Company ProfileÂ (excerpt from Reuters): The Goldman Sachs Group, Inc., incorporated on July 21, 1998, is an investment banking, securities and investment management company that provides a range of financial services to corporations, financial institutions, governments and individuals. The Company operates in four business segments: Investment Banking, Institutional Client Services, Investing & Lending, and Investment Management. As of December 2016, it had offices in over 30 countries.
Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:
Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?
|Defensive Investor; must pass all 6 of the following tests.|
|1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise||Market Cap > $2Bil||$75,183,330,715||Pass|
|2. Earnings Stability||Positive EPS for 10 years prior||Pass|
|3. Dividend Record||Dividend Payments for 10 years prior||Pass|
|4. Earnings Growth||Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end||26.44%||Fail|
|5. Moderate PEmg Ratio||PEmg < 20||12.05||Pass|
|6. Moderate Price to Assets||PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50||0.91||Pass|
|Enterprising Investor; must pass all 3 of the following tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.|
|1. Earnings Stability||Positive EPS for 5 years prior||Pass|
|2. Dividend Record||Currently Pays Dividend||Pass|
|3. Earnings Growth||EPSmg greater than 5 years ago||Pass|
Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value
|MG Growth Estimate||2.81%|
|MG Value based on 3% Growth||$243.13|
|MG Value based on 0% Growth||$142.52|
|Market Implied Growth Rate||1.78%|
|% of Intrinsic Value||85.32%|
Goldman Sachs Group Inc is suitable for the Enterprising Investor but not the more conservative Defensive Investor. The Defensive Investor is concerned with the insufficient earnings growth over the last ten years. The Enterprising Investor has no initial concerns. As a result, all Enterprising Investors following the ModernGraham approach should feel comfortable proceeding with the analysis.
As for a valuation, the company appears to be Fairly Valued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $14.12 in 2014 to an estimated $16.77 for 2018. This level of demonstrated earnings growth supports the market’s implied estimate of 1.78% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on Benjamin Graham’s formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value within a margin of safety relative to the price.
At the time of valuation, further research into Goldman Sachs Group Inc revealed the company was trading below its Graham Number of $325.35. The company pays a dividend of $2.9 per share, for a yield of 1.4% Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 12.05, which was below the industry average of 20.05, which by some methods of valuation makes it one of the most undervalued stocks in its industry.
Goldman Sachs Group Inc performs fairly well in the ModernGraham grading system, scoring a B.
Stage 3: Information for Further Research
|Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth||6|
|ModernGraham tagged articles||Morningstar|
|Google Finance||MSN Money|
|Yahoo Finance||Seeking Alpha|
Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures
|Balance Sheet Information||9/1/2018|
|Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation||$255,886,000,000|
|Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average)||390,500,000|
Earnings Per Share History
|Next Fiscal Year Estimate||$25.05|
Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History
|Next Fiscal Year Estimate||$16.77|
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The author did not hold aÂ position in any company mentioned in this articleÂ at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours. Â See my current holdings here. Â This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to aÂ registeredÂ investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions. Â ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner. Â Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.