Company Profile (excerpt from Reuters): The Hershey Company, incorporated on October 24, 1927, is a producer of chocolate in North America. The Company’s principal product offerings include chocolate and non-chocolate confectionery products; gum and mint refreshment products; pantry items, such as baking ingredients, toppings and beverages, and snack items, such as spreads, meat snacks, bars and snack bites and mixes. Its segments include North America, and International and Other. As of December 31, 2016, the Company marketed, sold and distributed its products under more than 80 brand names in approximately 70 countries around the world.
Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:
Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?
|Defensive Investor; must pass 6 out of the following 7 tests.|
|1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise||Market Cap > $2Bil||$21,882,954,180||Pass|
|2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition||Current Ratio > 2||1.01||Fail|
|3. Earnings Stability||Positive EPS for 10 years prior||Pass|
|4. Dividend Record||Dividend Payments for 10 years prior||Pass|
|5. Earnings Growth||Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end||78.25%||Pass|
|6. Moderate PEmg Ratio||PEmg < 20||26.46||Fail|
|7. Moderate Price to Assets||PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50||17.59||Fail|
|Enterprising Investor; must pass 4 out of the following 5 tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.|
|1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition||Current Ratio > 1.5||1.01||Fail|
|2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition||Debt to NCA < 1.1||92.39||Fail|
|3. Earnings Stability||Positive EPS for 5 years prior||Pass|
|4. Dividend Record||Currently Pays Dividend||Pass|
|5. Earnings Growth||EPSmg greater than 5 years ago||Pass|
Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value
|MG Growth Estimate||2.86%|
|MG Value based on 3% Growth||$57.15|
|MG Value based on 0% Growth||$33.50|
|Market Implied Growth Rate||8.98%|
|% of Intrinsic Value||186.07%|
Hershey Co does not satisfy the requirements of either the Enterprising Investor or the more conservative Defensive Investor. The Defensive Investor is concerned with the low current ratio, high PEmg and PB ratios. The Enterprising Investor has concerns regarding the level of debt relative to the current assets. As a result, all value investors following the ModernGraham approach should explore other opportunities at this time or proceed cautiously with a speculative attitude.
As for a valuation, the company appears to be Overvalued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $3.31 in 2014 to an estimated $3.94 for 2018. This level of demonstrated earnings growth does not support the market’s implied estimate of 8.98% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on the Benjamin Graham value investing formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value below the price.
At the time of valuation, further research into Hershey Co revealed the company was trading above its Graham Number of $22.56. The company pays a dividend of $2.55 per share, for a yield of 2.4%, putting it among the best dividend paying stocks today. Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 26.46, which was above the industry average of 25.75. Finally, the company was trading above its Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) of $-18.
Hershey Co scores quite poorly in the ModernGraham grading system, with an overall grade of D.
Stage 3: Information for Further Research
|Net Current Asset Value (NCAV)||-$18.00|
|Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth||8|
|ModernGraham tagged articles||Morningstar|
|Google Finance||MSN Money|
|Yahoo Finance||Seeking Alpha|
Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures
|Balance Sheet Information||9/1/2018|
|Total Current Assets||$2,794,046,000|
|Total Current Liabilities||$2,758,826,000|
|Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average)||210,681,000|
Earnings Per Share History
|Next Fiscal Year Estimate||$5.21|
Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History
|Next Fiscal Year Estimate||$3.94|
Other ModernGraham posts about the company
|Hershey Co Valuation – March 2018 $HSY|
|5 Speculative and Overvalued Companies to Avoid – July 2016|
|Hershey Co Valuation – July 2016 $HSY|
|58 Companies in the Spotlight This Week – 1/31/15|
|Hershey Company Annual Valuation – 2015 $HSY|
Other ModernGraham posts about related companies
The author did not hold a position in any company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours. See my current holdings here. This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to a registered investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions. ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner. Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.