Company Profile (excerpt from Reuters): Merck & Co., Inc., incorporated in 1970, is a global healthcare company. The Company offers health solutions through its prescription medicines, vaccines, biologic therapies and animal health products. It operates through four segments: Pharmaceutical, Animal Health, Healthcare Services and Alliances. The Company’s Pharmaceutical segment includes human health pharmaceutical and vaccine products marketed either directly by the Company or through joint ventures. Human health pharmaceutical products consist of therapeutic and preventive agents, generally sold by prescription, for the treatment of human disorders. The Company sells its human health pharmaceutical products primarily to drug wholesalers and retailers, hospitals, government agencies and managed healthcare providers, such as health maintenance organizations, pharmacy benefit managers and other institutions. Vaccine products consist of preventive pediatric, adolescent and adult vaccines, primarily administered at physician offices.
Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:
Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?
|Defensive Investor; must pass 6 out of the following 7 tests.|
|1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise||Market Cap > $2Bil||$197,784,653,364||Pass|
|2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition||Current Ratio > 2||1.44||Fail|
|3. Earnings Stability||Positive EPS for 10 years prior||Pass|
|4. Dividend Record||Dividend Payments for 10 years prior||Pass|
|5. Earnings Growth||Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end||-38.49%||Fail|
|6. Moderate PEmg Ratio||PEmg < 20||40.82||Fail|
|7. Moderate Price to Assets||PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50||6.24||Fail|
|Enterprising Investor; must pass 4 out of the following 5 tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.|
|1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition||Current Ratio > 1.5||1.44||Fail|
|2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition||Debt to NCA < 1.1||2.42||Fail|
|3. Earnings Stability||Positive EPS for 5 years prior||Pass|
|4. Dividend Record||Currently Pays Dividend||Pass|
|5. Earnings Growth||EPSmg greater than 5 years ago||Fail|
Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value
|MG Growth Estimate||-3.53%|
|MG Value based on 3% Growth||$27.02|
|MG Value based on 0% Growth||$15.84|
|Market Implied Growth Rate||16.16%|
|% of Intrinsic Value||2832.36%|
Merck & Co., Inc. does not satisfy the requirements of either the Enterprising Investor or the more conservative Defensive Investor. The Defensive Investor is concerned with the low current ratio, insufficient earnings growth over the last ten years, and the high PEmg and PB ratios. The Enterprising Investor has concerns regarding the level of debt relative to the current assets, and the lack of earnings growth over the last five years. As a result, all value investors following the ModernGraham approach should explore other opportunities at this time or proceed cautiously with a speculative attitude.
As for a valuation, the company appears to be Overvalued after seeing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) decline from $2.44 in 2014 to an estimated $1.86 for 2018. This level of demonstrated earnings growth does not support the market’s implied estimate of 16.16% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on the Benjamin Graham value investing formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value below the price.
At the time of valuation, further research into Merck & Co., Inc. revealed the company was trading above its Graham Number of $27.34. The company pays a dividend of $1.89 per share, for a yield of 2.5%, putting it among the best dividend paying stocks today. Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 40.82, which was above the industry average of 36.89. Finally, the company was trading above its Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) of $-9.57.
Merck & Co., Inc. scores quite poorly in the ModernGraham grading system, with an overall grade of D.
Stage 3: Information for Further Research
|Net Current Asset Value (NCAV)||-$9.57|
|Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth||7|
|ModernGraham tagged articles||Morningstar|
|Google Finance||MSN Money|
|Yahoo Finance||Seeking Alpha|
Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures
|Balance Sheet Information||9/1/2018|
|Total Current Assets||$26,836,000,000|
|Total Current Liabilities||$18,586,000,000|
|Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average)||2,678,000,000|
Earnings Per Share History
|Next Fiscal Year Estimate||$2.61|
Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History
|Next Fiscal Year Estimate||$1.86|
Other ModernGraham posts about the company
|Merck & Co Inc Valuation – February 2018 $MRK|
|Merck & Co Inc Valuation – August 2016 $MRK|
|5 Overvalued Dow Components – July 2016|
|Merck & Co Inc Valuation – March 2016 $MRK|
|Merck & Co Valuation – November 2015 Update $MRK|
Other ModernGraham posts about related companies
The author did not hold a position in any company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours. See my current holdings here. This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to a registered investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions. ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner. Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.