Freeport-McMoRan Inc Valuation – March 2019 $FCX

Company Profile (excerpt from Reuters): Freeport-McMoRan Inc. (FCX), incorporated on November 10, 1987, is a mining company. The Company operates through geographical assets with proven and probable reserves of copper, gold and molybdenum, and traded copper producer. The Company’s segments include refined copper products, copper in concentrate, gold, molybdenum, oil and other. The Company’s segments include the Morenci, Cerro Verde, Grasberg copper mines, the Rod & Refining operations and the United States (U.S.) Oil and Gas Operations. The Company has organized its operations into five divisions, which include North America copper mines, South America mining, Indonesia mining and Molybdenum mines. The Company’s portfolio of assets includes the Grasberg minerals district in Indonesia, copper and gold deposits, and mining operations in the Americas, including the large-scale Morenci minerals district in North America and the Cerro Verde operation in South America.


Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:

ModernGraham Valuation of FCX – March 2019

Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?

What kind of Intelligent Investor are you?

Defensive Investor; must pass 6 out of the following 7 tests.
1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise Market Cap > $2Bil $18,649,389,164 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 2 3.22 Pass
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 10 years prior Fail
4. Dividend Record Dividend Payments for 10 years prior Fail
5. Earnings Growth Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end -75.28% Fail
6. Moderate PEmg Ratio PEmg < 20 -30.12 Fail
7. Moderate Price to Assets PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50 1.05 Fail
Enterprising Investor; must pass 4 out of the following 5 tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.
1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 1.5 3.22 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Debt to NCA < 1.1 1.51 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 5 years prior Fail
4. Dividend Record Currently Pays Dividend Pass
5. Earnings Growth EPSmg greater than 5 years ago Pass


Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value

EPSmg -$0.43
MG Growth Estimate 12.74%
MG Value $0.00
Opinion Overvalued
MG Grade D
MG Value based on 3% Growth -$6.20
MG Value based on 0% Growth -$3.63
Market Implied Growth Rate -19.31%
Current Price $12.87
% of Intrinsic Value N/A

Freeport-McMoRan Inc does not satisfy the requirements of either the Enterprising Investor or the more conservative Defensive Investor. The Defensive Investor is concerned with the insufficient earnings stability or growth over the last ten years, and the poor dividend history, and the high PEmg and PB ratios. The Enterprising Investor has concerns regarding the level of debt relative to the net current assets, and the lack of earnings stability over the last five years. As a result, all value investors following the ModernGraham approach should explore other opportunities at this time or proceed cautiously with a speculative attitude.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be Overvalued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $-2.83 in 2015 to an estimated $-0.43 for 2019. This level of negative earnings does not support a positive valuation.As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on the Benjamin Graham value investing formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value below the price.

At the time of valuation, further research into Freeport-McMoRan Inc revealed the company was trading above its Graham Number of $3.26. The company pays a dividend of $0.15 per share, for a yield of 1.2% Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was -30.12, which was below the industry average of 106.38, which by some methods of valuation makes it one of the most undervalued stocks in its industry. Finally, the company was trading above its Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) of $-9.33.

Freeport-McMoRan Inc scores quite poorly in the ModernGraham grading system, with an overall grade of D.

Stage 3: Information for Further Research

Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) -$9.33
Graham Number $3.26
PEmg -30.12
Current Ratio 3.22
PB Ratio 1.05
Current Dividend $0.15
Dividend Yield 1.17%
Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth 1

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Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures

Balance Sheet Information 12/1/2018
Total Current Assets $10,720,000,000
Total Current Liabilities $3,329,000,000
Long-Term Debt $11,124,000,000
Total Assets $42,216,000,000
Intangible Assets $398,000,000
Total Liabilities $24,324,000,000
Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) 1,458,000,000

Earnings Per Share History

EPS History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $0.07
Dec2018 $1.78
Dec2017 $1.25
Dec2016 -$3.16
Dec2015 -$11.31
Dec2014 -$1.26
Dec2013 $2.64
Dec2012 $3.19
Dec2011 $4.78
Dec2010 $4.57
Dec2009 $1.47
Dec2008 -$14.86
Dec2007 $3.75
Dec2006 $3.32
Dec2005 $2.34
Dec2004 $0.43
Dec2003 $0.49
Dec2002 $0.44
Dec2001 $0.27
Dec2000 $0.13
Dec1999 $0.31

Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History

EPSmg History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate -$0.43
Dec2018 -$1.30
Dec2017 -$2.68
Dec2016 -$3.76
Dec2015 -$2.83
Dec2014 $1.86
Dec2013 $3.39
Dec2012 $2.46
Dec2011 $1.37
Dec2010 -$0.34
Dec2009 -$2.13
Dec2008 -$2.95
Dec2007 $2.69
Dec2006 $1.91
Dec2005 $1.06
Dec2004 $0.40
Dec2003 $0.37

Recommended Reading:

Other ModernGraham posts about the company

Freeport-McMoRan Inc Valuation – May 2018 $FCX
Most Overvalued Stocks of the S&P 500 – March 2017
Freeport-McMoRan Inc Valuation – January 2017 $FCX
Freeport-McMoRan Inc. Analysis – September 2015 Update $FCX
17 Companies in the Spotlight This Week – 9/20/2014

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The author did not hold a position in any company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.  See my current holdings here.  This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to a registered investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions.  ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner.  Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.

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