Benjamin Graham taught that Intelligent Investors must do a thorough fundamental analysis of investment opportunities to determine their intrinsic value and inherent risk. Â This isÂ best done by utilizing a systematic approach to analysis that will provide investors with a sense of how a specific company compares to another companyÂ or by reviewing theÂ 10 Companies Benjamin Graham Would Invest In Today – MarchÂ 2016.Â By using theÂ ModernGraham methodÂ one can review a company’s historical accomplishments and determine an intrinsic value that can be compared across industries. Â What follows is a stock analysis showing a specific look at how United Technologies Corporation (UTX)Â fares in theÂ ModernGraham valuation model.
Company ProfileÂ (obtained fromÂ Google Finance): United Technologies Corporation is engaged in providing high technology products and services to the building systems and aerospace industries around the world. The Company operates through four segments: Otis; UTC Climate, Controls & Security; Pratt & Whitney, and UTC Aerospace Systems. Its Otis segment designs, manufactures, sells and installs a range of passenger and freight elevators, as well as a line of escalators and moving walkways. Its UTC Climate, Controls & Security segment, is the provider of heating, ventilating, air conditioning (HVAC) and refrigeration solutions. The Company’s Pratt & Whitney segment supplies aircraft engines for the commercial, military, business jet and general aviation markets. Its UTC Aerospace Systems segment is a provider of aerospace products and aftermarket service solutions.
Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:
Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?
|Defensive Investor; must pass 6 out of the following 7 tests.|
|1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise||Market Cap > $2Bil||$85,031,199,453||Pass|
|2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition||Current Ratio > 2||1.34||Fail|
|3. Earnings Stability||Positive EPS for 10 years prior||Pass|
|4. Dividend Record||Dividend Payments for 10 years prior||Pass|
|5. Earnings Growth||Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end||78.89%||Pass|
|6. Moderate PEmg Ratio||PEmg < 20||13.08||Pass|
|7. Moderate Price to Assets||PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50||2.93||Pass|
|Enterprising Investor; must pass 4 out of the following 5 tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.|
|1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition||Current Ratio > 1.5||1.34||Fail|
|2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition||Debt to NCA < 1.1||3.10||Fail|
|3. Earnings Stability||Positive EPS for 5 years prior||Pass|
|4. Dividend Record||Currently Pays Dividend||Pass|
|5. Earnings Growth||EPSmg greater than 5 years ago||Pass|
Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value
|MG Growth Estimate||7.18%|
|MG Value based on 3% Growth||$110.95|
|MG Value based on 0% Growth||$65.04|
|Market Implied Growth Rate||2.29%|
|% of Intrinsic Value||57.20%|
United Technologies Corporation qualifies for both the Defensive Investor and the Enterprising Investor. The Defensive Investor is only initially concerned with the low current ratio. The Enterprising Investor has concerns regarding the level of debt relative to the current assets. As a result, all value investors following the ModernGraham approach should feel comfortable proceeding with the analysis.
As for a valuation, the company appears to be Undervalued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $5.17 in 2012 to an estimated $7.65 for 2016. This level of demonstrated earnings growth outpaces the market’s implied estimate of 2.29% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on Benjamin Graham’s formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value above the price.
United Technologies Corporation fares extremely well in the ModernGraham grading system, scoring an A.
Stage 3: Information for Further Research
|Net Current Asset Value (NCAV)||-$39.33|
|Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth||20|
|ModernGraham tagged articles||Morningstar|
|Google Finance||MSN Money|
|Yahoo Finance||Seeking Alpha|
Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures
|Balance Sheet Information||3/1/2016|
|Total Current Assets||$27,527,000,000|
|Total Current Liabilities||$20,523,000,000|
|Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average)||831,200,000|
Earnings Per Share History
|Next Fiscal Year Estimate||$8.34|
Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History
|Next Fiscal Year Estimate||$7.65|
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The author did not hold aÂ position in any company mentioned in this articleÂ at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours. Â See my current holdings here. Â This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to aÂ registeredÂ investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions. Â ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner. Â Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.