Benjamin Graham taught that Intelligent Investors must do a thorough fundamental analysis of investment opportunities to determine their intrinsic value and inherent risk. Â This isÂ best done by utilizing a systematic approach to analysis that will provide investors with a sense of how a specific company compares to another companyÂ or by reviewingÂ 5 Undervalued Companies for the Enterprising Investor.Â By using theÂ ModernGraham methodÂ one can review a company’s historical accomplishments and determine an intrinsic value that can be compared across industries. Â What follows is a specific look at how Time Warner Inc. (TWX) fares in theÂ ModernGraham valuation model.
Company ProfileÂ (obtained fromÂ Google Finance):Â Time Warner Inc. (Time Warner) is a media and entertainment company. The Company operates in three reporting segments: Networks, Film and TV Entertainment and Publishing. Networks consist of television networks and premium pay and basic tier television services and digital media properties. Film and TV Entertainment consists of feature film, television, home video and videogame production and distribution. Publishing consists of magazine publishing. In August 2012, Turner Broadcasting System, Inc. acquired Bleacher Report.
Defensive Investor – must pass at least 6 of the following 7 tests: Score = 3/7
- Adequate Size of Enterprise – market capitalization of at least $2 billion – PASS
- Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition – current ratio greater than 2 – FAIL
- Earnings Stability – positive earnings per share for at least 10 straight years – FAIL
- Dividend Record – has paid a dividend for at least 10 straight years – PASS
- Earnings Growth – earnings per share has increased by at least 1/3 over the last 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end of period – FAIL
- Moderate PEmg ratio – PEmg is less than 20 – FAIL
- Moderate Price to Assets – PB ratio is less than 2.5 or PB x PEmg is less than 50 – PASS
Enterprising Investor – must pass at least 4 of the following 5 tests or be suitable for a defensive investor: Score = 4/5
- Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition, Part 1 – current ratio greater than 1.5 – PASS
- Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition, Part 2 – Debt to Net Current Assets ratio less than 1.1 – FAIL
- Earnings Stability – positive earnings per share for at least 5 years – PASS
- Dividend Record – currently pays a dividend – PASS
- Earnings growth – EPSmg greater than 5 years ago – PASS
|Value Based on 3% Growth||$44.06|
|Value Based on 0% Growth||$25.83|
|Market Implied Growth Rate||6.55%|
|Net Current Asset Value (NCAV)||-$28.21|
Balance Sheet – 12/31/2013
Earnings Per Share
Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham
Time Warner Inc. qualifies for the Enterprising Investor but not the Defensive Investor. Â The Defensive Investor is concerned with the low current ratio, high PEmg ratio, and the insufficient earnings stability or growth over the ten year period. Â The Enterprising Investor’s only concern is the high level of debt relative to the current assets. Â As a result, Enterprising Investors following the ModernGraham approach based on Benjamin Graham’s methods should feel comfortable proceeding with further research into the company and comparing it to its competitors through a review of ModernGraham’s valuation of Viacom (VIAB) and ModernGraham’s valuation of CBS Corporation (CBS). Â From a valuation side of things, the company appears to be undervalued after having grown its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from -$1.16 in 2009 to $3.04 for 2013. Â This solid level of growth outpaces the market’s implied estimate of 6.55% earnings growth and leads the ModernGraham valuation model to return an estimate of intrinsic value that is above the market price.
The next part of the analysis is up to individual investors, and requires discussion of the company’s prospects. Â What do you think? Â What value would you put on Time Warner Inc. (TWX)? Â Where do you see the company going in the future? Â Is there a company you like better? Â Leave aÂ comment on ourÂ Facebook pageÂ or mentionÂ @ModernGrahamÂ on Twitter to discuss.
If you like our valuations, why not check outÂ ModernGraham Stocks & Screens? Â It’s a great way to review the valuations while screening for things like low PE ratio, undervalued companies, etc.!
Disclaimer: Â The author did not hold a position in Time Warner Inc. (TWX) or any other company mentioned in the article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.
Logo taken from wikipedia; this article is not affiliated with the company in any manner.