2 – PASS
  3. Earnings Stability – positive earnings per share for at least 10 straight years – PASS
  4. Dividend Record – has paid a dividend for at least 10 straight years – PASS
  5. Earnings Growth – earnings per share has increased by at least 1/3 over the last 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end of period – FAIL
  6. Moderate PEmg ratio – PEmg is less than 20 – FAIL
  7. Moderate Price to Assets – PB ratio is less than 2.5 or PB x PEmg is less than 50 – PASS

Enterprising Investor – must pass at least 4 of the following 5 tests or be suitable for a defensive investor: Score = 3/5

  1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition, Part 1 – current ratio greater than 1.5 – PASS
  2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition, Part 2 – Debt to Net Current Assets ratio less than 1.1 – FAIL
  3. Earnings Stability – positive earnings per share for at least 5 years – PASS
  4. Dividend Record – currently pays a dividend – PASS
  5. Earnings growth – EPSmg greater than 5 years ago – FAIL

Valuation Summary

Key Data:

Recent Price $113.20
MG Value $17.68
MG Opinion Overvalued
Value Based on 3% Growth $62.14
Value Based on 0% Growth $36.43
Market Implied Growth Rate 8.96%
Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) -$86.93
PEmg 26.42
Current Ratio 2.57
PB Ratio 1.63

Balance Sheet – March 2015

Current Assets $978,000,000
Current Liabilities $380,000,000
Total Debt $8,110,000,000
Total Assets $17,081,000,000
Intangible Assets $0
Total Liabilities $9,932,000,000
Outstanding Shares 103,000,000

Earnings Per Share

2015 (estimate) $5.85
2014 $5.23
2013 $1.10
2012 $1.74
2011 $7.33
2010 $3.45
2009 $0.54
2008 $6.20
2007 $10.78
2006 $4.38

Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham

2015 (estimate) $4.29
2014 $3.59
2013 $2.79
2012 $3.71
2011 $5.02
2010 $4.26

Dividend History

Free Cash Flow

Conclusion:

SL Green Realty Corp is not suitable for the Enterprising Investor or the more conservative Defensive Investor.  The Defensive Investor is concerned with the insufficient earnings growth over the last ten years, and the high PEmg ratio.  The Enterprising Investor is concerned with the high level of debt relative to the net current assets along with the lack of earnings growth over the last five years.  As a result, all value investors following the ModernGraham approach should explore other opportunities at this time or proceed very cautiously with a speculative attitude.  From a valuation side of things, the company appears to be overvalued after seeing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) drop from $5.02 in 2011 to an estimated $4.29 for 2015.  This level of growth does not support the market’s implied estimate of 8.96% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years, leading the ModernGraham valuation model to return an estimate of intrinsic value falling below the current price.

The next part of the analysis is up to individual investors, and requires discussion of the company’s prospects.  What do you think?  What value would you put on SL Green Realty Corp (SLG)?  Where do you see the company going in the future?  Is there a company you like better?  Leave a comment on our Facebook page or mention @ModernGraham on Twitter to discuss.

Disclaimer:  The author did not hold a position in any company mentioned in the article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.  Logo taken from the web; this article is not affiliated with the company in any manner.

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International Paper Co Valuation – March 2019 #IP

Company Profile (excerpt from Reuters): International Paper Company, incorporated on June 23, 1941, is a paper and packaging company with primary markets and manufacturing operations in North America, Europe, Latin America, Russia, Asia, Africa and the Middle East. The Company’s segments include Industrial Packaging, Global Cellulose Fibers, Printing Papers and Consumer Packaging. As of December 31, 2016, the Company operated 29 pulp, paper and packaging mills, 170 converting and packaging plants, 16 recycling plants and three bag facilities in the United States. As of December 31, 2016, the production facilities in Canada, Europe, Asia, Africa, India, Latin America included 17 pulp, paper and packaging mills, 68 converting and packaging plants, and two recycling plants. As of December 31, 2016, the Company operated a printing and packaging products distribution business principally through 12 branches in Asia. The Company sells packaging products, paper products and other products directly to end users and converters, as well as through agents, resellers and paper distributors.

IP Chart

IP data by YCharts

 

Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:

ModernGraham Valuation of IP – March 2019

Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?

What kind of Intelligent Investor are you?

Defensive Investor; must pass 6 out of the following 7 tests.
1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise Market Cap > $2Bil $17,950,583,989 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 2 1.49 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 10 years prior Pass
4. Dividend Record Dividend Payments for 10 years prior Pass
5. Earnings Growth Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end 129.44% Pass
6. Moderate PEmg Ratio PEmg < 20 10.33 Pass
7. Moderate Price to Assets PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50 2.48 Pass
Enterprising Investor; must pass 4 out of the following 5 tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.
1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 1.5 1.49 Fail
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Debt to NCA < 1.1 4.35 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 5 years prior Pass
4. Dividend Record Currently Pays Dividend Pass
5. Earnings Growth EPSmg greater than 5 years ago Pass

 

Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value

EPSmg $4.34
MG Growth Estimate 15.00%
MG Value $167.17
Opinion Undervalued
MG Grade B+
MG Value based on 3% Growth $62.96
MG Value based on 0% Growth $36.91
Market Implied Growth Rate 0.91%
Current Price $44.85
% of Intrinsic Value 26.83%

International Paper Co qualifies for both the Defensive Investor and the Enterprising Investor. The Defensive Investor is only initially concerned with the low current ratio. The Enterprising Investor has concerns regarding the level of debt relative to the current assets. As a result, all value investors following the ModernGraham approach should feel comfortable proceeding with the analysis.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be Undervalued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $2.15 in 2015 to an estimated $4.34 for 2019. This level of demonstrated earnings growth outpaces the market’s implied estimate of 0.91% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on the Benjamin Graham value investing formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value above the price.

At the time of valuation, further research into International Paper Co revealed the company was trading above its Graham Number of $44.07. The company pays a dividend of $1.93 per share, for a yield of 4.3%, putting it among the best dividend paying stocks today. Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 10.33, which was below the industry average of 17, which by some methods of valuation makes it one of the most undervalued stocks in its industry. Finally, the company was trading above its Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) of $-47.06.

International Paper Co performs fairly well in the ModernGraham grading system, scoring a B+.

Stage 3: Information for Further Research

Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) -$47.06
Graham Number $44.07
PEmg 10.33
Current Ratio 1.49
PB Ratio 2.48
Current Dividend $1.93
Dividend Yield 4.29%
Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth 9

Useful Links:

ModernGraham tagged articles Morningstar
Google Finance MSN Money
Yahoo Finance Seeking Alpha
GuruFocus SEC Filings

Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures

Balance Sheet Information 12/1/2018
Total Current Assets $6,996,000,000
Total Current Liabilities $4,694,000,000
Long-Term Debt $10,015,000,000
Total Assets $33,576,000,000
Intangible Assets $3,374,000,000
Total Liabilities $26,193,000,000
Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) 407,900,000

Earnings Per Share History

EPS History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $4.75
Dec2018 $4.85
Dec2017 $5.13
Dec2016 $2.18
Dec2015 $2.23
Dec2014 $1.29
Dec2013 $3.11
Dec2012 $1.80
Dec2011 $3.03
Dec2010 $1.59
Dec2009 $1.55
Dec2008 -$3.05
Dec2007 $2.70
Dec2006 $2.18
Dec2005 $2.21
Dec2004 -$0.07
Dec2003 $0.63
Dec2002 -$1.83
Dec2001 -$2.50
Dec2000 $0.32
Dec1999 $0.44

Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History

EPSmg History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $4.34
Dec2018 $3.80
Dec2017 $3.12
Dec2016 $2.11
Dec2015 $2.15
Dec2014 $2.13
Dec2013 $2.44
Dec2012 $1.73
Dec2011 $1.52
Dec2010 $0.84
Dec2009 $0.68
Dec2008 $0.43
Dec2007 $1.96
Dec2006 $1.26
Dec2005 $0.43
Dec2004 -$0.53
Dec2003 -$0.71

Recommended Reading:

Other ModernGraham posts about the company

10 Undervalued Companies for the Defensive Dividend Stock Investor – February 2019
10 Undervalued Companies for the Defensive Dividend Stock Investor – July 2018
International Paper Co Valuation – June 2018 $IP
International Paper Co Valuation – March 2017 $IP
International Paper Co Valuation – December 2015 Update $IP

Other ModernGraham posts about related companies

Ball Corporation Valuation – February 2019 $BLL
Westrock Co Valuation – February 2019 $WRK
Sealed Air Corp Valuation – February 2019 $SEE
Packaging Corp of America Valuation – January 2019 $PKG
Schweitzer-Mauduit International Inc Valuation – September 2018 $SWM
KapStone Paper and Packaging Corp Valuation – August 2018 $KS
Sonoco Products Co Valuation – August 2018 $SON
Silgan Holdings Inc Valuation – August 2018 $SLGN
Clearwater Paper Corp Valuation – July 2018 $CLW
Intertape Polymer Group Valuation – July 2018 $TSE-ITP

Disclaimer:

The author did not hold a position in any company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.  See my current holdings here.  This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to a registered investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions.  ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner.  Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.

Federal Realty Investment Trust Valuation – March 2019 #FRT

Company Profile (excerpt from Reuters): Federal Realty Investment Trust, incorporated on May 21, 1999, is an equity real estate investment trust (REIT). The Company specializes in the ownership, management and redevelopment of retail and mixed-use properties located primarily in affluent communities in selected metropolitan markets in the Northeast and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States, as well as in California and South Florida. As of December 31, 2016, the Company owned or had an interest in community and neighborhood shopping centers and mixed-use properties, which operated as 96 retail real estate projects and included approximately 22.6 million square feet. As of December 31, 2016, its 96 retail shopping center and mixed-use properties were located in 12 states and the District of Columbia. As of December 31, 2016, there were approximately 2,900 leases with tenants providing a range of retail products and services. These tenants range from sole proprietorships to national retailers, or corporate group of tenants.

 

Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:

ModernGraham Valuation of FRT – March 2019

Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?

What kind of Intelligent Investor are you?

Defensive Investor; must pass 6 out of the following 7 tests.
1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise Market Cap > $2Bil $9,809,619,332 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 2 1.83 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 10 years prior Pass
4. Dividend Record Dividend Payments for 10 years prior Pass
5. Earnings Growth Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end 52.19% Pass
6. Moderate PEmg Ratio PEmg < 20 40.21 Fail
7. Moderate Price to Assets PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50 3.95 Fail
Enterprising Investor; must pass 4 out of the following 5 tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.
1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 1.5 1.83 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Debt to NCA < 1.1 13.82 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 5 years prior Pass
4. Dividend Record Currently Pays Dividend Pass
5. Earnings Growth EPSmg greater than 5 years ago Pass

 

Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value

EPSmg $3.28
MG Growth Estimate 3.85%
MG Value $53.18
Opinion Overvalued
MG Grade B
MG Value based on 3% Growth $47.57
MG Value based on 0% Growth $27.89
Market Implied Growth Rate 15.85%
Current Price $131.91
% of Intrinsic Value 248.06%

Federal Realty Investment Trust is suitable for the Enterprising Investor but not the more conservative Defensive Investor. The Defensive Investor is concerned with the low current ratio, high PEmg and PB ratios. The Enterprising Investor is only concerned with the level of debt relative to the net current assets. As a result, all Enterprising Investors following the ModernGraham approach should feel comfortable proceeding with the analysis.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be Overvalued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $2.61 in 2015 to an estimated $3.28 for 2019. This level of demonstrated earnings growth does not support the market’s implied estimate of 15.85% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on the Benjamin Graham value investing formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value below the price.

At the time of valuation, further research into Federal Realty Investment Trust revealed the company was trading above its Graham Number of $43.9. The company pays a dividend of $4.04 per share, for a yield of 3.1%, putting it among the best dividend paying stocks today. Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 40.21, which was below the industry average of 61.92, which by some methods of valuation makes it one of the most undervalued stocks in its industry. Finally, the company was trading above its Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) of $-44.98.

Federal Realty Investment Trust performs fairly well in the ModernGraham grading system, scoring a B.

Stage 3: Information for Further Research

Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) -$44.98
Graham Number $43.90
PEmg 40.21
Current Ratio 1.83
PB Ratio 3.95
Current Dividend $4.04
Dividend Yield 3.06%
Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth 20

Useful Links:

ModernGraham tagged articles Morningstar
Google Finance MSN Money
Yahoo Finance Seeking Alpha
GuruFocus SEC Filings

Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures

Balance Sheet Information 12/1/2018
Total Current Assets $502,456,000
Total Current Liabilities $274,004,000
Long-Term Debt $3,157,685,000
Total Assets $6,289,644,000
Intangible Assets $0
Total Liabilities $3,822,314,000
Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) 73,800,000

Earnings Per Share History

EPS History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $2.91
Dec2018 $3.18
Dec2017 $3.97
Dec2016 $3.50
Dec2015 $3.03
Dec2014 $2.41
Dec2013 $2.46
Dec2012 $2.35
Dec2011 $2.28
Dec2010 $1.98
Dec2009 $1.63
Dec2008 $2.19
Dec2007 $3.45
Dec2006 $1.92
Dec2005 $1.94
Dec2004 $1.41
Dec2003 $1.59
Dec2002 $0.85
Dec2001 $1.09
Dec2000 $1.35
Dec1999 $1.02

Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History

EPSmg History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $3.28
Dec2018 $3.38
Dec2017 $3.35
Dec2016 $2.94
Dec2015 $2.61
Dec2014 $2.37
Dec2013 $2.28
Dec2012 $2.15
Dec2011 $2.14
Dec2010 $2.12
Dec2009 $2.20
Dec2008 $2.39
Dec2007 $2.34
Dec2006 $1.71
Dec2005 $1.53
Dec2004 $1.30
Dec2003 $1.22

Recommended Reading:

Other ModernGraham posts about the company

Federal Realty Investment Trust Valuation – June 2018 $FRT
Federal Realty Investment Trust Valuation – Initial Coverage $FRT

Other ModernGraham posts about related companies

UDR Inc Valuation – March 2019 #UDR
Mid-America Apartment Communities Inc Valuation – March 2019 #MAA
Extra Space Storage Inc Valuation – March 2019 #EXR
Digital Realty Trust Inc Valuation – March 2019 #DLR
Equity Residential Valuation – March 2019 #EQR
Prologis Inc Valuation – March 2019 #PLD
Duke Realty Corp Valuation – March 2019 $DRE
Realty Income Corp Valuation – February 2019 $O
Ventas Inc Valuation – February 2019 $VTR
SL Green Realty Corp Valuation – February 2019 $SLG

Disclaimer:

The author did not hold a position in any company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.  See my current holdings here.  This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to a registered investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions.  ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner.  Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.

UDR Inc Valuation – March 2019 #UDR

Company Profile (excerpt from Reuters): UDR, Inc., incorporated on May 2, 2003, is a self-administered real estate investment trust. The Company owns, operates, acquires, renovates, develops, redevelops, disposes of and manages multifamily apartment communities generally located in various markets across the United States. The Company’s segments are Same-Store Communities and Non-Mature Communities/Other. As of December 31, 2016, the Company’s consolidated real estate portfolio included 127 communities located in 18 markets, with a total of 39,454 completed apartment homes. As of December 31, 2016, the Company also had an ownership interest in 27 communities containing 6,849 apartment homes through unconsolidated joint ventures or partnerships.

 

Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:

ModernGraham Valuation of UDR – March 2019

Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?

What kind of Intelligent Investor are you?

Defensive Investor; must pass 6 out of the following 7 tests.
1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise Market Cap > $2Bil $12,306,036,035 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 2 1.08 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 10 years prior Fail
4. Dividend Record Dividend Payments for 10 years prior Pass
5. Earnings Growth Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end 504.55% Pass
6. Moderate PEmg Ratio PEmg < 20 78.98 Fail
7. Moderate Price to Assets PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50 4.14 Fail
Enterprising Investor; must pass 4 out of the following 5 tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.
1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 1.5 1.08 Fail
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Debt to NCA < 1.1 199.47 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 5 years prior Pass
4. Dividend Record Currently Pays Dividend Pass
5. Earnings Growth EPSmg greater than 5 years ago Fail

 

Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value

EPSmg $0.57
MG Growth Estimate -3.48%
MG Value $0.87
Opinion Overvalued
MG Grade D
MG Value based on 3% Growth $8.20
MG Value based on 0% Growth $4.81
Market Implied Growth Rate 35.24%
Current Price $44.65
% of Intrinsic Value 5117.01%

UDR, Inc. does not satisfy the requirements of either the Enterprising Investor or the more conservative Defensive Investor. The Defensive Investor is concerned with the low current ratio, insufficient earnings stability over the last ten years, and the high PEmg and PB ratios. The Enterprising Investor has concerns regarding the level of debt relative to the current assets, and the lack of earnings growth over the last five years. As a result, all value investors following the ModernGraham approach should explore other opportunities at this time or proceed cautiously with a speculative attitude.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be Overvalued after seeing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) decline from $0.74 in 2015 to an estimated $0.57 for 2019. This level of demonstrated earnings growth does not support the market’s implied estimate of 35.24% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on the Benjamin Graham value investing formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value below the price.

At the time of valuation, further research into UDR, Inc. revealed the company was trading above its Graham Number of $5.92. The company pays a dividend of $1.28 per share, for a yield of 2.9%, putting it among the best dividend paying stocks today. Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 78.98, which was above the industry average of 61.92. Finally, the company was trading above its Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) of $-16.75.

UDR, Inc. scores quite poorly in the ModernGraham grading system, with an overall grade of D.

Stage 3: Information for Further Research

Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) -$16.75
Graham Number $5.92
PEmg 78.98
Current Ratio 1.08
PB Ratio 4.14
Current Dividend $1.28
Dividend Yield 2.86%
Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth 1

Useful Links:

ModernGraham tagged articles Morningstar
Google Finance MSN Money
Yahoo Finance Seeking Alpha
GuruFocus SEC Filings

Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures

Balance Sheet Information 12/1/2018
Total Current Assets $251,150,000
Total Current Liabilities $233,364,000
Long-Term Debt $3,547,787,000
Total Assets $7,711,728,000
Intangible Assets $0
Total Liabilities $4,788,951,000
Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) 270,872,000

Earnings Per Share History

EPS History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $0.15
Dec2018 $0.74
Dec2017 $0.44
Dec2016 $1.08
Dec2015 $1.29
Dec2014 $0.59
Dec2013 $0.16
Dec2012 $0.85
Dec2011 $0.05
Dec2010 -$0.68
Dec2009 -$0.64
Dec2008 $5.29
Dec2007 $1.41
Dec2006 $0.85
Dec2005 $1.03
Dec2004 $0.56
Dec2003 $0.21
Dec2002 $0.24
Dec2001 $0.27
Dec2000 $0.41
Dec1999 $0.54

Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History

EPSmg History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $0.57
Dec2018 $0.79
Dec2017 $0.78
Dec2016 $0.90
Dec2015 $0.74
Dec2014 $0.37
Dec2013 $0.16
Dec2012 $0.43
Dec2011 $0.51
Dec2010 $0.91
Dec2009 $1.66
Dec2008 $2.48
Dec2007 $0.99
Dec2006 $0.71
Dec2005 $0.58
Dec2004 $0.35
Dec2003 $0.28

Recommended Reading:

Other ModernGraham posts about the company

UDR Inc Valuation – June 2018 $UDR
UDR Inc Valuation – Initial Coverage $UDR

Other ModernGraham posts about related companies

Mid-America Apartment Communities Inc Valuation – March 2019 #MAA
Extra Space Storage Inc Valuation – March 2019 #EXR
Digital Realty Trust Inc Valuation – March 2019 #DLR
Equity Residential Valuation – March 2019 #EQR
Prologis Inc Valuation – March 2019 #PLD
Duke Realty Corp Valuation – March 2019 $DRE
Realty Income Corp Valuation – February 2019 $O
Ventas Inc Valuation – February 2019 $VTR
SL Green Realty Corp Valuation – February 2019 $SLG
Regency Centers Corp Valuation – February 2019 $REG

Disclaimer:

The author did not hold a position in any company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.  See my current holdings here.  This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to a registered investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions.  ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner.  Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.

Mid-America Apartment Communities Inc Valuation – March 2019 #MAA

Company Profile (excerpt from Reuters): Mid-America Apartment Communities, Inc. (MAA), incorporated on September 22, 1993, is a multifamily focused, self-administered and self-managed real estate investment trust (REIT). The Company owns, operates, acquires and develops apartment communities primarily located in the Southeast and Southwest regions of the United States. It operates through three segments: Large market same store, Secondary market same store and Non-Same Store and Other. Its Large market same store communities are communities in markets with a population of at least one million and at least 1% of the total public multifamily REIT units that it has owned and that have been stabilized for at least a full 12 months. Its Secondary market same store communities are communities in markets with populations of more than one million but less than 1% of the total public multifamily REIT units or markets with populations of less than one million that it has owned and that have been stabilized for at least a full 12 months. Its Non-same store communities and other includes recent acquisitions and communities in development or lease-up communities.

 

Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:

ModernGraham Valuation of MAA – March 2019

Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?

What kind of Intelligent Investor are you?

Defensive Investor; must pass 6 out of the following 7 tests.
1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise Market Cap > $2Bil $12,056,183,749 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 2 0.08 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 10 years prior Pass
4. Dividend Record Dividend Payments for 10 years prior Pass
5. Earnings Growth Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end 52.37% Pass
6. Moderate PEmg Ratio PEmg < 20 44.26 Fail
7. Moderate Price to Assets PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50 1.89 Pass
Enterprising Investor; must pass 4 out of the following 5 tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.
1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 1.5 0.08 Fail
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Debt to NCA < 1.1 -11.93 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 5 years prior Pass
4. Dividend Record Currently Pays Dividend Pass
5. Earnings Growth EPSmg greater than 5 years ago Fail

 

Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value

EPSmg $2.39
MG Growth Estimate -2.51%
MG Value $8.32
Opinion Overvalued
MG Grade D+
MG Value based on 3% Growth $34.69
MG Value based on 0% Growth $20.34
Market Implied Growth Rate 17.88%
Current Price $105.90
% of Intrinsic Value 1273.44%

Mid-America Apartment Communities Inc does not satisfy the requirements of either the Enterprising Investor or the more conservative Defensive Investor. The Defensive Investor is concerned with the low current ratio, high PEmg ratio. The Enterprising Investor has concerns regarding the level of debt relative to the current assets, and the lack of earnings growth over the last five years. As a result, all value investors following the ModernGraham approach should explore other opportunities at this time or proceed cautiously with a speculative attitude.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be Overvalued after seeing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) decline from $2.87 in 2015 to an estimated $2.39 for 2019. This level of demonstrated earnings growth does not support the market’s implied estimate of 17.88% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on the Benjamin Graham value investing formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value below the price.

At the time of valuation, further research into Mid-America Apartment Communities Inc revealed the company was trading above its Graham Number of $48.81. The company pays a dividend of $3.69 per share, for a yield of 3.5%, putting it among the best dividend paying stocks today. Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 44.27, which was below the industry average of 61.92, which by some methods of valuation makes it one of the most undervalued stocks in its industry. Finally, the company was trading above its Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) of $-43.18.

Mid-America Apartment Communities Inc scores quite poorly in the ModernGraham grading system, with an overall grade of D+.

Stage 3: Information for Further Research

Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) -$43.18
Graham Number $48.81
PEmg 44.27
Current Ratio 0.08
PB Ratio 1.89
Current Dividend $3.69
Dividend Yield 3.48%
Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth 8

Useful Links:

ModernGraham tagged articles Morningstar
Google Finance MSN Money
Yahoo Finance Seeking Alpha
GuruFocus SEC Filings

Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures

Balance Sheet Information 12/1/2018
Total Current Assets $34,259,000
Total Current Liabilities $413,850,000
Long-Term Debt $4,528,328,000
Total Assets $11,323,781,000
Intangible Assets $3,900,000
Total Liabilities $4,951,592,000
Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) 113,881,000

Earnings Per Share History

EPS History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $1.96
Dec2018 $1.93
Dec2017 $2.86
Dec2016 $2.69
Dec2015 $4.41
Dec2014 $1.97
Dec2013 $2.25
Dec2012 $2.56
Dec2011 $1.31
Dec2010 $0.56
Dec2009 $0.85
Dec2008 $0.64
Dec2007 $1.01
Dec2006 $0.29
Dec2005 $0.25
Dec2004 $0.50
Dec2003 -$0.07
Dec2002 -$0.11
Dec2001 $0.72
Dec2000 $0.78
Dec1999 $0.93

Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History

EPSmg History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $2.39
Dec2018 $2.66
Dec2017 $2.97
Dec2016 $2.94
Dec2015 $2.87
Dec2014 $1.98
Dec2013 $1.83
Dec2012 $1.47
Dec2011 $0.91
Dec2010 $0.70
Dec2009 $0.71
Dec2008 $0.61
Dec2007 $0.53
Dec2006 $0.25
Dec2005 $0.24
Dec2004 $0.27
Dec2003 $0.26

Recommended Reading:

Other ModernGraham posts about the company

Mid-America Apartment Communities Inc Valuation – June 2018 $MAA
Mid-America Apartment Communities Inc Valuation – Initial Coverage $MAA

Other ModernGraham posts about related companies

Extra Space Storage Inc Valuation – March 2019 #EXR
Digital Realty Trust Inc Valuation – March 2019 #DLR
Equity Residential Valuation – March 2019 #EQR
Prologis Inc Valuation – March 2019 #PLD
Duke Realty Corp Valuation – March 2019 $DRE
Realty Income Corp Valuation – February 2019 $O
Ventas Inc Valuation – February 2019 $VTR
SL Green Realty Corp Valuation – February 2019 $SLG
Regency Centers Corp Valuation – February 2019 $REG
Host Hotels & Resorts Inc Valuation – February 2019 $HST

Disclaimer:

The author did not hold a position in any company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.  See my current holdings here.  This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to a registered investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions.  ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner.  Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.

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