Benjamin Graham taught that Intelligent Investors must do a thorough fundamental analysis of investment opportunities to determine their intrinsic value and inherent risk. Â This isÂ best done by utilizing a systematic approach to analysis that will provide investors with a sense of how a specific company compares to another companyÂ or by reviewing theÂ 10 Companies Benjamin Graham Would Invest In Today -Â JuneÂ 2016.Â By using theÂ ModernGraham methodÂ one can review a company’s historical accomplishments and determine an intrinsic value that can be compared across industries. Â What follows is a stock analysis showing a specific look at how Eastman Chemical Co (EMN)Â fares in theÂ ModernGraham valuation model.
Company ProfileÂ (obtained fromÂ Google Finance): Eastman Chemical Company (Eastman) is a specialty chemicals company that produces a range of advanced materials, chemicals and fibers. The Company operates through five segments: Additives & Functional Products (AFP), Adhesives & Plasticizers (A&P), Advanced Materials (AM), Fibers, and Specialty Fluids & Intermediates (SFI). In the AFP segment, the Company manufactures chemicals for products in the coatings, tires, consumables, animal nutrition, crop protection and energy markets. The A&P segment focuses on producing intermediate chemicals. In the AM segment, the Company produces and markets its polymers, films and plastics. In the Fibers segment, the Company manufactures and sells Estron acetate tow and Estrobond triacetin plasticizers; Estron natural (undyed) and Chromspun solution-dyed acetate yarns and cellulose acetate flake and acetyl raw materials. The SFI segment offers products, such as acetyl chemical intermediates, olefin derivatives, specialty fluids and alkylamines.
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Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:
ModernGraham Valuation of EMN – July 2016
Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?
What kind of Intelligent Investor are you?
|Defensive Investor; must pass 6 out of the following 7 tests.|
|1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise||Market Cap > $2Bil||$10,165,829,818||Pass|
|2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition||Current Ratio > 2||1.55||Fail|
|3. Earnings Stability||Positive EPS for 10 years prior||Pass|
|4. Dividend Record||Dividend Payments for 10 years prior||Pass|
|5. Earnings Growth||Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end||245.29%||Pass|
|6. Moderate PEmg Ratio||PEmg < 20||11.53||Pass|
|7. Moderate Price to Assets||PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50||2.40||Pass|
|Enterprising Investor; must pass 4 out of the following 5 tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.|
|1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition||Current Ratio > 1.5||1.55||Pass|
|2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition||Debt to NCA < 1.1||6.46||Fail|
|3. Earnings Stability||Positive EPS for 5 years prior||Pass|
|4. Dividend Record||Currently Pays Dividend||Pass|
|5. Earnings Growth||EPSmg greater than 5 years ago||Pass|
Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value
|MG Growth Estimate||13.14%|
|MG Value based on 3% Growth||$85.41|
|MG Value based on 0% Growth||$50.07|
|Market Implied Growth Rate||1.51%|
|% of Intrinsic Value||33.14%|
Eastman Chemical Company qualifies for both the Defensive Investor and the Enterprising Investor. The Defensive Investor is only initially concerned with the low current ratio. The Enterprising Investor is only concerned with the level of debt relative to the net current assets. As a result, all value investors following the ModernGraham approach should feel comfortable proceeding with the analysis.
As for a valuation, the company appears to be Undervalued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $3.14 in 2012 to an estimated $5.89 for 2016. This level of demonstrated earnings growth outpaces the market’s implied estimate of 1.51% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on Benjamin Graham’s formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value above the price.
Eastman Chemical Company performs fairly well in the ModernGraham grading system, scoring a B+.
Stage 3: Information for Further Research
|Net Current Asset Value (NCAV)||-$57.45|
|Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth||7|
|ModernGraham tagged articles||Morningstar|
|Google Finance||MSN Money|
|Yahoo Finance||Seeking Alpha|
Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures
|Balance Sheet Information||3/1/2016|
|Total Current Assets||$2,863,000,000|
|Total Current Liabilities||$1,847,000,000|
|Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average)||148,800,000|
Earnings Per Share History
|Next Fiscal Year Estimate||$6.60|
Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History
|Next Fiscal Year Estimate||$5.89|
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The author did not hold aÂ position in any company mentioned in this articleÂ at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours. Â See my current holdings here. Â This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to aÂ registeredÂ investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions. Â ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner. Â Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.
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