Automatic Data Processing Inc Valuation – April 2018 $ADP

Company Profile (excerpt from Reuters): Automatic Data Processing, Inc. (ADP), incorporated on June 12, 1961, is a provider of human capital management (HCM) solutions to employers, offering solutions to businesses of various sizes. The Company also provides business process outsourcing solutions. Its segments include Employer Services and Professional Employer Organization (PEO) Services. The Company markets its solutions primarily through its direct sales force. Employer Services also markets its solutions through indirect sales channels, such as marketing relationships with banks and certified public accountants, among others.

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Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:

ModernGraham Valuation of ADP – April 2018

Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?

What kind of Intelligent Investor are you?

Defensive Investor; must pass 6 out of the following 7 tests.
1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise Market Cap > $2Bil $52,257,064,073 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 2 1.06 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 10 years prior Pass
4. Dividend Record Dividend Payments for 10 years prior Pass
5. Earnings Growth Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end 47.42% Pass
6. Moderate PEmg Ratio PEmg < 20 32.42 Fail
7. Moderate Price to Assets PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50 13.31 Fail
Enterprising Investor; must pass 4 out of the following 5 tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.
1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 1.5 1.06 Fail
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Debt to NCA < 1.1 0.95 Pass
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 5 years prior Pass
4. Dividend Record Currently Pays Dividend Pass
5. Earnings Growth EPSmg greater than 5 years ago Pass


Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value

EPSmg $3.64
MG Growth Estimate 3.96%
MG Value $59.67
Opinion Overvalued
MG Grade B-
MG Value based on 3% Growth $52.72
MG Value based on 0% Growth $30.91
Market Implied Growth Rate 11.96%
Current Price $117.89
% of Intrinsic Value 197.58%

Automatic Data Processing is suitable for the Enterprising Investor but not the more conservative Defensive Investor. The Defensive Investor is concerned with the low current ratio, high PEmg and PB ratios. The Enterprising Investor is only concerned with the low current ratio. As a result, all Enterprising Investors following the ModernGraham approach should feel comfortable proceeding with the analysis.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be Overvalued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $2.88 in 2014 to an estimated $3.64 for 2018. This level of demonstrated earnings growth does not support the market’s implied estimate of 11.96% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on the Benjamin Graham value investing formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value below the price.

At the time of valuation, further research into Automatic Data Processing revealed the company was trading above its Graham Number of $28.47. The company pays a dividend of $2.24 per share, for a yield of 1.9% Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 32.42, which was below the industry average of 32.93, which by some methods of valuation makes it one of the most undervalued stocks in its industry. Finally, the company was trading above its Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) of $-2.85.

Automatic Data Processing performs fairly well in the ModernGraham grading system, scoring a B-.

Stage 3: Information for Further Research

Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) -$2.85
Graham Number $28.47
PEmg 32.42
Current Ratio 1.06
PB Ratio 13.31
Current Dividend $2.24
Dividend Yield 1.90%
Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth 20

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Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures

Balance Sheet Information 12/1/2017
Total Current Assets $39,350,000,000
Total Current Liabilities $37,250,900,000
Long-Term Debt $2,002,400,000
Total Assets $44,545,500,000
Intangible Assets $2,997,000,000
Total Liabilities $40,614,300,000
Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) 443,700,000

Earnings Per Share History

EPS History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $4.03
Jun2017 $3.85
Jun2016 $3.25
Jun2015 $3.05
Jun2014 $3.14
Jun2013 $2.89
Jun2012 $2.82
Jun2011 $2.52
Jun2010 $2.40
Jun2009 $2.63
Jun2008 $2.34
Jun2007 $2.04
Jun2006 $2.68
Jun2005 $1.32
Jun2004 $1.18
Jun2003 $1.34
Jun2002 $1.75
Jun2001 $1.44
Jun2000 $1.31
Jun1999 $1.10
Jun1998 $0.98

Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History

EPSmg History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $3.64
Jun2017 $3.37
Jun2016 $3.10
Jun2015 $2.98
Jun2014 $2.88
Jun2013 $2.71
Jun2012 $2.60
Jun2011 $2.45
Jun2010 $2.42
Jun2009 $2.35
Jun2008 $2.11
Jun2007 $1.91
Jun2006 $1.78
Jun2005 $1.35
Jun2004 $1.38
Jun2003 $1.45
Jun2002 $1.44

Recommended Reading:

Other ModernGraham posts about the company

Automatic Data Processing Valuation – November 2016 $ADP
Automatic Data Processing Valuation – May 2016 $ADP
Automatic Data Processing Analysis – September 2015 Update $ADP
Automatic Data Processing Analysis – June 2015 Update $ADP
24 Companies in the Spotlight This Week – 3/28/15

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The author did not hold a position in any company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.  See my current holdings here.  This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to a registered investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions.  ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner.  Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.

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