Company ProfileÂ (obtained fromÂ Marketwatch): Citigroup, Inc. is a global financial services holding company, which engages in the provision of a range of financial products and services including consumer banking and credit, corporate and investment banking, securities brokerage, trade and securities services, and wealth management. It operates through the Citicorp and Citi Holdings segments. The Citicorp segment consists of the company’s Global Consumer Banking and Institutional Clients Group businesses; as well as corporate and other functions. The Citi Holdings segment comprises of Citigroup’s other businesses and portfolios of assets. The company was founded on October 8, 1998 and is headquartered in New York, NY.
Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:
Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?
|Defensive Investor; must pass all 6 of the following tests.|
|1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise||Market Cap > $2Bil||$194,810,100,807||Pass|
|2. Earnings Stability||Positive EPS for 10 years prior||Fail|
|3. Dividend Record||Dividend Payments for 10 years prior||Fail|
|4. Earnings Growth||Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end||-1024.10%||Fail|
|5. Moderate PEmg Ratio||PEmg < 20||24.62||Fail|
|6. Moderate Price to Assets||PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50||0.96||Pass|
|Enterprising Investor; must pass all 3 of the following tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.|
|1. Earnings Stability||Positive EPS for 5 years prior||Fail|
|2. Dividend Record||Currently Pays Dividend||Pass|
|3. Earnings Growth||EPSmg greater than 5 years ago||Fail|
Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value
|MG Growth Estimate||-0.51%|
|MG Value based on 3% Growth||$43.39|
|MG Value based on 0% Growth||$25.44|
|Market Implied Growth Rate||8.06%|
|% of Intrinsic Value||329.42%|
Citigroup Inc does not satisfy the requirements of either the Enterprising Investor or the more conservative Defensive Investor. The Defensive Investor is concerned with the insufficient earnings stability or growth over the last ten years, and the poor dividend history, and the high PEmg ratio. The Enterprising Investor has concerns regarding the lack of earnings stability or growth over the last five years. As a result, all value investors following the ModernGraham approach should explore other opportunities at this time or proceed cautiously with a speculative attitude.
As for a valuation, the company appears to be Overvalued after seeing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) decline from $3.1 in 2014 to an estimated $2.99 for 2018. This level of demonstrated earnings growth does not support the market’s implied estimate of 8.06% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on Benjamin Graham’s formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value below the price.
At the time of valuation, further research into Citigroup Inc revealed the company was trading below its Graham Number of $97.07. The company pays a dividend of $0.96 per share, for a yield of 1.3% Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 24.62, which was above the industry average of 20.84.
Citigroup Inc scores quite poorly in the ModernGraham grading system, with an overall grade of D+.
Stage 3: Information for Further Research
|Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth||3|
|ModernGraham tagged articles||Morningstar|
|Google Finance||MSN Money|
|Yahoo Finance||Seeking Alpha|
Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures
|Balance Sheet Information||12/1/2017|
|Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation||$236,709,000,000|
|Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average)||2,606,100,000|
Earnings Per Share History
|Next Fiscal Year Estimate||$5.93|
Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History
|Next Fiscal Year Estimate||$2.99|
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The author did not hold aÂ position in any company mentioned in this articleÂ at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours. Â See my current holdings here. Â This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to aÂ registeredÂ investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions. Â ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner. Â Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.