Company ProfileÂ (excerpt from Reuters): CMS Energy Corporation (CMS Energy), incorporated on February 26, 1987, is an energy company operating primarily in Michigan. The Company operates through three segments: electric utility, which consists of regulated activities associated with the generation, transmission and distribution of electricity in Michigan; gas utility, which consists of regulated activities associated with the transportation, storage and distribution of natural gas in Michigan, and enterprises, which consists of various subsidiaries engaging primarily in domestic independent power production. The Company is the parent holding company of various subsidiaries, including Consumers Energy Company (Consumers), an electric and gas utility company, and CMS Enterprises Company (CMS Enterprises), a domestic independent power producer.
Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:
Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?
|Defensive Investor; must pass 6 out of the following 7 tests.|
|1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise||Market Cap > $2Bil||$14,206,216,167||Pass|
|2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition||Current Ratio > 2||0.69||Fail|
|3. Earnings Stability||Positive EPS for 10 years prior||Pass|
|4. Dividend Record||Dividend Payments for 10 years prior||Pass|
|5. Earnings Growth||Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end||58.24%||Pass|
|6. Moderate PEmg Ratio||PEmg < 20||25.35||Fail|
|7. Moderate Price to Assets||PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50||2.97||Fail|
|Enterprising Investor; must pass 4 out of the following 5 tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.|
|1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition||Current Ratio > 1.5||0.69||Fail|
|2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition||Debt to NCA < 1.1||-8.30||Fail|
|3. Earnings Stability||Positive EPS for 5 years prior||Pass|
|4. Dividend Record||Currently Pays Dividend||Pass|
|5. Earnings Growth||EPSmg greater than 5 years ago||Pass|
Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value
|MG Growth Estimate||3.60%|
|MG Value based on 3% Growth||$28.68|
|MG Value based on 0% Growth||$16.81|
|Market Implied Growth Rate||8.42%|
|% of Intrinsic Value||161.50%|
CMS Energy Corporation does not satisfy the requirements of either the Enterprising Investor or the more conservative Defensive Investor. The Defensive Investor is concerned with the low current ratio, high PEmg and PB ratios. The Enterprising Investor has concerns regarding the level of debt relative to the current assets. As a result, all value investors following the ModernGraham approach should explore other opportunities at this time or proceed cautiously with a speculative attitude.
As for a valuation, the company appears to be Overvalued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $1.6 in 2014 to an estimated $1.98 for 2018. This level of demonstrated earnings growth does not support the market’s implied estimate of 8.42% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on the Benjamin Graham value investing formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value below the price.
At the time of valuation, further research into CMS Energy Corporation revealed the company was trading above its Graham Number of $28.75. The company pays a dividend of $1.33 per share, for a yield of 2.7%, putting it among the best dividend paying stocks today. Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 25.35, which was above the industry average of 21.62. Finally, the company was trading above its Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) of $-59.16.
CMS Energy Corporation scores quite poorly in the ModernGraham grading system, with an overall grade of D.
Stage 3: Information for Further Research
|Net Current Asset Value (NCAV)||-$59.16|
|Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth||11|
|ModernGraham tagged articles||Morningstar|
|Google Finance||MSN Money|
|Yahoo Finance||Seeking Alpha|
Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures
|Balance Sheet Information||9/1/2018|
|Total Current Assets||$2,374,000,000|
|Total Current Liabilities||$3,442,000,000|
|Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average)||283,200,000|
Earnings Per Share History
|Next Fiscal Year Estimate||$2.33|
Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History
|Next Fiscal Year Estimate||$1.98|
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The author did not hold aÂ position in any company mentioned in this articleÂ at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours. Â See my current holdings here. Â This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to aÂ registeredÂ investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions. Â ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner. Â Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.