Pfizer Inc Valuation – March 2017 $PFE

Benjamin Graham taught that Intelligent Investors must do a thorough fundamental analysis of investment opportunities to determine their intrinsic value and inherent risk.  This is best done by utilizing a systematic approach to analysis that will provide investors with a sense of how a specific company compares to another company or by reviewing the 10 Stocks for Using A Benjamin Graham Value Investing Strategy – February 2017.  By using the ModernGraham method one can review a company’s historical accomplishments and determine an intrinsic value that can be compared across industries.  What follows is a stock analysis showing a specific look at how Pfizer Inc (PFE) fares in the ModernGraham valuation model.

Company Profile (obtained from Google Finance): Pfizer Inc. (Pfizer) is a research-based global biopharmaceutical company. The Company is engaged in discovering, developing and manufacturing of healthcare products. The Company’s segments include Pfizer Innovative Health (IH) and Pfizer Essential Health (EH). Its biopharmaceutical products include Lipitor, Sutent and the Premarin family of products. Its biotechnology products include BeneFIX, ReFacto and Xyntha. The Company’s contract manufacturing business, Pfizer CentreOne, consists of its contract manufacturing and active pharmaceutical ingredient sales operation, including manufacturing and supply agreements with Zoetis Inc., and Hospira’s One-2-One sterile injectables contract manufacturing operation. Its research focuses on six areas, which include immunology and inflammation, cardiovascular and metabolic diseases, oncology, vaccines, neuroscience and pain, and rare diseases. The Company’s subsidiaries include Hospira, Inc. and Medivation, Inc.

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Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:

ModernGraham Valuation of PFE – March 2017

Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?

What kind of Intelligent Investor are you?

Defensive Investor; must pass 6 out of the following 7 tests.
1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise Market Cap > $2Bil $201,828,009,978 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 2 1.25 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 10 years prior Pass
4. Dividend Record Dividend Payments for 10 years prior Pass
5. Earnings Growth Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end 37.10% Pass
6. Moderate PEmg Ratio PEmg < 20 19.39 Pass
7. Moderate Price to Assets PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50 3.52 Fail
Enterprising Investor; must pass 4 out of the following 5 tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.
1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 1.5 1.25 Fail
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Debt to NCA < 1.1 4.01 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 5 years prior Pass
4. Dividend Record Currently Pays Dividend Pass
5. Earnings Growth EPSmg greater than 5 years ago Fail

Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value

EPSmg $1.75
MG Growth Estimate -2.19%
MG Value $7.21
Opinion Overvalued
MG Grade D+
MG Value based on 3% Growth $25.41
MG Value based on 0% Growth $14.90
Market Implied Growth Rate 5.45%
Current Price $33.99
% of Intrinsic Value 471.23%

Pfizer Inc. does not satisfy the requirements of either the Enterprising Investor or the more conservative Defensive Investor. The Defensive Investor is concerned with the low current ratio, high PB ratio. The Enterprising Investor has concerns regarding the level of debt relative to the current assets, and the lack of earnings growth over the last five years. As a result, all value investors following the ModernGraham approach should explore other opportunities at this time or proceed cautiously with a speculative attitude.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be Overvalued after seeing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) decline from $2.05 in 2013 to an estimated $1.75 for 2017. This level of demonstrated earnings growth does not support the market’s implied estimate of 5.45% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on the Benjamin Graham value investing formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value below the price.

At the time of valuation, further research into Pfizer Inc. revealed the company was trading above its Graham Number of $23.25. The company pays a dividend of $1.2 per share, for a yield of 3.5%, putting it among the best dividend paying stocks today. Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 19.39, which was below the industry average of 28.95, which by some methods of valuation makes it one of the most undervalued stocks in its industry. Finally, the company was trading above its Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) of $-11.87.

Pfizer Inc. scores quite poorly in the ModernGraham grading system, with an overall grade of D+.

Stage 3: Information for Further Research

Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) -$11.87
Graham Number $23.25
PEmg 19.39
Current Ratio 1.25
PB Ratio 3.52
Current Dividend $1.20
Dividend Yield 3.53%
Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth 7

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Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures

Balance Sheet Information 12/1/2016
Total Current Assets $38,949,000,000
Total Current Liabilities $31,115,000,000
Long-Term Debt $31,398,000,000
Total Assets $171,615,000,000
Intangible Assets $107,097,000,000
Total Liabilities $112,071,000,000
Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) 6,159,000,000

Earnings Per Share History

EPS History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $2.45
Dec2016 $1.17
Dec2015 $1.11
Dec2014 $1.42
Dec2013 $3.19
Dec2012 $1.94
Dec2011 $1.27
Dec2010 $1.02
Dec2009 $1.23
Dec2008 $1.20
Dec2007 $1.17
Dec2006 $2.66
Dec2005 $1.09
Dec2004 $1.49
Dec2003 $0.54
Dec2002 $1.46
Dec2001 $1.22
Dec2000 $0.59
Dec1999 $0.78
Dec1998 $0.73
Dec1997 $0.56

Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History

EPSmg History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $1.75
Dec2016 $1.52
Dec2015 $1.73
Dec2014 $1.95
Dec2013 $2.05
Dec2012 $1.43
Dec2011 $1.18
Dec2010 $1.24
Dec2009 $1.39
Dec2008 $1.49
Dec2007 $1.55
Dec2006 $1.64
Dec2005 $1.14
Dec2004 $1.13
Dec2003 $0.94
Dec2002 $1.08
Dec2001 $0.85

Recommended Reading:

Other ModernGraham posts about the company

Pfizer Inc Valuation – August 2016 $PFE
Dividend Investors Should Research These 10 Stocks – July 2016
10 Companies for Enterprising Dividend Investors – June 2016
10 Companies Benjamin Graham Would Invest In Today – June 2016
15 Best Stocks For Value Investors This Week – 2/13/16

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The author did not hold a position in any company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.  See my current holdings here.  This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to a registered investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions.  ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner.  Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.

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