Dean Foods Co Valuation – Initial Coverage $DF

Benjamin Graham taught that Intelligent Investors must do a thorough fundamental analysis of investment opportunities to determine their intrinsic value and inherent risk.  This is best done by utilizing a systematic approach to analysis that will provide investors with a sense of how a specific company compares to another company or by reviewing the 10 Undervalued Stocks for the Enterprising Investor – August 2017.  By using the ModernGraham method one can review a company’s historical accomplishments and determine an intrinsic value that can be compared across industries.  What follows is a stock analysis showing a specific look at how Dean Foods Co (DF) fares in the ModernGraham valuation model.

Company Profile (obtained from Google Finance): Dean Foods Company is a food and beverage company. The Company processes and distributes fluid milk, and other dairy and dairy case products in the United States. It is engaged in manufacturing, marketing, selling and distributing a range of branded and private label dairy and dairy case products. It offers branded and private label dairy case products, including fluid milk, ice cream, cultured dairy products, creamers, ice cream mix and other dairy products to retailers, distributors, foodservice outlets, educational institutions and governmental entities across the United States. It also offers juices, teas and bottled water. As of December 31, 2016, the Company had over 50 national, regional and local dairy brands, as well as private labels. As of December 31, 2016, the Company’s national, local and regional licensed brands included Alta Dena, Hygeia, PET, Arctic Splash, Jilbert, Pog, Barbers Dairy, Purity, Berkeley Farms, Land-O-Sun & design and ReadyLeaf, Broughton.

DF Chart

DF data by YCharts

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Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:

ModernGraham Valuation of DF – September 2017

Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?

What kind of Intelligent Investor are you?

Defensive Investor; must pass 6 out of the following 7 tests.
1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise Market Cap > $2Bil $1,018,249,920 Fail
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 2 1.21 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 10 years prior Fail
4. Dividend Record Dividend Payments for 10 years prior Fail
5. Earnings Growth Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end -69.32% Fail
6. Moderate PEmg Ratio PEmg < 20 10.21 Pass
7. Moderate Price to Assets PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50 1.68 Pass
Enterprising Investor; must pass 4 out of the following 5 tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.
1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 1.5 1.21 Fail
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Debt to NCA < 1.1 4.47 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 5 years prior Fail
4. Dividend Record Currently Pays Dividend Pass
5. Earnings Growth EPSmg greater than 5 years ago Pass

Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value

EPSmg $1.10
MG Growth Estimate 15.00%
MG Value $42.25
Opinion Undervalued
MG Grade C
MG Value based on 3% Growth $15.91
MG Value based on 0% Growth $9.33
Market Implied Growth Rate 0.85%
Current Price $11.20
% of Intrinsic Value 26.51%

Dean Foods Co does not satisfy the requirements of either the Enterprising Investor or the more conservative Defensive Investor.  The Defensive Investor is concerned with the  small size, low current ratio, insufficient earnings stability or growth over the last ten years, and the poor dividend history. The Enterprising Investor has concerns regarding the level of debt relative to the current assets, and the lack of earnings stability over the last five years.  As a result, all value investors following the ModernGraham approach should explore other opportunities at this time or proceed cautiously with a speculative attitude.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be Undervalued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $0.19 in 2013 to an estimated $1.1 for 2017.  This level of demonstrated earnings growth outpaces the market’s implied estimate of 0.85% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years.  As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on the Benjamin Graham value investing formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value above the price.

At the time of valuation, further research into Dean Foods Co revealed the company was trading above its Graham Number of $10.08.  The company pays a dividend of $0.36 per share, for a yield of 3.2%, putting it among the best dividend paying stocks today.  Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 10.21, which was below the industry average of 34.94, which by some methods of valuation makes it one of the most undervalued stocks in its industry.  Finally, the company was trading above its Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) of $-10.05.

Dean Foods Co receives an average overall rating in the ModernGraham grading system, scoring a C.

Stage 3: Information for Further Research

Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) -$10.05
Graham Number $10.08
PEmg 10.21
Current Ratio 1.21
PB Ratio 1.68
Current Dividend $0.36
Dividend Yield 3.21%
Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth 1


Useful Links:

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Yahoo Finance Seeking Alpha
GuruFocus SEC Filings

Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures

Balance Sheet Information 6/1/2017
Total Current Assets $968,083,000
Total Current Liabilities $797,471,000
Long-Term Debt $762,125,000
Total Assets $2,494,248,000
Intangible Assets $338,435,000
Total Liabilities $1,886,037,000
Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) 91,369,000

Earnings Per Share History

EPS History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $0.67
Dec2016 $1.31
Dec2015 -$0.09
Dec2014 -$0.22
Dec2013 $8.58
Dec2012 $1.70
Dec2011 -$17.18
Dec2010 $1.00
Dec2009 $2.76
Dec2008 $2.40
Dec2007 $1.92
Dec2006 $3.22
Dec2005 $4.02
Dec2004 $3.16
Dec2003 $4.54
Dec2002 $2.02
Dec2001 $2.38
Dec2000 $2.54
Dec1999 $2.09
Dec1998 $2.39
Dec1997 $0.61

Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History

EPSmg History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $1.10
Dec2016 $1.63
Dec2015 $0.71
Dec2014 $0.33
Dec2013 $0.19
Dec2012 -$3.29
Dec2011 -$4.46
Dec2010 $2.02
Dec2009 $2.64
Dec2008 $2.70
Dec2007 $3.03
Dec2006 $3.52
Dec2005 $3.52
Dec2004 $3.15
Dec2003 $3.01
Dec2002 $2.25
Dec2001 $2.25

Recommended Reading:

Other ModernGraham posts about the company

None.  This is the first time ModernGraham has covered the company.

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The author did not hold a position in any company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.  See my current holdings here.  This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to a registered investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions.  ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner.  Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.






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