Company Profile (excerpt from Reuters): Equifax Inc., incorporated on December 20, 1913, is a global provider of information solutions and human resources business process outsourcing services for businesses, governments and consumers. The Company operates in four segments: U.S. Information Solutions (USIS), International, Workforce Solutions and Global Consumer Solutions. Its products and services are based on databases of consumer and business information derived from various sources, including credit, financial assets, telecommunications and utility payments, employment, income, demographic and marketing data. It uses statistical techniques and software tools to analyze all available data, creating customized insights, decision-making solutions and processing services for its clients. It helps consumers understand, manage and protect their personal information and make more informed financial decisions. It also provides information, technology and services to support debt collections and recovery management.
Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:
Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?
|Defensive Investor; must pass 6 out of the following 7 tests.|
|1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise||Market Cap > $2Bil||$13,662,980,946||Pass|
|2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition||Current Ratio > 2||0.60||Fail|
|3. Earnings Stability||Positive EPS for 10 years prior||Pass|
|4. Dividend Record||Dividend Payments for 10 years prior||Pass|
|5. Earnings Growth||Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end||153.78%||Pass|
|6. Moderate PEmg Ratio||PEmg < 20||23.97||Fail|
|7. Moderate Price to Assets||PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50||4.20||Fail|
|Enterprising Investor; must pass 4 out of the following 5 tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.|
|1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition||Current Ratio > 1.5||0.60||Fail|
|2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition||Debt to NCA < 1.1||-2.80||Fail|
|3. Earnings Stability||Positive EPS for 5 years prior||Pass|
|4. Dividend Record||Currently Pays Dividend||Pass|
|5. Earnings Growth||EPSmg greater than 5 years ago||Pass|
Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value
|MG Growth Estimate||12.49%|
|MG Value based on 3% Growth||$68.64|
|MG Value based on 0% Growth||$40.24|
|Market Implied Growth Rate||7.74%|
|% of Intrinsic Value||71.58%|
Equifax Inc. does not satisfy the requirements of either the Enterprising Investor or the more conservative Defensive Investor. The Defensive Investor is concerned with the low current ratio, high PEmg and PB ratios. The Enterprising Investor has concerns regarding the level of debt relative to the current assets. As a result, all value investors following the ModernGraham approach should explore other opportunities at this time or proceed cautiously with a speculative attitude.
As for a valuation, the company appears to be Undervalued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $2.58 in 2014 to an estimated $4.73 for 2018. This level of demonstrated earnings growth outpaces the market’s implied estimate of 7.74% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on the Benjamin Graham value investing formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value above the price.
At the time of valuation, further research into Equifax Inc. revealed the company was trading above its Graham Number of $59.23. The company pays a dividend of $1.56 per share, for a yield of 1.4% Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 23.97, which was above the industry average of 22.78. Finally, the company was trading above its Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) of $-24.77.
Equifax Inc. scores quite poorly in the ModernGraham grading system, with an overall grade of D+.
Stage 3: Information for Further Research
|Net Current Asset Value (NCAV)||-$24.77|
|Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth||8|
|ModernGraham tagged articles||Morningstar|
|Google Finance||MSN Money|
|Yahoo Finance||Seeking Alpha|
Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures
|Balance Sheet Information||3/1/2018|
|Total Current Assets||$917,400,000|
|Total Current Liabilities||$1,538,900,000|
|Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average)||121,300,000|
Earnings Per Share History
|Next Fiscal Year Estimate||$5.90|
Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History
|Next Fiscal Year Estimate||$4.73|
Other ModernGraham posts about the company
|Equifax Inc Valuation – February 2017 $EFX|
|Equifax Inc Valuation – August 2016 $EFX|
|27 Companies in the Spotlight This Week – 4/4/15|
|Equifax Inc. Annual Valuation – 2015 $EFX|
|14 Companies in the Spotlight This Week – 4/5/14|
Other ModernGraham posts about related companies
The author did not hold a position in any company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours. See my current holdings here. This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to a registered investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions. ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner. Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.