Company ProfileÂ (excerpt from Reuters): Scholastic Corporation (Scholastic), incorporated on October 22, 1986, is a publisher and distributor of children’s books, a provider of print and digital instructional materials for pre-kindergarten (pre-K) to grade 12, and a producer of educational and entertaining children’s media. The Company operates through three segments: Children’s Book Publishing and Distribution, Education and International. The Company’s Children’s Book Publishing and Distribution segment operates as an integrated business, which includes the publication and distribution of children’s books, e-books, media and interactive products in the United States through its book clubs and book fairs in its school channels and through the trade channel. The Company’s Education segment includes the publication and distribution to schools and libraries of children’s books, classroom magazines, supplemental classroom materials, and print and online reference and non-fiction products for grades pre-K to 12 in the United States. The Company’s International segment includes the publication and distribution of products and services outside the United States by its international operations, and its export and foreign rights businesses.
Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:
Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?
|Defensive Investor; must pass 6 out of the following 7 tests.|
|1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise||Market Cap > $2Bil||$1,440,183,236||Fail|
|2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition||Current Ratio > 2||2.01||Pass|
|3. Earnings Stability||Positive EPS for 10 years prior||Fail|
|4. Dividend Record||Dividend Payments for 10 years prior||Pass|
|5. Earnings Growth||Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end||-49.07%||Fail|
|6. Moderate PEmg Ratio||PEmg < 20||26.71||Fail|
|7. Moderate Price to Assets||PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50||1.14||Pass|
|Enterprising Investor; must pass 4 out of the following 5 tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.|
|1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition||Current Ratio > 1.5||2.01||Pass|
|2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition||Debt to NCA < 1.1||0.00||Pass|
|3. Earnings Stability||Positive EPS for 5 years prior||Fail|
|4. Dividend Record||Currently Pays Dividend||Pass|
|5. Earnings Growth||EPSmg greater than 5 years ago||Fail|
Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value
|MG Growth Estimate||-4.25%|
|MG Value based on 3% Growth||$22.54|
|MG Value based on 0% Growth||$13.21|
|Market Implied Growth Rate||9.11%|
|% of Intrinsic Value||329.78%|
Scholastic Corp does not satisfy the requirements of either the Enterprising Investor or the more conservative Defensive Investor. The Defensive Investor is concerned with the small size, insufficient earnings stability or growth over the last ten years, and the high PEmg ratio. The Enterprising Investor has concerns regarding the lack of earnings stability or growth over the last five years. As a result, all value investors following the ModernGraham approach should explore other opportunities at this time or proceed cautiously with a speculative attitude.
As for a valuation, the company appears to be Overvalued after seeing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) decline from $3.99 in 2015 to an estimated $1.55 for 2019. This level of demonstrated earnings growth does not support the market’s implied estimate of 9.11% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on the Benjamin Graham value investing formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value below the price.
At the time of valuation, further research into Scholastic Corp revealed the company was trading above its Graham Number of $37.8. The company pays a dividend of $0.6 per share, for a yield of 1.4% Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 26.71, which was above the industry average of 11.37. Finally, the company was trading above its Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) of $12.59.
Scholastic Corp scores quite poorly in the ModernGraham grading system, with an overall grade of F.
Stage 3: Information for Further Research
|Net Current Asset Value (NCAV)||$12.59|
|Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth||0|
|ModernGraham tagged articles||Morningstar|
|Google Finance||MSN Money|
|Yahoo Finance||Seeking Alpha|
Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures
|Balance Sheet Information||2/1/2018|
|Total Current Assets||$1,005,600,000|
|Total Current Liabilities||$499,600,000|
|Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average)||34,900,000|
Earnings Per Share History
|Next Fiscal Year Estimate||$1.67|
Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History
|Next Fiscal Year Estimate||$1.55|
Other ModernGraham posts about the company
|9 Best Stocks for Value Investors This Week â€“ 12/17/16|
|Scholastic Corp Valuation â€“ Initial Coverage $SCHL|
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The author did not hold aÂ position in any company mentioned in this articleÂ at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours. Â See my current holdings here. Â This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to aÂ registeredÂ investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions. Â ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner. Â Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.