Eastman Chemical Company Quarterly Valuation – March 2015 $EMN

200px-Eastman_Chemical_Company_logo.svgBenjamin Graham taught that Intelligent Investors must do a thorough fundamental analysis of investment opportunities to determine their intrinsic value and inherent risk.  This is best done by utilizing a systematic approach to analysis that will provide investors with a sense of how a specific company compares to another company or by reviewing the 5 Most Undervalued Companies for the Defensive Investor – February 2015.  By using the ModernGraham method one can review a company’s historical accomplishments and determine an intrinsic value that can be compared across industries.  What follows is a specific look at how Eastman Chemical Company (EMN) fares in the ModernGraham valuation model.

Company Profile (obtained from Google Finance): Eastman Chemical Company (Eastman) is a specialty chemicals company that produces a range of advanced materials, chemicals and fibers. The Company’s segments include Additives & Functional Products, which consists of the rubber additives product lines and the specialty polymers and solvents product lines; Adhesives & Plasticizers, which consists of the adhesives product lines and the plasticizer product lines; Advanced Materials, which consists of plastics Performance Films and Advanced Interlayers product lines; Fibers, which consists of the acetate tow, acetate yarn and acetyl chemical product lines, and Specialty Fluids & Intermediates, which consists of the specialty fluids product lines and oxo and acetyl intermediates product lines. The Advanced Materials segment owns SunTek brand, and has a manufacturing facility and master distribution center in Martinsville, Virginia and nine sales distribution centers to serve the global market.

Defensive Investor – must pass at least 6 of the following 7 tests: Score = 6/7

  1. Adequate Size of Enterprise – market capitalization of at least $2 billion - PASS
  2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition – current ratio greater than 2 - FAIL
  3. Earnings Stability – positive earnings per share for at least 10 straight years - PASS
  4. Dividend Record – has paid a dividend for at least 10 straight years - PASS
  5. Earnings Growth – earnings per share has increased by at least 1/3 over the last 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end of period - PASS
  6. Moderate PEmg ratio – PEmg is less than 20 - PASS
  7. Moderate Price to Assets – PB ratio is less than 2.5 or PB x PEmg is less than 50 - PASS

Enterprising Investor – must pass at least 4 of the following 5 tests or be suitable for a defensive investor: Score = 4/5

  1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition, Part 1 – current ratio greater than 1.5 - PASS
  2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition, Part 2 – Debt to Net Current Assets ratio less than 1.1 - FAIL
  3. Earnings Stability – positive earnings per share for at least 5 years - PASS
  4. Dividend Record – currently pays a dividend - PASS
  5. Earnings growth – EPSmg greater than 5 years ago - PASS

Valuation Summary

Key Data:

Recent Price $75.41
MG Value $193.32
MG Opinion Undervalued
Value Based on 3% Growth $72.81
Value Based on 0% Growth $42.68
Market Implied Growth Rate 3.26%
Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) -$62.64
PEmg 15.02
Current Ratio 1.57
PB Ratio 3.22

Balance Sheet – December 2014

Current Assets $3,173,000,000
Current Liabilities $2,022,000,000
Total Debt $7,248,000,000
Total Assets $16,072,000,000
Intangible Assets $7,391,000,000
Total Liabilities $12,562,000,000
Outstanding Shares 149,900,000

Earnings Per Share

2014 $4.97
2013 $7.44
2012 $2.93
2011 $4.52
2010 $2.88
2009 $0.93
2008 $2.28
2007 $1.79
2006 $2.46
2005 $3.41
2004 $1.09

Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham

2014 $5.02
2013 $4.61
2012 $3.03
2011 $2.88
2010 $2.07
2009 $1.83

Dividend History


Eastman Chemical Company is suitable for both the Defensive Investor and the Enterprising Investor.  The Defensive Investor’s only concern is the low current ratio, while the Enterprising Investor is only concerned with the level of debt relative to the net current assets.  As a result, all value investors following the ModernGraham approach based on Benjamin Graham’s methods should feel very comfortable proceeding with further research and comparing the company to other opportunities.  From a valuation side of things, the company appears to be undervalued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $2.07 in 2010 to $5.02 for 2014.  This level of demonstrated growth is greater than the market’s implied estimate of 3.26% earnings growth and leads the ModernGraham valuation model, based on Benjamin Graham’s formula, to return an estimate of intrinsic value above the price.

Be sure to check out previous ModernGraham valuations of Eastman Chemical Company (EMN) for greater perspective!

The next part of the analysis is up to individual investors, and requires discussion of the company’s prospects.  What do you think?  What value would you put on Eastman Chemical Company (EMN)?  Where do you see the company going in the future?  Is there a company you like better?  Leave a comment on our Facebook page or mention @ModernGraham on Twitter to discuss.

Disclaimer:  The author did not hold a position in Eastman Chemical Company (EMN) or in any other company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.  Logo taken from Wikipedia for the sole purpose of identifying the company; this article is not affiliated with the company in any manner.






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