Benjamin Graham taught that Intelligent Investors must do a thorough fundamental analysis of investment opportunities to determine their intrinsic value and inherent risk. This is best done by utilizing a systematic approach to analysis that will provide investors with a sense of how a specific company compares to another company or by reviewing the 10 Companies Benjamin Graham Would Invest In Today – February 2016. By using the ModernGraham method one can review a company’s historical accomplishments and determine an intrinsic value that can be compared across industries. What follows is a stock analysis showing a specific look at how Joy Global Inc (JOY) fares in the ModernGraham valuation model.
Company Profile (obtained from Google Finance): Joy Global Inc. is a manufacturer and servicer of high productivity mining equipment for the extraction of coal and other minerals and ores. The Company manufactures and market original equipment and aftermarket parts and services for both underground and surface mining and certain industrial applications. The Company’s equipment is used in major mining regions throughout the world to mine coal, copper, iron ore, oil sands, gold and other minerals. The Company operates in two business segments: Underground Mining Machinery and Surface Mining Equipment. The Company is a manufacturer of underground mining machinery for the extraction of coal and other bedded minerals and offer service locations near major mining regions worldwide. The Company is a major producer of surface mining equipment for the extraction of ores and minerals and provides extensive operational support for many types of equipment used in surface mining.
Premium members can view a full ModernGraham valuation of the company and have access to download a PDF version of the valuation for easy reference. Here is a free sample valuation pdf, and here is a post detailing what can be found within each individual company’s valuation.
Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:
Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?
|Defensive Investor; must pass 6 out of the following 7 tests.|
|1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise||Market Cap > $2Bil||$1,016,589,444||Fail|
|2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition||Current Ratio > 2||2.27||Pass|
|3. Earnings Stability||Positive EPS for 10 years prior||Fail|
|4. Dividend Record||Dividend Payments for 10 years prior||Pass|
|5. Earnings Growth||Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end||-181.68%||Fail|
|6. Moderate PEmg Ratio||PEmg < 20||-8.67||Fail|
|7. Moderate Price to Assets||PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50||0.79||Fail|
|Enterprising Investor; must pass 4 out of the following 5 tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.|
|1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition||Current Ratio > 1.5||2.27||Pass|
|2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition||Debt to NCA < 1.1||0.92||Pass|
|3. Earnings Stability||Positive EPS for 5 years prior||Fail|
|4. Dividend Record||Currently Pays Dividend||Pass|
|5. Earnings Growth||EPSmg greater than 5 years ago||Fail|
Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value
|MG Growth Estimate||-4.25%|
|MG Value based on 3% Growth||-$19.20|
|MG Value based on 0% Growth||-$11.25|
|Market Implied Growth Rate||-8.59%|
|% of Intrinsic Value||N/A|
Joy Global Inc does not qualify for either the Enterprising Investor or the more conservative Defensive Investor. The Defensive Investor is concerned with the small size, insufficient earnings stability or growth over the last ten years, and poor PEmg and PB ratios. The Enterprising Investor is concerned by the lack of earnings stability or growth over the last five years. As a result, all value investors following the ModernGraham approach based on Benjamin Graham’s methods should explore other opportunities at this time or proceed with a cautious speculative attitude.
As for a valuation, the company appears to be overvalued after seeing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) decline from $5.60 in 2012 to an estimated loss of $1.32 for 2016. This negative earnings result does not support a positive valuation. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on Benjamin Graham’s formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value below the price.
Stage 3: Information for Further Research
|Net Current Asset Value (NCAV)||-$2.29|
|Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth||3|
|ModernGraham tagged articles||Morningstar|
|Google Finance||MSN Money|
|Yahoo Finance||Seeking Alpha|
Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures
|Balance Sheet Information||Oct2015|
|Total Current Assets||$2,068,442,000|
|Total Current Liabilities||$910,920,000|
|Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average)||97,949,000|
Earnings Per Share History
|Next Fiscal Year Estimate||$0.26|
Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History
|Next Fiscal Year Estimate||-$1.32|
Other ModernGraham posts about the company
Other ModernGraham posts about related companies
The author did not hold a position in any company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours. See my current holdings here. This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to a registered investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions. ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner. Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.