Royal Caribbean Cruises Ltd Valuation – March 2019 #RCL

Company Profile (excerpt from Reuters): Royal Caribbean Cruises Ltd., incorporated on July 23, 1985, is a cruise company. The Company owns and operates three global cruise brands: Royal Caribbean International, Celebrity Cruises and Azamara Club Cruises (Global Brands). The Company also own joint venture interest in the German brand TUI Cruises, interest in the Spanish brand Pullmantur and interest in the Chinese brand SkySea Cruises (collectively, Partner Brands). Together, its Global Brands and its Partner Brands operate a combined total of 50 ships in the cruise vacation industry with an aggregate capacity of approximately 123,270 berths, as of December 31, 2016. As of July 31, 2018, the Company’s ships offer a selection of itineraries that call on approximately 540 destinations in 105 countries, covering all seven continents.


Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:

ModernGraham Valuation of RCL – March 2019

Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?

What kind of Intelligent Investor are you?

Defensive Investor; must pass 6 out of the following 7 tests.
1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise Market Cap > $2Bil $24,317,988,750 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 2 0.17 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 10 years prior Pass
4. Dividend Record Dividend Payments for 10 years prior Fail
5. Earnings Growth Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end 396.93% Pass
6. Moderate PEmg Ratio PEmg < 20 14.42 Pass
7. Moderate Price to Assets PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50 2.20 Pass
Enterprising Investor; must pass 4 out of the following 5 tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.
1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 1.5 0.17 Fail
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Debt to NCA < 1.1 -1.42 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 5 years prior Pass
4. Dividend Record Currently Pays Dividend Pass
5. Earnings Growth EPSmg greater than 5 years ago Pass


Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value

EPSmg $8.06
MG Growth Estimate 15.00%
MG Value $310.46
Opinion Undervalued
MG Grade C
MG Value based on 3% Growth $116.93
MG Value based on 0% Growth $68.54
Market Implied Growth Rate 2.96%
Current Price $116.25
% of Intrinsic Value 37.44%

Royal Caribbean Cruises Ltd does not satisfy the requirements of either the Enterprising Investor or the more conservative Defensive Investor. The Defensive Investor is concerned with the low current ratio, poor dividend history. The Enterprising Investor has concerns regarding the level of debt relative to the current assets. As a result, all value investors following the ModernGraham approach should explore other opportunities at this time or proceed cautiously with a speculative attitude.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be Undervalued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $2.54 in 2015 to an estimated $8.06 for 2019. This level of demonstrated earnings growth outpaces the market’s implied estimate of 2.96% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on the Benjamin Graham value investing formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value above the price.

At the time of valuation, further research into Royal Caribbean Cruises Ltd revealed the company was trading above its Graham Number of $108.51. The company pays a dividend of $2.6 per share, for a yield of 2.2%, putting it among the best dividend paying stocks today. Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 14.42, which was below the industry average of 31.69, which by some methods of valuation makes it one of the most undervalued stocks in its industry. Finally, the company was trading above its Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) of $-73.

Royal Caribbean Cruises Ltd receives an average overall rating in the ModernGraham grading system, scoring a C.

Stage 3: Information for Further Research

Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) -$73.00
Graham Number $108.51
PEmg 14.42
Current Ratio 0.17
PB Ratio 2.20
Current Dividend $2.60
Dividend Yield 2.24%
Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth 8

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Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures

Balance Sheet Information 12/1/2018
Total Current Assets $1,242,044,000
Total Current Liabilities $7,112,165,000
Long-Term Debt $8,355,370,000
Total Assets $27,698,270,000
Intangible Assets $1,378,353,000
Total Liabilities $16,592,809,000
Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) 210,297,000

Earnings Per Share History

EPS History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $9.85
Dec2018 $8.56
Dec2017 $7.53
Dec2016 $5.93
Dec2015 $3.02
Dec2014 $3.43
Dec2013 $2.14
Dec2012 $0.08
Dec2011 $2.77
Dec2010 $2.37
Dec2009 $0.75
Dec2008 $2.68
Dec2007 $2.82
Dec2006 $2.94
Dec2005 $3.26
Dec2004 $2.26
Dec2003 $1.42
Dec2002 $1.79
Dec2001 $1.32
Dec2000 $2.31
Dec1999 $2.06

Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History

EPSmg History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $8.06
Dec2018 $6.68
Dec2017 $5.30
Dec2016 $3.76
Dec2015 $2.54
Dec2014 $2.26
Dec2013 $1.65
Dec2012 $1.52
Dec2011 $2.25
Dec2010 $2.10
Dec2009 $2.14
Dec2008 $2.82
Dec2007 $2.77
Dec2006 $2.61
Dec2005 $2.30
Dec2004 $1.82
Dec2003 $1.66

Recommended Reading:

Other ModernGraham posts about the company

Royal Caribbean Cruises Ltd Valuation – Initial Coverage June 2018 $RCL

Other ModernGraham posts about related companies

Hilton Worldwide Holdings Inc Valuation – February 2019 $HLT
Carnival Corp Valuation – February 2019 $CCL
Marriott International Inc Valuation – January 2019 $MAR
Norwegian Cruise Line Holdings Ltd Valuation – January 2019 $NCLH
Wyndham Worldwide Corp Valuation – May 2018 $WYN
Carnival Corp Valuation – April 2018 $CCL
Marriott International Inc Valuation – March 2018 $MAR
Norwegian Cruise Line Holdings Ltd Valuation – Initial Coverage $NCLH
Wyndham Worldwide Corp Valuation – January 2017 $WYN
ILG Inc Valuation – Initial Coverage $ILG


The author did not hold a position in any company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.  See my current holdings here.  This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to a registered investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions.  ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner.  Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.

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