Benjamin Graham taught that Intelligent Investors must do a thorough fundamental analysis of investment opportunities to determine their intrinsic value and inherent risk. Â This isÂ best done by utilizing a systematic approach to analysis that will provide investors with a sense of how a specific company compares to another companyÂ or by reviewingÂ 5 Undervalued Companies for the Defensive Investor.Â By using theÂ ModernGraham methodÂ one can review a company’s historical accomplishments and determine an intrinsic value that can be compared across industries. Â What follows is a specific look at how Covidien Ltd fares in theÂ ModernGraham valuation model.
Company ProfileÂ (obtained fromÂ Google Finance):Â Covidien Public Limited Company is engaged in the development, manufacture and sale of healthcare products for use in clinical and home settings. The Company operates its businesses through three segments: Medical Devices, which includes the development, manufacture and sale of endomechanical instruments, energy devices, soft tissue repair products, vascular products, oximetry and monitoring products, airway and ventilation products and other medical products; Pharmaceuticals, which includes the development, manufacture and distribution of specialty pharmaceuticals, active pharmaceutical ingredients, contrast products and radiopharmaceuticals., and Medical Supplies, which includes the development, manufacture and sale of nursing care products. In February 2014, the Company announced that it has completed the acquisition of Given Imaging Ltd. Effective March 28, 2014, Covidien PLC acquired New Wave Surgical Corp, a manufacturer of medical devices.
Defensive Investor – must pass at least 6 of the following 7 tests: Score = 4/7
- Adequate Size of Enterprise – market capitalization of at least $2 billion – PASS
- Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition – current ratio greater than 2 – PASS
- Earnings Stability – positive earnings per share for at least 10 straight years – FAIL
- Dividend Record – has paid a dividend for at least 10 straight years – FAIL
- Earnings Growth – earnings per share has increased by at least 1/3 over the last 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end of period – PASS
- Moderate PEmg ratio – PEmg is less than 20 – PASS
- Moderate Price to Assets – PB ratio is less than 2.5 or PB x PEmg is less than 50 – FAIL
Enterprising Investor – must pass at least 4 of the following 5 tests or be suitable for a defensive investor: Score = 4/5
- Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition, Part 1 – current ratio greater than 1.5 – PASS
- Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition, Part 2 – Debt to Net Current Assets ratio less than 1.1 – FAIL
- Earnings Stability – positive earnings per share for at least 5 years – PASS
- Dividend Record – currently pays a dividend – PASS
- Earnings growth – EPSmg greater than 5 years ago – PASS
|Value Based on 3% Growth||$53.93|
|Value Based on 0% Growth||$31.61|
|Market Implied Growth Rate||5.03%|
|Net Current Asset Value (NCAV)||-$9.74|
Balance Sheet – 12/27/2013
Earnings Per Share
Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham
Covidien is suitable for the Enterprising Investor but not the Defensive Investor. Â The company has shown insufficient earnings stability over the ten year period, does not have a long enough dividend history, and has a high PB ratio for the Defensive Investor. Â For the Enterprising Investor, the only gripe is the high level of debt relative to the current assets, but that alone is not enough to eliminate the company from potential investment. Â As a result, Enterprising Investors following the ModernGraham approach based on Benjamin Graham’s methods should feel comfortable proceeding with further research into the company and comparing it to competitors through a review of ModernGraham’s valuation of C.R. Bard (BCR) and ModernGraham’s valuation of Medtronic (MDT). Â From a valuation perspective, the company appears to be undervalued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $2.18 in 2010 to an estimated $3.72 for 2014. Â This demonstrated level of growth outpaces the market’s implied estimate of 5.03% earnings growth and leads the ModernGraham valuation model to return an estimate of intrinsic value that is well above the market price.
The next part of the analysis is up to individual investors, and requires discussion of the company’s prospects. Â What do you think? Â What value would you put on Covidien Ltd (COV)? Â Where do you see the company going in the future? Â Is there a company you like better? Â Leave aÂ comment on ourÂ Facebook pageÂ or mentionÂ @ModernGrahamÂ on Twitter to discuss.
If you like our valuations, why not check outÂ ModernGraham Stocks & Screens? Â It’s a great way to review the valuations while screening for things like low PE ratio, undervalued companies, etc.!
Disclaimer: Â The author did not hold a position in Covidien Ltd (COV) or any other company mentioned in the article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.
Logo taken from wikipedia; this article is not affiliated with the company in any manner.