Benjamin Graham taught that Intelligent Investors must do a thorough fundamental analysis of investment opportunities to determine their intrinsic value and inherent risk. Â This isÂ best done by utilizing a systematic approach to analysis that will provide investors with a sense of how a specific company compares to another companyÂ or by reviewing theÂ 10 Stocks for Using A Benjamin Graham Value Investing Strategy – MarchÂ 2017.Â By using theÂ ModernGraham methodÂ one can review a company’s historical accomplishments and determine an intrinsic value that can be compared across industries. Â What follows is a stock analysis showing a specific look at how TCF Financial Corp (TCB)Â fares in theÂ ModernGraham valuation model.
Company ProfileÂ (obtained fromÂ Google Finance): TCF Financial Corporation (TCF) is a bank holding company. The Company’s principal subsidiary is TCF National Bank (TCF Bank). The Company operates in three segments: Consumer Banking, Wholesale Banking and Enterprise Services. Consumer Banking comprises all of the Company’s consumer-facing businesses. The Consumer Banking segment includes retail banking, consumer real estate and auto finance. Wholesale Banking comprises commercial real estate and business lending, leasing and equipment finance and inventory finance. TCF’s consumer banking strategy is primarily to generate deposits to use for funding high credit quality secured loans and leases. Enterprise Services comprises corporate treasury, corporate functions and the Holding Company. As of December 31, 2016, the Company’s total securities available for sale were $1.4 billion. As of December 31, 2016, the Company’s total loans were $17.8 billion. As of December 31, 2016, the Company’s total deposits were $17.2 billion.
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Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:
Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?
|Defensive Investor; must pass all 6 of the following tests.|
|1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise||Market Cap > $2Bil||$2,746,821,864||Pass|
|2. Earnings Stability||Positive EPS for 10 years prior||Fail|
|3. Dividend Record||Dividend Payments for 10 years prior||Pass|
|4. Earnings Growth||Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end||27.76%||Fail|
|5. Moderate PEmg Ratio||PEmg < 20||14.76||Pass|
|6. Moderate Price to Assets||PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50||1.10||Pass|
|Enterprising Investor; must pass all 3 of the following tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.|
|1. Earnings Stability||Positive EPS for 5 years prior||Pass|
|2. Dividend Record||Currently Pays Dividend||Pass|
|3. Earnings Growth||EPSmg greater than 5 years ago||Pass|
Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value
|MG Growth Estimate||15.00%|
|MG Value based on 3% Growth||$15.67|
|MG Value based on 0% Growth||$9.19|
|Market Implied Growth Rate||3.13%|
|% of Intrinsic Value||38.34%|
TCF Financial Corporation is suitable for the Enterprising Investor but not the more conservative Defensive Investor. The Defensive Investor is concerned with the insufficient earnings stability or growth over the last ten years. The Enterprising Investor has no initial concerns. As a result, all Enterprising Investors following the ModernGraham approach should feel comfortable proceeding with the analysis.
As for a valuation, the company appears to be Undervalued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $0.23 in 2013 to an estimated $1.08 for 2017. This level of demonstrated earnings growth outpaces the market’s implied estimate of 3.13% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on Benjamin Graham’s formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value above the price.
At the time of valuation, further research into TCF Financial Corporation revealed the company was trading below its Graham Number of $18.02. The company pays a dividend of $0.3 per share, for a yield of 1.9% Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 14.76, which was below the industry average of 21.43, which by some methods of valuation makes it one of the most undervalued stocks in its industry.
TCF Financial Corporation performs fairly well in the ModernGraham grading system, scoring a B-.
Stage 3: Information for Further Research
|Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth||3|
|ModernGraham tagged articles||Morningstar|
|Google Finance||MSN Money|
|Yahoo Finance||Seeking Alpha|
Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures
|Balance Sheet Information||12/1/2016|
|Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation||$1,073,181,000|
|Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average)||167,807,000|
Earnings Per Share History
|Next Fiscal Year Estimate||$1.14|
Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History
|Next Fiscal Year Estimate||$1.08|
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The author did not hold aÂ position in any company mentioned in this articleÂ at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours. Â See my current holdings here. Â This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to aÂ registeredÂ investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions. Â ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner. Â Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.