Consolidated Edison (ED) Quarterly Valuation – March 2014

500px-ConEd_logo.svgBenjamin Graham taught that Intelligent Investors must do a thorough fundamental analysis of investment opportunities to determine their intrinsic value and inherent risk.  This is best done by utilizing a systematic approach to analysis that will provide investors with a sense of how a specific company compares to another company.  By using the ModernGraham method one can review a company’s historical accomplishments and determine an intrinsic value that can be compared across industries.  What follows is a specific look at how Consolidated Edison fares in the ModernGraham valuation model.

Company Profile (obtained from Google Finance): Consolidated Edison, Inc. (Con Edison) is a holding company, which owns Consolidated Edison Company of New York, Inc. (CECONY), which delivers electricity, natural gas and steam to customers in New York City and Westchester County; Orange and Rockland Utilities, Inc. (O&R) (together with CECONY referred to as the Utilities), which delivers electricity and natural gas to customers primarily located in southeastern New York, and northern New Jersey and northeastern Pennsylvania, and competitive energy businesses, which provide retail and wholesale electricity supply and energy services. CECONY’s business operations are its regulated electric, gas and steam delivery businesses. O&R’s business operations are its regulated electric and gas delivery businesses. In July 2012, Consolidated Edison Development, a wholly owned subsidiary of Con Edison, and GCL Solar Energy Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of GCL-Poly Energy Holdings Limited, acquired two solar photovoltaic projects.

ED Chart

ED data by YCharts

Defensive Investor – must pass at least 6 of the following 7 tests: Score = 6/7

  1. Adequate Size of Enterprise – market capitalization of at least $2 billion – PASS
  2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition – current ratio greater than 2 – FAIL
  3. Earnings Stability – positive earnings per share for at least 10 straight years – PASS
  4. Dividend Record – has paid a dividend for at least 10 straight years – PASS
  5. Earnings Growth – earnings per share has increased by at least 1/3 over the last 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end of period – PASS
  6. Moderate PEmg ratio – PEmg is less than 20 – PASS
  7. Moderate Price to Assets – PB ratio is less than 2.5 or PB x PEmg is less than 50 – PASS

Enterprising Investor – must pass at least 4 of the following 5 tests or be suitable for a defensive investor: Score = 3/5

  1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition, Part 1 – current ratio greater than 1.5 – FAIL
  2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition, Part 2 – Debt to Net Current Assets ratio less than 1.1 – FAIL
  3. Earnings Stability – positive earnings per share for at least 5 years – PASS
  4. Dividend Record – currently pays a dividend – PASS
  5. Earnings growth – EPSmg greater than 5 years ago – PASS

Valuation Summary

Key Data:

Recent Price $54.73
MG Value $42.50
MG Opinion Overvalued
Value Based on 3% Growth $52.47
Value Based on 0% Growth $30.76
Market-Implied Growth Rate 3.31%
NCAV -$83.69
PEmg 15.12
Current Ratio 0.82
PB Ratio 1.31

Balance Sheet – 12/31/2013

Current Assets $3,891,000,000
Current Liabilities $4,730,000,000
Total Debt $10,490,000,000
Total Assets $40,647,000,000
Intangible Assets $433,000,000
Total Liabilities $28,402,000,000
Outstanding Shares 292,870,000

Earnings Per Share

2013 $3.61
2012 $3.86
2011 $3.57
2010 $3.47
2009 $3.14
2008 $3.36
2007 $3.46
2006 $2.95
2005 $2.99
2004 $2.32

Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham 

2013 $3.62
2012 $3.58
2011 $3.42
2010 $3.32
2009 $3.23
2008 $3.19

Dividend History

ED Dividend Chart

ED Dividend data by YCharts


Consolidated Edison is suitable for either the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor.  The company passes all of the requirements of the Defensive Investor except for the current ratio requirement, which is fairly expected for utility companies.  The company qualifies for the Enterprising Investor by default despite having a high level of debt relative to the current assets.  As a result, value investors following the ModernGraham approach based on Benjamin Graham’s methods should feel comfortable proceeding with further research including a review of 5 Outstanding Dow Components and 5 Low PEmg Companies for the Enterprising Investor.  From a valuation side of things, the company appears overvalued presently.  EPSmg (normalized earnings) have only grown from $3.23 in 2009 to $3.62 for 2013, and this low level of growth does not support the market’s implied estimate of 3.31% earnings growth.  The ModernGraham valuation model returns an estimate of intrinsic value that falls below the market price.

The next part of the analysis is up to individual investors, and requires discussion of the company’s prospects.  What do you think?  What value would you put on Consolidated Edison (ED)?  Where do you see the company going in the future?  Is there a company you like better?  Leave a comment on our Facebook page or mention @ModernGraham on Twitter to discuss.

If you like our valuations, why not check out ModernGraham Stocks & Screens?  It’s a great way to review the valuations while screening for things like low PE ratio, undervalued companies, etc.!

Disclaimer:  The author did not hold a position in Consolidated Edison (ED) or any of the other companies listed in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.

Logo taken from the Wikipedia; this article is not affiliated with the company in any manner.





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