Pfizer Inc Valuation – November 2018 $PFE

Company Profile (excerpt from Reuters): Pfizer Inc. (Pfizer), incorporated on June 2, 1942, is a research-based global biopharmaceutical company. The Company is engaged in the discovery, development and manufacture of healthcare products. Its global portfolio includes medicines and vaccines, as well as consumer healthcare products. The Company manages its commercial operations through two business segments: Pfizer Innovative Health (IH) and Pfizer Essential Health (EH). IH focuses on developing and commercializing medicines and vaccines that improve patients’ lives, as well as products for consumer healthcare. IH therapeutic areas include internal medicine, vaccines, oncology, inflammation and immunology, rare diseases and consumer healthcare. EH includes legacy brands, branded generics, generic sterile injectable products, biosimilars and infusion systems. EH also includes a research and development (R&D) organization, as well as its contract manufacturing business. As of December 31, 2016, the Company sold its products in over 125 countries.


Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:

ModernGraham Valuation of PFE – November 2018

Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?

What kind of Intelligent Investor are you?

Defensive Investor; must pass 6 out of the following 7 tests.
1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise Market Cap > $2Bil $255,432,005,310 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 2 1.43 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 10 years prior Pass
4. Dividend Record Dividend Payments for 10 years prior Pass
5. Earnings Growth Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end 99.43% Pass
6. Moderate PEmg Ratio PEmg < 20 20.07 Fail
7. Moderate Price to Assets PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50 3.67 Fail
Enterprising Investor; must pass 4 out of the following 5 tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.
1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 1.5 1.43 Fail
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Debt to NCA < 1.1 2.68 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 5 years prior Pass
4. Dividend Record Currently Pays Dividend Pass
5. Earnings Growth EPSmg greater than 5 years ago Pass


Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value

EPSmg $2.19
MG Growth Estimate 1.87%
MG Value $26.82
Opinion Overvalued
MG Grade D+
MG Value based on 3% Growth $31.78
MG Value based on 0% Growth $18.63
Market Implied Growth Rate 5.78%
Current Price $43.99
% of Intrinsic Value 164.03%

Pfizer Inc. does not satisfy the requirements of either the Enterprising Investor or the more conservative Defensive Investor. The Defensive Investor is concerned with the low current ratio, high PEmg and PB ratios. The Enterprising Investor has concerns regarding the level of debt relative to the current assets. As a result, all value investors following the ModernGraham approach should explore other opportunities at this time or proceed cautiously with a speculative attitude.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be Overvalued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $1.95 in 2014 to an estimated $2.19 for 2018. This level of demonstrated earnings growth does not support the market’s implied estimate of 5.78% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on the Benjamin Graham value investing formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value below the price.

At the time of valuation, further research into Pfizer Inc. revealed the company was trading above its Graham Number of $25. The company pays a dividend of $1.28 per share, for a yield of 2.9%, putting it among the best dividend paying stocks today. Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 20.07, which was below the industry average of 36.89, which by some methods of valuation makes it one of the most undervalued stocks in its industry. Finally, the company was trading above its Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) of $-9.12.

Pfizer Inc. scores quite poorly in the ModernGraham grading system, with an overall grade of D+.

Stage 3: Information for Further Research

Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) -$9.12
Graham Number $25.00
PEmg 20.07
Current Ratio 1.43
PB Ratio 3.67
Current Dividend $1.28
Dividend Yield 2.91%
Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth 7

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Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures

Balance Sheet Information 9/1/2018
Total Current Assets $41,583,000,000
Total Current Liabilities $29,013,000,000
Long-Term Debt $33,652,000,000
Total Assets $167,838,000,000
Intangible Assets $100,921,000,000
Total Liabilities $96,174,000,000
Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) 5,986,000,000

Earnings Per Share History

EPS History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $2.33
Dec2017 $3.52
Dec2016 $1.17
Dec2015 $1.11
Dec2014 $1.42
Dec2013 $3.19
Dec2012 $1.94
Dec2011 $1.27
Dec2010 $1.02
Dec2009 $1.23
Dec2008 $1.20
Dec2007 $1.17
Dec2006 $2.66
Dec2005 $1.09
Dec2004 $1.49
Dec2003 $0.54
Dec2002 $1.46
Dec2001 $1.22
Dec2000 $0.59
Dec1999 $0.78
Dec1998 $0.73

Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History

EPSmg History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $2.19
Dec2017 $2.11
Dec2016 $1.52
Dec2015 $1.73
Dec2014 $1.95
Dec2013 $2.05
Dec2012 $1.43
Dec2011 $1.18
Dec2010 $1.24
Dec2009 $1.39
Dec2008 $1.49
Dec2007 $1.55
Dec2006 $1.64
Dec2005 $1.14
Dec2004 $1.13
Dec2003 $0.94
Dec2002 $1.08

Recommended Reading:

Other ModernGraham posts about the company

Pfizer Inc Valuation – February 2018 $PFE
Pfizer Inc Valuation – March 2017 $PFE
Pfizer Inc Valuation – August 2016 $PFE
Dividend Investors Should Research These 10 Stocks – July 2016
10 Companies for Enterprising Dividend Investors – June 2016

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The author did not hold a position in any company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.  See my current holdings here.  This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to a registered investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions.  ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner.  Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.

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