Graham Holdings Co Valuation – July 2018 $GHC

Company Profile (excerpt from Reuters): Graham Holdings Company, incorporated on July 21, 2003, is a diversified education and media company. The Company’s operations include educational services; television broadcasting; online, print and local television (TV) news; social-media advertising services; home health and hospice care, and manufacturing. The Company’s segments include Kaplan Higher Education (KHE), Kaplan Test Preparation (KTP), Kaplan International, television broadcasting and other businesses.


Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:

ModernGraham Valuation of GHC – July 2018

Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?

What kind of Intelligent Investor are you?

Defensive Investor; must pass 6 out of the following 7 tests.
1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise Market Cap > $2Bil $3,172,039,297 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 2 1.32 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 10 years prior Fail
4. Dividend Record Dividend Payments for 10 years prior Fail
5. Earnings Growth Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end 126.11% Pass
6. Moderate PEmg Ratio PEmg < 20 18.94 Pass
7. Moderate Price to Assets PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50 1.11 Pass
Enterprising Investor; must pass 4 out of the following 5 tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.
1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 1.5 1.32 Fail
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Debt to NCA < 1.1 0.25 Pass
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 5 years prior Fail
4. Dividend Record Currently Pays Dividend Pass
5. Earnings Growth EPSmg greater than 5 years ago Fail

Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value

EPSmg $30.95
MG Growth Estimate -4.25%
MG Value $0.00
Opinion Overvalued
MG Grade D
MG Value based on 3% Growth $448.78
MG Value based on 0% Growth $263.08
Market Implied Growth Rate 5.22%
Current Price $586.10
% of Intrinsic Value N/A

Graham Holdings Co does not satisfy the requirements of either the Enterprising Investor or the more conservative Defensive Investor. The Defensive Investor is concerned with the low current ratio, insufficient earnings stability over the last ten years, and the poor dividend history. The Enterprising Investor has concerns regarding the low current ratio, and the lack of earnings stability or growth over the last five years. As a result, all value investors following the ModernGraham approach should explore other opportunities at this time or proceed cautiously with a speculative attitude.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be Overvalued after seeing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) decline from $81.06 in 2014 to an estimated $30.95 for 2018. This level of demonstrated earnings growth does not support the market’s implied estimate of 5.22% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on the Benjamin Graham value investing formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value below the price.

At the time of valuation, further research into Graham Holdings Co revealed the company was trading above its Graham Number of $0. The company pays a dividend of $5.08 per share, for a yield of 0.9% Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 18.94, which was below the industry average of 38.81, which by some methods of valuation makes it one of the most undervalued stocks in its industry. Finally, the company was trading above its Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) of $-64.79.

Graham Holdings Co scores quite poorly in the ModernGraham grading system, with an overall grade of D.

Stage 3: Information for Further Research

Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) -$64.79
Graham Number $0.00
PEmg 18.94
Current Ratio 1.32
PB Ratio 1.11
Current Dividend $5.08
Dividend Yield 0.87%
Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth 1

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Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures

Balance Sheet Information 3/1/2018
Total Current Assets $1,521,436,000
Total Current Liabilities $1,152,583,000
Long-Term Debt $91,079,000
Total Assets $4,760,958,000
Intangible Assets $1,636,074,000
Total Liabilities $1,876,045,000
Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) 5,473,000

Earnings Per Share History

EPS History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate
Dec2017 $53.89
Dec2016 $29.80
Dec2015 -$17.87
Dec2014 $195.03
Dec2013 $32.05
Dec2012 $17.39
Dec2011 $14.70
Dec2010 $31.04
Dec2009 $9.78
Dec2008 $6.87
Dec2007 $30.19
Dec2006 $33.68
Dec2005 $32.59
Dec2004 $34.59
Dec2003 $25.12
Dec2002 $21.34
Dec2001 $24.06
Dec2000 $14.32
Dec1999 $22.30
Dec1998 $41.10

Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History

EPSmg History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $30.95
Dec2017 $50.48
Dec2016 $49.61
Dec2015 $55.76
Dec2014 $81.06
Dec2013 $23.05
Dec2012 $17.69
Dec2011 $18.06
Dec2010 $20.60
Dec2009 $17.79
Dec2008 $23.73
Dec2007 $31.85
Dec2006 $31.61
Dec2005 $29.56
Dec2004 $26.66
Dec2003 $22.27
Dec2002 $22.11

Recommended Reading:

Other ModernGraham posts about the company

7 Best Undervalued Stocks of the Week – 9/3/16
Graham Holdings Co Valuation – August 2016 $GHC
10 Undervalued Stocks for the Enterprising Investor – August 2016
10 Most Undervalued Companies for the Enterprising Investor – July 2016
10 Most Undervalued Companies for the Enterprising Investor – June 2016

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The author did not hold a position in any company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.  See my current holdings here.  This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to a registered investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions.  ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner.  Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.

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