In the wake of the great financial crisis it can sometimes be difficult for Intelligent Investors to find a solid financial company in which to invest, because they require specific achievements over the historical period. Â Many investors may simply decide to throw out the worst years with the rationale that they are outliers that shouldn’t be considered when evaluating the company’s prospects, but doing so would involve speculation. Â We don’t know whether the financial crisis will happen again, but we do know that if it does, we can expect to see similar results as we did before. Â By continuing to require the same standards for the historical period, Intelligent Investors are able to widdle down banks to only those with the best financial position, and then they are able to determine an intrinsic value toÂ get a sense of whether the company is a good investment. Â In addition, a company must have strong financial statements to prove that it is stable enough for Intelligent Investors. Â This isÂ best done by utilizing a systematic approach to analysis that will provide investors with a sense of how a specific company compares to another company. Â By using theÂ ModernGraham methodÂ one can review a company’s historical accomplishments and determine an intrinsic value that can be compared across industries. Â What follows is a specific look at how Loews Corporation (L)Â fares in theÂ ModernGraham valuation model.
Company ProfileÂ (obtained fromÂ Google Finance):Â Loews Corporation is a holding company. Its subsidiaries are engaged in commercial property and casualty insurance, operation of offshore oil and gas drilling rigs, exploration, production and marketing of natural gas and oil (including condensate and natural gas liquids), interstate transportation and storage of natural gas and operation of hotels. Its subsidiaries include CNA Financial Corporation, which is a 90% owned subsidiary; Diamond Offshore Drilling, Inc., which is a 50.4% owned subsidiary; HighMount Exploration & Production LLC, and Loews Hotels Holding Corporation. On June 10, 2011, CNA acquired all of the publicly traded shares of common stock of CNA Surety Corporation (CNA Surety). In November of 2011, CNA completed the sale of its 50% ownership interest in First Insurance Company of Hawaii (FICOH). In February 2013, its Loews Hotels & Resorts completed the acquisition of the 225-room Back Bay Hotel in Boston.
Defensive Investor – must pass all 6 of the following tests: Score = 4/6
- Adequate Size of Enterprise – market capitalization of at least $2 billion – PASS
- Earnings Stability – positive earnings per share for at least 10 straight years – FAIL
- Dividend Record – has paid a dividend for at least 10 straight years – PASS
- Earnings Growth – earnings per share has increased by at least 1/3 over the last 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end of period – FAIL
- Moderate PEmg ratio – PEmg is less than 20 – PASS
- Moderate Price to Assets – PB ratio is less than 2.5 or PB x PEmg is less than 50 – PASS
Enterprising Investor – must pass all 3 of the following tests or be suitable for a defensive investor: Score = 3/3
- Earnings Stability – positive earnings per share for at least 5 years – PASS
- Dividend Record – currently pays a dividend -Â PASS
- Earnings growth – EPSmg greater than 5 years ago – PASS
|Value Based on 3% Growth||$32.80|
|Value Based on 0% Growth||$19.23|
|Market Implied Growth Rate||5.10%|
Balance Sheet – 6/30/2014
Earnings Per Share
Earnings Per Share – ModernGrahamÂ
Loews CorporationÂ is suitable for the Enterprising Investor as the company passes all of the investor type’s requirements, but is not suitable for the Defensive Investor due to the lack of earnings stability or growth over the last ten years. Â As a result, Enterprising Investors following the ModernGraham approach based on Benjamin Graham’s methods should feel comfortable proceeding with further research into the company and comparing it to other opportunities. Â From a valuation side of things,Â the company appears overvalued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $2.05 in 2010 to only an estimated $2.26 for 2014. Â This low level of demonstrated growthÂ does not supportÂ the market’s implied estimate of 5.10% earnings growth and leads theÂ ModernGraham valuation model, which is based on Benjamin Graham’s formula, to return an estimate of intrinsic value belowÂ the market price.
Be sure to check out the previousÂ ModernGraham valuations of Loews Corporation (L)Â for more perspective!
The next part of the analysis is up to individual investors, and requires discussion of the company’s prospects. Â What do you think? Â What value would you put on Loews Corporation (L)? Â Where do you see the company going in the future? Â Is there a company you like better? Â Leave a comment on ourÂ Facebook pageÂ or mentionÂ @ModernGrahamÂ on Twitter to discuss.
Disclaimer: Â The author did not hold a position in Loews Corporation (L)Â or any of the other companies listed in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours. Â Logo taken from the Wikipedia; this article is not affiliated with the company in any manner.