NRG Energy Inc Valuation – March 2018 $NRG

Company Profile (excerpt from Reuters): NRG Energy, Inc. (NRG), incorporated on May 29, 1992, is an integrated power company. The Company is engaged in producing, selling and delivering electricity and related products and services in various markets in the United States. The Company’s segments include Generation, Retail, Renewables, NRG Yield, Inc. (NRG Yield) and Corporate activities. The Generation segment includes generation, international and Boston Energy Trading and Marketing LLC (BETM). The Retail segment includes Mass customers and Business Solutions. Its Business Solutions include commercial, industrial and governmental/institutional (C&I) customers, and other distributed and reliability products. The Renewables segment includes solar and wind assets. The NRG Yield segment includes certain of the Company’s contracted generation assets. The corporate activities segment includes residential solar and electric vehicle services.

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Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:

ModernGraham Valuation of NRG – March 2018

Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?

What kind of Intelligent Investor are you?

Defensive Investor; must pass 6 out of the following 7 tests.
1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise Market Cap > $2Bil $9,697,485,061 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 2 1.33 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 10 years prior Fail
4. Dividend Record Dividend Payments for 10 years prior Fail
5. Earnings Growth Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end -227.56% Fail
6. Moderate PEmg Ratio PEmg < 20 -6.93 Fail
7. Moderate Price to Assets PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50 -27.97 Fail
Enterprising Investor; must pass 4 out of the following 5 tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.
1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 1.5 1.33 Fail
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Debt to NCA < 1.1 0.00 Pass
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 5 years prior Fail
4. Dividend Record Currently Pays Dividend Pass
5. Earnings Growth EPSmg greater than 5 years ago Fail


Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value

EPSmg -$4.41
MG Growth Estimate -4.25%
MG Value $0.00
Opinion Overvalued
MG Grade D
MG Value based on 3% Growth -$63.91
MG Value based on 0% Growth -$37.46
Market Implied Growth Rate -7.71%
Current Price $30.53
% of Intrinsic Value N/A

NRG Energy Inc does not satisfy the requirements of either the Enterprising Investor or the more conservative Defensive Investor. The Defensive Investor is concerned with the low current ratio, insufficient earnings stability or growth over the last ten years, and the poor dividend history, and the high PEmg and PB ratios. The Enterprising Investor has concerns regarding the low current ratio, and the lack of earnings stability or growth over the last five years. As a result, all value investors following the ModernGraham approach should explore other opportunities at this time or proceed cautiously with a speculative attitude.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be Overvalued after seeing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) decline from $0.22 in 2014 to an estimated $-4.41 for 2018. This level of negative earnings does not support a positive valuation.As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on the Benjamin Graham value investing formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value below the price.

At the time of valuation, further research into NRG Energy Inc revealed the company was trading above its Graham Number of $0. The company pays a dividend of $0.12 per share, for a yield of 0.4% Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was -6.93, which was below the industry average of 24.93, which by some methods of valuation makes it one of the most undervalued stocks in its industry. Finally, the company was trading above its Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) of $-60.72.

NRG Energy Inc scores quite poorly in the ModernGraham grading system, with an overall grade of D.

Stage 3: Information for Further Research

Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) -$60.72
Graham Number $0.00
PEmg -6.93
Current Ratio 1.33
PB Ratio -27.97
Current Dividend $0.12
Dividend Yield 0.39%
Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth 0

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Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures

Balance Sheet Information 12/1/2017
Total Current Assets $4,415,000,000
Total Current Liabilities $3,317,000,000
Long-Term Debt $0
Total Assets $23,318,000,000
Intangible Assets $2,285,000,000
Total Liabilities $23,664,000,000
Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) 317,000,000

Earnings Per Share History

EPS History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $1.28
Dec2017 -$6.79
Dec2016 -$2.22
Dec2015 -$19.46
Dec2014 $0.23
Dec2013 -$1.22
Dec2012 $1.22
Dec2011 $0.78
Dec2010 $1.84
Dec2009 $3.44
Dec2008 $4.43
Dec2007 $2.01
Dec2006 $2.04
Dec2005 $0.38
Dec2004 $0.93
Dec2003 $6.98
Dec2002 -$8.71
Dec2001 $0.67
Dec2000 $0.46

Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History

EPSmg History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate -$4.41
Dec2017 -$6.80
Dec2016 -$5.96
Dec2015 -$6.45
Dec2014 $0.22
Dec2013 $0.55
Dec2012 $1.74
Dec2011 $2.16
Dec2010 $2.82
Dec2009 $3.03
Dec2008 $2.53
Dec2007 $1.88
Dec2006 $1.32
Dec2005 $0.65
Dec2004 $0.55
Dec2003 $0.20
Dec2002 -$2.63

Recommended Reading:

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None. This is the first time ModernGraham has covered the company.

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The author did not hold a position in any company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.  See my current holdings here.  This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to a registered investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions.  ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner.  Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.

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