Apple Inc Valuation – February 2016 $AAPL

Benjamin Graham taught that Intelligent Investors must do a thorough fundamental analysis of investment opportunities to determine their intrinsic value and inherent risk.  This is best done by utilizing a systematic approach to analysis that will provide investors with a sense of how a specific company compares to another company or by reviewing the 10 Companies Benjamin Graham Would Invest In Today – February 2016.  By using the ModernGraham method one can review a company’s historical accomplishments and determine an intrinsic value that can be compared across industries.  What follows is a stock analysis showing a specific look at how Apple Inc (AAPL) fares in the ModernGraham valuation model.

Company Profile (obtained from Google Finance): Apple Inc. (Apple) designs, manufactures and markets mobile communication and media devices, personal computers, and portable digital music players, and a variety of related software, services, peripherals, networking solutions, and third-party digital content and applications. The Company’s products and services include iPhone, iPad, Mac, iPod, Apple TV, a portfolio of consumer and professional software applications, the iOS and OS X operating systems, iCloud, and a variety of accessory, service and support offerings. The Company also delivers digital content and applications through the iTunes Store, App StoreSM, iBookstoreSM, and Mac App Store. The Company distributes its products worldwide through its retail stores, online stores, and direct sales force, as well as through third-party cellular network carriers, wholesalers, retailers, and value-added resellers. In February 2012, the Company acquired app-search engine Chomp.


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Premium members can view a full ModernGraham valuation of the company and have access to download a PDF version of the valuation for easy reference. Here is a free sample valuation pdf, and here is a post detailing what can be found within each individual company’s valuation.


Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:

ModernGraham Valuation of AAPL

Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?

What kind of Intelligent Investor are you?

Defensive Investor; must pass 6 out of the following 7 tests.
1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise Market Cap > $2Bil $512,721,279,857 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 2 1.00 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 10 years prior Pass
4. Dividend Record Dividend Payments for 10 years prior Fail
5. Earnings Growth Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end 752.14% Pass
6. Moderate PEmg Ratio PEmg < 20 12.29 Pass
7. Moderate Price to Assets PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50 4.14 Fail
Enterprising Investor; must pass 4 out of the following 5 tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.
1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 1.5 1.00 Fail
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Debt to NCA < 1.1 418.93 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 5 years prior Pass
4. Dividend Record Currently Pays Dividend Pass
5. Earnings Growth EPSmg greater than 5 years ago Pass

Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value

AAPL value chart February 2016

EPSmg $7.73
MG Growth Estimate 15.00%
MG Value $297.73
Opinion Undervalued
MG Value based on 3% Growth $112.13
MG Value based on 0% Growth $65.73
Market Implied Growth Rate 1.89%
Current Price $95.01
% of Intrinsic Value 31.91%

Apple Inc does not qualify for either the Enterprising Investor or the more conservative Defensive Investor.  The Defensive Investor is concerned with the low current ratio, short dividend history, and the high PB ratio.  The Enterprising Investor is concerned by the level of debt relative to the current assets.  As a result, all value investors following the ModernGraham approach based on Benjamin Graham’s methods should explore other opportunities at this time or proceed with a cautious speculative attitude.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be undervalued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $3.83 in 2012 to an estimated $7.73 for 2016.  This level of earnings growth outpaces the market’s implied estimate of 1.89% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years.  As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on Benjamin Graham’s formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value above the price.

Stage 3: Information for Further Research

AAPL charts February 2016

Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) -$15.87
Graham Number $66.20
PEmg 12.29
Current Ratio 1.00
PB Ratio 4.14
Dividend Yield 2.14%
Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth 5



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Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures

Balance Sheet Information Dec2015
Total Current Assets $76,219,000,000
Total Current Liabilities $76,092,000,000
Long-Term Debt $53,204,000,000
Total Assets $293,284,000,000
Intangible Assets $9,126,000,000
Total Liabilities $165,017,000,000
Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) 5,594,127,000

Earnings Per Share History

Next Fiscal Year Estimate $8.42
Sep2015 $9.22
Sep2014 $6.45
Sep2013 $5.68
Sep2012 $6.31
Sep2011 $3.95
Sep2010 $2.16
Sep2009 $1.30
Sep2008 $0.97
Sep2007 $0.56
Sep2006 $0.32
Sep2005 $0.22
Sep2004 $0.05
Sep2003 $0.01
Sep2002 $0.01
Sep2001 -$0.01
Sep2000 $0.16
Sep1999 $0.13
Sep1998 $0.08
Sep1997 -$0.30
Sep1996 -$0.24

Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History

Next Fiscal Year Estimate $7.73
Sep2015 $7.03
Sep2014 $5.60
Sep2013 $4.74
Sep2012 $3.83
Sep2011 $2.32
Sep2010 $1.36
Sep2009 $0.86
Sep2008 $0.57
Sep2007 $0.32
Sep2006 $0.18
Sep2005 $0.09
Sep2004 $0.03
Sep2003 $0.04
Sep2002 $0.06
Sep2001 $0.06
Sep2000 $0.05

Recommended Reading:

Other ModernGraham posts about the company

My Personal Holdings: Apple Inc. – September 2015 Update $AAPL
27 Companies in the Spotlight This Week – 12/20/14
Apple Inc. Quarterly Valuation – December 2014 $AAPL
23 Companies to Research This Week – 9/13/14

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The author held a long position in Apple Inc but did not hold a position in any other company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.  See my current holdings here.  This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to a registered investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions.  ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner.  Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.

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