Invacare Corp Valuation – July 2018 $IVC

Company Profile (excerpt from Reuters): Invacare Corporation, incorporated on March 23, 1971, is a manufacturer and distributor for medical equipment used in non-acute care settings. The Company designs, manufactures and distributes medical devices help people to move, breathe, rest and perform essential hygiene. The Company’s geographical segments are Europe, North America and Asia/Pacific. The Company provides medical device solutions for congenital (cerebral palsy, muscular dystrophy and spina bifida), acquired (stroke, spinal cord injury, traumatic brain injury, post-acute recovery and pressure ulcers) and degenerative (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, multiple sclerosis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), elderly and bariatric) ailments. The Company sells its products to home medical equipment providers with retail and e-commerce channels, residential living operators, distributors and government health services in the United States, Europe, Canada, New Zealand, Australia and Asia.


Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:

ModernGraham Valuation of IVC – July 2018

Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?

What kind of Intelligent Investor are you?

Defensive Investor; must pass 6 out of the following 7 tests.
1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise Market Cap > $2Bil $577,072,545 Fail
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 2 2.10 Pass
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 10 years prior Fail
4. Dividend Record Dividend Payments for 10 years prior Pass
5. Earnings Growth Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end -370.62% Fail
6. Moderate PEmg Ratio PEmg < 20 -10.65 Fail
7. Moderate Price to Assets PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50 1.40 Fail
Enterprising Investor; must pass 4 out of the following 5 tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.
1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 1.5 2.10 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Debt to NCA < 1.1 1.05 Pass
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 5 years prior Fail
4. Dividend Record Currently Pays Dividend Pass
5. Earnings Growth EPSmg greater than 5 years ago Fail


Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value

EPSmg -$1.64
MG Growth Estimate -4.25%
MG Value $0.00
Opinion Overvalued
MG Grade D
MG Value based on 3% Growth -$23.82
MG Value based on 0% Growth -$13.96
Market Implied Growth Rate -9.58%
Current Price $17.50
% of Intrinsic Value N/A

Invacare Corporation does not satisfy the requirements of either the Enterprising Investor or the more conservative Defensive Investor. The Defensive Investor is concerned with the small size, insufficient earnings stability or growth over the last ten years, and the high PEmg and PB ratios. The Enterprising Investor has concerns regarding the lack of earnings stability or growth over the last five years. As a result, all value investors following the ModernGraham approach should explore other opportunities at this time or proceed cautiously with a speculative attitude.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be Overvalued after seeing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) decline from $-0.26 in 2014 to an estimated $-1.64 for 2018. This level of negative earnings does not support a positive valuation.As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on the Benjamin Graham value investing formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value below the price.

At the time of valuation, further research into Invacare Corporation revealed the company was trading above its Graham Number of $0. The company pays a dividend of $0.05 per share, for a yield of 0.3% Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was -10.65, which was below the industry average of 39.79, which by some methods of valuation makes it one of the most undervalued stocks in its industry. Finally, the company was trading above its Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) of $-5.9.

Invacare Corporation scores quite poorly in the ModernGraham grading system, with an overall grade of D.

Stage 3: Information for Further Research

Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) -$5.90
Graham Number $0.00
PEmg -10.65
Current Ratio 2.10
PB Ratio 1.40
Current Dividend $0.05
Dividend Yield 0.29%
Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth 0

Useful Links:

ModernGraham tagged articles Morningstar
Google Finance MSN Money
Yahoo Finance Seeking Alpha
GuruFocus SEC Filings

Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures

Balance Sheet Information 3/1/2018
Total Current Assets $445,273,000
Total Current Liabilities $212,340,000
Long-Term Debt $244,366,000
Total Assets $1,067,282,000
Intangible Assets $440,678,000
Total Liabilities $644,610,000
Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) 33,799,000

Earnings Per Share History

EPS History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate -$1.59
Dec2017 -$2.34
Dec2016 -$1.32
Dec2015 -$0.81
Dec2014 -$1.75
Dec2013 $1.03
Dec2012 $0.06
Dec2011 -$0.13
Dec2010 $0.78
Dec2009 $1.29
Dec2008 $1.09
Dec2007 $0.04
Dec2006 -$10.00
Dec2005 $1.51
Dec2004 $2.33
Dec2003 $2.25
Dec2002 $2.05
Dec2001 $1.11
Dec2000 $1.95
Dec1999 $1.36
Dec1998 $1.50

Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History

EPSmg History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate -$1.64
Dec2017 -$1.46
Dec2016 -$0.86
Dec2015 -$0.53
Dec2014 -$0.26
Dec2013 $0.52
Dec2012 $0.39
Dec2011 $0.57
Dec2010 $0.16
Dec2009 -$0.50
Dec2008 -$1.27
Dec2007 -$1.89
Dec2006 -$2.03
Dec2005 $1.92
Dec2004 $2.06
Dec2003 $1.87
Dec2002 $1.65

Recommended Reading:

Other ModernGraham posts about the company

Invacare Corporation Valuation – Initial Coverage $IVC

Other ModernGraham posts about related companies

Chemed Corp Valuation – July 2018 $CHE
Inogen Inc Valuation – July 2018 $INGN
Tenet Healthcare Corp Valuation – June 2018 $THC
Universal Health Services Inc Valuation – June 2018 $UHS
Dentsply Sirona Inc Valuation – June 2018 $XRAY
IDEXX Laboratories Inc Valuation – June 2018 $IDXX
Hologic Inc Valuation – June 2018 $HOLX
Mettler-Toledo International Inc Valuation – June 2018 $MTD
Envision Healthcare Corp Valuation – June 2018 $EVHC
DaVita Inc Valuation – June 2018 $DVA


The author did not hold a position in any company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.  See my current holdings here.  This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to a registered investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions.  ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner.  Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.