In the wake of the great financial crisis it can sometimes be difficult for Intelligent Investors to find a solid financial company in which to invest, because they require specific achievements over the historical period. Â Many investors may simply decide to throw out the worst years with the rationale that they are outliers that shouldn’t be considered when evaluating the company’s prospects, but doing so would involve speculation. Â We don’t know whether the financial crisis will happen again, but we do know that if it does, we can expect to see similar results as we did before. Â By continuing to require the same standards for the historical period, Intelligent Investors are able to whittle down banks to only those with the best financial position, and then they are able to determine an intrinsic value toÂ get a sense of whether the company is a good investment. Â In addition, a company must have strong financial statements to prove that it is stable enough for Intelligent Investors. Â This isÂ best done by utilizing a systematic approach to analysis that will provide investors with a sense of how a specific company compares to another company. Â By using theÂ ModernGraham methodÂ one can review a company’s historical accomplishments and determine an intrinsic value that can be compared across industries. Â What follows is a specific look at how Unum Group (UNM)Â fares in theÂ ModernGraham valuation model.
Company ProfileÂ (obtained fromÂ Google Finance): Unum Group, is a provider of disability insurance products in the United States and the United Kingdom. The Company offers group, individual, and voluntary benefits, either as stand-alone products or combined with other coverages. The Company has three principal operating business segments: Unum US, Unum UK, and Colonial Life. Unum US, includes group long-term and short-term disability insurance, group life and accidental death and dismemberment products, and supplemental and voluntary lines of business. Unum UK, includes insurance for group long-term disability, group life, and lines of business which include individual disability and critical illness products. Colonial Life, includes insurance for accident, sickness, and disability products, life products, and cancer and critical illness products to employees, on group and individual basis.
Defensive Investor – must pass all 6 of the following tests: Score = 6/6
- Adequate Size of Enterprise – market capitalization of at least $2 billion – PASS
- Earnings Stability – positive earnings per share for at least 10 straight years -Â PASS
- Dividend Record – has paid a dividend for at least 10 straight years -Â PASS
- Earnings Growth – earnings per share has increased by at least 1/3 over the last 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end of period -Â PASS
- Moderate PEmg ratio – PEmg is less than 20 -Â PASS
- Moderate Price to Assets – PB ratio is less than 2.5 or PB x PEmg is less than 50 – PASS
Enterprising Investor – must pass all 3 of the following tests or be suitable for a defensive investor: Score = 3/3
- Earnings Stability – positive earnings per share for at least 5 years – PASS
- Dividend Record – currently pays a dividend – PASS
- Earnings growth – EPSmg greater than 5 years ago – PASS
|Value Based on 3% Growth||$39.69|
|Value Based on 0% Growth||$23.27|
|Market Implied Growth Rate||2.08%|
Balance Sheet -Â March 2015
Earnings Per Share
Earnings Per Share – ModernGrahamÂ
Unum GroupÂ qualifies for both the Defensive Investor and the Enterprising Investor. Â The company passes all of the requirements of both investor types, a rare accomplishment. Â As a result, all value investorsÂ following the ModernGraham approach based on Benjamin Graham’s methods should feel comfortable proceeding with further research into the company and comparing it to other opportunities. Â As for a valuation,Â theÂ company appears undervalued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $1.89 in 2011 to an estimated $2.74 for 2015. Â This level of demonstrated growth outpaces the market’s implied estimate of 2.08% earnings growth and leads theÂ ModernGraham valuation model, which is based on Benjamin Graham’s formula, to return an estimate of intrinsic value aboveÂ the market price.
The next part of the analysis is up to individual investors, and requires discussion of the company’s prospects. Â What do you think? Â What value would you put on Unum Group (UNM)? Â Where do you see the company going in the future? Â Is there a company you like better? Â Leave a comment on ourÂ Facebook pageÂ or mentionÂ @ModernGrahamÂ on Twitter to discuss.
Disclaimer: Â The author did not hold aÂ position in any of the companies listed in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours. Â Logo taken from the Wikipedia; this article is not affiliated with the company in any manner.