Avon Products Inc Valuation – June 2018 $AVP

Company Profile (excerpt from Reuters): Avon Products, Inc., incorporated on January 27, 1916, is a manufacturer and marketer of beauty and related products. The Company’s segments include Europe, Middle East & Africa; South Latin America; North Latin America, and Asia Pacific. Its product categories are Beauty, and Fashion and Home. Beauty consists of skincare (which includes personal care), fragrance and color (cosmetics). Fashion and Home consists of fashion jewelry, watches, apparel, footwear, accessories, gift and decorative products, housewares, entertainment and leisure products, children’s products and nutritional products. The Company’s products include Anew Ultimate Supreme Advanced Performance Creme, Anew Vitale Visible Perfection Blurring Treatment, Big & Multiplied Volume Mascara, Avon True Perfectly Matte Lipstick, Avon Life for Him and for Her Fragrances, Far Away Infinity Fragrance and Avon Nutra Effects body collection with Active Seed Complex.

 

Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:

ModernGraham Valuation of AVP – June 2018

Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?

What kind of Intelligent Investor are you?

Defensive Investor; must pass 6 out of the following 7 tests.
1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise Market Cap > $2Bil $702,271,701 Fail
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 2 1.23 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 10 years prior Fail
4. Dividend Record Dividend Payments for 10 years prior Fail
5. Earnings Growth Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end -105.55% Fail
6. Moderate PEmg Ratio PEmg < 20 -3.68 Fail
7. Moderate Price to Assets PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50 -2.62 Fail
Enterprising Investor; must pass 4 out of the following 5 tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.
1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 1.5 1.23 Fail
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Debt to NCA < 1.1 4.09 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 5 years prior Fail
4. Dividend Record Currently Pays Dividend Fail
5. Earnings Growth EPSmg greater than 5 years ago Fail

 

Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value

EPSmg -$0.44
MG Growth Estimate -4.25%
MG Value $0.00
Opinion Overvalued
MG Grade D
MG Value based on 3% Growth -$6.39
MG Value based on 0% Growth -$3.75
Market Implied Growth Rate -6.09%
Current Price $1.62
% of Intrinsic Value N/A

Avon Products, Inc. does not satisfy the requirements of either the Enterprising Investor or the more conservative Defensive Investor. The Defensive Investor is concerned with the small size, low current ratio, insufficient earnings stability or growth over the last ten years, and the poor dividend history, and the high PEmg and PB ratios. The Enterprising Investor has concerns regarding the level of debt relative to the current assets, and the lack of earnings stability or growth over the last five years, and the lack of dividends. As a result, all value investors following the ModernGraham approach should explore other opportunities at this time or proceed cautiously with a speculative attitude.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be Overvalued after seeing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) decline from $-0.1 in 2014 to an estimated $-0.44 for 2018. This level of negative earnings does not support a positive valuation.As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on the Benjamin Graham value investing formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value below the price.

At the time of valuation, further research into Avon Products, Inc. revealed the company was trading above its Graham Number of $0. The company does not pay a dividend. Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was -3.68, which was below the industry average of 68.19, which by some methods of valuation makes it one of the most undervalued stocks in its industry. Finally, the company was trading above its Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) of $-4.

Avon Products, Inc. scores quite poorly in the ModernGraham grading system, with an overall grade of D.

Stage 3: Information for Further Research

Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) -$4.00
Graham Number $0.00
PEmg -3.68
Current Ratio 1.23
PB Ratio -2.62
Current Dividend $0.00
Dividend Yield 0.00%
Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth 0

Useful Links:

ModernGraham tagged articles Morningstar
Google Finance MSN Money
Yahoo Finance Seeking Alpha
GuruFocus SEC Filings

Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures

Balance Sheet Information 3/1/2018
Total Current Assets $2,149,500,000
Total Current Liabilities $1,750,800,000
Long-Term Debt $1,629,600,000
Total Assets $3,640,400,000
Intangible Assets $186,700,000
Total Liabilities $3,913,200,000
Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) 440,900,000

Earnings Per Share History

EPS History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $0.07
Dec2017 $0.00
Dec2016 -$0.29
Dec2015 -$2.60
Dec2014 -$0.88
Dec2013 -$0.13
Dec2012 -$0.10
Dec2011 $1.18
Dec2010 $1.39
Dec2009 $1.45
Dec2008 $2.03
Dec2007 $1.21
Dec2006 $1.06
Dec2005 $1.81
Dec2004 $1.77
Dec2003 $1.39
Dec2002 $1.11
Dec2001 $0.93
Dec2000 $1.00
Dec1999 $0.55
Dec1998 $0.51

Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History

EPSmg History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate -$0.44
Dec2017 -$0.72
Dec2016 -$0.99
Dec2015 -$1.06
Dec2014 -$0.10
Dec2013 $0.45
Dec2012 $0.89
Dec2011 $1.41
Dec2010 $1.49
Dec2009 $1.53
Dec2008 $1.57
Dec2007 $1.38
Dec2006 $1.45
Dec2005 $1.56
Dec2004 $1.37
Dec2003 $1.11
Dec2002 $0.92

Recommended Reading:

Other ModernGraham posts about the company

Avon Products Inc Valuation – July 2016 $AVP
58 Companies in the Spotlight This Week – 1/31/15
Avon Products Inc. Annual Valuation – 2015 $AVP
14 Companies in the Spotlight This Week – 1/11/14
ModernGraham Valuation: Avon Products Inc. (AVP)

Other ModernGraham posts about related companies

Colgate-Palmolive Co Valuation – June 2018 $CL
Coty Inc Valuation – May 2018 $COTY
Church & Dwight Co Inc Valuation – April 2018 $CHD
Kimberly-Clark Corp Valuation – March 2018 $KMB
International Flavors & Fragrances Inc Valuation – March 2018 $IFF
Signet Jewelers Ltd Valuation – March 2018 $SIG
Estee Lauder Companies Inc Valuation – February 2018 $EL
Proctor & Gamble Co Valuation – February 2018 $PG
Colgate-Palmolive Co. Valuation – April 2017 $CL
Coty Inc Valuation – Initial Coverage $COTY

Disclaimer:

The author did not hold a position in any company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.  See my current holdings here.  This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to a registered investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions.  ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner.  Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.

Avon Products Inc Valuation – July 2016 $AVP

Benjamin Graham taught that Intelligent Investors must do a thorough fundamental analysis of investment opportunities to determine their intrinsic value and inherent risk.  This is best done by utilizing a systematic approach to analysis that will provide investors with a sense of how a specific company compares to another company or by reviewing the 10 Companies Benjamin Graham Would Invest In Today - June 2016.  By using the ModernGraham method one can review a company’s historical accomplishments and determine an intrinsic value that can be compared across industries.  What follows is a stock analysis showing a specific look at how Avon Products Inc (AVP) fares in the ModernGraham valuation model.

Company Profile (obtained from Google Finance): Avon Products, Inc. is a manufacturer and marketer of beauty and related products. The Company’s product categories are Beauty, and Fashion and Home. Beauty consists of skincare (which includes personal care), fragrance and color (cosmetics). Fashion and Home consists of fashion jewelry, watches, apparel, footwear, accessories, gift and decorative products, housewares, entertainment and leisure products, children’s products and nutritional products. The Company’s segments are based on geographic operations and include commercial business units in Latin America; Europe, Middle East and Africa, and Asia Pacific. The Company’s business is conducted primarily in one channel, direct selling. The Company’s products include Anew Clinical Overnight Hydration Mask, Anew Power Serum, Ultra Color Indulgence Lip Color, SuperExtend Winged Out Mascara, Big & False Lash Volume Mascara, Outspoken Party! by Fergie Fragrance and Avon Attraction for Him and for Her Fragrances.

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Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:

ModernGraham Valuation of AVP – July 2016

Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?

What kind of Intelligent Investor are you?

Defensive Investor; must pass 6 out of the following 7 tests.
1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise Market Cap > $2Bil $1,749,252,815 Fail
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 2 1.38 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 10 years prior Fail
4. Dividend Record Dividend Payments for 10 years prior Pass
5. Earnings Growth Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end -174.68% Fail
6. Moderate PEmg Ratio PEmg < 20 -4.52 Fail
7. Moderate Price to Assets PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50 -2.02 Fail
Enterprising Investor; must pass 4 out of the following 5 tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.
1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 1.5 1.38 Fail
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Debt to NCA < 1.1 3.55 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 5 years prior Fail
4. Dividend Record Currently Pays Dividend Pass
5. Earnings Growth EPSmg greater than 5 years ago Fail

Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value

AVP value chart July 2016

EPSmg -$0.90
MG Growth Estimate -4.25%
MG Value $0.00
Opinion Overvalued
MG Grade D+
MG Value based on 3% Growth -$13.10
MG Value based on 0% Growth -$7.68
Market Implied Growth Rate -6.51%
Current Price $4.08
% of Intrinsic Value N/A

Avon Products, Inc. does not satisfy the requirements of either the Enterprising Investor or the more conservative Defensive Investor. The Defensive Investor is concerned with the small size, low current ratio, insufficient earnings stability or growth over the last ten years, and the high PEmg and PB ratios. The Enterprising Investor has concerns regarding the level of debt relative to the current assets, and the lack of earnings stability or growth over the last five years. As a result, all value investors following the ModernGraham approach should explore other opportunities at this time or proceed cautiously with a speculative attitude.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be Overvalued after seeing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) decline from $0.89 in 2012 to an estimated $-0.9 for 2016. This level of negative earnings does not support a positive valuation.As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on Benjamin Graham’s formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value below the price.

Avon Products, Inc. scores quite poorly in the ModernGraham grading system, with an overall grade of D+.

Stage 3: Information for Further Research

AVP charts July 2016

Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) -$5.27
Graham Number $0.00
PEmg -4.52
Current Ratio 1.38
PB Ratio -2.02
Current Dividend $0.24
Dividend Yield 5.88%
Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth 0

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Useful Links:

ModernGraham tagged articles Morningstar
Google Finance MSN Money
Yahoo Finance Seeking Alpha
GuruFocus SEC Filings

Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures

Balance Sheet Information 3/1/2016
Total Current Assets $2,209,700,000
Total Current Liabilities $1,605,100,000
Long-Term Debt $2,145,000,000
Total Assets $3,629,100,000
Intangible Assets $94,900,000
Total Liabilities $4,507,900,000
Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) 435,900,000

Earnings Per Share History

Next Fiscal Year Estimate -$0.03
Dec2015 -$2.60
Dec2014 -$0.88
Dec2013 -$0.13
Dec2012 -$0.10
Dec2011 $1.18
Dec2010 $1.39
Dec2009 $1.45
Dec2008 $2.04
Dec2007 $1.21
Dec2006 $1.06
Dec2005 $1.81
Dec2004 $1.77
Dec2003 $1.39
Dec2002 $1.11
Dec2001 $0.90
Dec2000 $1.00
Dec1999 $0.59
Dec1998 $0.51
Dec1997 $0.64

Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History

Next Fiscal Year Estimate -$0.90
Dec2015 -$1.06
Dec2014 -$0.10
Dec2013 $0.45
Dec2012 $0.89
Dec2011 $1.41
Dec2010 $1.49
Dec2009 $1.53
Dec2008 $1.57
Dec2007 $1.38
Dec2006 $1.45
Dec2005 $1.56
Dec2004 $1.37
Dec2003 $1.11
Dec2002 $0.92
Dec2001 $0.79
Dec2000 $0.67

Recommended Reading:

Other ModernGraham posts about the company

58 Companies in the Spotlight This Week – 1/31/15
Avon Products Inc. Annual Valuation – 2015 $AVP
14 Companies in the Spotlight This Week – 1/11/14
ModernGraham Valuation: Avon Products Inc. (AVP)

Other ModernGraham posts about related companies

Proctor & Gamble Co Valuation – July 2016 $PG
International Flavors & Fragrances Inc Valuation – June 2016 $IFF
Kimberly-Clark Corporation Valuation – June 2016 $KMB
Estee Lauder Companies Inc Valuation – May 2016 $EL
Colgate-Palmolive Co Valuation – January 2016 Update $CL
International Flavors & Fragrances Valuation – December 2015 Update $IFF
International Flavors & Fragrances Valuation – December 2015 Update $IFF
The Estee Lauder Company Valuation – October 2015 Update $EL
International Flavors & Fragrances Inc. Analysis – August 2015 Update $IFF
Estee Lauder Companies Analysis – August 2015 Update $EL

Disclaimer:

The author did not hold a position in any company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.  See my current holdings here.  This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to a registered investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions.  ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner.  Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.

Avon Products Inc. Annual Valuation – 2015 $AVP

Avon-ProductsBenjamin Graham taught that Intelligent Investors must do a thorough fundamental analysis of investment opportunities to determine their intrinsic value and inherent risk.  This is best done by utilizing a systematic approach to analysis that will provide investors with a sense of how a specific company compares to another company or by reviewing the 5 Most Undervalued Companies for the Defensive Investor – December 2014.  By using the ModernGraham method one can review a company’s historical accomplishments and determine an intrinsic value that can be compared across industries.  What follows is a specific look at how Avon Products Inc. (AVP) fares in the ModernGraham valuation model.

Company Profile (obtained from Google Finance): Avon Products, Inc. is engaged in manufacturing and marketing beauty and related products. The Company’s product categories include beauty, and fashion and home. Its beauty products include color, fragrance, skincare and personal care products. The Company’s fashion and home products include fashion jewelry, watches, apparel, footwear, accessories, gift and decorative products, housewares, entertainment and leisure products, children’s products and nutritional products. Its business is conducted worldwide primarily in one channel, direct selling. The Company’s segments are based on geographic operations and include commercial business units in Latin America; Europe, Middle East and Africa; North America, and Asia Pacific. The Company has sales operations in 62 countries, including United States. In addition, its products are distributed in 43 other countries and territories.

Defensive Investor – must pass at least 6 of the following 7 tests: Score = 3/7

  1. Adequate Size of Enterprise – market capitalization of at least $2 billion - PASS
  2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition – current ratio greater than 2 - FAIL
  3. Earnings Stability – positive earnings per share for at least 10 straight years - FAIL
  4. Dividend Record – has paid a dividend for at least 10 straight years - PASS
  5. Earnings Growth – earnings per share has increased by at least 1/3 over the last 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end of period - FAIL
  6. Moderate PEmg ratio – PEmg is less than 20 - PASS
  7. Moderate Price to Assets – PB ratio is less than 2.5 or PB x PEmg is less than 50 - FAIL

Enterprising Investor – must pass at least 4 of the following 5 tests or be suitable for a defensive investor: Score = 1/5

  1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition, Part 1 – current ratio greater than 1.5 - FAIL
  2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition, Part 2 – Debt to Net Current Assets ratio less than 1.1 - FAIL
  3. Earnings Stability – positive earnings per share for at least 5 years - FAIL
  4. Dividend Record – currently pays a dividend - PASS
  5. Earnings growth – EPSmg greater than 5 years ago - FAIL

Valuation Summary

Key Data:

Recent Price $7.98
MG Value $0.00
MG Opinion Overvalued
Value Based on 3% Growth $6.46
Value Based on 0% Growth $3.79
Market Implied Growth Rate 4.71%
Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) -$4.82
PEmg 17.92
Current Ratio 1.43
PB Ratio 3.82

Balance Sheet – September 2014

Current Assets $3,089,000,000
Current Liabilities $2,153,000,000
Total Debt $2,473,000,000
Total Assets $6,090,000,000
Intangible Assets $304,000,000
Total Liabilities $5,182,000,000
Outstanding Shares 434,600,000

Earnings Per Share

2014 (estimate) $0.75
2013 -$0.13
2012 -$0.10
2011 $1.18
2010 $1.39
2009 $1.45
2008 $2.03
2007 $1.21
2006 $1.06
2005 $1.81
2004 $1.77

Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham

2014 (estimate) $0.45
2013 $0.45
2012 $0.89
2011 $1.41
2010 $1.49
2009 $1.53

Dividend History

Conclusion:

Avon Products Inc. is not suitable for either the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor.  The Defensive Investor is concerned with the low current ratio, the insufficient earnings growth or stability over the last ten years, and the high PB ratio.  The Enterprising Investor is concerned with the level of debt relative to the current assets, and the lack of earnings growth or stability over the last five years.  As a result, value investors following the ModernGraham approach based on Benjamin Graham’s methods should explore other opportunities.  As for a valuation, the company appears to be overvalued after seeing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) drop from $1.49 in 2010 to an estimated $0.45 for 2014.  This level of growth does not support the market’s implied estimate of 4.71% growth, leading the ModernGraham valuation model, based on Benjamin Graham’s formula, to return an estimate of intrinsic value well below the price.

Be sure to check out previous ModernGraham valuations of Avon Products Inc. (AVP) for greater perspective!

The next part of the analysis is up to individual investors, and requires discussion of the company’s prospects.  What do you think?  What value would you put on Avon Products Inc. (AVP)?  Where do you see the company going in the future?  Is there a company you like better?  Leave a comment on our Facebook page or mention @ModernGraham on Twitter to discuss.

Disclaimer:  The author did not hold a position in Avon Products Inc. (AVP) at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.  Logo taken from Wikipedia for the sole purpose of identifying the company; this article is not affiliated with the company in any manner.

ModernGraham Valuation: Avon Products Inc. (AVP)

moneyCompany Profile (obtained from Google Finance): Avon Products, Inc. (Avon) is a manufacturer and marketer of beauty and related products. The Company’s product categories are Beauty, Fashion and Home. Beauty consists of color cosmetics, fragrances, skin care and personal care. Fashion consists of fashion jewelry, watches, apparel, footwear, accessories and children’s products. Home consists of gift and decorative products, housewares, entertainment and leisure products, children’s products and nutritional products. The Company’s segments are based on geographic operations and include commercial business units in Latin America; Europe, Middle East & Africa; North America, and Asia Pacific. It has centralized operations for Global Brand Marketing, Global Sales and also has regional operations for marketing, sales, and supply chain. The Company has sales operations in 64 countries, including United States. In addition to these countries and territories, its products are distributed in 43 other countries and territories.

Defensive and Enterprising Investor Tests (What is the significance of these tests, and what is PEmg ratio?):

Defensive Investor – must pass at least 6 of the following 7 tests: Score = 2/7

  1. Adequate Size of Enterprise – market capitalization of at least $2 billion – PASS
  2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition – current ratio greater than 2 – FAIL
  3. Earnings Stability – positive earnings per share for at least 10 straight years – FAIL
  4. Dividend Record – has paid a dividend for at least 10 straight years – PASS
  5. Earnings Growth – earnings per share has increased by at least 1/3 over the last 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end of period – FAIL
  6. Moderate PEmg ratio – PEmg is less than 20 – FAIL
  7. Moderate Price to Assets – PB ratio is less than 2.5 or PB x PEmg is less than 50 – FAIL

Enterprising Investor – must pass at least 4 of the following 5 tests or be suitable for a defensive investor: Score = 2/5

  1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition, Part 1 – current ratio greater than 1.5 – PASS
  2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition, Part 2 – Debt to Net Current Assets ratio less than 1.1 – FAIL
  3. Earnings Stability – positive earnings per share for at least 5 years – FAIL
  4. Dividend Record – currently pays a dividend – PASS
  5. Earnings growth – EPSmg greater than 5 years ago – FAIL

Valuation Summary (Explanation of the ModernGraham Valuation Model)

Key Data:

MG Value $0.00 ** See conclusion
MG Opinion Overvalued
Value Based on 3% Growth $8.34
Value Based on 0% Growth $4.89
Market Implied Growth Rate 10.48%
Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) -$4.58
PEmg 29.46
Current Ratio 1.59
PB Ratio 6.62

Balance Sheet – 9/30/2013 

Current Assets $3,432,000,000
Current Liabilities $2,154,800,000
Total Debt $2,590,200,000
Total Assets $6,528,300,000
Intangible Assets $312,700,000
Total Liabilities $5,417,000,000
Outstanding Shares 433,770,000

Earnings Per Share

2013 (estimate) $0.25
2012 -$0.10
2011 $1.20
2010 $1.36
2009 $1.46
2008 $2.04
2007 $1.21
2006 $1.06
2005 $1.81
2004 $1.77
2003 $1.39
2002 $1.11

Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham 

2013 (estimate) $0.58
2012 $0.89
2011 $1.41
2010 $1.48
2009 $1.53
2008 $1.57

Conclusion:

Avon Products is another company that fails to satisfy either the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor.  The company has seen its earnings falling over the historical period, and it has even seen a negative earnings year.  In addition, the company is trading at a high PEmg and a high PB ratio.  All of these things indicate to value investors that the company entails a level of risk that should be averted.  It is difficult for an investor to place money in a risky investment without it turning into speculating, and one of the 7 Key Tips to Value Investing is to avoid speculation.  From a valuation perspective, the company’s drop in earnings leads to the ModernGraham valuation model concluding that no value comes from the earnings.  Meanwhile the market is implying a growth rate in earnings of over 10%, which is clearly not supported by the historical performance.  As a result, Avon would appear to be overvalued at this time.

What do you think?  Do you agree that Avon Products Inc. is overvalued?  What would be your assessment?  Is the company not suitable for Defensive Investors or Enterprising Investors?  Leave a comment on our Facebook page or mention @ModernGraham on Twitter to discuss.

If you like our valuations, why not check out ModernGraham Stocks & Screens?  It’s a great way to review the valuations while screening for things like low PE ratio, undervalued companies, etc.!

Disclaimer:  The author did not hold a position in Avon Products Inc. (AVP) at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.

Photo Credit:  Andrew Magill

Valuation: Avon Products Inc. (AVP)

Company Profile: Avon Products, Inc. (AVP) (obtained via Google Finance)

Avon Products, Inc. is a global manufacturer and marketer of beauty and related products. Its products fall into three product categories: Beauty, which consists of cosmetics, fragrances, skin care and toiletries (CFT); Beauty Plus, which consists of fashion jewelry, watches, apparel and accessories, and Beyond Beauty, which consists of home products and gift and decorative products. Sales from Health and Wellness products and mark, a global cosmetics brand that focuses on the market for young women, are included among these three categories based on product type. Its business is conducted worldwide primarily in one channel, direct selling. The Company’s segments are based on geographic operations in six regions: North America; Latin America; Western Europe, Middle East & Africa; Central & Eastern Europe; Asia Pacific, and China.

Business and Management Review

1) Is the business simple and understandable?

Avon has a fairly simple business model as they are in the business of personal vanity in terms of beauty products. They produce their beauty products and distribute them to retailers as well sell directly to consumers via their website.

2) Does the business have a consistent operating history?

In terms of operations there has been a consistent history as people continuously need and purchase cosmetic products. Looking at the company’s financials, however, tells a completely different story as both their top and bottom line have been erratic and inconsistent.

3) Does the business have favorable long term prospects?

We feel that Avon will continue to be a player in this industry in the future, but products such as these are subject to sensitivity to macroeconomic conditions within the economy.

4) Is management rational?

There is no reason to suggest management is not acting in a rational behavior.

5) Is management candid with its shareholders?

Investor relations are strong as their webpage cleanly lays out all relevant information for the investor.

6) Does management resist the institutional imperative?

We find no reason to have any concern related to this issue.

Financial and Value Review

Defensive:

1) Size of firm

Market capitalization is greater than $2 billion. Pass.

2) Strong financial condition

With a current ratio of about 1.3 Avon falls short of the required 2. Fail.

3) Earnings stability

Avon has reported positive net income for the past ten years. Pass.

4) Dividend record

The firm has paid consistent dividends for the past ten years. Pass.

5) Earnings growth

EPS have grown by 1/3 over the past ten years. Pass.

6) Price to earnings analysis

Our ModernGraham P/E for Avon is around 27(using our Methods) and is above the benchmark of 20. Fail.

7) Price to assets analysis

The P/B is roughly 7 and is significantly greater than the required 2.5. Fail. As well the weighted P/B and P/E ratio is not in line with our requirements. Fail.

Overall

Scoring 4/8, Avon fails the test for the defensive investor following Ben Graham’s investing criteria. We would not recommend this security for this class of investor(s).

Enterprising:

1) Strong financial condition

Current ratio is lower than the required 1.5. Fail. As well the debt to net current assets is less than the required 1.1. Fail.

2) Earnings stability

Avon has had positive net income for the past five years. Pass.

3) Dividend record

The firm currently pays a dividend. Pass.

4) Earnings growth

Earnings are not greater than what they were five years ago. Fail.

5) Price

The current share price is greater than our required 150% of net tangible assets. Fail.

Overall

Scoring only 2/5 Avon fails the test for the enterprising investor and should not be included in this investor’s portfolio if following Ben Graham’s investing philosophy.

Valuation:

We find a fair market price for Avon to be around $46 per share.

Opinion:

The current share price of $40 is in line with our valuation and our internal analysis recommends a hold if you currently own this security. However, for the individuals looking to acquire Avon we would not recommend this move as the stock failed both tests and is frankly too erratic for our taste.

None of the ModernGraham staff held a position in Avon at the time of publication. Also, please read our disclaimer and Our Methods.

Colgate-Palmolive Co Valuation – March 2019 #CL

Company Profile (excerpt from Reuters): Colgate-Palmolive Company (Colgate), incorporated on July 25, 1923, is a consumer products company. The Company operates in two product segments: Oral, Personal and Home Care, and Pet Nutrition. The Oral, Personal and Home Care product segment is operated through five geographic segments, which include North America, Latin America, Europe, Asia Pacific and Africa/Eurasia. It is engaged in oral care business with toothpaste and manual toothbrush brands around the world. The Company’s oral care products include Colgate Total, Colgate Sensitive Pro-Relief, Colgate Max Fresh, Colgate Maximum Cavity Protection plus Sugar Acid Neutralizer, Colgate Optic White and Colgate Luminous White toothpastes, Colgate 360 degree and Colgate Slim Soft manual toothbrushes and Colgate Optic White, Colgate Total and Colgate Plax mouthwashes. Colgate’s Oral Care business also includes pharmaceutical products for dentists and other oral health professionals.

CL Chart

CL data by YCharts

 

Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:

ModernGraham Valuation of CL – March 2019

Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?

What kind of Intelligent Investor are you?

Defensive Investor; must pass 6 out of the following 7 tests.
1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise Market Cap > $2Bil $57,098,959,614 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 2 1.14 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 10 years prior Pass
4. Dividend Record Dividend Payments for 10 years prior Pass
5. Earnings Growth Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end 7.02% Fail
6. Moderate PEmg Ratio PEmg < 20 26.06 Fail
7. Moderate Price to Assets PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50 291.66 Fail
Enterprising Investor; must pass 4 out of the following 5 tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.
1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 1.5 1.14 Fail
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Debt to NCA < 1.1 14.06 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 5 years prior Pass
4. Dividend Record Currently Pays Dividend Pass
5. Earnings Growth EPSmg greater than 5 years ago Pass

 

Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value

EPSmg $2.54
MG Growth Estimate 3.00%
MG Value $36.88
Opinion Overvalued
MG Grade C
MG Value based on 3% Growth $36.88
MG Value based on 0% Growth $21.62
Market Implied Growth Rate 8.78%
Current Price $66.27
% of Intrinsic Value 179.68%

Colgate-Palmolive Company does not satisfy the requirements of either the Enterprising Investor or the more conservative Defensive Investor. The Defensive Investor is concerned with the low current ratio, insufficient earnings growth over the last ten years, and the high PEmg and PB ratios. The Enterprising Investor has concerns regarding the level of debt relative to the current assets. As a result, all value investors following the ModernGraham approach should explore other opportunities at this time or proceed cautiously with a speculative attitude.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be Overvalued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $2.12 in 2015 to an estimated $2.54 for 2019. This level of demonstrated earnings growth does not support the market’s implied estimate of 8.78% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on the Benjamin Graham value investing formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value below the price.

At the time of valuation, further research into Colgate-Palmolive Company revealed the company was trading above its Graham Number of $0. The company pays a dividend of $1.66 per share, for a yield of 2.5%, putting it among the best dividend paying stocks today. Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 26.06, which was below the industry average of 62.84, which by some methods of valuation makes it one of the most undervalued stocks in its industry. Finally, the company was trading above its Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) of $-9.42.

Colgate-Palmolive Company receives an average overall rating in the ModernGraham grading system, scoring a C.

Stage 3: Information for Further Research

Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) -$9.42
Graham Number $0.00
PEmg 26.06
Current Ratio 1.14
PB Ratio 291.66
Current Dividend $1.66
Dividend Yield 2.50%
Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth 20

Useful Links:

ModernGraham tagged articles Morningstar
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Yahoo Finance Seeking Alpha
GuruFocus SEC Filings

Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures

Balance Sheet Information 12/1/2018
Total Current Assets $3,793,000,000
Total Current Liabilities $3,341,000,000
Long-Term Debt $6,354,000,000
Total Assets $12,161,000,000
Intangible Assets $4,167,000,000
Total Liabilities $11,964,000,000
Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) 867,000,000

Earnings Per Share History

EPS History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $2.67
Dec2018 $2.75
Dec2017 $2.28
Dec2016 $2.72
Dec2015 $1.52
Dec2014 $2.36
Dec2013 $2.38
Dec2012 $2.57
Dec2011 $2.47
Dec2010 $2.16
Dec2009 $2.19
Dec2008 $1.83
Dec2007 $1.60
Dec2006 $1.23
Dec2005 $1.22
Dec2004 $1.17
Dec2003 $1.23
Dec2002 $1.10
Dec2001 $0.95
Dec2000 $0.85
Dec1999 $0.74

Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History

EPSmg History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $2.54
Dec2018 $2.43
Dec2017 $2.26
Dec2016 $2.27
Dec2015 $2.12
Dec2014 $2.41
Dec2013 $2.41
Dec2012 $2.36
Dec2011 $2.19
Dec2010 $1.96
Dec2009 $1.78
Dec2008 $1.52
Dec2007 $1.34
Dec2006 $1.20
Dec2005 $1.17
Dec2004 $1.12
Dec2003 $1.05

Recommended Reading:

Other ModernGraham posts about the company

Colgate-Palmolive Co Valuation – June 2018 $CL
Colgate-Palmolive Co. Valuation – April 2017 $CL
Colgate-Palmolive Co Valuation – January 2016 Update $CL
32 Companies in the Spotlight This Week – 12/6/14
Colgate-Palmolive Annual Valuation – 2014 $CL

Other ModernGraham posts about related companies

Coty Inc Valuation – March 2019 #COTY
Signet Jewelers Ltd Valuation – March 2019 #SIG
Church & Dwight Co Inc Valuation – February 2019 $CHD
International Flavors & Fragrances Inc Valuation – January 2019 $IFF
Estee Lauder Companies Inc Valuation – December 2018 $EL
Proctor & Gamble Co Valuation – November 2018 $PG
Johnson & Johnson Valuation – November 2018 $JNJ
Inter Parfums Inc Valuation – July 2018 $IPAR
Service Corp International Valuation – July 2018 $SCI
Avon Products Inc Valuation – June 2018 $AVP

Disclaimer:

The author did not hold a position in any company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.  See my current holdings here.  This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to a registered investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions.  ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner.  Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.

Coty Inc Valuation – March 2019 #COTY

Company Profile (excerpt from Reuters): Coty Inc., incorporated on January 20, 1995, is a beauty company. The Company operates through four segments: Fragrances, Color Cosmetics, Skin & Body Care and Brazil Acquisition. The Company sells products in each of its segments through retailers, including hypermarkets, supermarkets, independent and chain drug stores and pharmacies, upscale perfumeries, upscale and mid-tier department stores, nail salons, specialty retailers, duty-free shops and traditional food, drug and mass retailers. It sells a range of its products through travel retail sales channels, including duty-free shops, airlines, cruise lines and other tax-free zones. In addition, the Company sells its products through the Internet over its retail partners’ e-commerce sites and through online retailers, and the Company sells its philosophy products through philosophy-branded Websites and through direct marketing through television. The Company operates in the Americas (comprising North, Central and South America); Europe, the Middle East and Africa (EMEA), and Asia Pacific (comprising Asia and Australia).

 

Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:

ModernGraham Valuation of COTY – March 2019

Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?

What kind of Intelligent Investor are you?

Defensive Investor; must pass 6 out of the following 7 tests.
1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise Market Cap > $2Bil $8,372,757,379 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 2 0.96 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 10 years prior Fail
4. Dividend Record Dividend Payments for 10 years prior Fail
5. Earnings Growth Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end 185.71% Pass
6. Moderate PEmg Ratio PEmg < 20 -24.85 Fail
7. Moderate Price to Assets PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50 1.10 Fail
Enterprising Investor; must pass 4 out of the following 5 tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.
1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 1.5 0.96 Fail
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Debt to NCA < 1.1 -50.21 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 5 years prior Fail
4. Dividend Record Currently Pays Dividend Pass
5. Earnings Growth EPSmg greater than 5 years ago Fail

 

Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value

EPSmg -$0.45
MG Growth Estimate -4.25%
MG Value $0.00
Opinion Overvalued
MG Grade D+
MG Value based on 3% Growth -$6.51
MG Value based on 0% Growth -$3.81
Market Implied Growth Rate -16.68%
Current Price $11.15
% of Intrinsic Value N/A

Coty Inc does not satisfy the requirements of either the Enterprising Investor or the more conservative Defensive Investor. The Defensive Investor is concerned with the low current ratio, insufficient earnings stability over the last ten years, and the poor dividend history, and the high PEmg and PB ratios. The Enterprising Investor has concerns regarding the level of debt relative to the current assets, and the lack of earnings stability or growth over the last five years. As a result, all value investors following the ModernGraham approach should explore other opportunities at this time or proceed cautiously with a speculative attitude.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be Overvalued after seeing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) decline from $0.12 in 2015 to an estimated $-0.45 for 2019. This level of negative earnings does not support a positive valuation.As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on the Benjamin Graham value investing formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value below the price.

At the time of valuation, further research into Coty Inc revealed the company was trading above its Graham Number of $0. The company pays a dividend of $0.5 per share, for a yield of 4.5%, putting it among the best dividend paying stocks today. Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was -24.85, which was below the industry average of 62.84, which by some methods of valuation makes it one of the most undervalued stocks in its industry. Finally, the company was trading above its Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) of $-13.24.

Coty Inc scores quite poorly in the ModernGraham grading system, with an overall grade of D+.

Stage 3: Information for Further Research

Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) -$13.24
Graham Number $0.00
PEmg -24.85
Current Ratio 0.96
PB Ratio 1.10
Current Dividend $0.50
Dividend Yield 4.48%
Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth 0

Useful Links:

ModernGraham tagged articles Morningstar
Google Finance MSN Money
Yahoo Finance Seeking Alpha
GuruFocus SEC Filings

Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures

Balance Sheet Information 12/1/2018
Total Current Assets $3,714,400,000
Total Current Liabilities $3,865,000,000
Long-Term Debt $7,560,900,000
Total Assets $21,270,700,000
Intangible Assets $15,594,400,000
Total Liabilities $13,659,400,000
Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) 751,100,000

Earnings Per Share History

EPS History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate -$1.07
Jun2018 -$0.23
Jun2017 -$0.66
Jun2016 $0.44
Jun2015 $0.64
Jun2014 -$0.26
Jun2013 $0.42
Jun2012 -$0.85
Jun2011 $0.00
Jun2010 $0.16

Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History

EPSmg History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate -$0.45
Jun2018 -$0.10
Jun2017 $0.02
Jun2016 $0.26
Jun2015 $0.12
Jun2014 -$0.13
Jun2013 -$0.06
Jun2012 -$0.25
Jun2011 $0.04
Jun2010 $0.05

Recommended Reading:

Other ModernGraham posts about the company

10 Most Overvalued Stocks of the S&P 500 – July 2018
Coty Inc Valuation – May 2018 $COTY
Coty Inc Valuation – Initial Coverage $COTY

Other ModernGraham posts about related companies

Signet Jewelers Ltd Valuation – March 2019 #SIG
Church & Dwight Co Inc Valuation – February 2019 $CHD
International Flavors & Fragrances Inc Valuation – January 2019 $IFF
Estee Lauder Companies Inc Valuation – December 2018 $EL
Proctor & Gamble Co Valuation – November 2018 $PG
Johnson & Johnson Valuation – November 2018 $JNJ
Inter Parfums Inc Valuation – July 2018 $IPAR
Service Corp International Valuation – July 2018 $SCI
Avon Products Inc Valuation – June 2018 $AVP
Colgate-Palmolive Co Valuation – June 2018 $CL

Disclaimer:

The author did not hold a position in any company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.  See my current holdings here.  This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to a registered investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions.  ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner.  Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.

Signet Jewelers Ltd Valuation – March 2019 #SIG

Company Profile (excerpt from Reuters): Signet Jewelers Limited, incorporated on June 25, 2008, is a retailer of diamond jewelry. As of January 28, 2017, the Company had 3,682 stores and kiosks. The Company’s segments include the Sterling Jewelers division; the Zale division, which consists of the Zale Jewelry and Piercing Pagoda segments; the UK Jewelry division, and Other. The Sterling Jewelers division’s stores operate in the United States in malls and off-mall locations principally as Kay Jewelers (Kay), Kay Jewelers Outlet, Jared The Galleria Of Jewelry (Jared) and Jared Vault. The Zale division operates jewelry stores (Zale Jewelry) and kiosks (Piercing Pagoda), located primarily in shopping malls throughout the United States, Canada and Puerto Rico. Zale Jewelry includes the United States store brand, Zales (Zales Jewelers and Zales Outlet), and the Canadian store brand, Peoples Jewellers. Piercing Pagoda operates through mall-based kiosks. The UK Jewelry division operates stores in the United Kingdom, Republic of Ireland and Channel Islands, principally as H.Samuel and Ernest Jones. The Other segment includes the operations of subsidiaries involved in the purchasing and conversion of rough diamonds to polished stones.

 

Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:

ModernGraham Valuation of SIG – March 2019

Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?

What kind of Intelligent Investor are you?

Defensive Investor; must pass 6 out of the following 7 tests.
1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise Market Cap > $2Bil $1,440,038,868 Fail
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 2 2.20 Pass
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 10 years prior Fail
4. Dividend Record Dividend Payments for 10 years prior Fail
5. Earnings Growth Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end 5.20% Fail
6. Moderate PEmg Ratio PEmg < 20 11.44 Pass
7. Moderate Price to Assets PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50 0.73 Pass
Enterprising Investor; must pass 4 out of the following 5 tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.
1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 1.5 2.20 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Debt to NCA < 1.1 0.40 Pass
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 5 years prior Fail
4. Dividend Record Currently Pays Dividend Pass
5. Earnings Growth EPSmg greater than 5 years ago Fail

 

Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value

EPSmg $2.42
MG Growth Estimate -4.25%
MG Value $1.29
Opinion Overvalued
MG Grade D+
MG Value based on 3% Growth $35.13
MG Value based on 0% Growth $20.59
Market Implied Growth Rate 1.47%
Current Price $27.71
% of Intrinsic Value 2149.19%

Signet Jewelers Ltd. does not satisfy the requirements of either the Enterprising Investor or the more conservative Defensive Investor. The Defensive Investor is concerned with the small size, insufficient earnings stability or growth over the last ten years, and the poor dividend history. The Enterprising Investor has concerns regarding the lack of earnings stability or growth over the last five years. As a result, all value investors following the ModernGraham approach should explore other opportunities at this time or proceed cautiously with a speculative attitude.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be Overvalued after seeing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) decline from $4.32 in 2015 to an estimated $2.42 for 2019. This level of demonstrated earnings growth does not support the market’s implied estimate of 1.47% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on the Benjamin Graham value investing formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value below the price.

At the time of valuation, further research into Signet Jewelers Ltd. revealed the company was trading above its Graham Number of $0. The company pays a dividend of $1.24 per share, for a yield of 4.5%, putting it among the best dividend paying stocks today. Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 11.44, which was below the industry average of 62.84, which by some methods of valuation makes it one of the most undervalued stocks in its industry. Finally, the company was trading above its Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) of $1.29.

Signet Jewelers Ltd. scores quite poorly in the ModernGraham grading system, with an overall grade of D+.

Stage 3: Information for Further Research

Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) $1.29
Graham Number $0.00
PEmg 11.44
Current Ratio 2.20
PB Ratio 0.73
Current Dividend $1.24
Dividend Yield 4.47%
Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth 7

Useful Links:

ModernGraham tagged articles Morningstar
Google Finance MSN Money
Yahoo Finance Seeking Alpha
GuruFocus SEC Filings

Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures

Balance Sheet Information 10/1/2018
Total Current Assets $3,010,100,000
Total Current Liabilities $1,365,700,000
Long-Term Debt $660,400,000
Total Assets $4,907,500,000
Intangible Assets $849,200,000
Total Liabilities $2,943,700,000
Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) 51,500,000

Earnings Per Share History

EPS History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate -$6.23
Jan2018 $7.44
Jan2017 $7.08
Jan2016 $5.87
Jan2015 $4.75
Jan2014 $4.56
Jan2013 $4.35
Jan2012 $3.73
Jan2011 $2.32
Jan2010 $1.83
Jan2009 -$4.62
Jan2008 $2.55
Jan2007 $3.07
Jan2006 $2.71
Jan2005 $2.94
Jan2004 $0.10
Jan2003 $2.47
Jan2002 $1.98
Jan2001 $1.90
Jan2000 $1.71
Jan1999 $0.13

Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History

EPSmg History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $2.42
Jan2018 $6.48
Jan2017 $5.77
Jan2016 $4.96
Jan2015 $4.32
Jan2014 $3.86
Jan2013 $2.84
Jan2012 $1.78
Jan2011 $0.88
Jan2010 $0.48
Jan2009 $0.31
Jan2008 $2.61
Jan2007 $2.51
Jan2006 $2.17
Jan2005 $1.89
Jan2004 $1.45
Jan2003 $1.97

Recommended Reading:

Other ModernGraham posts about the company

Best Stocks Below Their Graham Number – February 2019
10 Undervalued Stocks for the Enterprising Investor – January 2019
10 Undervalued Stocks for the Enterprising Investor – July 2018
10 Best Dividend Paying Stocks for the Enterprising Investor – May 2018
10 Stocks for Using A Benjamin Graham Value Investing Strategy – May 2018

Other ModernGraham posts about related companies

Church & Dwight Co Inc Valuation – February 2019 $CHD
International Flavors & Fragrances Inc Valuation – January 2019 $IFF
Estee Lauder Companies Inc Valuation – December 2018 $EL
Proctor & Gamble Co Valuation – November 2018 $PG
Johnson & Johnson Valuation – November 2018 $JNJ
Inter Parfums Inc Valuation – July 2018 $IPAR
Service Corp International Valuation – July 2018 $SCI
Avon Products Inc Valuation – June 2018 $AVP
Colgate-Palmolive Co Valuation – June 2018 $CL
Coty Inc Valuation – May 2018 $COTY

Disclaimer:

The author did not hold a position in any company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.  See my current holdings here.  This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to a registered investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions.  ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner.  Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.

Church & Dwight Co Inc Valuation – February 2019 $CHD

Company Profile (excerpt from Reuters): Church & Dwight Co., Inc., incorporated on December 14, 1925, develops, manufactures and markets a range of household, personal care and specialty products. The Company’s segments include Consumer Domestic, Consumer International and Specialty Products Division (SPD). The Company sells its consumer products under a range of brands through a distribution platform that includes supermarkets, mass merchandisers, wholesale clubs, drugstores, convenience stores, home stores, dollar, pet, and other specialty stores and Websites. The Company also sells specialty products to industrial customers and distributors. The Company’s brands include ARM & HAMMER, which is used in multiple product categories, such as baking soda, cat litter, carpet deodorization and laundry detergent; TROJAN condoms, lubricants and vibrators; OXICLEAN stain removers, cleaning solutions, laundry detergents, dishwashing detergent and bleach alternatives; SPINBRUSH battery-operated and manual toothbrushes; FIRST RESPONSE home pregnancy and ovulation test kits; NAIR depilatories; ORAJEL oral analgesics; XTRA laundry detergent, and BATISTE dry shampoo. It also offers the combination of the L’IL CRITTERS and VITAFUSION brand names for the Company’s gummy dietary supplement business.

 

Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:

ModernGraham Valuation of CHD – February 2019

Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?

What kind of Intelligent Investor are you?

Defensive Investor; must pass 6 out of the following 7 tests.
1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise Market Cap > $2Bil $16,335,096,318 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 2 0.81 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 10 years prior Pass
4. Dividend Record Dividend Payments for 10 years prior Pass
5. Earnings Growth Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end 136.02% Pass
6. Moderate PEmg Ratio PEmg < 20 28.46 Fail
7. Moderate Price to Assets PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50 6.83 Fail
Enterprising Investor; must pass 4 out of the following 5 tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.
1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 1.5 0.81 Fail
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Debt to NCA < 1.1 -6.08 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 5 years prior Pass
4. Dividend Record Currently Pays Dividend Pass
5. Earnings Growth EPSmg greater than 5 years ago Pass

 

Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value

EPSmg $2.33
MG Growth Estimate 9.47%
MG Value $63.98
Opinion Fairly Valued
MG Grade D+
MG Value based on 3% Growth $33.80
MG Value based on 0% Growth $19.82
Market Implied Growth Rate 9.98%
Current Price $66.34
% of Intrinsic Value 103.69%

Church & Dwight Co., Inc. does not satisfy the requirements of either the Enterprising Investor or the more conservative Defensive Investor. The Defensive Investor is concerned with the low current ratio, high PEmg and PB ratios. The Enterprising Investor has concerns regarding the level of debt relative to the current assets. As a result, all value investors following the ModernGraham approach should explore other opportunities at this time or proceed cautiously with a speculative attitude.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be Fairly Valued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $1.43 in 2015 to an estimated $2.33 for 2019. This level of demonstrated earnings growth supports the market’s implied estimate of 9.98% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on the Benjamin Graham value investing formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value within a margin of safety relative to the price.

At the time of valuation, further research into Church & Dwight Co., Inc. revealed the company was trading above its Graham Number of $23.34. The company pays a dividend of $0.87 per share, for a yield of 1.3% Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 28.46, which was below the industry average of 50.15, which by some methods of valuation makes it one of the most undervalued stocks in its industry. Finally, the company was trading above its Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) of $-10.05.

Church & Dwight Co., Inc. scores quite poorly in the ModernGraham grading system, with an overall grade of D+.

Stage 3: Information for Further Research

Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) -$10.05
Graham Number $23.34
PEmg 28.46
Current Ratio 0.81
PB Ratio 6.83
Current Dividend $0.87
Dividend Yield 1.31%
Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth 14

Useful Links:

ModernGraham tagged articles Morningstar
Google Finance MSN Money
Yahoo Finance Seeking Alpha
GuruFocus SEC Filings

Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures

Balance Sheet Information 12/1/2018
Total Current Assets $1,078,200,000
Total Current Liabilities $1,326,300,000
Long-Term Debt $1,508,800,000
Total Assets $6,069,200,000
Intangible Assets $4,266,900,000
Total Liabilities $3,615,400,000
Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) 252,500,000

Earnings Per Share History

EPS History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $2.43
Dec2018 $2.27
Dec2017 $2.90
Dec2016 $1.75
Dec2015 $1.54
Dec2014 $1.51
Dec2013 $1.40
Dec2012 $1.23
Dec2011 $1.06
Dec2010 $0.94
Dec2009 $0.85
Dec2008 $0.70
Dec2007 $0.62
Dec2006 $0.52
Dec2005 $0.46
Dec2004 $0.34
Dec2003 $0.32
Dec2002 $0.27
Dec2001 $0.19
Dec2000 $0.14
Dec1999 $0.19

Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History

EPSmg History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $2.33
Dec2018 $2.19
Dec2017 $2.04
Dec2016 $1.56
Dec2015 $1.43
Dec2014 $1.32
Dec2013 $1.19
Dec2012 $1.04
Dec2011 $0.91
Dec2010 $0.79
Dec2009 $0.69
Dec2008 $0.58
Dec2007 $0.50
Dec2006 $0.42
Dec2005 $0.36
Dec2004 $0.29
Dec2003 $0.25

Recommended Reading:

Other ModernGraham posts about the company

Church & Dwight Co Inc Valuation – April 2018 $CHD
Church & Dwight Co Inc Valuation – Initial Coverage $CHD

Other ModernGraham posts about related companies

International Flavors & Fragrances Inc Valuation – January 2019 $IFF
Estee Lauder Companies Inc Valuation – December 2018 $EL
Proctor & Gamble Co Valuation – November 2018 $PG
Johnson & Johnson Valuation – November 2018 $JNJ
Inter Parfums Inc Valuation – July 2018 $IPAR
Service Corp International Valuation – July 2018 $SCI
Avon Products Inc Valuation – June 2018 $AVP
Colgate-Palmolive Co Valuation – June 2018 $CL
Coty Inc Valuation – May 2018 $COTY
Church & Dwight Co Inc Valuation – April 2018 $CHD

Disclaimer:

The author did not hold a position in any company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.  See my current holdings here.  This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to a registered investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions.  ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner.  Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.

International Flavors & Fragrances Inc Valuation – January 2019 $IFF

Company Profile (excerpt from Reuters): International Flavors & Fragrances Inc., incorporated on December 6, 1909, creates, manufactures and supplies flavors and fragrances (including cosmetic active ingredients) used to impart or improve flavor or fragrance in a range of consumer products. The Company operates in two segments: Flavors and Fragrances. The Flavors segment offers flavor compounds that are sold to the food and beverage industries for use in consumer products, such as prepared foods, beverages, dairy, food and sweet products. The Fragrances segment offers fragrance compounds and fragrance ingredients. Its cosmetic active ingredients consist of active and functional ingredients, botanicals and delivery systems to support its customers’ cosmetic and personal care product lines. The Company’s products are sold to manufacturers of perfumes and cosmetics, hair and other personal care products, soaps and detergents, cleaning products, dairy, meat and other processed foods, beverages, snacks and savory foods, sweet and baked goods, and pharmaceutical and oral care products. As of December 31, 2016, the Company had 42 manufacturing facilities and over 70 creative centers and application laboratories located in over 35 countries that support over 35,000 products. Its manufacturing facilities are located in the United States, the Netherlands, Spain, Great Britain, Turkey, Brazil, Mexico, Australia, China, India and Singapore.

 

Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:

ModernGraham Valuation of IFF – January 2019

Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?

What kind of Intelligent Investor are you?

Defensive Investor; must pass 6 out of the following 7 tests.
1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise Market Cap > $2Bil $14,388,233,724 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 2 9.16 Pass
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 10 years prior Pass
4. Dividend Record Dividend Payments for 10 years prior Pass
5. Earnings Growth Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end 56.57% Pass
6. Moderate PEmg Ratio PEmg < 20 28.17 Fail
7. Moderate Price to Assets PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50 2.73 Fail
Enterprising Investor; must pass 4 out of the following 5 tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.
1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 1.5 9.16 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Debt to NCA < 1.1 0.70 Pass
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 5 years prior Pass
4. Dividend Record Currently Pays Dividend Pass
5. Earnings Growth EPSmg greater than 5 years ago Pass

 

Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value

EPSmg $4.79
MG Growth Estimate 2.52%
MG Value $64.90
Opinion Overvalued
MG Grade C
MG Value based on 3% Growth $69.46
MG Value based on 0% Growth $40.72
Market Implied Growth Rate 9.83%
Current Price $134.95
% of Intrinsic Value 207.92%

International Flavors & Fragrances Inc is suitable for the Enterprising Investor but not the more conservative Defensive Investor. The Defensive Investor is concerned with the high PEmg and PB ratios. The Enterprising Investor has no initial concerns. As a result, all Enterprising Investors following the ModernGraham approach should feel comfortable proceeding with the analysis.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be Overvalued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $4.1 in 2014 to an estimated $4.79 for 2018. This level of demonstrated earnings growth does not support the market’s implied estimate of 9.83% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on the Benjamin Graham value investing formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value below the price.

At the time of valuation, further research into International Flavors & Fragrances Inc revealed the company was trading above its Graham Number of $50.39. The company pays a dividend of $2.66 per share, for a yield of 2% Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 28.17, which was below the industry average of 45.62, which by some methods of valuation makes it one of the most undervalued stocks in its industry. Finally, the company was trading above its Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) of $16.77.

International Flavors & Fragrances Inc receives an average overall rating in the ModernGraham grading system, scoring a C.

Stage 3: Information for Further Research

Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) $16.77
Graham Number $50.39
PEmg 28.17
Current Ratio 9.16
PB Ratio 2.73
Current Dividend $2.66
Dividend Yield 1.97%
Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth 15

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Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures

Balance Sheet Information 9/1/2018
Total Current Assets $6,946,827,000
Total Current Liabilities $758,456,000
Long-Term Debt $4,331,242,000
Total Assets $9,615,542,000
Intangible Assets $1,538,439,000
Total Liabilities $5,577,593,000
Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) 81,647,000

Earnings Per Share History

EPS History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $5.29
Dec2017 $3.72
Dec2016 $5.05
Dec2015 $5.16
Dec2014 $5.06
Dec2013 $4.29
Dec2012 $3.09
Dec2011 $3.26
Dec2010 $3.26
Dec2009 $2.46
Dec2008 $2.86
Dec2007 $2.82
Dec2006 $2.48
Dec2005 $2.04
Dec2004 $2.05
Dec2003 $1.83
Dec2002 $1.84
Dec2001 $1.20
Dec2000 $1.22
Dec1999 $1.53
Dec1998 $1.90

Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History

EPSmg History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $4.79
Dec2017 $4.58
Dec2016 $4.85
Dec2015 $4.56
Dec2014 $4.10
Dec2013 $3.50
Dec2012 $3.07
Dec2011 $3.02
Dec2010 $2.86
Dec2009 $2.61
Dec2008 $2.61
Dec2007 $2.40
Dec2006 $2.15
Dec2005 $1.92
Dec2004 $1.78
Dec2003 $1.61
Dec2002 $1.51

Recommended Reading:

Other ModernGraham posts about the company

International Flavors & Fragrances Inc Valuation – March 2018 $IFF
9 Best Stocks For Value Investors This Week – 6/24/16
International Flavors & Fragrances Inc Valuation – June 2016 $IFF
13 Best Stocks For Value Investors This Week – 12/12/15
International Flavors & Fragrances Valuation – December 2015 Update $IFF

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Disclaimer:

The author did not hold a position in any company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.  See my current holdings here.  This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to a registered investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions.  ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner.  Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.

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