Valero Energy Corp Valuation – March 2019 #VLO

Company Profile (excerpt from Reuters): Valero Energy Corporation (Valero), incorporated on June 8, 1981, is an independent petroleum refiner and ethanol producer. The Company’s segments include refining, ethanol and Valero Energy Partners LP (VLP). The refining segment includes its refining operations and the associated marketing activities. The ethanol segment includes its ethanol operations and the associated marketing activities, and logistics assets that support its ethanol operations. The Company owns logistics assets (crude oil pipelines, refined petroleum product pipelines, terminals, tanks, marine docks, truck rack bays and other assets) that support its refining operations. Some of these assets are owned by VLP, which is a midstream master limited partnership owned by the Company. VLP’s assets include crude oil and refined petroleum products pipeline and terminal systems in the United States Gulf Coast and the United States Mid-Continent regions. The Company’s refineries produce conventional gasolines, premium gasolines, gasoline meeting the specifications of the California Air Resources Board (CARB), diesel, low-sulfur diesel, ultra-low-sulfur diesel, CARB diesel, other distillates, jet fuel, asphalt, petrochemicals, lubricants and other refined petroleum products.

 

Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:

ModernGraham Valuation of VLO – March 2019

Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?

What kind of Intelligent Investor are you?

Defensive Investor; must pass 6 out of the following 7 tests.
1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise Market Cap > $2Bil $35,530,599,884 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 2 1.65 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 10 years prior Pass
4. Dividend Record Dividend Payments for 10 years prior Pass
5. Earnings Growth Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end 184.13% Pass
6. Moderate PEmg Ratio PEmg < 20 12.05 Pass
7. Moderate Price to Assets PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50 1.58 Pass
Enterprising Investor; must pass 4 out of the following 5 tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.
1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 1.5 1.65 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Debt to NCA < 1.1 1.28 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 5 years prior Pass
4. Dividend Record Currently Pays Dividend Pass
5. Earnings Growth EPSmg greater than 5 years ago Pass

 

Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value

EPSmg $7.06
MG Growth Estimate 2.00%
MG Value $88.28
Opinion Fairly Valued
MG Grade B
MG Value based on 3% Growth $102.38
MG Value based on 0% Growth $60.02
Market Implied Growth Rate 1.77%
Current Price $85.08
% of Intrinsic Value 96.37%

Valero Energy Corporation qualifies for both the Defensive Investor and the Enterprising Investor. The Defensive Investor is only initially concerned with the low current ratio. The Enterprising Investor is only concerned with the level of debt relative to the net current assets. As a result, all value investors following the ModernGraham approach should feel comfortable proceeding with the analysis.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be Fairly Valued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $6.23 in 2015 to an estimated $7.06 for 2019. This level of demonstrated earnings growth supports the market’s implied estimate of 1.77% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on the Benjamin Graham value investing formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value within a margin of safety relative to the price.

At the time of valuation, further research into Valero Energy Corporation revealed the company was trading above its Graham Number of $84.94. The company pays a dividend of $3.2 per share, for a yield of 3.8%, putting it among the best dividend paying stocks today. Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 12.05, which was below the industry average of 58.42, which by some methods of valuation makes it one of the most undervalued stocks in its industry. Finally, the company was trading above its Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) of $-23.1.

Valero Energy Corporation performs fairly well in the ModernGraham grading system, scoring a B.

Stage 3: Information for Further Research

Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) -$23.10
Graham Number $84.94
PEmg 12.05
Current Ratio 1.65
PB Ratio 1.58
Current Dividend $3.20
Dividend Yield 3.76%
Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth 8

Useful Links:

ModernGraham tagged articles Morningstar
Google Finance MSN Money
Yahoo Finance Seeking Alpha
GuruFocus SEC Filings

Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures

Balance Sheet Information 12/1/2018
Total Current Assets $17,675,000,000
Total Current Liabilities $10,724,000,000
Long-Term Debt $8,871,000,000
Total Assets $50,155,000,000
Intangible Assets $567,000,000
Total Liabilities $27,424,000,000
Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) 422,000,000

Earnings Per Share History

EPS History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $6.28
Dec2018 $7.29
Dec2017 $9.16
Dec2016 $4.94
Dec2015 $7.99
Dec2014 $6.85
Dec2013 $4.97
Dec2012 $3.75
Dec2011 $3.68
Dec2010 $0.57
Dec2009 -$3.67
Dec2008 -$2.16
Dec2007 $8.88
Dec2006 $8.64
Dec2005 $6.10
Dec2004 $3.27
Dec2003 $1.27
Dec2002 $0.21
Dec2001 $2.21
Dec2000 $1.40
Dec1999 $0.06

Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History

EPSmg History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $7.06
Dec2018 $7.38
Dec2017 $7.21
Dec2016 $6.06
Dec2015 $6.23
Dec2014 $4.89
Dec2013 $3.22
Dec2012 $1.71
Dec2011 $0.95
Dec2010 $0.54
Dec2009 $1.54
Dec2008 $4.41
Dec2007 $7.00
Dec2006 $5.34
Dec2005 $3.33
Dec2004 $1.86
Dec2003 $1.11

Recommended Reading:

Other ModernGraham posts about the company

Vlaero Energy Corp Valuation – June 2018 $VLO
11 Best Stocks for Value Investors This Week – 3/4/17
Valero Energy Corp Valuation – February 2017 $VLO
Most Undervalued Stocks of the S&P 500 – February 2017
10 Undervalued Stocks for the Enterprising Investor – February 2017

Other ModernGraham posts about related companies

Phillips 66 Valuation – March 2019 #PSX
Halliburton Co Valuation – March 2019 #HAL
Kinder Morgan Inc Valuation – February 2019 $KMI
National Oilwell Varco Inc Valuation – February 2019 $NOV
Diamondback Energy Inc Valuation – February 2019 $FANG
TechnipFMC PLC Valuation – February 2019 $FTI
Marathon Petroleum Corp Valuation – February 2019 $MPC
Baker Hughes, a GE Co Valuation – February 2019 $BHGE
EOG Resources Inc Valuation – February 2019 $EOG
ConocoPhillips Valuation – February 2019 $COP

Disclaimer:

The author did not hold a position in any company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.  See my current holdings here.  This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to a registered investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions.  ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner.  Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.

Vlaero Energy Corp Valuation – June 2018 $VLO

Company Profile (excerpt from Reuters): Valero Energy Corporation (Valero), incorporated on June 8, 1981, is an independent petroleum refiner and ethanol producer. The Company’s segments include refining, ethanol and Valero Energy Partners LP (VLP). The refining segment includes its refining operations and the associated marketing activities. The ethanol segment includes its ethanol operations and the associated marketing activities, and logistics assets that support its ethanol operations. The Company owns logistics assets (crude oil pipelines, refined petroleum product pipelines, terminals, tanks, marine docks, truck rack bays and other assets) that support its refining operations. Some of these assets are owned by VLP, which is a midstream master limited partnership owned by the Company. VLP’s assets include crude oil and refined petroleum products pipeline and terminal systems in the United States Gulf Coast and the United States Mid-Continent regions. The Company’s refineries produce conventional gasolines, premium gasolines, gasoline meeting the specifications of the California Air Resources Board (CARB), diesel, low-sulfur diesel, ultra-low-sulfur diesel, CARB diesel, other distillates, jet fuel, asphalt, petrochemicals, lubricants and other refined petroleum products.

VLO Chart

VLO data by YCharts

 

Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:

ModernGraham Valuation of VLO – June 2018

Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?

What kind of Intelligent Investor are you?

Defensive Investor; must pass 6 out of the following 7 tests.
1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise Market Cap > $2Bil $53,352,079,515 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 2 1.70 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 10 years prior Fail
4. Dividend Record Dividend Payments for 10 years prior Pass
5. Earnings Growth Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end 3368.97% Pass
6. Moderate PEmg Ratio PEmg < 20 17.79 Pass
7. Moderate Price to Assets PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50 2.33 Pass
Enterprising Investor; must pass 4 out of the following 5 tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.
1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 1.5 1.70 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Debt to NCA < 1.1 1.08 Pass
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 5 years prior Pass
4. Dividend Record Currently Pays Dividend Pass
5. Earnings Growth EPSmg greater than 5 years ago Pass

 

Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value

EPSmg $6.96
MG Growth Estimate 6.36%
MG Value $147.67
Opinion Fairly Valued
MG Grade B-
MG Value based on 3% Growth $100.91
MG Value based on 0% Growth $59.15
Market Implied Growth Rate 4.64%
Current Price $123.78
% of Intrinsic Value 83.82%

Valero Energy Corporation is suitable for the Enterprising Investor but not the more conservative Defensive Investor. The Defensive Investor is concerned with the low current ratio, insufficient earnings stability over the last ten years. The Enterprising Investor has no initial concerns. As a result, all Enterprising Investors following the ModernGraham approach should feel comfortable proceeding with the analysis.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be Fairly Valued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $4.89 in 2014 to an estimated $6.96 for 2018. This level of demonstrated earnings growth supports the market’s implied estimate of 4.64% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on the Benjamin Graham value investing formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value within a margin of safety relative to the price.

At the time of valuation, further research into Valero Energy Corporation revealed the company was trading above its Graham Number of $82.85. The company pays a dividend of $2.8 per share, for a yield of 2.3%, putting it among the best dividend paying stocks today. Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 17.79, which was below the industry average of 87.76, which by some methods of valuation makes it one of the most undervalued stocks in its industry. Finally, the company was trading above its Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) of $-18.96.

Valero Energy Corporation performs fairly well in the ModernGraham grading system, scoring a B-.

Stage 3: Information for Further Research

Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) -$18.96
Graham Number $82.85
PEmg 17.79
Current Ratio 1.70
PB Ratio 2.33
Current Dividend $2.80
Dividend Yield 2.26%
Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth 7

Useful Links:

ModernGraham tagged articles Morningstar
Google Finance MSN Money
Yahoo Finance Seeking Alpha
GuruFocus SEC Filings

Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures

Balance Sheet Information 3/1/2018
Total Current Assets $18,260,000,000
Total Current Liabilities $10,752,000,000
Long-Term Debt $8,086,000,000
Total Assets $49,376,000,000
Intangible Assets $0
Total Liabilities $26,451,000,000
Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) 432,000,000

Earnings Per Share History

EPS History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $6.02
Dec2017 $9.16
Dec2016 $4.94
Dec2015 $7.99
Dec2014 $6.85
Dec2013 $4.97
Dec2012 $3.75
Dec2011 $3.68
Dec2010 $0.57
Dec2009 -$3.67
Dec2008 -$2.16
Dec2007 $8.88
Dec2006 $8.64
Dec2005 $6.10
Dec2004 $3.27
Dec2003 $1.27
Dec2002 $0.21
Dec2001 $2.21
Dec2000 $1.40
Dec1999 $0.06
Dec1998 -$0.21

Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History

EPSmg History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $6.96
Dec2017 $7.21
Dec2016 $6.06
Dec2015 $6.23
Dec2014 $4.89
Dec2013 $3.22
Dec2012 $1.71
Dec2011 $0.95
Dec2010 $0.54
Dec2009 $1.54
Dec2008 $4.41
Dec2007 $7.00
Dec2006 $5.34
Dec2005 $3.33
Dec2004 $1.86
Dec2003 $1.11
Dec2002 $0.93

Recommended Reading:

Other ModernGraham posts about the company

11 Best Stocks for Value Investors This Week – 3/4/17
Valero Energy Corp Valuation – February 2017 $VLO
Most Undervalued Stocks of the S&P 500 – February 2017
10 Undervalued Stocks for the Enterprising Investor – February 2017
10 Best Dividend Paying Stocks for the Enterprising Investor – February 2017

Other ModernGraham posts about related companies

Andeavor Valuation – May 2018 $ANDV
Halliburton Co Valuation – May 2018 $HAL
National Oilwell Varco Inc Valuation – May 2018 $NOV
Newfield Exploration Co Valuation – May 2018 $NFX
Kinder Morgan Inc Valuation – May 2018 $KMI
Range Resources Corp Valuation – May 2018 $RRC
Phillips 66 Valuation – April 2018 $PSX
Baker Hughes, a GE Co Valuation – April 2018 $BHGE
Marathon Petroleum Corp Valuation – April 2018 $MPC
TechnipFMC PLC Valuation – April 2018 $FTI

Disclaimer:

The author did not hold a position in any company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.  See my current holdings here.  This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to a registered investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions.  ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner.  Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.

Valero Energy Corp Valuation – February 2017 $VLO

Benjamin Graham taught that Intelligent Investors must do a thorough fundamental analysis of investment opportunities to determine their intrinsic value and inherent risk.  This is best done by utilizing a systematic approach to analysis that will provide investors with a sense of how a specific company compares to another company or by reviewing the 10 Stocks for Using A Benjamin Graham Value Investing Strategy – February 2017.  By using the ModernGraham method one can review a company’s historical accomplishments and determine an intrinsic value that can be compared across industries.  What follows is a stock analysis showing a specific look at how Valero Energy Corp (VLO) fares in the ModernGraham valuation model.

Company Profile (obtained from Google Finance): Valero Energy Corporation (Valero), through Valero Energy Partners LP (VLP), owns, operates, develops and acquires crude oil and refined petroleum products pipelines, terminals, and other transportation and logistics assets. The Company operates in two segments: refining and ethanol. Its refining segment includes refining and marketing operations in the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, Aruba and Ireland. Its ethanol segment includes ethanol and marketing operations in the United States. VLP’s assets include crude oil and refined petroleum products pipeline and terminal systems in the United States Gulf Coast and the United States Mid-Continent regions. Its refineries can produce conventional gasolines, premium gasolines, gasoline meeting the specifications of the California Air Resources Board (CARB), diesel, low-sulfur diesel, ultra-low-sulfur diesel, CARB diesel, other distillates, jet fuel, asphalt, petrochemicals, lubricants and other refined products.

VLO Chart

VLO data by YCharts

[level-free]
To read the details of this valuation, you must be logged in as a premium member. If you are not a premium member, please consider becoming one.

Premium members can view a full ModernGraham valuation of the company and have access to download a PDF version of the valuation for easy reference. Recent valuations of the components of the Dow Jones Industrial Average are available for free members, including this one of Microsoft Corporation.  In addition, here is a post detailing what can be found within each individual company’s valuation.

Learn More About Premium Membership

[/level-free]
[not-level-free]

Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:

ModernGraham Valuation of VLO – February 2017

Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?

What kind of Intelligent Investor are you?

Defensive Investor; must pass 6 out of the following 7 tests.
1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise Market Cap > $2Bil $30,887,683,432 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 2 2.02 Pass
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 10 years prior Fail
4. Dividend Record Dividend Payments for 10 years prior Pass
5. Earnings Growth Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end -424.71% Fail
6. Moderate PEmg Ratio PEmg < 20 12.26 Pass
7. Moderate Price to Assets PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50 1.57 Pass
Enterprising Investor; must pass 4 out of the following 5 tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.
1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 1.5 2.02 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Debt to NCA < 1.1 0.00 Pass
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 5 years prior Pass
4. Dividend Record Currently Pays Dividend Pass
5. Earnings Growth EPSmg greater than 5 years ago Pass

Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value

EPSmg $5.54
MG Growth Estimate 10.79%
MG Value $166.75
Opinion Undervalued
MG Grade B
MG Value based on 3% Growth $80.38
MG Value based on 0% Growth $47.12
Market Implied Growth Rate 1.88%
Current Price $67.95
% of Intrinsic Value 40.75%

Valero Energy Corporation is suitable for the Enterprising Investor but not the more conservative Defensive Investor. The Defensive Investor is concerned with the insufficient earnings stability or growth over the last ten years. The Enterprising Investor has no initial concerns. As a result, all Enterprising Investors following the ModernGraham approach should feel comfortable proceeding with the analysis.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be Undervalued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $3.22 in 2013 to an estimated $5.54 for 2017. This level of demonstrated earnings growth outpaces the market’s implied estimate of 1.88% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on the Benjamin Graham value investing formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value above the price.

At the time of valuation, further research into Valero Energy Corporation revealed the company was trading above its Graham Number of $64.46. The company pays a dividend of $2.4 per share, for a yield of 3.5%, putting it among the best dividend paying stocks today. Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 12.26, which was below the industry average of 69.19, which by some methods of valuation makes it one of the most undervalued stocks in its industry. Finally, the company was trading above its Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) of $-20.15.

Valero Energy Corporation performs fairly well in the ModernGraham grading system, scoring a B.

Stage 3: Information for Further Research

Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) -$20.15
Graham Number $64.46
PEmg 12.26
Current Ratio 2.02
PB Ratio 1.57
Current Dividend $2.40
Dividend Yield 3.53%
Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth 7

[/not-level-free]

Useful Links:

ModernGraham tagged articles Morningstar
Google Finance MSN Money
Yahoo Finance Seeking Alpha
GuruFocus SEC Filings

Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures

Balance Sheet Information 12/1/2016
Total Current Assets $16,800,000,000
Total Current Liabilities $8,328,000,000
Long-Term Debt $0
Total Assets $46,173,000,000
Intangible Assets $148,000,000
Total Liabilities $26,149,000,000
Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) 464,000,000

Earnings Per Share History

EPS History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $4.15
Dec2016 $4.94
Dec2015 $7.99
Dec2014 $6.85
Dec2013 $4.97
Dec2012 $3.75
Dec2011 $3.68
Dec2010 $0.57
Dec2009 -$3.67
Dec2008 -$2.16
Dec2007 $8.88
Dec2006 $8.64
Dec2005 $6.10
Dec2004 $3.27
Dec2003 $1.27
Dec2002 $0.21
Dec2001 $2.21
Dec2000 $1.40
Dec1999 $0.06
Dec1998 -$0.21
Dec1997 $0.44

Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History

EPSmg History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $5.54
Dec2016 $6.06
Dec2015 $6.23
Dec2014 $4.89
Dec2013 $3.22
Dec2012 $1.71
Dec2011 $0.95
Dec2010 $0.54
Dec2009 $1.54
Dec2008 $4.41
Dec2007 $7.00
Dec2006 $5.34
Dec2005 $3.33
Dec2004 $1.86
Dec2003 $1.11
Dec2002 $0.93
Dec2001 $1.12

Recommended Reading:

Other ModernGraham posts about the company

10 Low PE Stock Picks for the Enterprising Investor – August 2016
10 Most Undervalued Companies for the Enterprising Investor – July 2016
Dividend Investors Should Research These 10 Stocks – July 2016
10 Low PE Stocks for the Enterprising Investor – July 2016
5 Companies for Value Investors with a High Beta – July 2016

Other ModernGraham posts about related companies

Occidental Petroleum Corp Valuation – February 2017 $OXY
Carrizo Oil & Gas Inc Valuation – Initial Coverage $CRZO
Denbury Resources Inc Valuation – February 2017 $DNR
California Resources Corp Valuation – Initial Coverage $CRC
Crew Energy Inc Valuation – Initial Coverage $TSE:CR
Exxon Mobil Corp Valuation – February 2017 $XOM
Superior Energy Services Inc Valuation – Initial Coverage $SPN
2017 Oil & Gas Industry Review
Spartan Energy Corp Valuation – Initial Coverage $TSE:SPE
Crescent Point Energy Corp Valuation – Initial Coverage $TSE:CPG

Disclaimer:

The author did not hold a position in any company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.  See my current holdings here.  This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to a registered investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions.  ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner.  Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.

Valero Energy Corporation – August 2016 $VLO

Benjamin Graham taught that Intelligent Investors must do a thorough fundamental analysis of investment opportunities to determine their intrinsic value and inherent risk.  This is best done by utilizing a systematic approach to analysis that will provide investors with a sense of how a specific company compares to another company or by reviewing the 10 Companies Benjamin Graham Would Invest In Today – July 2016.  By using the ModernGraham method one can review a company’s historical accomplishments and determine an intrinsic value that can be compared across industries.  What follows is a stock analysis showing a specific look at how Valero Energy Corporation (VLO) fares in the ModernGraham valuation model.

Company Profile (obtained from Google Finance): Valero Energy Corporation (Valero), through Valero Energy Partners LP (VLP), owns, operates, develops and acquires crude oil and refined petroleum products pipelines, terminals, and other transportation and logistics assets. The Company operates in two segments: refining and ethanol. Its refining segment includes refining and marketing operations in the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, Aruba and Ireland. Its ethanol segment includes ethanol and marketing operations in the United States. VLP’s assets include crude oil and refined petroleum products pipeline and terminal systems in the United States Gulf Coast and the United States Mid-Continent regions. Its refineries can produce conventional gasolines, premium gasolines, gasoline meeting the specifications of the California Air Resources Board (CARB), diesel, low-sulfur diesel, ultra-low-sulfur diesel, CARB diesel, other distillates, jet fuel, asphalt, petrochemicals, lubricants and other refined products.

VLO Chart

VLO data by YCharts

[level-free]
To read the details of this valuation, you must be logged in as a premium member. If you are not a premium member, please consider becoming one.

Premium members can view a full ModernGraham valuation of the company and have access to download a PDF version of the valuation for easy reference. Here is a free sample valuation pdf, and here is a post detailing what can be found within each individual company’s valuation.

[/level-free]
[not-level-free]

Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:

ModernGraham Valuation of VLO – August 2016

Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?

What kind of Intelligent Investor are you?

Defensive Investor; must pass 6 out of the following 7 tests.
1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise Market Cap > $2Bil $25,240,282,478 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 2 1.87 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 10 years prior Fail
4. Dividend Record Dividend Payments for 10 years prior Pass
5. Earnings Growth Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end 482.30% Pass
6. Moderate PEmg Ratio PEmg < 20 10.18 Pass
7. Moderate Price to Assets PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50 1.25 Pass
Enterprising Investor; must pass 4 out of the following 5 tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.
1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 1.5 1.87 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Debt to NCA < 1.1 0.00 Pass
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 5 years prior Pass
4. Dividend Record Currently Pays Dividend Pass
5. Earnings Growth EPSmg greater than 5 years ago Pass

Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value

VLO value chart August 2016

EPSmg $5.39
MG Growth Estimate 15.00%
MG Value $207.39
Opinion Undervalued
MG Grade B
MG Value based on 3% Growth $78.11
MG Value based on 0% Growth $45.79
Market Implied Growth Rate 0.84%
Current Price $54.82
% of Intrinsic Value 26.43%

Valero Energy Corporation is suitable for the Enterprising Investor but not the more conservative Defensive Investor. The Defensive Investor is concerned with the low current ratio, insufficient earnings stability over the last ten years. The Enterprising Investor has no initial concerns. As a result, all Enterprising Investors following the ModernGraham approach should feel comfortable proceeding with the analysis.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be Undervalued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $1.71 in 2012 to an estimated $5.39 for 2016. This level of demonstrated earnings growth outpaces the market’s implied estimate of 0.84% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on the Benjamin Graham value investing formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value above the price.

At the time of valuation, further research into Valero Energy Corporation revealed the company was trading above its Graham Number of $54.08. The company pays a dividend of $2.1 per share, for a yield of 3.8%, putting it among the best dividend paying stocks today. Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 10.18, which was below the industry average of 55.24, which by some methods of valuation makes it one of the most undervalued stocks in its industry. Finally, the company was trading above its Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) of $-18.5.

Valero Energy Corporation performs fairly well in the ModernGraham grading system, scoring a B.

Stage 3: Information for Further Research

VLO charts August 2016

Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) -$18.50
Graham Number $54.08
PEmg 10.18
Current Ratio 1.87
PB Ratio 1.25
Current Dividend $2.10
Dividend Yield 3.83%
Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth 6

[/not-level-free]

Useful Links:

ModernGraham tagged articles Morningstar
Google Finance MSN Money
Yahoo Finance Seeking Alpha
GuruFocus SEC Filings

Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures

Balance Sheet Information 6/1/2016
Total Current Assets $16,180,000,000
Total Current Liabilities $8,652,000,000
Long-Term Debt $0
Total Assets $45,452,000,000
Intangible Assets $0
Total Liabilities $24,876,000,000
Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) 470,000,000

Earnings Per Share History

Next Fiscal Year Estimate $2.92
Dec2015 $7.99
Dec2014 $6.85
Dec2013 $4.97
Dec2012 $3.75
Dec2011 $3.68
Dec2010 $0.57
Dec2009 -$3.67
Dec2008 -$2.16
Dec2007 $8.88
Dec2006 $8.64
Dec2005 $6.10
Dec2004 $3.27
Dec2003 $1.27
Dec2002 $0.21
Dec2001 $2.21
Dec2000 $1.40
Dec1999 $0.06
Dec1998 -$0.21
Dec1997 $0.44
Dec1996 $0.36

Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History

Next Fiscal Year Estimate $5.39
Dec2015 $6.23
Dec2014 $4.89
Dec2013 $3.22
Dec2012 $1.71
Dec2011 $0.95
Dec2010 $0.54
Dec2009 $1.54
Dec2008 $4.41
Dec2007 $7.00
Dec2006 $5.34
Dec2005 $3.33
Dec2004 $1.86
Dec2003 $1.11
Dec2002 $0.93
Dec2001 $1.12
Dec2000 $0.52

Recommended Reading:

Other ModernGraham posts about the company

10 Low PE Stock Picks for the Enterprising Investor – August 2016
10 Most Undervalued Companies for the Enterprising Investor – July 2016
Dividend Investors Should Research These 10 Stocks – July 2016
10 Low PE Stocks for the Enterprising Investor – July 2016
5 Companies for Value Investors with a High Beta – July 2016

Other ModernGraham posts about related companies

Chevron Corp Valuation – August 2016 $CVX
Exxon Mobil Corporation Valuation – August 2016 $XOM
National-Oilwell Varco Inc Valuation – August 2016 $NOV
Newfield Exploration Co Valuation – August 2016 $NFX
EOG Resources Inc Valuation – July 2016 $EOG
Noble Corp PLC Valuation – July 2016 $NE
Baker Hughes Inc Valuation – July 2016 $BHI
Rowan Companies PLC Valuation – July 2016 $RDC
ConocoPhillips Valuation – July 2016 $COP
Devon Energy Corp Valuation – July 2016 $DVN

Disclaimer:

The author did not hold a position in any company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.  See my current holdings here.  This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to a registered investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions.  ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner.  Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.

Valero Energy Corp Valuation – February 2016 $VLO

Benjamin Graham taught that Intelligent Investors must do a thorough fundamental analysis of investment opportunities to determine their intrinsic value and inherent risk.  This is best done by utilizing a systematic approach to analysis that will provide investors with a sense of how a specific company compares to another company or by reviewing the 10 Companies Benjamin Graham Would Invest In Today – February 2016.  By using the ModernGraham method one can review a company’s historical accomplishments and determine an intrinsic value that can be compared across industries.  What follows is a stock analysis showing a specific look at how Valero Energy Corp (VLO) fares in the ModernGraham valuation model.

Company Profile (obtained from Google Finance): Valero Energy Corp (Valero) is an international manufacturer and marketer of transportation fuels, other petrochemical products and power. The Company’s refineries can produce conventional gasolines, premium gasolines, gasoline, diesel fuel, low-sulfur diesel fuel, ultra-low-sulfur diesel fuel, CARB diesel fuel, other distillates, jet fuel, asphalt, petrochemicals, lubricants, and other refined products. The Company markets branded and unbranded refined products through approximately 7,400 outlets. The Company also owns 11 ethanol plants in the central plains region of the United States that primarily produce ethanol. The Company operates through two segments. The refining segment includes refining operations, wholesale marketing, product supply and distribution, and transportation operations in the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, Aruba and Ireland. Its ethanol segment primarily includes sale of internally produced ethanol and distillers grains.

[level-free]

To read the details of this valuation, you must be logged in as a premium member. If you are not a premium member, please consider becoming one.

Premium members can view a full ModernGraham valuation of the company and have access to download a PDF version of the valuation for easy reference. Here is a free sample valuation pdf, and here is a post detailing what can be found within each individual company’s valuation.

[/level-free]
[not-level-free]

Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:

ModernGraham Valuation of VLO

Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?

What kind of Intelligent Investor are you?

Defensive Investor; must pass 6 out of the following 7 tests.
1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise Market Cap > $2Bil $25,328,534,527 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 2 3.39 Pass
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 10 years prior Fail
4. Dividend Record Dividend Payments for 10 years prior Pass
5. Earnings Growth Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end 592.46% Pass
6. Moderate PEmg Ratio PEmg < 20 8.42 Pass
7. Moderate Price to Assets PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50 -3.78 Fail
Score
Enterprising Investor; must pass 4 out of the following 5 tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.
1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 1.5 3.39 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Debt to NCA < 1.1 0.41 Pass
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 5 years prior Pass
4. Dividend Record Currently Pays Dividend Pass
5. Earnings Growth EPSmg greater than 5 years ago Pass

Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value

VLO value chart February 2016

EPSmg $6.51
MG Growth Estimate 15.00%
MG Value $250.51
Opinion Undervalued
MG Value based on 3% Growth $94.35
MG Value based on 0% Growth $55.31
Market Implied Growth Rate -0.04%
Current Price $54.81
% of Intrinsic Value 21.88%

Valero Energy Corp qualifies for the Enterprising Investor but not the more conservative Defensive Investor.  The Defensive Investor is concerned with the insufficient earnings stability over the last ten years along with the high PB ratio.  The Enterprising Investor has no initial concerns.  As a result, all Enterprising Investors following the ModernGraham approach based on Benjamin Graham’s methods should feel comfortable proceeding with further research into the company.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be undervalued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $1.71 in 2012 to an estimated $6.51 for 2015.  This level of demonstrated earnings growth outpaces the market’s implied estimate of negative 0.04% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years.  As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on Benjamin Graham’s formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value above the price.

Stage 3: Information for Further Research

VLO charts February 2016

Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) $35.13
Graham Number $46.53
PEmg 8.42
Current Ratio 3.39
PB Ratio -3.78
Dividend Yield 3.10%
Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth 6

 

[/not-level-free]

Useful Links:

ModernGraham tagged articles Morningstar
Google Finance MSN Money
Yahoo Finance Seeking Alpha
GuruFocus SEC Filings

Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures

Balance Sheet Information Dec2015
Total Current Assets $24,817,000,000
Total Current Liabilities $7,320,000,000
Long-Term Debt $7,250,000,000
Total Assets $45,825,000,000
Intangible Assets $0
Total Liabilities $7,250,000,000
Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) 500,000,000

Earnings Per Share History

Next Fiscal Year Estimate $6.28
Dec2015 $7.99
Dec2014 $6.85
Dec2013 $4.97
Dec2012 $3.75
Dec2011 $3.68
Dec2010 $0.57
Dec2009 -$3.67
Dec2008 -$2.16
Dec2007 $8.88
Dec2006 $8.64
Dec2005 $6.10
Dec2004 $3.27
Dec2003 $1.27
Dec2002 $0.21
Dec2001 $2.21
Dec2000 $1.40
Dec1999 $0.06
Dec1998 -$0.21
Dec1997 $0.44
Dec1996 $0.35

Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History

Next Fiscal Year Estimate $6.51
Dec2015 $6.23
Dec2014 $4.89
Dec2013 $3.22
Dec2012 $1.71
Dec2011 $0.95
Dec2010 $0.54
Dec2009 $1.54
Dec2008 $4.41
Dec2007 $7.00
Dec2006 $5.34
Dec2005 $3.33
Dec2004 $1.86
Dec2003 $1.11
Dec2002 $0.93
Dec2001 $1.12
Dec2000 $0.52

Recommended Reading:

Other ModernGraham posts about the company

5 Undervalued Companies for Value Investors with a High Beta – January 2016
5 Undervalued Companies for Value Investors with a High Beta – October 2015
10 Companies Benjamin Graham Would Invest In Today – September 2015
The Best Companies of the Oil & Gas Industry – August 2015
10 Low PE Stocks for the Enterprising Investor – August 2015

Other ModernGraham posts about related companies

Schlumberger Ltd Valuation – February 2016 $SLB
National Oilwell Varco Inc Valuation – February 2016 Update $NOV
Southwestern Energy Company Valuation – February 2016 Update $SWN
Apache Corporation Valuation – January 2016 Update $APA
Anadarko Petroleum Corp Valuation – January 2016 Update $APC
Cabot Oil & Gas Corp Valuation – December 2015 Update $COG
Helmerich & Payne Inc Valuation – November 2015 Update $HP
Murphy Oil Corporation Valuation – November 2015 Update $MUR
Denbury Resources Inc. Valuation – November 2015 Update $DNR
Western Refining Inc. Valuation – October 2015 Update $WNR

Disclaimer:

The author did not hold a position in any company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.  See my current holdings here.  This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to a registered investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions.  ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner.  Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.

Valero Energy Corporation Valuation – October 2015 Update $VLO

Benjamin Graham taught that Intelligent Investors must do a thorough fundamental analysis of investment opportunities to determine their intrinsic value and inherent risk.  This is best done by utilizing a systematic approach to analysis that will provide investors with a sense of how a specific company compares to another company or by reviewing the 10 Most Undervalued Companies for the Defensive Investor – October 2015.  By using the ModernGraham method one can review a company’s historical accomplishments and determine an intrinsic value that can be compared across industries.  What follows is a stock analysis showing a specific look at how Valero Energy Corporation (VLO) fares in the ModernGraham valuation model.

Company Profile (obtained from Google Finance): Valero Energy Corp (Valero) is an international manufacturer and marketer of transportation fuels, other petrochemical products and power. The Company’s refineries can produce conventional gasolines, premium gasolines, gasoline, diesel fuel, low-sulfur diesel fuel, ultra-low-sulfur diesel fuel, CARB diesel fuel, other distillates, jet fuel, asphalt, petrochemicals, lubricants, and other refined products. The Company markets branded and unbranded refined products through approximately 7,400 outlets. The Company also owns 11 ethanol plants in the central plains region of the United States that primarily produce ethanol. The Company operates through two segments. The refining segment includes refining operations, wholesale marketing, product supply and distribution, and transportation operations in the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, Aruba and Ireland. Its ethanol segment primarily includes sale of internally produced ethanol and distillers grains.

[level-free]

To read the details of this valuation, you must be logged in as a premium member. If you are not a premium member, please consider becoming one.

Premium members can view a full ModernGraham valuation of the company and have access to download a PDF version of the valuation for easy reference. Here is a free sample valuation pdf, and here is a post detailing what can be found within each individual company’s valuation.

[/level-free]
[not-level-free]

Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:

ModernGraham Valuation of VLO – October 2015

Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?

What kind of Intelligent Investor are you?

Defensive Investor; must pass 6 out of the following 7 tests.
1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise Market Cap > $2Bil $29,831,909,994 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 2 1.87 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 10 years prior Fail
4. Dividend Record Dividend Payments for 10 years prior Pass
5. Earnings Growth Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end 25.59% Fail
6. Moderate PEmg Ratio PEmg < 20 9.91 Pass
7. Moderate Price to Assets PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50 1.42 Pass
Score
Enterprising Investor; must pass 4 out of the following 5 tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.
1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 1.5 1.87 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Debt to NCA < 1.1 0.83 Pass
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 5 years prior Pass
4. Dividend Record Currently Pays Dividend Pass
5. Earnings Growth EPSmg greater than 5 years ago Pass

Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value

VLO value Chart October 2015

EPSmg $6.06
MG Growth Estimate 15.00%
MG Value $233.16
Opinion Undervalued
MG Value based on 3% Growth $87.81
MG Value based on 0% Growth $51.48
Market Implied Growth Rate 0.71%
Current Price $60.03
% of Intrinsic Value 25.75%

Valero Energy Corporation qualifies for the Enterprising Investor but not the more conservative Defensive Investor.  The Defensive Investor is concerned with the low current ratio, and the insufficient earnings growth or stability over the last ten years.  The Enterprising Investor has no initial concerns.  As a result, all Enterprising Investors following the ModernGraham approach based on Benjamin Graham’s methods should feel comfortable proceeding with further research into the company.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be undervalued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $0.95 in 2011 to an estimated $6.06 for 2015.  This level of demonstrated earnings growth outpaces the market’s implied estimate of 0.71% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years.  As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on Benjamin Graham’s formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value above the price.

The next part of the analysis is up to individual investors, and requires discussion of the company’s prospects.  What do you think?  What value would you put on Valero Energy Corporation (VLO)?  Where do you see the company going in the future?  Is there a company you like better?  Leave a comment on our Facebook page or mention @ModernGraham on Twitter to discuss.

Stage 3: Information for Further Research

VLO Charts October 2015

Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) -$15.07
Graham Number $84.94
PEmg 9.91
Current Ratio 1.87
PB Ratio 1.42
Dividend Yield 2.25%
Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth 5

 

[/not-level-free]

Useful Links:

ModernGraham tagged articles Morningstar
Google Finance MSN Money
Yahoo Finance Seeking Alpha
GuruFocus SEC Filings

Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures

Total Current Assets $18,492,000,000
Total Current Liabilities $9,865,000,000
Long-Term Debt $7,199,000,000
Total Assets $47,599,000,000
Intangible Assets $0
Total Liabilities $26,146,000,000
Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) 508,000,000

Earnings Per Share History

Next Fiscal Year Estimate $7.47
Dec14 $6.85
Dec13 $4.97
Dec12 $3.75
Dec11 $3.68
Dec10 $0.57
Dec09 -$3.67
Dec08 -$2.16
Dec07 $8.88
Dec06 $8.64
Dec05 $6.10
Dec04 $3.27
Dec03 $1.27
Dec02 $0.21
Dec01 $2.21
Dec00 $1.40
Dec99 $0.06
Dec98 -$0.21
Dec97 $0.44
Dec96 $0.35
Dec95 $0.28

Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History

Next Fiscal Year Estimate $6.06
Dec14 $4.89
Dec13 $3.22
Dec12 $1.71
Dec11 $0.95
Dec10 $0.54
Dec09 $1.54
Dec08 $4.41
Dec07 $7.00
Dec06 $5.34
Dec05 $3.33
Dec04 $1.86
Dec03 $1.11
Dec02 $0.93
Dec01 $1.12
Dec00 $0.52
Dec99 $0.12

Recommended Reading:

Other ModernGraham posts about the company

5 Undervalued Companies for Value Investors with a High Beta – October 2015
10 Companies Benjamin Graham Would Invest In Today – September 2015
The Best Companies of the Oil & Gas Industry – August 2015
10 Low PE Stocks for the Enterprising Investor – August 2015
10 Most Undervalued Companies for the Enterprising Investor – August 2015

Other ModernGraham posts about related companies

Schlumberger Limited Valuation – October 2015 Update $SLB
National Oilwell Varco Inc. Valuation – October 2015 Update $NOV
Tesoro Corporation Analysis – October 2015 Update $TSO
Cameron International Company Analysis – September 2015 Update $CAM
Halliburton Company Analysis – September 2015 Update $HAL
Kinder Morgan Inc. Analysis – September 2015 Update $KMI
Range Resources Corporation Analysis – August 2015 Update $RRC
Helmerich & Payne Inc. Analysis – August 2015 Update $HP
FMC Technologies Inc. Analysis – August 2015 Update $FTI
Denbury Resources Inc. Analysis – August 2015 Update $DNR

Disclaimer:

The author did not hold a position in any company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.  See my current holdings here.  This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to a registered investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions.  ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner.  Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.

Valero Energy Corporation Analysis – July 2015 Update $VLO

VALERO_logoBenjamin Graham taught that Intelligent Investors must do a thorough fundamental analysis of investment opportunities to determine their intrinsic value and inherent risk.  This is best done by utilizing a systematic approach to analysis that will provide investors with a sense of how a specific company compares to another company or by reviewing the 5 Most Undervalued Companies for the Defensive Investor – July 2015.  By using the ModernGraham method one can review a company’s historical accomplishments and determine an intrinsic value that can be compared across industries.  What follows is a stock analysis showing a specific look at how Valero Energy Corporation (VLO) fares in the ModernGraham valuation model.

Company Profile (obtained from Google Finance): Valero Energy Corp (Valero) is an international manufacturer and marketer of transportation fuels, other petrochemical products and power. The Company’s refineries can produce conventional gasolines, premium gasolines, gasoline, diesel fuel, low-sulfur diesel fuel, ultra-low-sulfur diesel fuel, CARB diesel fuel, other distillates, jet fuel, asphalt, petrochemicals, lubricants, and other refined products. The Company markets branded and unbranded refined products through approximately 7,400 outlets. The Company also owns 11 ethanol plants in the central plains region of the United States that primarily produce ethanol. The Company operates through two segments. The refining segment includes refining operations, wholesale marketing, product supply and distribution, and transportation operations in the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, Aruba and Ireland. Its ethanol segment primarily includes sale of internally produced ethanol and distillers grains.

[level-free]
To read the rest of this valuation, you must be logged in as a premium member. If you are not a premium member, please consider becoming one.
[/level-free]
[level-mg-stocks-screens-subscriber]

Defensive Investor – must pass at least 6 of the following 7 tests: Score = 4/7

  1. Adequate Size of Enterprise – market capitalization of at least $2 billion – PASS
  2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition – current ratio greater than 2 – FAIL
  3. Earnings Stability – positive earnings per share for at least 10 straight years – FAIL
  4. Dividend Record – has paid a dividend for at least 10 straight years – PASS
  5. Earnings Growth – earnings per share has increased by at least 1/3 over the last 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end of period – FAIL
  6. Moderate PEmg ratio – PEmg is less than 20 – PASS
  7. Moderate Price to Assets – PB ratio is less than 2.5 or PB x PEmg is less than 50 – PASS

Enterprising Investor – must pass at least 4 of the following 5 tests or be suitable for a defensive investor: Score = 5/5

  1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition, Part 1 – current ratio greater than 1.5 – PASS
  2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition, Part 2 – Debt to Net Current Assets ratio less than 1.1 – PASS
  3. Earnings Stability – positive earnings per share for at least 5 years – PASS
  4. Dividend Record – currently pays a dividend – PASS
  5. Earnings growth – EPSmg greater than 5 years ago – PASS

Valuation Summary

Key Data:

Recent Price $66.02
MG Value $218.01
MG Opinion Undervalued
Value Based on 3% Growth $82.11
Value Based on 0% Growth $48.13
Market Implied Growth Rate 1.58%
Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) -$15.85
PEmg 11.66
Current Ratio 1.94
PB Ratio 1.64

Balance Sheet – March 2015

Current Assets $16,788,000,000
Current Liabilities $8,634,000,000
Total Debt $7,224,000,000
Total Assets $45,741,000,000
Intangible Assets $0
Total Liabilities $24,967,000,000
Outstanding Shares 516,000,000

Earnings Per Share

2015 (estimate) $6.29
2014 $6.85
2013 $4.97
2012 $3.75
2011 $3.68
2010 $0.57
2009 -$3.67
2008 -$2.16
2007 $8.88
2006 $8.64
2005 $6.10

Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham

2015 (estimate) $5.66
2014 $4.89
2013 $3.22
2012 $1.71
2011 $0.95
2010 $0.54

Dividend History

Free Cash Flow

Conclusion:

Valero Energy Corporation qualifies for the Enterprising Investor but not the more conservative Defensive Investor.  The Defensive Investor is concerned with the low current ratio, and the insufficient earnings growth or stability over the last ten years.  The Enterprising Investor has no initial concerns.  As a result, all Enterprising Investors following the ModernGraham approach based on Benjamin Graham’s methods should feel comfortable proceeding with the evaluation.  As for a valuation, the company appears to be undervalued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $0.95 in 2011 to an estimated $5.66 for 2015.  This level of demonstrated earnings growth outpaces the market’s implied estimate of 1.58% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years.  As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on Benjamin Graham’s formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value above the price.

The next part of the analysis is up to individual investors, and requires discussion of the company’s prospects.  What do you think?  What value would you put on Valero Energy Corporation (VLO)?  Where do you see the company going in the future?  Is there a company you like better?  Leave a comment on our Facebook page or mention @ModernGraham on Twitter to discuss.

Disclaimer:  The author did not hold a position in any company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.  Logo taken from Wikipedia for the sole purpose of identifying the company; this article is not affiliated with the company in any manner.

[/level-mg-stocks-screens-subscriber]

Valero Energy Corporation Quarterly Valuation – April 2015 $VLO

VALERO_logoValero Energy (NYSE:VLO) has shown very strong earnings growth over the last several years, which will immediately intrigue many investors. However, Benjamin Graham, the father of value investing, taught that investors must take emotion out of the equation, as the most important aspect to consider is whether the company is trading at a discount relative to its intrinsic value. It is through a thorough fundamental analysis that the investor is able to make a determination about a potential investment’s merits. Here is a look at how the company fares in the ModernGraham valuation model.

The model is inspired by the teachings of Benjamin Graham, and considers numerous metrics intended to help the investor reduce risk levels. The first part of the analysis is to determine whether the company is suitable for the very conservative Defensive Investor or the less conservative Enterprising Investor, who is willing to spend a greater amount of time conducting further research.

In addition, Graham strongly suggested that investors avoid speculation in order to remove the subjective elements of emotion. This is best achieved by utilizing a systematic approach to analysis that will provide investors with a sense of how a specific company compares to another. By using theModernGraham method, one can review a company’s historical accomplishments and determine an intrinsic value that can be compared across industries.

VLO Chart

[level-free]
To read the rest of this valuation, you must be logged in as a premium member. If you are not a premium member, please consider becoming one.
[/level-free]
[level-mg-stocks-screens-subscriber]

Defensive Investor – Must pass at least 6 of the following 7 tests: Score = 4/7

  1. Adequate Size of Enterprise – Market capitalization of at least $2 billion – PASS
  2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition – Current ratio greater than 2 – FAIL
  3. Earnings Stability – Positive earnings per share for at least 10 straight years – FAIL
  4. Dividend Record – Has paid a dividend for at least 10 straight years – PASS
  5. Earnings Growth – Earnings per share has increased by at least 1/3 over the last 10 years, using 3-year averages at the beginning and end of the period – FAIL
  6. Moderate PEmg (price over normalized earnings) ratio – PEmg is less than 20 – PASS
  7. Moderate Price to Assets – PB ratio is less than 2.5 or PB x PEmg is less than 50 – PASS

Enterprising Investor – Must pass at least 4 of the following 5 tests or be suitable for a Defensive Investor: Score = 5/5

  1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition, Part 1 – Current ratio greater than 1.5 – PASS
  2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition, Part 2 – Debt-to-Net Current Assets ratio less than 1.1 – PASS
  3. Earnings Stability – Positive earnings per share for at least 5 years – PASS
  4. Dividend Record – Currently pays a dividend – PASS
  5. Earnings growth – EPSmg greater than 5 years ago – PASS

Valuation Summary

Key Data:

Recent Price $58.62
MG Value $188.16
MG Opinion Undervalued
Value Based on 3% Growth $70.87
Value Based on 0% Growth $41.54
Market Implied Growth Rate 1.75%
Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) -$15.85
PEmg 11.99
Current Ratio 1.66
PB Ratio 1.48


Balance Sheet – December 2014

Current Assets $16,614,000,000
Current Liabilities $9,980,000,000
Total Debt $5,780,000,000
Total Assets $45,550,000,000
Intangible Assets $0
Total Liabilities $24,873,000,000
Outstanding Shares 521,000,000


Earnings Per Share

2014 $6.85
2013 $4.97
2012 $3.75
2011 $3.68
2010 $0.57
2009 -$3.67
2008 -$2.16
2007 $8.88
2006 $8.64
2005 $6.10
2004 $3.24


Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham

2014 $4.89
2013 $3.22
2012 $1.71
2011 $0.95
2010 $0.54
2009 $1.54


Dividend History

VLO Dividend Chart

Conclusion

Valero Energy performs well in the ModernGraham model, and is suitable for Enterprising Investors. The Defensive Investor is concerned with the low current ratio as well as the insufficient earnings growth or stability over the last ten years, while the Enterprising Investor has no initial concerns. As a result, Enterprising Investors should feel very comfortable proceeding to the next part of the analysis, which is a determination of the company’s intrinsic value.

When it comes to valuation, it is critical to consider the company’s earnings history. In this case, the company has grown its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $0.54 in 2010 to $4.89 for 2014. This is a strong level of demonstrated growth, which is well above the market’s implied estimate of 1.75% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. The ModernGraham valuation model reduces the historical growth to a more conservative figure, assuming that some slowdown will occur, but still estimates a growth figure much higher than the market’s implied rate. Therefore, the model returns an estimate of intrinsic value well above the current price, indicating the company is significantly undervalued at the present time.

[/level-mg-stocks-screens-subscriber]

Valero Energy Corp (VLO) Annual Valuation – 2014

VALERO_logoBenjamin Graham taught that Intelligent Investors must do a thorough fundamental analysis of investment opportunities to determine their intrinsic value and inherent risk.  This is best done by utilizing a systematic approach to analysis that will provide investors with a sense of how a specific company compares to another company or by reviewing 5 Undervalued Companies for the Defensive Investor.  By using the ModernGraham method one can review a company’s historical accomplishments and determine an intrinsic value that can be compared across industries.  What follows is a specific look at how Valero Energy Corp (VLO) fares in the ModernGraham valuation model.

Company Profile (obtained from Google Finance): Valero Energy Corporation (Valero) is an independent petroleum refining and marketing company. Valero’s refineries can produce conventional gasoline’s, distillates, jet fuel, asphalt, petrochemicals, lubricants, and other refined products, as well as a slate of premium products, including conventional blendstock for oxygenate blending and reformulated gasoline blendstock for oxygenate blending, gasoline meeting the specifications of the California Air Resources Board, a diesel fuel, and low-sulfur and ultra-low-sulfur diesel fuel. It also owns 10 ethanol plants in the central plains region of the United States with a combined ethanol nameplate production capacity of about 1.1 billion gallons per year. It operates in three business segments: refining, ethanol, and retail. In May 2013, CST Brands Inc announced that the Company which includes Corner Store and Depanneur du Coin, spun off from Valero Energy Corporation.

VLO Chart

VLO data by YCharts

Defensive Investor – must pass at least 6 of the following 7 tests: Score = 4/7

  1. Adequate Size of Enterprise – market capitalization of at least $2 billion – PASS
  2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition – current ratio greater than 2 – FAIL
  3. Earnings Stability – positive earnings per share for at least 10 straight years – FAIL
  4. Dividend Record – has paid a dividend for at least 10 straight years – PASS
  5. Earnings Growth – earnings per share has increased by at least 1/3 over the last 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end of period – FAIL
  6. Moderate PEmg ratio – PEmg is less than 20 – PASS
  7. Moderate Price to Assets – PB ratio is less than 2.5 or PB x PEmg is less than 50 – PASS

Enterprising Investor – must pass at least 4 of the following 5 tests or be suitable for a defensive investor: Score = 3/5

  1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition, Part 1 – current ratio greater than 1.5 – FAIL
  2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition, Part 2 – Debt to Net Current Assets ratio less than 1.1 – PASS
  3. Earnings Stability – positive earnings per share for at least 5 years – FAIL
  4. Dividend Record – currently pays a dividend – PASS
  5. Earnings growth – EPSmg greater than 5 years ago – PASS

Valuation Summary

Key Data:

Recent Price $56.00
MG Value $88.67
MG Opinion Undervalued
Value Based on 3% Growth $51.73
Value Based on 0% Growth $30.32
Market Implied Growth Rate 3.60%
Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) -$15.91
PEmg 15.70
Current Ratio 1.47
PB Ratio 1.54

Balance Sheet – 12/31/2013

Current Assets $19,277,000,000
Current Liabilities $13,123,000,000
Total Debt $6,261,000,000
Total Assets $47,260,000,000
Intangible Assets $156,000,000
Total Liabilities $27,800,000,000
Outstanding Shares 535,570,000

Earnings Per Share

2013 $4.97
2012 $3.75
2011 $3.69
2010 $1.62
2009 -$0.65
2008 -$2.16
2007 $7.72
2006 $8.64
2005 $6.08
2004 $3.24

Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham

2013 $3.57
2012 $2.33
2011 $1.76
2010 $1.54
2009 $2.31
2008 $4.09

Dividend History

VLO Dividend Chart

VLO Dividend data by YCharts

Conclusion:

Valero Energy Corp does not qualify for either the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor.  The company’s current ratio is too low and there has been insufficient earnings stability or growth over the ten year historical period for the Defensive Investor.  The Enterprising Investor is concerned with low current ratio and the lack of earnings stability over the five year period.  As a result, value investors following the ModernGraham approach based on Benjamin Graham’s methods should explore other opportunities through a review of ModernGraham’s valuation of Exxon Mobil (XOM) and 5 Outstanding Dow Components.  From a valuation side of things, the company appears to be undervalued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $2.31 in 2009 to $3.57 in 2013.  This solid level of demonstrated growth outpaces the market’s implied estimate of 3.6% earnings growth and leads the ModernGraham valuation model to return an estimate of intrinsic value that is above the market price.

The next part of the analysis is up to individual investors, and requires discussion of the company’s prospects.  What do you think?  What value would you put on Valero Energy Corp (VLO)?  Where do you see the company going in the future?  Is there a company you like better?  Leave a comment on our Facebook page or mention @ModernGraham on Twitter to discuss.

If you like our valuations, why not check out ModernGraham Stocks & Screens?  It’s a great way to review the valuations while screening for things like low PE ratio, undervalued companies, etc.!

Disclaimer:  The author did not hold a position in Valero Energy Corp (VLO) or any other company mentioned in the article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.

Logo taken from wikipedia; this article is not affiliated with the company in any manner.

Chevron Corp Valuation – April 2019 #CVX

Company Profile (excerpt from Reuters): Chevron Corporation (Chevron), incorporated on January 27, 1926, manages its investments in subsidiaries and affiliates, and provides administrative, financial, management and technology support to the United States and international subsidiaries that engage in integrated energy and chemicals operations. The Company operates through two business segments: Upstream and Downstream. Upstream operations consist primarily of exploring for, developing and producing crude oil and natural gas; liquefaction, transportation and regasification associated with liquefied natural gas (LNG); transporting crude oil by international oil export pipelines; processing, transporting, storage and marketing of natural gas, and a gas-to-liquids plant. Downstream operations consist primarily of refining of crude oil into petroleum products; marketing of crude oil and refined products; transporting of crude oil and refined products by pipeline, marine vessel, motor equipment and rail car, and manufacturing and marketing of commodity petrochemicals, plastics for industrial uses, and fuel and lubricant additives.

 

Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:

ModernGraham Valuation of CVX – April 2019

Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?

What kind of Intelligent Investor are you?

Defensive Investor; must pass 6 out of the following 7 tests.
1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise Market Cap > $2Bil $240,205,960,980 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 2 1.25 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 10 years prior Fail
4. Dividend Record Dividend Payments for 10 years prior Pass
5. Earnings Growth Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end -49.28% Fail
6. Moderate PEmg Ratio PEmg < 20 24.83 Fail
7. Moderate Price to Assets PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50 1.55 Pass
Enterprising Investor; must pass 4 out of the following 5 tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.
1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 1.5 1.25 Fail
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Debt to NCA < 1.1 4.19 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 5 years prior Fail
4. Dividend Record Currently Pays Dividend Pass
5. Earnings Growth EPSmg greater than 5 years ago Fail

 

Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value

EPSmg $5.09
MG Growth Estimate -4.25%
MG Value $0.00
Opinion Overvalued
MG Grade C
MG Value based on 3% Growth $73.82
MG Value based on 0% Growth $43.28
Market Implied Growth Rate 8.17%
Current Price $126.42
% of Intrinsic Value N/A

Chevron Corporation does not satisfy the requirements of either the Enterprising Investor or the more conservative Defensive Investor. The Defensive Investor is concerned with the low current ratio, insufficient earnings stability or growth over the last ten years, and the high PEmg ratio. The Enterprising Investor has concerns regarding the level of debt relative to the current assets, and the lack of earnings stability or growth over the last five years. As a result, all value investors following the ModernGraham approach should explore other opportunities at this time or proceed cautiously with a speculative attitude.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be Overvalued after seeing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) decline from $8.41 in 2015 to an estimated $5.09 for 2019. This level of demonstrated earnings growth does not support the market’s implied estimate of 8.17% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on the Benjamin Graham value investing formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value below the price.

At the time of valuation, further research into Chevron Corporation revealed the company was trading above its Graham Number of $102.65. The company pays a dividend of $4.48 per share, for a yield of 3.5%, putting it among the best dividend paying stocks today. Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 24.83, which was below the industry average of 52.47, which by some methods of valuation makes it one of the most undervalued stocks in its industry. Finally, the company was trading above its Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) of $-33.68.

Chevron Corporation receives an average overall rating in the ModernGraham grading system, scoring a C.

Stage 3: Information for Further Research

Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) -$33.68
Graham Number $102.65
PEmg 24.83
Current Ratio 1.25
PB Ratio 1.55
Current Dividend $4.48
Dividend Yield 3.54%
Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth 20

Useful Links:

ModernGraham tagged articles Morningstar
Google Finance MSN Money
Yahoo Finance Seeking Alpha
GuruFocus SEC Filings

Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures

Balance Sheet Information 12/1/2018
Total Current Assets $34,021,000,000
Total Current Liabilities $27,171,000,000
Long-Term Debt $28,733,000,000
Total Assets $253,863,000,000
Intangible Assets $4,518,000,000
Total Liabilities $98,221,000,000
Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) 1,906,314,000

Earnings Per Share History

EPS History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $5.79
Dec2018 $7.74
Dec2017 $4.85
Dec2016 -$0.27
Dec2015 $2.45
Dec2014 $10.14
Dec2013 $11.09
Dec2012 $13.32
Dec2011 $13.44
Dec2010 $9.48
Dec2009 $5.24
Dec2008 $11.67
Dec2007 $8.77
Dec2006 $7.80
Dec2005 $6.54
Dec2004 $6.28
Dec2003 $3.48
Dec2002 $0.53
Dec2001 $1.55
Dec2000 $3.99
Dec1999 $1.57

Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History

EPSmg History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $5.09
Dec2018 $4.82
Dec2017 $4.13
Dec2016 $4.96
Dec2015 $8.41
Dec2014 $11.43
Dec2013 $11.55
Dec2012 $11.40
Dec2011 $10.20
Dec2010 $8.58
Dec2009 $8.09
Dec2008 $9.08
Dec2007 $7.38
Dec2006 $6.10
Dec2005 $4.72
Dec2004 $3.60
Dec2003 $2.25

Recommended Reading:

Other ModernGraham posts about the company

5 Overvalued Dow Components – April 2019
5 Overvalued Dow Components – January 2019
Chevron Corp Valuation – November 2018 $CVX
5 Overvalued Dow Components – June 2018
5 Overvalued Dow Components – February 2018

Other ModernGraham posts about related companies

Pioneer Natural Resources Co Valuation – April 2019 #PXD
Schlumberger NV Valuation – March 2019 #SLB
Anadarko Petroleum Corp Valuation – March 2019 #APC
Apache Corp Valuation – March 2019 #APA
Cabot Oil & Gas Corp Valuation – March 2019 #COG
Concho Resources Inc Valuation – March 2019 #CXO
Valero Energy Corp Valuation – March 2019 #VLO
Occidental Petroleum Corp Valuation – March 2019 #OXY
Phillips 66 Valuation – March 2019 #PSX
Halliburton Co Valuation – March 2019 #HAL

Disclaimer:

The author did not hold a position in any company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.  See my current holdings here.  This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to a registered investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions.  ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner.  Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.

Back To Top