Twitter Inc Valuation – April 2019 #TWTR

Company Profile (excerpt from Reuters): Twitter, Inc. (Twitter), incorporated on April 19, 2007, offers products and services for users, advertisers, developers and data partners. The Company’s products and services include Twitter, Periscope, Promoted Tweets, Promoted Accounts and Promoted Trends.


Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:

ModernGraham Valuation of TWTR – April 2019

Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?

What kind of Intelligent Investor are you?

Defensive Investor; must pass 6 out of the following 7 tests.
1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise Market Cap > $2Bil $26,509,140,015 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 2 4.69 Pass
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 10 years prior Fail
4. Dividend Record Dividend Payments for 10 years prior Fail
5. Earnings Growth Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end -183.13% Fail
6. Moderate PEmg Ratio PEmg < 20 76.76 Fail
7. Moderate Price to Assets PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50 3.94 Fail
Enterprising Investor; must pass 4 out of the following 5 tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.
1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 1.5 4.69 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Debt to NCA < 1.1 0.31 Pass
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 5 years prior Fail
4. Dividend Record Currently Pays Dividend Fail
5. Earnings Growth EPSmg greater than 5 years ago Pass


Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value

EPSmg $0.45
MG Growth Estimate 15.00%
MG Value $17.33
Opinion Overvalued
MG Grade F
MG Value based on 3% Growth $6.53
MG Value based on 0% Growth $3.83
Market Implied Growth Rate 34.13%
Current Price $34.54
% of Intrinsic Value 199.37%

Twitter Inc does not satisfy the requirements of either the Enterprising Investor or the more conservative Defensive Investor. The Defensive Investor is concerned with the insufficient earnings stability or growth over the last ten years, and the poor dividend history, and the high PEmg and PB ratios. The Enterprising Investor has concerns regarding the lack of earnings stability over the last five years, and the lack of dividends. As a result, all value investors following the ModernGraham approach should explore other opportunities at this time or proceed cautiously with a speculative attitude.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be Overvalued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $-1.4 in 2015 to an estimated $0.45 for 2019. This level of demonstrated earnings growth does not support the market’s implied estimate of 34.13% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on the Benjamin Graham value investing formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value below the price.

At the time of valuation, further research into Twitter Inc revealed the company was trading above its Graham Number of $11.08. The company does not pay a dividend. Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 76.76, which was above the industry average of 33.53. Finally, the company was trading above its Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) of $4.84.

Twitter Inc scores quite poorly in the ModernGraham grading system, with an overall grade of F.

Stage 3: Information for Further Research

Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) $4.84
Graham Number $11.08
PEmg 76.76
Current Ratio 4.69
PB Ratio 3.94
Current Dividend $0.00
Dividend Yield 0.00%
Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth 0

Useful Links:

ModernGraham tagged articles Morningstar
Google Finance MSN Money
Yahoo Finance Seeking Alpha
GuruFocus SEC Filings

Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures

Balance Sheet Information 12/1/2018
Total Current Assets $7,111,036,000
Total Current Liabilities $1,516,311,000
Long-Term Debt $1,730,922,000
Total Assets $10,162,572,000
Intangible Assets $1,272,294,000
Total Liabilities $3,356,978,000
Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) 776,211,000

Earnings Per Share History

EPS History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $0.61
Dec2018 $1.56
Dec2017 -$0.15
Dec2016 -$0.65
Dec2015 -$0.79
Dec2014 -$0.96
Dec2013 -$3.41
Dec2012 -$0.68
Dec2011 -$1.60
Dec2010 -$0.15

Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History

EPSmg History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $0.45
Dec2018 $0.18
Dec2017 -$0.74
Dec2016 -$1.12
Dec2015 -$1.40
Dec2014 -$1.59
Dec2013 -$1.66
Dec2012 -$0.68
Dec2011 -$0.57
Dec2010 -$0.05

Recommended Reading:

Other ModernGraham posts about the company

Twitter Inc Valuation – June 2018 $TWTR

Other ModernGraham posts about related companies

eBay Inc Valuation – February 2019 $EBAY
Facebook Inc Valuation – January 2019 $FB
Shutterstock Inc Valuation – August 2018 $SSTK
Twitter Inc Valuation – June 2018 $TWTR Inc Valuation – June 2018 $CRM
eBay Inc Valuation – May 2018 $EBAY
Facebook Inc Valuation – March 2018 $FB Inc Valuation – April 2017 $CRM
Paypal Holdings Inc Valuation – Initial Coverage $PYPL
Netflix Inc Valuation – February 2017 $NFLX


The author did not hold a position in any company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.  See my current holdings here.  This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to a registered investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions.  ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner.  Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.