Bank of America Corp Valuation – January 2019 $BAC

Company Profile (excerpt from Reuters): Bank of America Corporation, incorporated on July 31, 1998, is a bank holding company (BHC) and a financial holding company. The Company is a financial institution, serving individual consumers, small- and middle-market businesses, institutional investors, corporations and governments with a range of banking, investing, asset management and other financial and risk management products and services. The Company, through its banking and various non-bank subsidiaries, throughout the United States and in international markets, provides a range of banking and non-bank financial services and products through its business segments: Consumer Banking, Global Wealth & Investment Management (GWIM), Global Banking, Global Markets and All Other.


Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:

ModernGraham Valuation of BAC – January 2019

Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?

What kind of Intelligent Investor are you?

Defensive Investor; must pass all 6 of the following tests.
1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise Market Cap > $2Bil $286,017,419,982 Pass
2. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 10 years prior Fail
3. Dividend Record Dividend Payments for 10 years prior Pass
4. Earnings Growth Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end -6372.73% Fail
5. Moderate PEmg Ratio PEmg < 20 13.42 Pass
6. Moderate Price to Assets PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50 1.11 Pass
Enterprising Investor; must pass all 3 of the following tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.
1. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 5 years prior Pass
2. Dividend Record Currently Pays Dividend Pass
3. Earnings Growth EPSmg greater than 5 years ago Pass


Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value

EPSmg $2.20
MG Growth Estimate 15.00%
MG Value $84.85
Opinion Undervalued
MG Grade B+
MG Value based on 3% Growth $31.96
MG Value based on 0% Growth $18.73
Market Implied Growth Rate 2.46%
Current Price $29.58
% of Intrinsic Value 34.86%

Bank of America Corp is suitable for the Enterprising Investor but not the more conservative Defensive Investor. The Defensive Investor is concerned with the insufficient earnings stability or growth over the last ten years. The Enterprising Investor has no initial concerns. As a result, all Enterprising Investors following the ModernGraham approach should feel comfortable proceeding with the analysis.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be Undervalued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $0.76 in 2015 to an estimated $2.2 for 2019. This level of demonstrated earnings growth outpaces the market’s implied estimate of 2.46% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on Benjamin Graham’s formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value above the price.

At the time of valuation, further research into Bank of America Corp revealed the company was trading below its Graham Number of $39.29. The company pays a dividend of $0.54 per share, for a yield of 1.8% Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 13.42, which was below the industry average of 14.65, which by some methods of valuation makes it one of the most undervalued stocks in its industry.

Bank of America Corp performs fairly well in the ModernGraham grading system, scoring a B+.

Stage 3: Information for Further Research

Graham Number $39.29
PEmg 13.42
PB Ratio 1.11
Dividend Yield 1.83%
TTM Dividend $0.54
Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth 5

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Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures

Balance Sheet Information 12/1/2018
Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation $229,340,000,000
Total Assets $2,354,507,000,000
Intangible Assets $68,951,000,000
Total Liabilities $2,089,182,000,000
Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) 9,996,000,000

Earnings Per Share History

EPS History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $2.73
Dec2018 $2.61
Dec2017 $1.56
Dec2016 $1.49
Dec2015 $1.31
Dec2014 $0.42
Dec2013 $0.90
Dec2012 $0.25
Dec2011 $0.01
Dec2010 -$0.37
Dec2009 -$0.29
Dec2008 $0.54
Dec2007 $3.29
Dec2006 $4.59
Dec2005 $4.04
Dec2004 $3.69
Dec2003 $3.57
Dec2002 $2.96
Dec2001 $2.09
Dec2000 $2.26
Dec1999 $2.24

Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History

EPSmg History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $2.20
Dec2018 $1.79
Dec2017 $1.30
Dec2016 $1.07
Dec2015 $0.76
Dec2014 $0.41
Dec2013 $0.30
Dec2012 $0.01
Dec2011 $0.14
Dec2010 $0.65
Dec2009 $1.59
Dec2008 $2.76
Dec2007 $3.86
Dec2006 $4.02
Dec2005 $3.58
Dec2004 $3.20
Dec2003 $2.85

Recommended Reading:

Other ModernGraham posts about the company

10 Undervalued Stocks for the Enterprising Investor – April 2018
Best Stocks Below Their Graham Number – April 2018
Bank of America Corp Valuation – March 2018 $BAC
Best Stocks Below Their Graham Number – August 2016
Best Stocks to Invest In: the Bank Industry – August 2016

Other ModernGraham posts about related companies

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Zions Bancorp Valuation – January 2019 $ZION
Regions Financial Corp Valuation – January 2019 $RF
Huntington Bancshares Inc Valuation – January 2019 $HBAN
PNC Financial Services Group Inc Valuation – January 2019 $PNC
KeyCorp Valuation – January 2019 $KEY
Citigroup Inc Valuation – January 2019 $C
People’s United Financial Inc Valuation – January 2019 $PBCT
JPMorgan Chase & Co Valuation – November 2018 $JPM
CVB Financial Corp Valuation – September 2018 $CVBF


The author did not hold a position in any company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.  See my current holdings here.  This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to a registered investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions.  ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner.  Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.

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