Wal-Mart Stores Inc Valuation – May 2016 $WMT

Benjamin Graham taught that Intelligent Investors must do a thorough fundamental analysis of investment opportunities to determine their intrinsic value and inherent risk.  This is best done by utilizing a systematic approach to analysis that will provide investors with a sense of how a specific company compares to another company or by reviewing the 10 Companies Benjamin Graham Would Invest In Today – March 2016.  By using the ModernGraham method one can review a company’s historical accomplishments and determine an intrinsic value that can be compared across industries.  What follows is a stock analysis showing a specific look at how Wal-Mart Stores Inc (WMT) fares in the ModernGraham valuation model.

Company Profile (obtained from Google Finance): Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. is engaged in the operation of retail, wholesale and other units in various formats around the world. The Company offers an assortment of merchandise and services at everyday low prices (EDLP). The Company’s operations are conducted in three segments: Walmart U.S., Walmart International and Sam’s Club. The Walmart U.S. segment operates retail stores in all 50 states in the United States, Washington D.C. and Puerto Rico, with three primary store formats, as well as digital retail. The Walmart International segment consists of operations in 26 countries outside of the United States and includes numerous formats divided into three main categories: retail, wholesale and other. The Sam’s Club consists of membership-only warehouse clubs and operates in 48 states in the United States and in Puerto Rico, as well as digital retail.


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Premium members can view a full ModernGraham valuation of the company and have access to download a PDF version of the valuation for easy reference. Here is a free sample valuation pdf, and here is a post detailing what can be found within each individual company’s valuation.


Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:

ModernGraham Valuation of WMT – May 2016

Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?

What kind of Intelligent Investor are you?

Defensive Investor; must pass 6 out of the following 7 tests.
1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise Market Cap > $2Bil $195,420,402,125 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 2 0.93 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 10 years prior Pass
4. Dividend Record Dividend Payments for 10 years prior Pass
5. Earnings Growth Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end 32.68% Fail
6. Moderate PEmg Ratio PEmg < 20 13.95 Pass
7. Moderate Price to Assets PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50 2.52 Pass
Enterprising Investor; must pass 4 out of the following 5 tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.
1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 1.5 0.93 Fail
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Debt to NCA < 1.1 -10.05 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 5 years prior Pass
4. Dividend Record Currently Pays Dividend Pass
5. Earnings Growth EPSmg greater than 5 years ago Pass

Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value

WMT value chart May 2016

EPSmg $4.53
MG Growth Estimate 0.12%
MG Value $39.55
Opinion Overvalued
MG Grade C
MG Value based on 3% Growth $65.65
MG Value based on 0% Growth $38.48
Market Implied Growth Rate 2.72%
Current Price $63.14
% of Intrinsic Value 159.64%

Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. does not satisfy the requirements of either the Enterprising Investor or the more conservative Defensive Investor. The Defensive Investor is concerned with the low current ratio, insufficient earnings growth over the last ten years. The Enterprising Investor has concerns regarding the level of debt relative to the current assets. As a result, all value investors following the ModernGraham approach should explore other opportunities at this time or proceed cautiously with a speculative attitude.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be Overvalued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $4.49 in 2013 to an estimated $4.53 for 2017. This level of demonstrated earnings growth does not support the market’s implied estimate of 2.72% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on Benjamin Graham’s formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value below the price.

Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. receives an average overall rating in the ModernGraham grading system, scoring a C.

Stage 3: Information for Further Research

WMT charts May 2016

Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) -$18.28
Graham Number $47.52
PEmg 13.95
Current Ratio 0.93
PB Ratio 2.52
Current Dividend $1.96
Dividend Yield 3.10%
Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth 20


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Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures

Balance Sheet Information 1/1/2016
Total Current Assets $60,239,000,000
Total Current Liabilities $64,619,000,000
Long-term Debt $44,030,000,000
Total Assets $199,581,000,000
Intangible Assets $16,695,000,000
Total Liabilities $119,035,000,000
Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) 3,217,000,000

Earnings Per Share History

Next Fiscal Year Estimate $3.94
1/1/2016 $4.57
1/1/2015 $5.05
1/1/2014 $4.88
1/1/2013 $5.02
1/1/2012 $4.52
1/1/2011 $4.47
1/1/2010 $3.70
1/1/2009 $3.39
1/1/2008 $3.13
1/1/2007 $2.71
1/1/2006 $2.68
1/1/2005 $2.41
1/1/2004 $2.07
1/1/2003 $1.81
1/1/2002 $1.49
1/1/2001 $1.40
1/1/2000 $1.20
1/1/1999 $0.99
1/1/1998 $0.78
1/1/1997 $0.67

Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History

Next Fiscal Year Estimate $4.53
1/1/2016 $4.82
1/1/2015 $4.89
1/1/2014 $4.71
1/1/2013 $4.49
1/1/2012 $4.10
1/1/2011 $3.75
1/1/2010 $3.30
1/1/2009 $3.02
1/1/2008 $2.76
1/1/2007 $2.50
1/1/2006 $2.29
1/1/2005 $2.01
1/1/2004 $1.74
1/1/2003 $1.51
1/1/2002 $1.29
1/1/2001 $1.13

Recommended Reading:

Other ModernGraham posts about the company

Dividend Growth Stocks for Intelligent Investors – February 2016
11 Best Stocks For Value Investors This Week – 11/21/15
Wal-Mart Stores Inc. Valuation – November 2015 Update $WMT
26 Companies in the Spotlight This Week – 11/22/14
Wal-Mart Stores Inc. Annual Valuation – 2014 $WMT

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The author did not hold a position in any company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.  See my current holdings here.  This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to a registered investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions.  ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner.  Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.

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