Koppers Holdings Inc Valuation – Initial Coverage $KOP

Benjamin Graham taught that Intelligent Investors must do a thorough fundamental analysis of investment opportunities to determine their intrinsic value and inherent risk.  This is best done by utilizing a systematic approach to analysis that will provide investors with a sense of how a specific company compares to another company or by reviewing the 10 Stocks for Using A Benjamin Graham Value Investing Strategy – February 2017.  By using the ModernGraham method one can review a company’s historical accomplishments and determine an intrinsic value that can be compared across industries.  What follows is a stock analysis showing a specific look at how Koppers Holdings Inc (KOP) fares in the ModernGraham valuation model.

Company Profile (obtained from Google Finance): Koppers Holdings Inc. is an integrated global provider of treated wood products, wood treatment chemicals and carbon compounds. The Company operates through three business segments: Railroad and Utility Products and Services (RUPS), Carbon Materials and Chemicals (CMC) and Performance Chemicals (PC). The Railroad and Utility Products and Services segment sells treated and untreated wood products, rail joint bars and services primarily to the railroad industry and treated wood products to the utility industry. Its utility products include transmission and distribution poles and pilings. The Carbon Materials and Chemicals segment is primarily a manufacturer of creosote, carbon pitch, naphthalene, phthalic anhydride and carbon black feedstock. The Performance Chemicals segment develops, manufactures, and markets wood preservation chemicals and wood treatment technologies and services a range of markets including infrastructure, residential and commercial construction and agriculture.

KOP Chart

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Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:

ModernGraham Valuation of KOP – February 2017

Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?

What kind of Intelligent Investor are you?

Defensive Investor; must pass 6 out of the following 7 tests.
1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise Market Cap > $2Bil $874,184,790 Fail
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 2 1.57 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 10 years prior Fail
4. Dividend Record Dividend Payments for 10 years prior Fail
5. Earnings Growth Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end -135.88% Fail
6. Moderate PEmg Ratio PEmg < 20 -120.82 Fail
7. Moderate Price to Assets PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50 44.67 Fail
Enterprising Investor; must pass 4 out of the following 5 tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.
1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 1.5 1.57 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Debt to NCA < 1.1 3.98 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 5 years prior Fail
4. Dividend Record Currently Pays Dividend Fail
5. Earnings Growth EPSmg greater than 5 years ago Fail

Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value

EPSmg -$0.35
MG Growth Estimate -4.25%
MG Value $0.00
Opinion Overvalued
MG Grade D
MG Value based on 3% Growth -$5.14
MG Value based on 0% Growth -$3.01
Market Implied Growth Rate -64.66%
Current Price $42.85
% of Intrinsic Value N/A

Koppers Holdings Inc. does not satisfy the requirements of either the Enterprising Investor or the more conservative Defensive Investor. The Defensive Investor is concerned with the small size, low current ratio, insufficient earnings stability or growth over the last ten years, the poor dividend history, and the high PEmg and PB ratios. The Enterprising Investor has concerns regarding the level of debt relative to the net current assets, and the lack of earnings stability or growth over the last five years, and the lack of dividends. As a result, all value investors following the ModernGraham approach should explore other opportunities at this time or proceed cautiously with a speculative attitude.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be Overvalued after seeing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) decline from $2.51 in 2012 to an estimated $-0.35 for 2016. This level of negative earnings does not support a positive valuation.As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on the Benjamin Graham value investing formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value below the price.

At the time of valuation, further research into Koppers Holdings Inc. revealed the company was trading above its Graham Number of $5.34. The company does not pay a dividend. Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was -120.82, which was below the industry average of 22.46, which by some methods of valuation makes it one of the most undervalued stocks in its industry. Finally, the company was trading above its Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) of $-30.03.

Koppers Holdings Inc. scores quite poorly in the ModernGraham grading system, with an overall grade of D.

Stage 3: Information for Further Research

Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) -$30.03
Graham Number $5.34
PEmg -120.82
Current Ratio 1.57
PB Ratio 44.67
Current Dividend $0.00
Dividend Yield 0.00%
Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth 0


Useful Links:

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Yahoo Finance Seeking Alpha
GuruFocus SEC Filings

Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures

Balance Sheet Information 9/1/2016
Total Current Assets $445,000,000
Total Current Liabilities $283,800,000
Long-Term Debt $642,000,000
Total Assets $1,100,800,000
Intangible Assets $334,300,000
Total Liabilities $1,080,500,000
Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) 21,163,000

Earnings Per Share History

EPS History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $1.29
Dec2015 -$3.51
Dec2014 -$1.58
Dec2013 $1.94
Dec2012 $3.13
Dec2011 $1.77
Dec2010 $2.13
Dec2009 $0.91
Dec2008 $6.65
Dec2007 $3.03
Dec2006 $0.75
Dec2005 -$6.58
Dec2004 -$23.15
Dec2003 -$21.09
Dec2002 $1.19
Dec2001 $0.79

Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History

EPSmg History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate -$0.35
Dec2015 -$0.67
Dec2014 $0.99
Dec2013 $2.18
Dec2012 $2.51
Dec2011 $2.43
Dec2010 $2.74
Dec2009 $2.34
Dec2008 $0.75
Dec2007 -$4.60
Dec2006 -$8.87
Dec2005 -$12.37
Dec2004 -$13.00
Dec2003 -$6.55
Dec2002 $0.61
Dec2001 $0.26

Recommended Reading:

Other ModernGraham posts about the company

None. This is the first time ModernGraham has covered the company.

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The author did not hold a position in any company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.  See my current holdings here.  This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to a registered investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions.  ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner.  Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.

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