Sykes Enterprises Inc Valuation – October 2018 $SYKE

Company Profile (excerpt from Reuters): Sykes Enterprises, Incorporated (Sykes), incorporated on March 1, 1996, is engaged in providing outsourced customer contact management solutions and services in the business process outsourcing (BPO) arena on a global basis. The Company has operations in two segments: the Americas, which includes the United States, Canada, Latin America, Australia and the Asia Pacific Rim, and EMEA, which includes Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The Company provides its service to clients from its locations in the United States, Canada, Latin America, Australia, the Asia Pacific Rim, Europe and Africa. It serves a range of clients, including medium-sized businesses and public institutions, which span the communications, financial services, technology/consumer, transportation and leisure, healthcare and other industries. Its Americas and EMEA groups primarily provide customer engagement services (with an emphasis on inbound technical support, digital marketing and demand generation, and customer service), which include customer assistance, healthcare and roadside assistance, technical support, and product and service sales to its clients’ customers.

SYKE Chart

SYKE data by YCharts

 

Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:

ModernGraham Valuation of SYKE – October 2018

Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?

What kind of Intelligent Investor are you?

Defensive Investor; must pass 6 out of the following 7 tests.
1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise Market Cap > $2Bil $1,300,051,749 Fail
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 2 2.90 Pass
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 10 years prior Fail
4. Dividend Record Dividend Payments for 10 years prior Fail
5. Earnings Growth Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end 104.76% Pass
6. Moderate PEmg Ratio PEmg < 20 22.52 Fail
7. Moderate Price to Assets PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50 1.60 Pass
Enterprising Investor; must pass 4 out of the following 5 tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.
1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 1.5 2.90 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Debt to NCA < 1.1 0.25 Pass
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 5 years prior Pass
4. Dividend Record Currently Pays Dividend Fail
5. Earnings Growth EPSmg greater than 5 years ago Pass

 

Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value

EPSmg $1.35
MG Growth Estimate 6.50%
MG Value $28.97
Opinion Fairly Valued
MG Grade C+
MG Value based on 3% Growth $19.55
MG Value based on 0% Growth $11.46
Market Implied Growth Rate 7.01%
Current Price $30.36
% of Intrinsic Value 104.80%

Sykes Enterprises, Incorporated is suitable for the Enterprising Investor but not the more conservative Defensive Investor. The Defensive Investor is concerned with the small size, insufficient earnings stability over the last ten years, and the poor dividend history, and the high PEmg ratio. The Enterprising Investor is only concerned with the lack of dividends. As a result, all Enterprising Investors following the ModernGraham approach should feel comfortable proceeding with the analysis.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be Fairly Valued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $0.94 in 2014 to an estimated $1.35 for 2018. This level of demonstrated earnings growth supports the market’s implied estimate of 7.01% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on the Benjamin Graham value investing formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value within a margin of safety relative to the price.

At the time of valuation, further research into Sykes Enterprises, Incorporated revealed the company was trading above its Graham Number of $26.13. The company does not pay a dividend. Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 22.52, which was below the industry average of 52.08, which by some methods of valuation makes it one of the most undervalued stocks in its industry. Finally, the company was trading above its Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) of $5.2.

Sykes Enterprises, Incorporated receives an average overall rating in the ModernGraham grading system, scoring a C+.

Stage 3: Information for Further Research

Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) $5.20
Graham Number $26.13
PEmg 22.52
Current Ratio 2.90
PB Ratio 1.60
Current Dividend $0.00
Dividend Yield 0.00%
Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth 0

Useful Links:

ModernGraham tagged articles Morningstar
Google Finance MSN Money
Yahoo Finance Seeking Alpha
GuruFocus SEC Filings

Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures

Balance Sheet Information 6/1/2018
Total Current Assets $552,963,000
Total Current Liabilities $190,904,000
Long-Term Debt $90,000,000
Total Assets $1,134,401,000
Intangible Assets $405,820,000
Total Liabilities $333,538,000
Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) 42,160,000

Earnings Per Share History

EPS History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $1.63
Dec2017 $0.76
Dec2016 $1.48
Dec2015 $1.62
Dec2014 $1.35
Dec2013 $0.87
Dec2012 $0.66
Dec2011 $1.06
Dec2010 -$0.22
Dec2009 $1.05
Dec2008 $1.48
Dec2007 $0.98
Dec2006 $1.05
Dec2005 $0.59
Dec2004 $0.27
Dec2003 $0.23
Dec2002 -$0.46
Dec2001 $0.01
Dec2000 $1.13
Dec1999 $0.51
Dec1998 $0.06

Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History

EPSmg History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $1.35
Dec2017 $1.21
Dec2016 $1.36
Dec2015 $1.23
Dec2014 $0.94
Dec2013 $0.72
Dec2012 $0.70
Dec2011 $0.77
Dec2010 $0.70
Dec2009 $1.12
Dec2008 $1.06
Dec2007 $0.78
Dec2006 $0.56
Dec2005 $0.25
Dec2004 $0.14
Dec2003 $0.14
Dec2002 $0.15

Recommended Reading:

Other ModernGraham posts about the company

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Sykes Enterprises Inc Valuation – Initial Coverage $SYKE

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Disclaimer:

The author did not hold a position in any company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.  See my current holdings here.  This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to a registered investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions.  ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner.  Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.

Sykes Enterprises Inc Valuation – Initial Coverage $SYKE

Benjamin Graham taught that Intelligent Investors must do a thorough fundamental analysis of investment opportunities to determine their intrinsic value and inherent risk.  This is best done by utilizing a systematic approach to analysis that will provide investors with a sense of how a specific company compares to another company or by reviewing the 10 Stocks for Using A Benjamin Graham Value Investing Strategy – March 2017.  By using the ModernGraham method one can review a company’s historical accomplishments and determine an intrinsic value that can be compared across industries.  What follows is a stock analysis showing a specific look at how Sykes Enterprises Inc (SYKE) fares in the ModernGraham valuation model.

Company Profile (obtained from Google Finance): Sykes Enterprises, Incorporated is engaged in providing outsourced customer contact management solutions and services in the business process outsourcing arena. The Company provides an array of customer contact management solutions to a range of clients in communications, financial services, technology or consumer, transportation and leisure, healthcare and other industry verticals. It has operations in two segments: the Americas, which includes the United States, Canada, Latin America, Australia and the Asia Pacific Rim, and EMEA, which includes Europe, the Middle East and Africa. Its Americas and EMEA regions provide customer contact management services (with an emphasis on inbound technical support and customer service), which include customer assistance, healthcare and roadside assistance, technical support and product sales to its clients customers. It delivers its services through multiple communication channels, including phone, e-mail, social media, text messaging and chat.

SYKE Chart

SYKE data by YCharts

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Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:

ModernGraham Valuation of SYKE – March 2017

Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?

What kind of Intelligent Investor are you?

Defensive Investor; must pass 6 out of the following 7 tests.
1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise Market Cap > $2Bil $1,242,636,302 Fail
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 2 3.07 Pass
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 10 years prior Fail
4. Dividend Record Dividend Payments for 10 years prior Fail
5. Earnings Growth Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end 119.91% Pass
6. Moderate PEmg Ratio PEmg < 20 17.73 Pass
7. Moderate Price to Assets PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50 1.67 Pass
Enterprising Investor; must pass 4 out of the following 5 tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.
1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 1.5 3.07 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Debt to NCA < 1.1 0.64 Pass
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 5 years prior Pass
4. Dividend Record Currently Pays Dividend Fail
5. Earnings Growth EPSmg greater than 5 years ago Pass

Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value

EPSmg $1.62
MG Growth Estimate 15.00%
MG Value $62.24
Opinion Undervalued
MG Grade B-
MG Value based on 3% Growth $23.44
MG Value based on 0% Growth $13.74
Market Implied Growth Rate 4.62%
Current Price $28.67
% of Intrinsic Value 46.06%

Sykes Enterprises, Incorporated is suitable for the Enterprising Investor but not the more conservative Defensive Investor. The Defensive Investor is concerned with the small size, insufficient earnings stability over the last ten years, and the poor dividend history. The Enterprising Investor is only concerned with the lack of dividends. As a result, all Enterprising Investors following the ModernGraham approach should feel comfortable proceeding with the analysis.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be Undervalued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $0.72 in 2013 to an estimated $1.62 for 2017. This level of demonstrated earnings growth outpaces the market’s implied estimate of 4.62% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on the Benjamin Graham value investing formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value above the price.

At the time of valuation, further research into Sykes Enterprises, Incorporated revealed the company was trading above its Graham Number of $27.43. The company does not pay a dividend. Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 17.73, which was below the industry average of 38.13, which by some methods of valuation makes it one of the most undervalued stocks in its industry. Finally, the company was trading above its Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) of $2.64.

Sykes Enterprises, Incorporated performs fairly well in the ModernGraham grading system, scoring a B-.

Stage 3: Information for Further Research

Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) $2.64
Graham Number $27.43
PEmg 17.73
Current Ratio 3.07
PB Ratio 1.67
Current Dividend $0.00
Dividend Yield 0.00%
Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth 0

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Useful Links:

ModernGraham tagged articles Morningstar
Google Finance MSN Money
Yahoo Finance Seeking Alpha
GuruFocus SEC Filings

Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures

Balance Sheet Information 12/1/2016
Total Current Assets $623,236,000
Total Current Liabilities $202,857,000
Long-Term Debt $267,000,000
Total Assets $1,236,403,000
Intangible Assets $418,459,000
Total Liabilities $511,881,000
Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) 42,239,000

Earnings Per Share History

EPS History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $1.98
Dec2016 $1.48
Dec2015 $1.62
Dec2014 $1.35
Dec2013 $0.87
Dec2012 $0.66
Dec2011 $1.06
Dec2010 -$0.22
Dec2009 $1.05
Dec2008 $1.48
Dec2007 $0.98
Dec2006 $1.05
Dec2005 $0.59
Dec2004 $0.27
Dec2003 $0.23
Dec2002 -$0.46
Dec2001 $0.01
Dec2000 $1.13
Dec1999 $0.51
Dec1998 $0.06
Dec1997 $0.18

Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History

EPSmg History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $1.62
Dec2016 $1.36
Dec2015 $1.23
Dec2014 $0.94
Dec2013 $0.72
Dec2012 $0.70
Dec2011 $0.77
Dec2010 $0.70
Dec2009 $1.12
Dec2008 $1.06
Dec2007 $0.78
Dec2006 $0.56
Dec2005 $0.25
Dec2004 $0.14
Dec2003 $0.14
Dec2002 $0.15
Dec2001 $0.43

Recommended Reading:

Other ModernGraham posts about the company

None. This is the first time ModernGraham has covered the company.

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Qualcomm Inc Valuation – February 2017 $QCOM
Verisign Inc Valuation – February 2017 $VRSN
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Disclaimer:

The author did not hold a position in any company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.  See my current holdings here.  This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to a registered investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions.  ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner.  Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.

Valuation: Sykes Enterprises (SYKE)

Company Profile:  Sykes Enterprises (SYKE) (obtained via Yahoo Finance)

Sykes Enterprises, Incorporated provides outsourced customer contact management solutions and services in the business process outsourcing arena. Its solutions include customer assistance, healthcare and roadside assistance, technical support, and product sales. The company also provides various enterprise support services comprising technical staffing and outsourced corporate help desk services, as well as offers fulfillment services, including multilingual sales order processing through the Internet and phone, inventory control, product delivery, and product returns handling. Sykes Enterprises provides its services to medium sized businesses and public institutions primarily in the communications, technology/consumer, financial services, healthcare, transportation, and leisure industries. It operates in the United States, Canada, Europe, Latin America, Asia, and Africa. The company was founded in 1977 and is headquartered in Tampa, Florida.

Business and Management Review

1) Is the business simple and understandable?

The business in which this company is in can be easily understood by any investor. As mention above, they service some of the variable cost of many companies by outsourcing their labor and creating a more cost feasible business environment for their clients. On the other hand, Sykes Enterprise has strong fundamentals by having:

– 59.6% growth in Operating Income from the past 3 years.

– 23.7% revenue growth from last year second quarter to this year’s same quarter.

– An improvement of its quick ratio to 2.88 being also higher than its industry benchmark.

– An increase of 7.2% of the company’s CFO (Cash Flow from Operations) from last year.

– The operating margin has been on the rise from 2.3% in 2003 to being 8.3% this year, which subsequently drives ROE up and give us an understanding of how much dollars of revenues are left in the company from recurring activities after the service is provided.

These factors and the actual high demand for human outsourcing around the world create Sykes Enterprises a company to consider for the future.

2) Does the business have a consistent operating history?

This stock is in the development tools industry, which has proven to be an excellent industry over the past 10 years, but hasn’t been so strong the past five. Most stocks in the development tools industry have seen steadily growing revenue and earnings over the past three years. This stock has also seen steady revenue growth over the past three years, with its results over the past year being particularly impressive. In contrast to its peers, this stock’s earnings per share have grown at a very high rate over the past three years.

Moreover, note that this stock’s sustainable growth rate is quite a bit less than the rate at which its earnings per share have grown. That means Sykes Enterprises will probably have to raise additional capital from outside sources at some point if it continues to grow at its current rate.

3) Does the business have favorable long term prospects?

This stock’s forward earnings yield of 7.69% is the annual return it would generate if its profits remained fixed and it paid out all of its earnings as dividends. Not only is this much higher than the earnings yields of other stocks in its industry, it is also healthy in absolute terms. In addition, Analyst expectations for this stock’s earnings have been fairly stable.

Furthermore, most companies in the development tools industry have generated very low returns on assets over the past five years. This company, however, has posted results that are some of its industry’s best. Note that the company’s net profit margins and operating margin, as mention above, have been average compared with other companies in its industry.

4) Is management rational?

Management has done a great job managing the books and operations of this company. By not paying dividends on their shares, they have focus on reinvesting the funds that come into the company to create more growth so that in the long haul will benefit investors. Additionally, by creating a comfortable financial health environment within the company by having good financial leverage, quick, cash and current ratios; they have also pay attention at their operating margin and ROE which are two key profitability ratios that will play a big role in determining the value of the stock.

5) Is management candid with its shareholders?

This company is adequately treating their investors by creating an investor relation’s website with many features for them to stay on top of their portion of Sykes’ shares.

Financial and Value Review

Defensive:

1) Size of firm

SYKE is a small-cap stock ($ 2 billion or less) “Fail”

2) Strong financial condition

The company’s current ratio is about 3.23, above the 2.0 requirement.  “Pass”

3) Earnings stability

This company has not had a consistently positive net income for over 10 years.  “Fail”

4) Dividend record

Sykes Enterprises has not consistently paid a dividend for over 10 years.  “Fail”

5) Earnings growth

Earnings have grown more than 1/3 over the last 10 years.  “Pass”

6) Price to earnings analysis

The PE ratio has met the requirement of being under 20.  “Pass”

7) Price to assets analysis

Following our Methods, the Price to Book ratio and the PB/PE tests are both met. “Pass”

Overall

Having passed 4 of the 7 tests for the defensive investor following Benjamin Graham’s value investing strategy, we believe Sykes Enterprises may not be suitable for the defensive investor.

Enterprising:

1) Strong financial condition

The company’s current ratio is above 1.5 and debt to net current assets is lower than 1.1.  “Pass”

2) Earnings stability

SYKE has reached a positive net income for over 5 years.  “Pass”

3) Dividend record

This company does not currently pay dividends.  “Fail”

4) Earnings growth

Earnings are greater today than they were 5 years ago.  “Pass”

5) Price

The current stock price is more than 150% of the net tangible assets.  “Fail”

Overall

Since Sykes Enterprises passed 3 of the 5 enterprising tests, we do not consider this company to be good for enterprise investors.

Valuation:

Our valuation model finds a fair value to be around $19.72.

Opinion:

Since the company is currently trading at about $19.49, we feel it is currently a bit undervalued and may not be a suitable investment for the defensive or enterprising investor. None of the staff of ModernGraham.com held a position in Sykes Enterprises at the time of publication.  Also, please read our disclaimer and Our Methods.

International Business Machines Corp Valuation – April 2019 #IBM

Company Profile (excerpt from Reuters): International Business Machines Corporation (IBM), incorporated on June 16, 1911, is a technology company. The Company operates through five segments: Cognitive Solutions, Global Business Services (GBS), Technology Services & Cloud Platforms, Systems and Global Financing.

 

Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:

ModernGraham Valuation of IBM – April 2019

Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?

What kind of Intelligent Investor are you?

Defensive Investor; must pass 6 out of the following 7 tests.
1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise Market Cap > $2Bil $127,277,532,893 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 2 1.29 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 10 years prior Pass
4. Dividend Record Dividend Payments for 10 years prior Pass
5. Earnings Growth Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end -24.36% Fail
6. Moderate PEmg Ratio PEmg < 20 13.11 Pass
7. Moderate Price to Assets PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50 7.65 Fail
Enterprising Investor; must pass 4 out of the following 5 tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.
1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 1.5 1.29 Fail
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Debt to NCA < 1.1 3.26 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 5 years prior Pass
4. Dividend Record Currently Pays Dividend Pass
5. Earnings Growth EPSmg greater than 5 years ago Fail

 

Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value

EPSmg $10.91
MG Growth Estimate -2.80%
MG Value $31.55
Opinion Overvalued
MG Grade C
MG Value based on 3% Growth $158.22
MG Value based on 0% Growth $92.75
Market Implied Growth Rate 2.30%
Current Price $143.03
% of Intrinsic Value 453.39%

IBM Common Stock does not satisfy the requirements of either the Enterprising Investor or the more conservative Defensive Investor. The Defensive Investor is concerned with the low current ratio, insufficient earnings growth over the last ten years, and the high PB ratio. The Enterprising Investor has concerns regarding the level of debt relative to the current assets, and the lack of earnings growth over the last five years. As a result, all value investors following the ModernGraham approach should explore other opportunities at this time or proceed cautiously with a speculative attitude.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be Overvalued after seeing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) decline from $13.42 in 2015 to an estimated $10.91 for 2019. This level of demonstrated earnings growth does not support the market’s implied estimate of 2.3% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on the Benjamin Graham value investing formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value below the price.

At the time of valuation, further research into IBM Common Stock revealed the company was trading above its Graham Number of $75.75. The company pays a dividend of $6.21 per share, for a yield of 4.3%, putting it among the best dividend paying stocks today. Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 13.11, which was below the industry average of 46.57, which by some methods of valuation makes it one of the most undervalued stocks in its industry. Finally, the company was trading above its Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) of $-63.31.

IBM Common Stock receives an average overall rating in the ModernGraham grading system, scoring a C.

Stage 3: Information for Further Research

Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) -$63.31
Graham Number $75.75
PEmg 13.11
Current Ratio 1.29
PB Ratio 7.65
Current Dividend $6.21
Dividend Yield 4.34%
Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth 20

Useful Links:

ModernGraham tagged articles Morningstar
Google Finance MSN Money
Yahoo Finance Seeking Alpha
GuruFocus SEC Filings

Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures

Balance Sheet Information 12/1/2018
Total Current Assets $49,146,000,000
Total Current Liabilities $38,227,000,000
Long-Term Debt $35,605,000,000
Total Assets $123,382,000,000
Intangible Assets $39,353,000,000
Total Liabilities $106,453,000,000
Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) 905,242,000

Earnings Per Share History

EPS History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $13.80
Dec2018 $9.52
Dec2017 $6.14
Dec2016 $12.38
Dec2015 $13.42
Dec2014 $11.90
Dec2013 $14.94
Dec2012 $14.37
Dec2011 $13.06
Dec2010 $11.52
Dec2009 $10.01
Dec2008 $8.89
Dec2007 $7.15
Dec2006 $6.11
Dec2005 $4.87
Dec2004 $4.38
Dec2003 $3.74
Dec2002 $2.06
Dec2001 $3.69
Dec2000 $4.44
Dec1999 $4.12

Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History

EPSmg History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $10.91
Dec2018 $9.87
Dec2017 $10.61
Dec2016 $13.04
Dec2015 $13.42
Dec2014 $13.33
Dec2013 $13.63
Dec2012 $12.50
Dec2011 $11.09
Dec2010 $9.65
Dec2009 $8.28
Dec2008 $7.03
Dec2007 $5.82
Dec2006 $4.85
Dec2005 $4.06
Dec2004 $3.66
Dec2003 $3.40

Recommended Reading:

Other ModernGraham posts about the company

International Business Machines Corp Valuation – November 2018 $IBM
International Business Machines Corp Valuation – February 2018 $IBM
International Business Machines Corp Valuation – March 2017 $IBM
International Business Machines Corp Valuation – November 2015 Update $IBM
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Other ModernGraham posts about related companies

DXC Technology Co Valuation – April 2019 #DXC
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Motorola Solutions Inc Valuation – February 2019 $MSI
Gartner Inc Valuation – January 2019 $IT
Xerox Corp Valuation – January 2019 $XRX
Cognizant Technology Solutions Corp Valuation – January 2019 $CTSH
International Business Machines Corp Valuation – November 2018 $IBM
DXC Technology Corp Valuation – November 2018 $DXC
Sykes Enterprises Inc Valuation – October 2018 $SYKE
Computer Programs and Systems Inc Valuation – August 2018 $CPSI

Disclaimer:

The author did not hold a position in any company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.  See my current holdings here.  This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to a registered investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions.  ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner.  Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.

DXC Technology Co Valuation – April 2019 #DXC

Company Profile (excerpt from Reuters): DXC Technology Company provides digital information technology (IT) services and solutions. The Company provides a range of services, including analytics, applications, business process, cloud and workload, consulting, enterprise and cloud applications, security, and workplace and mobility. The Company also offers e-commerce, finance and administration products and services.

 

Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:

ModernGraham Valuation of DXC – April 2019

Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?

What kind of Intelligent Investor are you?

Defensive Investor; must pass 6 out of the following 7 tests.
1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise Market Cap > $2Bil $17,558,336,131 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 2 1.00 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 10 years prior Fail
4. Dividend Record Dividend Payments for 10 years prior Fail
5. Earnings Growth Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end 76.32% Pass
6. Moderate PEmg Ratio PEmg < 20 18.69 Pass
7. Moderate Price to Assets PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50 1.61 Pass
Enterprising Investor; must pass 4 out of the following 5 tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.
1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 1.5 1.00 Fail
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Debt to NCA < 1.1 -533,800,000.00 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 5 years prior Fail
4. Dividend Record Currently Pays Dividend Pass
5. Earnings Growth EPSmg greater than 5 years ago Pass

 

Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value

EPSmg $3.50
MG Growth Estimate 6.52%
MG Value $75.41
Opinion Fairly Valued
MG Grade C
MG Value based on 3% Growth $50.79
MG Value based on 0% Growth $29.77
Market Implied Growth Rate 5.09%
Current Price $65.45
% of Intrinsic Value 86.79%

DXC Technology Co does not satisfy the requirements of either the Enterprising Investor or the more conservative Defensive Investor. The Defensive Investor is concerned with the low current ratio, insufficient earnings stability over the last ten years, and the poor dividend history. The Enterprising Investor has concerns regarding the level of debt relative to the current assets, and the lack of earnings stability over the last five years. As a result, all value investors following the ModernGraham approach should explore other opportunities at this time or proceed cautiously with a speculative attitude.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be Fairly Valued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $2.44 in 2015 to an estimated $3.5 for 2019. This level of demonstrated earnings growth supports the market’s implied estimate of 5.09% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on the Benjamin Graham value investing formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value within a margin of safety relative to the price.

At the time of valuation, further research into DXC Technology Co revealed the company was trading below its Graham Number of $76.41. The company pays a dividend of $0.72 per share, for a yield of 1.1% Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 18.69, which was below the industry average of 46.57, which by some methods of valuation makes it one of the most undervalued stocks in its industry. Finally, the company was trading above its Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) of $-32.23.

DXC Technology Co receives an average overall rating in the ModernGraham grading system, scoring a C.

Stage 3: Information for Further Research

Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) -$32.23
Graham Number $76.41
PEmg 18.69
Current Ratio 1.00
PB Ratio 1.61
Current Dividend $0.72
Dividend Yield 1.10%
Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth 1

Useful Links:

ModernGraham tagged articles Morningstar
Google Finance MSN Money
Yahoo Finance Seeking Alpha
GuruFocus SEC Filings

Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures

Balance Sheet Information 12/1/2018
Total Current Assets $8,522,000,000
Total Current Liabilities $8,522,000,010
Long-Term Debt $5,338,000,000
Total Assets $28,871,000,000
Intangible Assets $14,363,000,000
Total Liabilities $17,515,000,000
Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) 278,990,000

Earnings Per Share History

EPS History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $5.49
Mar2018 $6.04
Mar2017 -$0.88
Mar2016 $1.78
Mar2015 $0.01
Mar2014 $6.28
Mar2013 $4.89
Mar2012 -$3.97
Mar2011 $4.73
Mar2010 $5.28
Mar2009 $7.31
Mar2008 $3.20
Mar2007 $2.21
Mar2006 $2.81
Mar2005 $4.22
Mar2004 $2.75
Mar2003 $2.54
Mar2002 $2.01
Mar2001 $1.37
Mar2000 $2.37
Mar1999 $2.11

Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History

EPSmg History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $3.50
Mar2018 $2.55
Mar2017 $1.35
Mar2016 $2.24
Mar2015 $2.44
Mar2014 $3.59
Mar2013 $2.71
Mar2012 $2.18
Mar2011 $5.02
Mar2010 $4.83
Mar2009 $4.39
Mar2008 $2.96
Mar2007 $2.87
Mar2006 $3.08
Mar2005 $3.01
Mar2004 $2.34
Mar2003 $2.11

Recommended Reading:

Other ModernGraham posts about the company

DXC Technology Corp Valuation – November 2018 $DXC

Other ModernGraham posts about related companies

Verisign Inc Valuation – March 2019 #VRSN
Motorola Solutions Inc Valuation – February 2019 $MSI
Gartner Inc Valuation – January 2019 $IT
Xerox Corp Valuation – January 2019 $XRX
Cognizant Technology Solutions Corp Valuation – January 2019 $CTSH
International Business Machines Corp Valuation – November 2018 $IBM
DXC Technology Corp Valuation – November 2018 $DXC
Sykes Enterprises Inc Valuation – October 2018 $SYKE
Computer Programs and Systems Inc Valuation – August 2018 $CPSI
Science Applications International Corp Valuation – July 2018 $SAIC

Disclaimer:

The author did not hold a position in any company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.  See my current holdings here.  This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to a registered investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions.  ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner.  Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.

Verisign Inc Valuation – March 2019 #VRSN

Company Profile (excerpt from Reuters): VeriSign, Inc., incorporated on April 12, 1995, is a provider of domain name registry services and Internet security, enabling Internet navigation for various domain names and providing protection for Websites and enterprises around the world. The Company operates through Registry Services and Security Services segment. Registry Services ensure the security, stability and resiliency of Internet infrastructure and services, including the .com and .net domains, and operation of the root-zone maintainer functions for the core of the Internet’s Domain Name System (DNS). Security Services provides infrastructure assurance services consisting of Distributed Denial of Services (DDoS) Protection Services and Managed DNS Services.

 

Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:

ModernGraham Valuation of VRSN – March 2019

Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?

What kind of Intelligent Investor are you?

Defensive Investor; must pass 6 out of the following 7 tests.
1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise Market Cap > $2Bil $21,248,216,007 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 2 1.39 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 10 years prior Pass
4. Dividend Record Dividend Payments for 10 years prior Fail
5. Earnings Growth Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end 81.88% Pass
6. Moderate PEmg Ratio PEmg < 20 40.77 Fail
7. Moderate Price to Assets PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50 -15.55 Fail
Enterprising Investor; must pass 4 out of the following 5 tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.
1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 1.5 1.39 Fail
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Debt to NCA < 1.1 4.83 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 5 years prior Pass
4. Dividend Record Currently Pays Dividend Fail
5. Earnings Growth EPSmg greater than 5 years ago Pass

 

Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value

EPSmg $4.35
MG Growth Estimate 9.85%
MG Value $122.80
Opinion Overvalued
MG Grade D
MG Value based on 3% Growth $63.12
MG Value based on 0% Growth $37.00
Market Implied Growth Rate 16.14%
Current Price $177.49
% of Intrinsic Value 144.54%

Verisign, Inc. does not satisfy the requirements of either the Enterprising Investor or the more conservative Defensive Investor. The Defensive Investor is concerned with the low current ratio, poor dividend history, and the high PEmg and PB ratios. The Enterprising Investor has concerns regarding the level of debt relative to the current assets, and the lack of dividends. As a result, all value investors following the ModernGraham approach should explore other opportunities at this time or proceed cautiously with a speculative attitude.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be Overvalued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $2.63 in 2015 to an estimated $4.35 for 2019. This level of demonstrated earnings growth does not support the market’s implied estimate of 16.14% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on the Benjamin Graham value investing formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value below the price.

At the time of valuation, further research into Verisign, Inc. revealed the company was trading above its Graham Number of $0. The company does not pay a dividend. Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 40.77, which was below the industry average of 56.55, which by some methods of valuation makes it one of the most undervalued stocks in its industry. Finally, the company was trading above its Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) of $-16.33.

Verisign, Inc. scores quite poorly in the ModernGraham grading system, with an overall grade of D.

Stage 3: Information for Further Research

Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) -$16.33
Graham Number $0.00
PEmg 40.77
Current Ratio 1.39
PB Ratio -15.55
Current Dividend $0.00
Dividend Yield 0.00%
Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth 0

Useful Links:

ModernGraham tagged articles Morningstar
Google Finance MSN Money
Yahoo Finance Seeking Alpha
GuruFocus SEC Filings

Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures

Balance Sheet Information 12/1/2018
Total Current Assets $1,317,034,000
Total Current Liabilities $947,590,000
Long-Term Debt $1,785,047,000
Total Assets $1,914,504,000
Intangible Assets $52,527,000
Total Liabilities $3,299,978,000
Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) 121,407,000

Earnings Per Share History

EPS History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $5.12
Dec2018 $4.75
Dec2017 $3.68
Dec2016 $3.42
Dec2015 $2.82
Dec2014 $2.52
Dec2013 $3.49
Dec2012 $1.95
Dec2011 $0.86
Dec2010 $4.64
Dec2009 $1.28
Dec2008 -$1.90
Dec2007 -$0.63
Dec2006 $1.53
Dec2005 $1.63
Dec2004 $0.60
Dec2003 -$1.20
Dec2002 -$20.97
Dec2001 -$65.64
Dec2000 -$19.57
Dec1999 $0.03

Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History

EPSmg History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $4.35
Dec2018 $3.79
Dec2017 $3.27
Dec2016 $2.99
Dec2015 $2.63
Dec2014 $2.58
Dec2013 $2.56
Dec2012 $1.85
Dec2011 $1.48
Dec2010 $1.53
Dec2009 $0.11
Dec2008 -$0.24
Dec2007 $0.52
Dec2006 -$0.49
Dec2005 -$6.71
Dec2004 -$14.37
Dec2003 -$21.73

Recommended Reading:

Other ModernGraham posts about the company

Verisign Inc Valuation – May 2018 $VRSN
Verisign Inc Valuation – February 2017 $VRSN
Verisign Inc Valuation – August 2016 $VRSN
Verisign Inc. Analysis – 2015 Update $VRSN
20 Companies in the Research Spotlight This Week – June 7, 2014

Other ModernGraham posts about related companies

Motorola Solutions Inc Valuation – February 2019 $MSI
Gartner Inc Valuation – January 2019 $IT
Xerox Corp Valuation – January 2019 $XRX
Cognizant Technology Solutions Corp Valuation – January 2019 $CTSH
International Business Machines Corp Valuation – November 2018 $IBM
DXC Technology Corp Valuation – November 2018 $DXC
Sykes Enterprises Inc Valuation – October 2018 $SYKE
Computer Programs and Systems Inc Valuation – August 2018 $CPSI
Science Applications International Corp Valuation – July 2018 $SAIC
Acxiom Corp Valuation – July 2018 $ACXM

Disclaimer:

The author did not hold a position in any company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.  See my current holdings here.  This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to a registered investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions.  ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner.  Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.

Motorola Solutions Inc Valuation – February 2019 $MSI

Company Profile (excerpt from Reuters): Motorola Solutions, Inc., incorporated on March 9, 1973, is a provider of communication infrastructure, devices, accessories, software and services. The Company operates through two segments: Products and Services. It serves global customer base spanning federal, state, county, province, territory, municipal and departmental independent bodies, along with its commercial and industrial customers. The Company, through VaaS International Holdings, Inc. (VaaS), provides data and image analytics for vehicle location. The Company’s image capture and analysis platform, which includes fixed and mobile license plate reader cameras driven by machine learning and artificial intelligence, provides vehicle location data to public safety and commercial customers. VaaS platform enables controllable, audited data-sharing across multiple law enforcement agencies. Vehicle location information can help accelerate time to resolution and improve outcomes for public safety agencies, particularly when combined with police records.

 

Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:

ModernGraham Valuation of MSI – February 2019

Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?

What kind of Intelligent Investor are you?

Defensive Investor; must pass 6 out of the following 7 tests.
1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise Market Cap > $2Bil $22,938,661,879 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 2 1.38 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 10 years prior Fail
4. Dividend Record Dividend Payments for 10 years prior Fail
5. Earnings Growth Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end 48.30% Pass
6. Moderate PEmg Ratio PEmg < 20 31.40 Fail
7. Moderate Price to Assets PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50 -19.00 Fail
Enterprising Investor; must pass 4 out of the following 5 tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.
1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 1.5 1.38 Fail
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Debt to NCA < 1.1 4.50 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 5 years prior Fail
4. Dividend Record Currently Pays Dividend Pass
5. Earnings Growth EPSmg greater than 5 years ago Pass

 

Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value

EPSmg $4.46
MG Growth Estimate 2.37%
MG Value $58.99
Opinion Overvalued
MG Grade D
MG Value based on 3% Growth $64.65
MG Value based on 0% Growth $37.90
Market Implied Growth Rate 11.45%
Current Price $139.98
% of Intrinsic Value 237.29%

Motorola Solutions Inc does not satisfy the requirements of either the Enterprising Investor or the more conservative Defensive Investor. The Defensive Investor is concerned with the low current ratio, insufficient earnings stability over the last ten years, and the poor dividend history, and the high PEmg and PB ratios. The Enterprising Investor has concerns regarding the level of debt relative to the current assets, and the lack of earnings stability over the last five years. As a result, all value investors following the ModernGraham approach should explore other opportunities at this time or proceed cautiously with a speculative attitude.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be Overvalued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $3.85 in 2015 to an estimated $4.46 for 2019. This level of demonstrated earnings growth does not support the market’s implied estimate of 11.45% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on the Benjamin Graham value investing formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value below the price.

At the time of valuation, further research into Motorola Solutions Inc revealed the company was trading above its Graham Number of $0. The company pays a dividend of $2.13 per share, for a yield of 1.5% Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 31.4, which was below the industry average of 51.56, which by some methods of valuation makes it one of the most undervalued stocks in its industry. Finally, the company was trading above its Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) of $-37.03.

Motorola Solutions Inc scores quite poorly in the ModernGraham grading system, with an overall grade of D.

Stage 3: Information for Further Research

Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) -$37.03
Graham Number $0.00
PEmg 31.40
Current Ratio 1.38
PB Ratio -19.00
Current Dividend $2.13
Dividend Yield 1.52%
Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth 8

Useful Links:

ModernGraham tagged articles Morningstar
Google Finance MSN Money
Yahoo Finance Seeking Alpha
GuruFocus SEC Filings

Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures

Balance Sheet Information 12/1/2018
Total Current Assets $4,272,000,000
Total Current Liabilities $3,096,000,000
Long-Term Debt $5,289,000,000
Total Assets $9,409,000,000
Intangible Assets $2,744,000,000
Total Liabilities $10,685,000,000
Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) 173,200,000

Earnings Per Share History

EPS History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $7.55
Dec2018 $5.62
Dec2017 -$0.95
Dec2016 $3.24
Dec2015 $3.02
Dec2014 $5.29
Dec2013 $4.06
Dec2012 $2.96
Dec2011 $3.41
Dec2010 $1.87
Dec2009 -$0.14
Dec2008 -$13.09
Dec2007 -$0.14
Dec2006 $10.22
Dec2005 $12.67
Dec2004 $4.38
Dec2003 $2.66
Dec2002 -$7.63
Dec2001 -$12.46
Dec2000 $4.06
Dec1999 $2.87

Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History

EPSmg History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $4.46
Dec2018 $3.02
Dec2017 $2.13
Dec2016 $3.68
Dec2015 $3.85
Dec2014 $4.02
Dec2013 $3.06
Dec2012 $1.38
Dec2011 -$0.15
Dec2010 -$1.37
Dec2009 -$1.36
Dec2008 -$0.38
Dec2007 $5.97
Dec2006 $7.51
Dec2005 $4.08
Dec2004 -$0.75
Dec2003 -$2.91

Recommended Reading:

Other ModernGraham posts about the company

Motorola Solutions Inc Valuation – May 2018 $MSI
5 Undervalued Companies for Value Investors with a Low Beta – July 2017
5 Undervalued Companies for Value Investors with a Low Beta – January 2017
8 Best Stocks for Value Investors This Week – 12/27/16
Motorola Solutions Inc Valuation – December 2016 $MSI

Other ModernGraham posts about related companies

Gartner Inc Valuation – January 2019 $IT
Xerox Corp Valuation – January 2019 $XRX
Cognizant Technology Solutions Corp Valuation – January 2019 $CTSH
International Business Machines Corp Valuation – November 2018 $IBM
DXC Technology Corp Valuation – November 2018 $DXC
Sykes Enterprises Inc Valuation – October 2018 $SYKE
Computer Programs and Systems Inc Valuation – August 2018 $CPSI
Science Applications International Corp Valuation – July 2018 $SAIC
Acxiom Corp Valuation – July 2018 $ACXM
Infosys Ltd Valuation – June 2018 $INFY

Disclaimer:

The author did not hold a position in any company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.  See my current holdings here.  This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to a registered investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions.  ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner.  Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.

Gartner Inc Valuation – January 2019 $IT

Company Profile (excerpt from Reuters): Gartner, Inc., incorporated on June 1, 1990, is an information technology research and advisory company. The Company works with clients to research, analyze and interpret the business of information technology (IT), supply chain and marketing within the context of their individual roles. The Company operates through three segments: Research, Consulting and Events. Research segment consists of subscription-based research products, access to research inquiry, peer networking services and membership programs. Consulting segment consists of consulting, measurement engagements and strategic advisory services. Events segment consists of various symposia, conferences and exhibitions.

 

Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:

ModernGraham Valuation of IT – January 2019

Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?

What kind of Intelligent Investor are you?

Defensive Investor; must pass 6 out of the following 7 tests.
1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise Market Cap > $2Bil $11,868,808,106 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 2 0.66 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 10 years prior Pass
4. Dividend Record Dividend Payments for 10 years prior Fail
5. Earnings Growth Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end 23.44% Fail
6. Moderate PEmg Ratio PEmg < 20 92.22 Fail
7. Moderate Price to Assets PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50 12.78 Fail
Enterprising Investor; must pass 4 out of the following 5 tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.
1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 1.5 0.66 Fail
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Debt to NCA < 1.1 -2.57 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 5 years prior Pass
4. Dividend Record Currently Pays Dividend Fail
5. Earnings Growth EPSmg greater than 5 years ago Fail

 

Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value

EPSmg $1.42
MG Growth Estimate -3.11%
MG Value $3.22
Opinion Overvalued
MG Grade F
MG Value based on 3% Growth $20.53
MG Value based on 0% Growth $12.04
Market Implied Growth Rate 41.86%
Current Price $130.58
% of Intrinsic Value 4051.52%

Gartner Inc does not satisfy the requirements of either the Enterprising Investor or the more conservative Defensive Investor. The Defensive Investor is concerned with the low current ratio, insufficient earnings growth over the last ten years, and the poor dividend history, and the high PEmg and PB ratios. The Enterprising Investor has concerns regarding the level of debt relative to the current assets, and the lack of earnings growth over the last five years, and the lack of dividends. As a result, all value investors following the ModernGraham approach should explore other opportunities at this time or proceed cautiously with a speculative attitude.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be Overvalued after seeing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) decline from $1.79 in 2014 to an estimated $1.42 for 2018. This level of demonstrated earnings growth does not support the market’s implied estimate of 41.86% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on the Benjamin Graham value investing formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value below the price.

At the time of valuation, further research into Gartner Inc revealed the company was trading above its Graham Number of $19.74. The company does not pay a dividend. Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 92.22, which was above the industry average of 44.74. Finally, the company was trading above its Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) of $-37.63.

Gartner Inc scores quite poorly in the ModernGraham grading system, with an overall grade of F.

Stage 3: Information for Further Research

Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) -$37.63
Graham Number $19.74
PEmg 92.22
Current Ratio 0.66
PB Ratio 12.78
Current Dividend $0.00
Dividend Yield 0.00%
Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth 0

Useful Links:

ModernGraham tagged articles Morningstar
Google Finance MSN Money
Yahoo Finance Seeking Alpha
GuruFocus SEC Filings

Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures

Balance Sheet Information 9/1/2018
Total Current Assets $1,535,340,000
Total Current Liabilities $2,343,596,000
Long-Term Debt $2,077,466,000
Total Assets $5,944,817,000
Intangible Assets $3,996,585,000
Total Liabilities $5,003,269,000
Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) 92,148,000

Earnings Per Share History

EPS History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $1.60
Dec2017 $0.04
Dec2016 $2.31
Dec2015 $2.06
Dec2014 $2.03
Dec2013 $1.93
Dec2012 $1.73
Dec2011 $1.39
Dec2010 $0.96
Dec2009 $0.85
Dec2008 $1.05
Dec2007 $0.68
Dec2006 $0.50
Dec2005 -$0.02
Dec2004 $0.13
Dec2003 $0.25
Sep2002 $0.46
Sep2001 -$0.78
Sep2000 $0.30
Sep1999 $0.84
Sep1998 $0.84

Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History

EPSmg History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $1.42
Dec2017 $1.44
Dec2016 $2.10
Dec2015 $1.94
Dec2014 $1.79
Dec2013 $1.57
Dec2012 $1.32
Dec2011 $1.07
Dec2010 $0.88
Dec2009 $0.76
Dec2008 $0.64
Dec2007 $0.39
Dec2006 $0.25
Dec2005 $0.09
Dec2004 $0.12
Dec2003 $0.15
Sep2002 $0.17

Recommended Reading:

Other ModernGraham posts about the company

Gartner Inc Valuation – March 2018 $IT

Other ModernGraham posts about related companies

Xerox Corp Valuation – January 2019 $XRX
Cognizant Technology Solutions Corp Valuation – January 2019 $CTSH
International Business Machines Corp Valuation – November 2018 $IBM
DXC Technology Corp Valuation – November 2018 $DXC
Sykes Enterprises Inc Valuation – October 2018 $SYKE
Computer Programs and Systems Inc Valuation – August 2018 $CPSI
Science Applications International Corp Valuation – July 2018 $SAIC
Acxiom Corp Valuation – July 2018 $ACXM
Infosys Ltd Valuation – June 2018 $INFY
Verisign Inc Valuation – May 2018 $VRSN

Disclaimer:

The author did not hold a position in any company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.  See my current holdings here.  This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to a registered investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions.  ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner.  Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.

Xerox Corp Valuation – January 2019 $XRX

Company Profile (excerpt from Reuters): Xerox Corporation, incorporated on April 18, 1906, is a provider of digital print technology and related solutions. The Company has capabilities in imaging and printing, data analytics, and the development of secure and automated solutions to help customers improve productivity. The Company’s primary offerings span three main areas: Managed Document Services, Workplace Solutions and Graphic Communications. Its Managed Document Services offerings help customers, ranging from small businesses to global enterprises, optimize their printing and related document workflow and business processes. Managed Document Services includes the document outsourcing business, as well as a set of communication and marketing solutions. The Company’s Workplace Solutions and Graphic Communications products and solutions support the work processes of its customers by providing them with printing and communications infrastructure.

 

Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:

ModernGraham Valuation of XRX – January 2019

Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?

What kind of Intelligent Investor are you?

Defensive Investor; must pass 6 out of the following 7 tests.
1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise Market Cap > $2Bil $5,597,258,219 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 2 1.82 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 10 years prior Fail
4. Dividend Record Dividend Payments for 10 years prior Pass
5. Earnings Growth Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end -92.69% Fail
6. Moderate PEmg Ratio PEmg < 20 28.28 Fail
7. Moderate Price to Assets PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50 1.10 Pass
Enterprising Investor; must pass 4 out of the following 5 tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.
1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 1.5 1.82 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Debt to NCA < 1.1 2.16 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 5 years prior Fail
4. Dividend Record Currently Pays Dividend Pass
5. Earnings Growth EPSmg greater than 5 years ago Fail

 

Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value

EPSmg $0.83
MG Growth Estimate -4.25%
MG Value $0.00
Opinion Overvalued
MG Grade C
MG Value based on 3% Growth $12.04
MG Value based on 0% Growth $7.06
Market Implied Growth Rate 9.89%
Current Price $23.49
% of Intrinsic Value N/A

Xerox Corp does not satisfy the requirements of either the Enterprising Investor or the more conservative Defensive Investor. The Defensive Investor is concerned with the low current ratio, insufficient earnings stability or growth over the last ten years, and the high PEmg ratio. The Enterprising Investor has concerns regarding the level of debt relative to the net current assets, and the lack of earnings stability or growth over the last five years. As a result, all value investors following the ModernGraham approach should explore other opportunities at this time or proceed cautiously with a speculative attitude.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be Overvalued after seeing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) decline from $3.39 in 2014 to an estimated $0.83 for 2018. This level of demonstrated earnings growth does not support the market’s implied estimate of 9.89% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on the Benjamin Graham value investing formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value below the price.

At the time of valuation, further research into Xerox Corp revealed the company was trading below its Graham Number of $28.83. The company pays a dividend of $0.81 per share, for a yield of 3.5%, putting it among the best dividend paying stocks today. Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 28.28, which was below the industry average of 44.74, which by some methods of valuation makes it one of the most undervalued stocks in its industry. Finally, the company was trading above its Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) of $-19.47.

Xerox Corp receives an average overall rating in the ModernGraham grading system, scoring a C.

Stage 3: Information for Further Research

Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) -$19.47
Graham Number $28.83
PEmg 28.28
Current Ratio 1.82
PB Ratio 1.10
Current Dividend $0.81
Dividend Yield 3.46%
Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth 0

Useful Links:

ModernGraham tagged articles Morningstar
Google Finance MSN Money
Yahoo Finance Seeking Alpha
GuruFocus SEC Filings

Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures

Balance Sheet Information 9/1/2018
Total Current Assets $4,970,000,000
Total Current Liabilities $2,736,000,000
Long-Term Debt $4,815,000,000
Total Assets $15,353,000,000
Intangible Assets $4,131,000,000
Total Liabilities $9,917,000,000
Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) 254,053,000

Earnings Per Share History

EPS History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $1.79
Dec2017 $0.71
Dec2016 -$1.95
Dec2015 $1.58
Dec2014 $3.36
Dec2013 $3.64
Dec2012 $3.52
Dec2011 $3.60
Dec2010 $1.72
Dec2009 $2.20
Dec2008 $1.04
Dec2007 $4.76
Dec2006 $4.88
Dec2005 $3.76
Dec2004 $3.44
Dec2003 $1.44
Dec2002 $0.08
Dec2001 -$0.60
Dec2000 -$1.92
Dec1999 $7.40
Dec1998 $1.04

Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History

EPSmg History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $0.83
Dec2017 $0.72
Dec2016 $1.16
Dec2015 $2.86
Dec2014 $3.39
Dec2013 $3.25
Dec2012 $2.84
Dec2011 $2.55
Dec2010 $2.33
Dec2009 $2.86
Dec2008 $3.32
Dec2007 $4.19
Dec2006 $3.51
Dec2005 $2.43
Dec2004 $1.34
Dec2003 $0.62
Dec2002 $0.54

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Disclaimer:

The author did not hold a position in any company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.  See my current holdings here.  This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to a registered investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions.  ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner.  Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.

Cognizant Technology Solutions Corp Valuation – January 2019 $CTSH

Company Profile (excerpt from Reuters): Cognizant Technology Solutions Corporation, incorporated on April 6, 1988, is a professional services company. The Company operates through four segments: Financial Services, Healthcare, Manufacturing/Retail/Logistics, and Other. The Company’s services include consulting and technology services and outsourcing services. Its consulting and technology services include business, process, operations and technology consulting, application development and systems integrations, application testing, enterprise information management and software solutions and related services. Its outsourcing services include application maintenance, IT infrastructure services and business process services. The Company deploys a range of commercial and delivery models, including managed services, fixed bid, output and outcome based pricing and platforms to address the various needs of its customers.

 

Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:

ModernGraham Valuation of CTSH – January 2019

Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?

What kind of Intelligent Investor are you?

Defensive Investor; must pass 6 out of the following 7 tests.
1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise Market Cap > $2Bil $39,333,372,216 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 2 3.24 Pass
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 10 years prior Pass
4. Dividend Record Dividend Payments for 10 years prior Fail
5. Earnings Growth Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end 146.00% Pass
6. Moderate PEmg Ratio PEmg < 20 23.65 Fail
7. Moderate Price to Assets PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50 3.59 Fail
Enterprising Investor; must pass 4 out of the following 5 tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.
1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 1.5 3.24 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Debt to NCA < 1.1 0.10 Pass
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 5 years prior Pass
4. Dividend Record Currently Pays Dividend Pass
5. Earnings Growth EPSmg greater than 5 years ago Pass

 

Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value

EPSmg $2.87
MG Growth Estimate 7.26%
MG Value $66.09
Opinion Fairly Valued
MG Grade C+
MG Value based on 3% Growth $41.63
MG Value based on 0% Growth $24.41
Market Implied Growth Rate 7.58%
Current Price $67.92
% of Intrinsic Value 102.77%

Cognizant Technology Solutions Corp is suitable for the Enterprising Investor but not the more conservative Defensive Investor. The Defensive Investor is concerned with the poor dividend history, and the high PEmg and PB ratios. The Enterprising Investor has no initial concerns. As a result, all Enterprising Investors following the ModernGraham approach should feel comfortable proceeding with the analysis.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be Fairly Valued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $1.94 in 2014 to an estimated $2.87 for 2018. This level of demonstrated earnings growth supports the market’s implied estimate of 7.58% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on the Benjamin Graham value investing formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value within a margin of safety relative to the price.

At the time of valuation, further research into Cognizant Technology Solutions Corp revealed the company was trading above its Graham Number of $37.96. The company pays a dividend of $0.45 per share, for a yield of 0.7% Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 23.65, which was below the industry average of 44.74, which by some methods of valuation makes it one of the most undervalued stocks in its industry. Finally, the company was trading above its Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) of $7.64.

Cognizant Technology Solutions Corp receives an average overall rating in the ModernGraham grading system, scoring a C+.

Stage 3: Information for Further Research

Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) $7.64
Graham Number $37.96
PEmg 23.65
Current Ratio 3.24
PB Ratio 3.59
Current Dividend $0.45
Dividend Yield 0.66%
Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth 1

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Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures

Balance Sheet Information 9/1/2018
Total Current Assets $8,727,000,000
Total Current Liabilities $2,693,000,000
Long-Term Debt $624,000,000
Total Assets $15,274,000,000
Intangible Assets $4,058,000,000
Total Liabilities $4,296,000,000
Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) 580,000,000

Earnings Per Share History

EPS History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $3.53
Dec2017 $2.53
Dec2016 $2.55
Dec2015 $2.65
Dec2014 $2.35
Dec2013 $2.02
Dec2012 $1.72
Dec2011 $1.43
Dec2010 $1.19
Dec2009 $0.89
Dec2008 $0.72
Dec2007 $0.58
Dec2006 $0.39
Dec2005 $0.28
Dec2004 $0.18
Dec2003 $0.11
Dec2002 $0.07
Dec2001 $0.05
Dec2000 $0.04
Dec1999 $0.02
Dec1998 $0.03

Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History

EPSmg History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $2.87
Dec2017 $2.50
Dec2016 $2.41
Dec2015 $2.24
Dec2014 $1.94
Dec2013 $1.63
Dec2012 $1.36
Dec2011 $1.10
Dec2010 $0.88
Dec2009 $0.67
Dec2008 $0.52
Dec2007 $0.38
Dec2006 $0.26
Dec2005 $0.17
Dec2004 $0.11
Dec2003 $0.07
Dec2002 $0.05

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Other ModernGraham posts about related companies

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Computer Programs and Systems Inc Valuation – August 2018 $CPSI
Science Applications International Corp Valuation – July 2018 $SAIC
Acxiom Corp Valuation – July 2018 $ACXM
Infosys Ltd Valuation – June 2018 $INFY
Verisign Inc Valuation – May 2018 $VRSN
Motorola Solutions Inc Valuation – May 2018 $MSI
Leidos Holdings Inc Valuation – April 2018 $LDOS

Disclaimer:

The author did not hold a position in any company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.  See my current holdings here.  This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to a registered investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions.  ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner.  Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.

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