General Motors Co Valuation – April 2018 $GM

Company Profile (excerpt from Reuters): General Motors Company, incorporated on August 11, 2009, designs, builds and sells cars, trucks, crossovers and automobile parts. The Company’s segments include GM North America (GMNA), GM Europe (GME), GM International Operations (GMIO), GM South America (GMSA) and General Motors Financial Company, Inc. (GM Financial). The Company provides automotive financing services through General Motors Financial Company, Inc. The Company develops, manufactures and/or markets vehicles in North America under the brands, including Buick, Cadillac, Chevrolet and GMC. The Company also develops, manufactures and/or markets vehicles outside North America under the brands, including Buick, Cadillac, Chevrolet, GMC, Holden, Opel and Vauxhall.

GM Chart

GM data by YCharts


Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:

ModernGraham Valuation of GM – April 2018

Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?

What kind of Intelligent Investor are you?

Defensive Investor; must pass 6 out of the following 7 tests.
1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise Market Cap > $2Bil $54,928,567,932 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 2 0.89 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 10 years prior Fail
4. Dividend Record Dividend Payments for 10 years prior Fail
5. Earnings Growth Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end -92.48% Fail
6. Moderate PEmg Ratio PEmg < 20 11.89 Pass
7. Moderate Price to Assets PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50 1.62 Pass
Enterprising Investor; must pass 4 out of the following 5 tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.
1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 1.5 0.89 Fail
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Debt to NCA < 1.1 -1.35 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 5 years prior Fail
4. Dividend Record Currently Pays Dividend Pass
5. Earnings Growth EPSmg greater than 5 years ago Pass


Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value

EPSmg $3.30
MG Growth Estimate 4.23%
MG Value $55.96
Opinion Undervalued
MG Grade B-
MG Value based on 3% Growth $47.82
MG Value based on 0% Growth $28.03
Market Implied Growth Rate 1.70%
Current Price $39.22
% of Intrinsic Value 70.08%

General Motors Company does not satisfy the requirements of either the Enterprising Investor or the more conservative Defensive Investor. The Defensive Investor is concerned with the low current ratio, insufficient earnings stability or growth over the last ten years, and the poor dividend history. The Enterprising Investor has concerns regarding the level of debt relative to the current assets, and the lack of earnings stability over the last five years. As a result, all value investors following the ModernGraham approach should explore other opportunities at this time or proceed cautiously with a speculative attitude.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be Undervalued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $2.57 in 2014 to an estimated $3.3 for 2018. This level of demonstrated earnings growth outpaces the market’s implied estimate of 1.7% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on the Benjamin Graham value investing formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value above the price.

At the time of valuation, further research into General Motors Company revealed the company was trading below its Graham Number of $56.31. The company pays a dividend of $1.52 per share, for a yield of 3.9%, putting it among the best dividend paying stocks today. Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 11.89, which was below the industry average of 17.88, which by some methods of valuation makes it one of the most undervalued stocks in its industry. Finally, the company was trading above its Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) of $-75.15.

General Motors Company performs fairly well in the ModernGraham grading system, scoring a B-.

Stage 3: Information for Further Research

Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) -$75.15
Graham Number $56.31
PEmg 11.89
Current Ratio 0.89
PB Ratio 1.62
Current Dividend $1.52
Dividend Yield 3.88%
Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth 4

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Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures

Balance Sheet Information 12/1/2017
Total Current Assets $68,744,000,000
Total Current Liabilities $76,890,000,000
Long-Term Debt $10,987,000,000
Total Assets $212,482,000,000
Intangible Assets $5,849,000,000
Total Liabilities $177,481,000,000
Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) 1,447,000,000

Earnings Per Share History

EPS History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $5.72
Dec2017 -$2.65
Dec2016 $6.00
Dec2015 $5.91
Dec2014 $1.65
Dec2013 $2.38
Dec2012 $2.92
Dec2011 $4.58
Dec2010 $2.89
Dec2009 $113.18
Dec2008 -$53.47

Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History

EPSmg History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $3.30
Dec2017 $2.28
Dec2016 $4.42
Dec2015 $3.58
Dec2014 $2.57
Dec2013 $10.42
Dec2012 $14.30
Dec2011 $17.80
Dec2010 $20.45
Dec2009 $23.47
Dec2008 -$17.82

Recommended Reading:

Other ModernGraham posts about the company

General Motors Company Valuation – November 2016 $GM
General Motors Company Analysis – 2015 Update $GM
17 Companies in the Spotlight This Week – 8/2/14
General Motors Co. Annual Valuation – 2014 $GM

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The author did not hold a position in any company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.  See my current holdings here.  This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to a registered investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions.  ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner.  Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.

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