Benjamin Graham taught that Intelligent Investors must do a thorough fundamental analysis of investment opportunities to determine their intrinsic value and inherent risk. Â This isÂ best done by utilizing a systematic approach to analysis that will provide investors with a sense of how a specific company compares to another companyÂ or by reviewing theÂ 5 Undervalued Companies for the Defensive Investor Near 52 Week Lows – September 2014.Â By using theÂ ModernGraham methodÂ one can review a company’s historical accomplishments and determine an intrinsic value that can be compared across industries. Â What follows is a specific look at how Altera Corporation (ALTR)Â fares in theÂ ModernGraham valuation model.
Company ProfileÂ (obtained fromÂ Google Finance):Â Altera Corporation is a global semiconductor company. The Company designs, manufactures, and markets high-density programmable logic devices (PLDs), HardCopy ASIC devices, pre-defined design building blocks known as intellectual property (IP) cores, and associated development tools. Its PLDs, which consist of field-programmable gate arrays (FPGAs), and complex programmable logic devices (CPLDs), are semiconductor integrated circuits that are manufactured as standard chips that its customers program to perform desired logic functions within their electronic systems. With its HardCopy devices the Company offers its customers a migration path from a PLD to a non-programmable implementation of their designs. Its customers can license IP cores from the Company for implementation of standard functions in their PLD designs. In April 2013, the Company acquired TPACK, a wholly owned subsidiary of Applied Micro Circuits Corp.
Defensive Investor – must pass at least 6 of the following 7 tests: Score = 4/7
- Adequate Size of Enterprise – market capitalization of at least $2 billion – PASS
- Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition – current ratio greater than 2 -Â PASS
- Earnings Stability – positive earnings per share for at least 10 straight years -Â PASS
- Dividend Record – has paid a dividend for at least 10 straight years -Â FAIL
- Earnings Growth – earnings per share has increased by at least 1/3 over the last 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end of period -PASS
- Moderate PEmg ratio – PEmg is less than 20 -Â FAIL
- Moderate Price to Assets – PB ratio is less than 2.5 or PB x PEmg is less than 50 -Â FAIL
Enterprising Investor – must pass at least 4 of the following 5 tests or be suitable for a defensive investor: Score = 5/5
- Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition, Part 1 – current ratio greater than 1.5 -Â PASS
- Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition, Part 2 – Debt to Net Current Assets ratio less than 1.1 -Â PASS
- Earnings Stability – positive earnings per share for at least 5 years – PASS
- Dividend Record – currently pays a dividend -Â PASS
- Earnings growth – EPSmg greater than 5 years ago -Â PASS
|Value Based on 3% Growth||$24.30|
|Value Based on 0% Growth||$14.25|
|Market Implied Growth Rate||6.63%|
|Net Current Asset Value (NCAV)||$3.83|
Balance Sheet – 6/27/2014
Earnings Per Share
Earnings Per ShareÂ – ModernGraham
Altera CorporationÂ qualifiesÂ for the Enterprising Investor but not the Defensive Investor. Â The Defensive Investor is concerned with the short dividend history as well as the high PEmg and PB ratiosÂ while the Enterprising InvestorÂ has no initial concerns. Â As a result, Enterprising InvestorsÂ following the ModernGraham approach based on Benjamin Graham’s methods should feel comfortable proceeding with research into the company and comparing it to other opportunities. Â From a valuation side of things,Â the company appears to be overvalued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $1.46Â in 2010 to an estimated $1.68 for 2014. Â This level of demonstrated growth supportsÂ the market’s implied estimate of 6.63%Â earnings growth and leads the ModernGrahamÂ valuation model, based on Benjamin Graham’s formula, to return an estimate of intrinsic value within a margin of safety relative toÂ the price.
The next part of the analysis is up to individual investors, and requires discussion of the company’s prospects. Â What do you think? Â What value would you put on Altera Corporation (ALTR)? Â Where do you see the company going in the future? Â Is there a company you like better? Â Leave aÂ comment on ourÂ Facebook pageÂ or mentionÂ @ModernGrahamÂ on Twitter to discuss.
Disclaimer: Â The author did not hold a position in Altera Corporation (ALTR)Â orÂ in any other company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours. Â Logo taken from Wikipedia for the sole purpose of identifying the company; this article is not affiliated with the company in any manner.