Benjamin Graham taught that Intelligent Investors must do a thorough fundamental analysis of investment opportunities to determine their intrinsic value and inherent risk. Â This isÂ best done by utilizing a systematic approach to analysis that will provide investors with a sense of how a specific company compares to another companyÂ or by reviewing theÂ 5 Highest Dividend Yields Among Undervalued Companies for the Defensive Investor – September 2014.Â By using theÂ ModernGraham methodÂ one can review a company’s historical accomplishments and determine an intrinsic value that can be compared across industries. Â What follows is a specific look at how DTE Energy Holding Co. (DTE)Â fares in theÂ ModernGraham valuation model.
Company ProfileÂ (obtained fromÂ Google Finance):Â DTE Energy Company (DTE Energy) , is a diversified energy company. The Company is engaged in utility operations consist primarily of Detroit Edison and MichCon. The Electric Utility segment consists principally of Detroit Edison. The Gas Utility segment consists of MichCon and Citizens. Its non-utility operations include Gas Storage and Pipelines. Unconventional Gas Production is engaged in unconventional gas and oil project development and production. Power and Industrial Projects consists of projects that deliver energy and utility-type products and services to industrial, commercial and institutional customers; provide coal transportation and marketing, and sell electricity from biomass-fired energy projects. Energy Trading consists of energy marketing and trading operations. Corporate and Other includes various holding company activities and holds certain non-utility debt and energy-related investments.
Defensive Investor – must pass at least 6 of the following 7 tests: Score = 6/7
- Adequate Size of Enterprise – market capitalization of at least $2 billion -Â PASS
- Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition – current ratio greater than 2 -Â FAIL
- Earnings Stability – positive earnings per share for at least 10 straight years -Â PASS
- Dividend Record – has paid a dividend for at least 10 straight years -Â PASS
- Earnings Growth – earnings per share has increased by at least 1/3 over the last 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end of period -Â PASS
- Moderate PEmg ratio – PEmg is less than 20 -Â PASS
- Moderate Price to Assets – PB ratio is less than 2.5 or PB x PEmg is less than 50 -Â PASS
Enterprising Investor – must pass at least 4 of the following 5 tests or be suitable for a defensive investor: Score = 3/5
- Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition, Part 1 – current ratio greater than 1.5 -Â FAIL
- Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition, Part 2 – Debt to Net Current Assets ratio less than 1.1 -Â FAIL
- Earnings Stability – positive earnings per share for at least 5 years – PASS
- Dividend Record – currently pays a dividend -Â PASS
- Earnings growth – EPSmg greater than 5 years ago -Â PASS
|Value Based on 3% Growth||$58.98|
|Value Based on 0% Growth||$34.57|
|Market Implied Growth Rate||5.22%|
|Net Current Asset Value (NCAV)||-$87.34|
Balance Sheet – 6/30/2014
Earnings Per Share
Earnings Per ShareÂ – ModernGraham
DTE Energy is suitable for either the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor. Â The Defensive Investor’s only concern is the low current ratio and the company qualifies for Enterprising Investors by default despite concerns regarding the company’s level of debt relative to current assets. Â As a result, value investorsÂ following the ModernGraham approach based on Benjamin Graham’s methods should feel comfortable proceeding with further research into the company and comparing it to other opportunities. Â From a valuation side of things, the company appears to be overvaluedÂ after growingÂ its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $3.17 in 2010 to an estimated $4.07 for 2014. Â This level of demonstrated growth does not support the market’s implied estimate of 5.22%Â earnings growth and leads the ModernGrahamÂ valuation model, based on Benjamin Graham’s formula, to return an estimate of intrinsic value belowÂ the price.
The next part of the analysis is up to individual investors, and requires discussion of the company’s prospects. Â What do you think? Â What value would you put on DTE Energy Holding Co. (DTE)? Â Where do you see the company going in the future? Â Is there a company you like better? Â Leave aÂ comment on ourÂ Facebook pageÂ or mentionÂ @ModernGrahamÂ on Twitter to discuss.
Disclaimer: Â The author did not hold a position in DTE Energy Holding Co. (DTE)Â orÂ in any other company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours. Â Logo taken from Wikipedia for the sole purpose of identifying the company; this article is not affiliated with the company in any manner.