Company ProfileÂ (excerpt from Reuters): The Gap, Inc. (Gap Inc.), incorporated on April 15, 1988, is an apparel retail company. The Company offers apparel, accessories and personal care products for men, women and children under the Gap, Banana Republic, Old Navy, Athleta and Intermix brands. The Company’s products are available to customers online through Company-owned Websites and through the use of third-parties that provide logistics and fulfillment services. In addition to operating in the specialty, outlet, online and franchise channels, it also use the Company’s omni-channel capabilities to bridge the digital world and physical stores. The Company’s omni-channel services, including order-in-store, reserve-in-store, find-in-store and ship-from-store that are tailored across its portfolio of brands. The Company also sells products that are designed and manufactured by branded third-parties, especially at its Intermix brands. Gap Inc. has Company-operated stores in the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, France, Ireland, Japan, Italy, China, Hong Kong, Taiwan, and Mexico. It operates Gap, Banana Republic and Old Navy stores throughout Asia, Australia, Europe, Latin America, the Middle East and Africa.
Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:
Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?
|Defensive Investor; must pass 6 out of the following 7 tests.|
|1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise||Market Cap > $2Bil||$11,225,274,504||Pass|
|2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition||Current Ratio > 2||1.86||Fail|
|3. Earnings Stability||Positive EPS for 10 years prior||Pass|
|4. Dividend Record||Dividend Payments for 10 years prior||Pass|
|5. Earnings Growth||Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end||23.11%||Fail|
|6. Moderate PEmg Ratio||PEmg < 20||13.39||Pass|
|7. Moderate Price to Assets||PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50||3.65||Pass|
|Enterprising Investor; must pass 4 out of the following 5 tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.|
|1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition||Current Ratio > 1.5||1.86||Pass|
|2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition||Debt to NCA < 1.1||0.59||Pass|
|3. Earnings Stability||Positive EPS for 5 years prior||Pass|
|4. Dividend Record||Currently Pays Dividend||Pass|
|5. Earnings Growth||EPSmg greater than 5 years ago||Fail|
Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value
|MG Growth Estimate||-1.85%|
|MG Value based on 3% Growth||$31.62|
|MG Value based on 0% Growth||$18.54|
|Market Implied Growth Rate||2.45%|
|% of Intrinsic Value||278.58%|
Gap Inc is suitable for the Enterprising Investor but not the more conservative Defensive Investor. The Defensive Investor is concerned with the low current ratio, insufficient earnings growth over the last ten years. The Enterprising Investor is only concerned with the lack of earnings growth over the last five years. As a result, all Enterprising Investors following the ModernGraham approach should feel comfortable proceeding with the analysis.
As for a valuation, the company appears to be Overvalued after seeing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) decline from $2.49 in 2015 to an estimated $2.18 for 2019. This level of demonstrated earnings growth does not support the market’s implied estimate of 2.45% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on the Benjamin Graham value investing formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value below the price.
At the time of valuation, further research into Gap Inc revealed the company was trading above its Graham Number of $20.49. The company pays a dividend of $0.92 per share, for a yield of 3.1%, putting it among the best dividend paying stocks today. Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 13.39, which was below the industry average of 49.11, which by some methods of valuation makes it one of the most undervalued stocks in its industry. Finally, the company was trading above its Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) of $-0.7.
Gap Inc receives an average overall rating in the ModernGraham grading system, scoring a C+.
Stage 3: Information for Further Research
|Net Current Asset Value (NCAV)||-$0.70|
|Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth||0|
|ModernGraham tagged articles||Morningstar|
|Google Finance||MSN Money|
|Yahoo Finance||Seeking Alpha|
Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures
|Balance Sheet Information||1/1/2018|
|Total Current Assets||$4,568,000,000|
|Total Current Liabilities||$2,461,000,000|
|Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average)||393,000,000|
Earnings Per Share History
|Next Fiscal Year Estimate||$2.35|
Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History
|Next Fiscal Year Estimate||$2.18|
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The author did not hold aÂ position in any company mentioned in this articleÂ at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours. Â See my current holdings here. Â This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to aÂ registeredÂ investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions. Â ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner. Â Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.