Company ProfileÂ (excerpt from Reuters): AvalonBay Communities, Inc., incorporated on March 13, 1995, is a real estate investment trust (REIT). The Company is focused on the development, redevelopment, acquisition, ownership and operation of multifamily communities primarily in New England, the New York/New Jersey metro area, the Mid-Atlantic, the Pacific Northwest, and Northern and Southern California. The Company’s segments include Established Communities, Other Stabilized Communities and Development/Redevelopment Communities. Established Communities are operating communities that were owned and had stabilized occupancy and operating expenses. Other Stabilized Communities are all other operating communities that have stabilized occupancy and operating expenses, but that were not owned or had not achieved stabilization, as well as communities that are planned for disposition. Development/Redevelopment Communities consist of communities that are under construction, communities where substantial redevelopment is in progress and communities under lease-up. As of June 30, 2017, the Company owned or held a direct or indirect ownership interest in 287 apartment communities containing 83,123 apartment homes in 10 states and the District of Columbia, of which 23 communities were under development and nine communities were under redevelopment. The Company operates its apartment communities under three core brands: Avalon, AVA and Eaves by Avalon.
Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:
Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?
|Defensive Investor; must pass 6 out of the following 7 tests.|
|1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise||Market Cap > $2Bil||$25,171,790,614||Pass|
|2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition||Current Ratio > 2||0.72||Fail|
|3. Earnings Stability||Positive EPS for 10 years prior||Pass|
|4. Dividend Record||Dividend Payments for 10 years prior||Pass|
|5. Earnings Growth||Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end||114.99%||Pass|
|6. Moderate PEmg Ratio||PEmg < 20||30.29||Fail|
|7. Moderate Price to Assets||PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50||2.42||Pass|
|Enterprising Investor; must pass 4 out of the following 5 tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.|
|1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition||Current Ratio > 1.5||0.72||Fail|
|2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition||Debt to NCA < 1.1||-40.50||Fail|
|3. Earnings Stability||Positive EPS for 5 years prior||Pass|
|4. Dividend Record||Currently Pays Dividend||Pass|
|5. Earnings Growth||EPSmg greater than 5 years ago||Pass|
Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value
|MG Growth Estimate||6.84%|
|MG Value based on 3% Growth||$87.18|
|MG Value based on 0% Growth||$51.11|
|Market Implied Growth Rate||10.89%|
|% of Intrinsic Value||136.54%|
AvalonBay Communities Inc does not satisfy the requirements of either the Enterprising Investor or the more conservative Defensive Investor. The Defensive Investor is concerned with the low current ratio, high PEmg ratio. The Enterprising Investor has concerns regarding the level of debt relative to the current assets. As a result, all value investors following the ModernGraham approach should explore other opportunities at this time or proceed cautiously with a speculative attitude.
As for a valuation, the company appears to be Overvalued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $4.13 in 2014 to an estimated $6.01 for 2018. This level of demonstrated earnings growth does not support the market’s implied estimate of 10.89% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on the Benjamin Graham value investing formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value below the price.
At the time of valuation, further research into AvalonBay Communities Inc revealed the company was trading above its Graham Number of $93.82. The company pays a dividend of $5.68 per share, for a yield of 3.1%, putting it among the best dividend paying stocks today. Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 30.29, which was below the industry average of 80.08, which by some methods of valuation makes it one of the most undervalued stocks in its industry. Finally, the company was trading above its Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) of $-56.29.
AvalonBay Communities Inc scores quite poorly in the ModernGraham grading system, with an overall grade of D+.
Stage 3: Information for Further Research
|Net Current Asset Value (NCAV)||-$56.29|
|Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth||6|
|ModernGraham tagged articles||Morningstar|
|Google Finance||MSN Money|
|Yahoo Finance||Seeking Alpha|
Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures
|Balance Sheet Information||9/1/2018|
|Total Current Assets||$478,342,000|
|Total Current Liabilities||$664,357,000|
|Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average)||138,323,000|
Earnings Per Share History
|Next Fiscal Year Estimate||$5.20|
Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History
|Next Fiscal Year Estimate||$6.01|
Other ModernGraham posts about the company
|AvalonBay Communities Inc Valuation â€“ February 2018 $AVB|
|AvalonBay Communities Inc Valuation â€“ May 2016 $AVB|
|AvalonBay Communities Inc. Annual Valuation â€“ 2014 $AVB|
Other ModernGraham posts about related companies
The author did not hold aÂ position in any company mentioned in this articleÂ at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours. Â See my current holdings here. Â This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to aÂ registeredÂ investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions. Â ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner. Â Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.