Company Profile (excerpt from Reuters): Vulcan Materials Company, incorporated on February 14, 2007, is a supplier of construction aggregates (primarily crushed stone, sand and gravel) and a producer of asphalt mix and ready-mixed concrete. The Company operates through four segments: Aggregates, Asphalt Mix, Concrete and Calcium. As of December 31, 2016, it had 337 active aggregates facilities. The Company sells aggregates that are used as ballast for construction and maintenance of railroad tracks. It also sells riprap and jetty stone for erosion control along roads and waterways. In addition, stone can be used as a feedstock for cement and lime plants and for making a variety of adhesives, fillers and extenders. It sells construction aggregates outside of the United States, principally in the areas surrounding its quarry on the Yucatan Peninsula in Mexico.
Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:
Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?
|Defensive Investor; must pass 6 out of the following 7 tests.|
|1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise||Market Cap > $2Bil||$13,714,505,360||Pass|
|2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition||Current Ratio > 2||1.70||Fail|
|3. Earnings Stability||Positive EPS for 10 years prior||Fail|
|4. Dividend Record||Dividend Payments for 10 years prior||Pass|
|5. Earnings Growth||Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end||-1171.43%||Fail|
|6. Moderate PEmg Ratio||PEmg < 20||30.89||Fail|
|7. Moderate Price to Assets||PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50||2.70||Fail|
|Enterprising Investor; must pass 4 out of the following 5 tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.|
|1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition||Current Ratio > 1.5||1.70||Pass|
|2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition||Debt to NCA < 1.1||5.72||Fail|
|3. Earnings Stability||Positive EPS for 5 years prior||Pass|
|4. Dividend Record||Currently Pays Dividend||Pass|
|5. Earnings Growth||EPSmg greater than 5 years ago||Pass|
Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value
|MG Growth Estimate||15.00%|
|MG Value based on 3% Growth||$48.75|
|MG Value based on 0% Growth||$28.58|
|Market Implied Growth Rate||11.20%|
|% of Intrinsic Value||80.24%|
Vulcan Materials Company is suitable for the Enterprising Investor but not the more conservative Defensive Investor. The Defensive Investor is concerned with the low current ratio, insufficient earnings stability or growth over the last ten years, and the high PEmg and PB ratios. The Enterprising Investor is only concerned with the level of debt relative to the net current assets. As a result, all Enterprising Investors following the ModernGraham approach should feel comfortable proceeding with the analysis.
As for a valuation, the company appears to be Fairly Valued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $0.36 in 2014 to an estimated $3.36 for 2018. This level of demonstrated earnings growth supports the market’s implied estimate of 11.2% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on the Benjamin Graham value investing formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value within a margin of safety relative to the price.
At the time of valuation, further research into Vulcan Materials Company revealed the company was trading above its Graham Number of $55.91. The company pays a dividend of $1 per share, for a yield of 1% Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 30.89, which was above the industry average of 20.47. Finally, the company was trading above its Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) of $-26.54.
Vulcan Materials Company receives an average overall rating in the ModernGraham grading system, scoring a C.
Stage 3: Information for Further Research
|Net Current Asset Value (NCAV)||-$26.54|
|Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth||4|
|ModernGraham tagged articles||Morningstar|
|Google Finance||MSN Money|
|Yahoo Finance||Seeking Alpha|
Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures
|Balance Sheet Information||9/1/2018|
|Total Current Assets||$1,175,912,000|
|Total Current Liabilities||$690,415,000|
|Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average)||133,894,000|
Earnings Per Share History
|Next Fiscal Year Estimate||$3.70|
Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History
|Next Fiscal Year Estimate||$3.36|
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The author did not hold a position in any company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours. See my current holdings here. This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to a registered investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions. ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner. Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.