General Dynamics Corp Valuation – March 2019 #GD

Company Profile (excerpt from Reuters): General Dynamics Corporation, incorporated on February 21, 1952, is a global aerospace and defense company. The Company offers a portfolio of products and services in business aviation; combat vehicles, weapons systems and munitions; information technology (IT) services and C4ISR (command, control, communications, computers, intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance) solutions, and shipbuilding and ship repair. The Company operates through four business groups: Aerospace, Combat Systems, Information Systems and Technology, and Marine Systems.

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Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:

ModernGraham Valuation of GD – March 2019

Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?

What kind of Intelligent Investor are you?

Defensive Investor; must pass 6 out of the following 7 tests.
1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise Market Cap > $2Bil $48,068,656,138 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 2 1.23 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 10 years prior Fail
4. Dividend Record Dividend Payments for 10 years prior Pass
5. Earnings Growth Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end 153.85% Pass
6. Moderate PEmg Ratio PEmg < 20 15.88 Pass
7. Moderate Price to Assets PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50 4.21 Fail
Enterprising Investor; must pass 4 out of the following 5 tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.
1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 1.5 1.23 Fail
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Debt to NCA < 1.1 3.32 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 5 years prior Pass
4. Dividend Record Currently Pays Dividend Pass
5. Earnings Growth EPSmg greater than 5 years ago Pass


Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value

EPSmg $10.48
MG Growth Estimate 8.33%
MG Value $263.73
Opinion Undervalued
MG Grade C
MG Value based on 3% Growth $152.03
MG Value based on 0% Growth $89.12
Market Implied Growth Rate 3.69%
Current Price $166.49
% of Intrinsic Value 63.13%

General Dynamics Corporation does not satisfy the requirements of either the Enterprising Investor or the more conservative Defensive Investor. The Defensive Investor is concerned with the low current ratio, insufficient earnings stability over the last ten years, and the high PB ratio. The Enterprising Investor has concerns regarding the level of debt relative to the current assets. As a result, all value investors following the ModernGraham approach should explore other opportunities at this time or proceed cautiously with a speculative attitude.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be Undervalued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $6.74 in 2015 to an estimated $10.48 for 2019. This level of demonstrated earnings growth outpaces the market’s implied estimate of 3.69% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on the Benjamin Graham value investing formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value above the price.

At the time of valuation, further research into General Dynamics Corporation revealed the company was trading above its Graham Number of $102.99. The company pays a dividend of $3.63 per share, for a yield of 2.2%, putting it among the best dividend paying stocks today. Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 15.88, which was below the industry average of 51.79, which by some methods of valuation makes it one of the most undervalued stocks in its industry. Finally, the company was trading above its Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) of $-52.25.

General Dynamics Corporation receives an average overall rating in the ModernGraham grading system, scoring a C.

Stage 3: Information for Further Research

Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) -$52.25
Graham Number $102.99
PEmg 15.88
Current Ratio 1.23
PB Ratio 4.21
Current Dividend $3.63
Dividend Yield 2.18%
Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth 5

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Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures

Balance Sheet Information 12/1/2018
Total Current Assets $18,189,000,000
Total Current Liabilities $14,739,000,000
Long-Term Debt $11,444,000,000
Total Assets $45,408,000,000
Intangible Assets $22,179,000,000
Total Liabilities $33,676,000,000
Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) 296,406,000

Earnings Per Share History

EPS History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $11.60
Dec2018 $11.18
Dec2017 $9.56
Dec2016 $8.29
Dec2015 $9.29
Dec2014 $7.42
Dec2013 $6.67
Dec2012 -$0.94
Dec2011 $6.87
Dec2010 $6.81
Dec2009 $6.17
Dec2008 $6.17
Dec2007 $5.08
Dec2006 $4.56
Dec2005 $3.61
Dec2004 $3.05
Dec2003 $2.52
Dec2002 $2.26
Dec2001 $2.33
Dec2000 $2.24
Dec1999 $2.18

Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History

EPSmg History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $10.48
Dec2018 $9.67
Dec2017 $8.69
Dec2016 $7.55
Dec2015 $6.74
Dec2014 $5.43
Dec2013 $4.67
Dec2012 $4.11
Dec2011 $6.50
Dec2010 $6.13
Dec2009 $5.57
Dec2008 $5.01
Dec2007 $4.21
Dec2006 $3.58
Dec2005 $2.98
Dec2004 $2.60
Dec2003 $2.35

Recommended Reading:

Other ModernGraham posts about the company

5 Companies for Enterprising Investors Near 52 Week Lows – September 2018
5 Companies for Enterprising Investors Near 52 Week Lows – July 2018
General Dynamics Corp Valuation – June 2018 $GD
General Dynamics Corp Valuation – March 2017 $GD
General Dynamics Corporation Valuation – January 2016 Update $GD

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The author did not hold a position in any company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.  See my current holdings here.  This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to a registered investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions.  ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner.  Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.

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