International Business Machines Corp Valuation – April 2019 #IBM

Company Profile (excerpt from Reuters): International Business Machines Corporation (IBM), incorporated on June 16, 1911, is a technology company. The Company operates through five segments: Cognitive Solutions, Global Business Services (GBS), Technology Services & Cloud Platforms, Systems and Global Financing.

 

Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:

ModernGraham Valuation of IBM – April 2019

Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?

What kind of Intelligent Investor are you?

Defensive Investor; must pass 6 out of the following 7 tests.
1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise Market Cap > $2Bil $127,277,532,893 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 2 1.29 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 10 years prior Pass
4. Dividend Record Dividend Payments for 10 years prior Pass
5. Earnings Growth Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end -24.36% Fail
6. Moderate PEmg Ratio PEmg < 20 13.11 Pass
7. Moderate Price to Assets PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50 7.65 Fail
Enterprising Investor; must pass 4 out of the following 5 tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.
1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 1.5 1.29 Fail
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Debt to NCA < 1.1 3.26 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 5 years prior Pass
4. Dividend Record Currently Pays Dividend Pass
5. Earnings Growth EPSmg greater than 5 years ago Fail

 

Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value

EPSmg $10.91
MG Growth Estimate -2.80%
MG Value $31.55
Opinion Overvalued
MG Grade C
MG Value based on 3% Growth $158.22
MG Value based on 0% Growth $92.75
Market Implied Growth Rate 2.30%
Current Price $143.03
% of Intrinsic Value 453.39%

IBM Common Stock does not satisfy the requirements of either the Enterprising Investor or the more conservative Defensive Investor. The Defensive Investor is concerned with the low current ratio, insufficient earnings growth over the last ten years, and the high PB ratio. The Enterprising Investor has concerns regarding the level of debt relative to the current assets, and the lack of earnings growth over the last five years. As a result, all value investors following the ModernGraham approach should explore other opportunities at this time or proceed cautiously with a speculative attitude.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be Overvalued after seeing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) decline from $13.42 in 2015 to an estimated $10.91 for 2019. This level of demonstrated earnings growth does not support the market’s implied estimate of 2.3% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on the Benjamin Graham value investing formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value below the price.

At the time of valuation, further research into IBM Common Stock revealed the company was trading above its Graham Number of $75.75. The company pays a dividend of $6.21 per share, for a yield of 4.3%, putting it among the best dividend paying stocks today. Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 13.11, which was below the industry average of 46.57, which by some methods of valuation makes it one of the most undervalued stocks in its industry. Finally, the company was trading above its Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) of $-63.31.

IBM Common Stock receives an average overall rating in the ModernGraham grading system, scoring a C.

Stage 3: Information for Further Research

Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) -$63.31
Graham Number $75.75
PEmg 13.11
Current Ratio 1.29
PB Ratio 7.65
Current Dividend $6.21
Dividend Yield 4.34%
Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth 20

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Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures

Balance Sheet Information 12/1/2018
Total Current Assets $49,146,000,000
Total Current Liabilities $38,227,000,000
Long-Term Debt $35,605,000,000
Total Assets $123,382,000,000
Intangible Assets $39,353,000,000
Total Liabilities $106,453,000,000
Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) 905,242,000

Earnings Per Share History

EPS History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $13.80
Dec2018 $9.52
Dec2017 $6.14
Dec2016 $12.38
Dec2015 $13.42
Dec2014 $11.90
Dec2013 $14.94
Dec2012 $14.37
Dec2011 $13.06
Dec2010 $11.52
Dec2009 $10.01
Dec2008 $8.89
Dec2007 $7.15
Dec2006 $6.11
Dec2005 $4.87
Dec2004 $4.38
Dec2003 $3.74
Dec2002 $2.06
Dec2001 $3.69
Dec2000 $4.44
Dec1999 $4.12

Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History

EPSmg History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $10.91
Dec2018 $9.87
Dec2017 $10.61
Dec2016 $13.04
Dec2015 $13.42
Dec2014 $13.33
Dec2013 $13.63
Dec2012 $12.50
Dec2011 $11.09
Dec2010 $9.65
Dec2009 $8.28
Dec2008 $7.03
Dec2007 $5.82
Dec2006 $4.85
Dec2005 $4.06
Dec2004 $3.66
Dec2003 $3.40

Recommended Reading:

Other ModernGraham posts about the company

International Business Machines Corp Valuation – November 2018 $IBM
International Business Machines Corp Valuation – February 2018 $IBM
International Business Machines Corp Valuation – March 2017 $IBM
International Business Machines Corp Valuation – November 2015 Update $IBM
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Disclaimer:

The author did not hold a position in any company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.  See my current holdings here.  This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to a registered investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions.  ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner.  Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.

American Express Co Valuation – April 2019 #AXP

Company Profile (excerpt from Reuters): American Express Company, incorporated on June 10, 1965, together with its subsidiaries, is a global services company. The Company’s principal products and services are charge and credit card products, and travel-related services offered to consumers and businesses around the world. The Company’s segments include the Global Consumer Services Group (GCSG), Global Merchant and Network Services (GMNS), and Global Commercial Services (GCS). The Company’s range of products and services includes network services; merchant acquisition and processing, servicing and settlement, and point-of-sale marketing and information products and services for merchants; other fee services, including fraud prevention services and the design and operation of customer loyalty programs; expense management products and services, and stored value/prepaid products.

 

Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:

ModernGraham Valuation of AXP – April 2019

Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?

What kind of Intelligent Investor are you?

Defensive Investor; must pass all 6 of the following tests.
1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise Market Cap > $2Bil $93,000,342,672 Pass
2. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 10 years prior Pass
3. Dividend Record Dividend Payments for 10 years prior Pass
4. Earnings Growth Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end 83.98% Pass
5. Moderate PEmg Ratio PEmg < 20 15.56 Pass
6. Moderate Price to Assets PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50 4.24 Fail
Enterprising Investor; must pass all 3 of the following tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.
1. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 5 years prior Pass
2. Dividend Record Currently Pays Dividend Pass
3. Earnings Growth EPSmg greater than 5 years ago Pass

 

Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value

EPSmg $7.13
MG Growth Estimate 6.66%
MG Value $155.42
Opinion Undervalued
MG Grade B-
MG Value based on 3% Growth $103.32
MG Value based on 0% Growth $60.57
Market Implied Growth Rate 3.53%
Current Price $110.86
% of Intrinsic Value 71.33%

American Express Company is suitable for the Enterprising Investor but not the more conservative Defensive Investor. The Defensive Investor is concerned with the high PB ratio. The Enterprising Investor has no initial concerns. As a result, all Enterprising Investors following the ModernGraham approach should feel comfortable proceeding with the analysis.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be Undervalued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $4.94 in 2015 to an estimated $7.13 for 2019. This level of demonstrated earnings growth outpaces the market’s implied estimate of 3.53% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on Benjamin Graham’s formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value above the price.

At the time of valuation, further research into American Express Company revealed the company was trading above its Graham Number of $76.95. The company pays a dividend of $1.48 per share, for a yield of 1.3% Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 15.56, which was below the industry average of 21.66, which by some methods of valuation makes it one of the most undervalued stocks in its industry.

American Express Company performs fairly well in the ModernGraham grading system, scoring a B-.

Stage 3: Information for Further Research

Graham Number $76.95
PEmg 15.56
PB Ratio 4.24
Dividend Yield 1.34%
TTM Dividend $1.48
Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth 3

Useful Links:

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Google Finance MSN Money
Yahoo Finance Seeking Alpha
GuruFocus SEC Filings

Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures

Balance Sheet Information 12/1/2018
Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation $58,423,000,000
Total Assets $188,602,000,000
Intangible Assets $3,347,000,000
Total Liabilities $166,312,000,000
Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) 853,000,000

Earnings Per Share History

EPS History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $10.00
Dec2018 $7.91
Dec2017 $2.99
Dec2016 $5.61
Dec2015 $5.05
Dec2014 $5.56
Dec2013 $4.88
Dec2012 $3.89
Dec2011 $4.12
Dec2010 $3.35
Dec2009 $1.54
Dec2008 $2.32
Dec2007 $3.36
Dec2006 $2.99
Dec2005 $2.97
Dec2004 $2.68
Dec2003 $2.30
Dec2002 $2.01
Dec2001 $0.98
Dec2000 $2.07
Dec1999 $1.81

Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History

EPSmg History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $7.13
Dec2018 $5.60
Dec2017 $4.57
Dec2016 $5.24
Dec2015 $4.94
Dec2014 $4.71
Dec2013 $4.04
Dec2012 $3.43
Dec2011 $3.11
Dec2010 $2.64
Dec2009 $2.40
Dec2008 $2.84
Dec2007 $3.02
Dec2006 $2.77
Dec2005 $2.50
Dec2004 $2.18
Dec2003 $1.90

Recommended Reading:

Other ModernGraham posts about the company

American Express Co Valuation – November 2018 $AXP
American Express Co. Valuation – February 2018 $AXP
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Disclaimer:

The author did not hold a position in any company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.  See my current holdings here.  This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to a registered investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions.  ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner.  Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.

Keysight Technologies Inc Valuation – April 2019 #KEYS

Company Profile (excerpt from Reuters): Keysight Technologies, Inc. (Keysight), incorporated on December 6, 2013, is a measurement company engaged in providing electronic design and test solutions to communications and electronics industries. The Company provides electronic design and test instruments and systems and related software, software design tools and related services that are used in the design, development, manufacture, installation, deployment and operation of electronics equipment. The Company operates through three segments: Communications Solutions Group (CSG), Electronic Industrial Solutions Group (EISG) and Services Solutions Group (SSG). The CSG and EISG segments provide electronic design and test software, instruments, and systems used in the simulation, design, validation, manufacturing, installation and optimization of electronic equipment. The SSG segment provides integrated service solutions, including repair and calibration services, professional services and remanufactured equipment.

 

Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:

ModernGraham Valuation of KEYS – April 2019

Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?

What kind of Intelligent Investor are you?

 

Defensive Investor; must pass 6 out of the following 7 tests.
1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise Market Cap > $2Bil $16,693,423,773 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 2 1.82 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 10 years prior Fail
4. Dividend Record Dividend Payments for 10 years prior Fail
5. Earnings Growth Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end 17200.00% Pass
6. Moderate PEmg Ratio PEmg < 20 43.15 Fail
7. Moderate Price to Assets PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50 6.35 Fail
Enterprising Investor; must pass 4 out of the following 5 tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.
1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 1.5 1.82 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Debt to NCA < 1.1 1.13 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 5 years prior Pass
4. Dividend Record Currently Pays Dividend Fail
5. Earnings Growth EPSmg greater than 5 years ago Pass

 

Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value

EPSmg $2.06
MG Growth Estimate 3.98%
MG Value $33.86
Opinion Overvalued
MG Grade F
MG Value based on 3% Growth $29.84
MG Value based on 0% Growth $17.49
Market Implied Growth Rate 17.32%
Current Price $88.80
% of Intrinsic Value 262.22%

Keysight Technologies Inc does not satisfy the requirements of either the Enterprising Investor or the more conservative Defensive Investor. The Defensive Investor is concerned with the low current ratio, insufficient earnings stability over the last ten years, and the poor dividend history, and the high PEmg and PB ratios. The Enterprising Investor has concerns regarding the level of debt relative to the net current assets, and the lack of dividends. As a result, all value investors following the ModernGraham approach should explore other opportunities at this time or proceed cautiously with a speculative attitude.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be Overvalued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $1.63 in 2015 to an estimated $2.06 for 2019. This level of demonstrated earnings growth does not support the market’s implied estimate of 17.32% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on the Benjamin Graham value investing formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value below the price.

At the time of valuation, further research into Keysight Technologies Inc revealed the company was trading above its Graham Number of $33.26. The company does not pay a dividend. Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 43.15, which was above the industry average of 35.4. Finally, the company was trading above its Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) of $-4.08.

Keysight Technologies Inc scores quite poorly in the ModernGraham grading system, with an overall grade of F.

Stage 3: Information for Further Research

Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) -$4.08
Graham Number $33.26
PEmg 43.15
Current Ratio 1.82
PB Ratio 6.35
Current Dividend $0.00
Dividend Yield 0.00%
Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth 0

Useful Links:

 

 

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Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures

Balance Sheet Information 1/1/2019
Total Current Assets $2,544,000,000
Total Current Liabilities $1,400,000,000
Long-Term Debt $1,291,000,000
Total Assets $5,978,000,000
Intangible Assets $1,775,000,000
Total Liabilities $3,320,000,000
Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) 190,000,000

Earnings Per Share History

EPS History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $3.77
Oct2018 $0.86
Oct2017 $0.56
Oct2016 $1.95
Oct2015 $3.00
Oct2014 $2.35

Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History

EPSmg History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $2.06
Oct2018 $1.38
Oct2017 $1.62
Oct2016 $1.92
Oct2015 $1.63
Oct2014 $0.78

Recommended Reading:

Other ModernGraham posts about the company

Keysight Technologies Inc Valuation – August 2018 $KEYS
Keysight Technologies Inc Valuation – Initial Coverage $KEYS

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Disclaimer:

The author did not hold a position in any company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.  See my current holdings here.  This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to a registered investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions.  ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner.  Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.

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Jack Henry & Associates Inc Valuation – April 2019 #JKHY

Company Profile (excerpt from Reuters): Jack Henry & Associates, Inc., incorporated on October 4, 1985, is a provider of information processing solutions for community banks. The Company offers a range of products and services, including processing transactions, automating business processes, and managing information financial institutions and diverse corporate entities. The Company operates in two segments, which include bank systems and services (Bank) and credit union systems and services (Credit Union). The Company provides its products and services through approximately three business brands, which include Jack Henry Banking, Symitar and ProfitStars. The Core software system consists of the integrated applications required to process deposit, loan, and general ledger transactions, and to maintain centralized customer/member information. Jack Henry Banking markets over three core software systems to banks and Symitar markets over two core software systems to credit unions. The Company’s subsidiaries include Jack Henry Services, Inc., Jack Henry Software/Commlink, Inc., Symitar Systems, Inc., Check Collect, Inc. and Bayside Business Solutions, Inc.

 

Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:

ModernGraham Valuation of JKHY – April 2019

Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?

What kind of Intelligent Investor are you?

Defensive Investor; must pass 6 out of the following 7 tests.
1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise Market Cap > $2Bil $10,937,524,534 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 2 1.07 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 10 years prior Pass
4. Dividend Record Dividend Payments for 10 years prior Pass
5. Earnings Growth Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end 142.89% Pass
6. Moderate PEmg Ratio PEmg < 20 38.72 Fail
7. Moderate Price to Assets PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50 7.88 Fail
Enterprising Investor; must pass 4 out of the following 5 tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.
1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 1.5 1.07 Fail
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Debt to NCA < 1.1 0.00 Pass
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 5 years prior Pass
4. Dividend Record Currently Pays Dividend Pass
5. Earnings Growth EPSmg greater than 5 years ago Pass

 

Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value

EPSmg $3.66
MG Growth Estimate 10.26%
MG Value $106.22
Opinion Overvalued
MG Grade C+
MG Value based on 3% Growth $53.07
MG Value based on 0% Growth $31.11
Market Implied Growth Rate 15.11%
Current Price $141.73
% of Intrinsic Value 133.43%

Jack Henry & Associates, Inc. is suitable for the Enterprising Investor but not the more conservative Defensive Investor. The Defensive Investor is concerned with the low current ratio, high PEmg and PB ratios. The Enterprising Investor is only concerned with the low current ratio. As a result, all Enterprising Investors following the ModernGraham approach should feel comfortable proceeding with the analysis.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be Overvalued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $2.17 in 2015 to an estimated $3.66 for 2019. This level of demonstrated earnings growth does not support the market’s implied estimate of 15.11% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on the Benjamin Graham value investing formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value below the price.

At the time of valuation, further research into Jack Henry & Associates, Inc. revealed the company was trading above its Graham Number of $35.7. The company pays a dividend of $1.36 per share, for a yield of 1% Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 38.72, which was above the industry average of 32.68. Finally, the company was trading above its Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) of $-2.81.

Jack Henry & Associates, Inc. receives an average overall rating in the ModernGraham grading system, scoring a C+.

Stage 3: Information for Further Research

Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) -$2.81
Graham Number $35.70
PEmg 38.72
Current Ratio 1.07
PB Ratio 7.88
Current Dividend $1.36
Dividend Yield 0.96%
Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth 20

Useful Links:

ModernGraham tagged articles Morningstar
Google Finance MSN Money
Yahoo Finance Seeking Alpha
GuruFocus SEC Filings

Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures

Balance Sheet Information 12/1/2018
Total Current Assets $362,639,000
Total Current Liabilities $340,074,000
Long-Term Debt $0
Total Assets $1,971,777,000
Intangible Assets $1,113,794,000
Total Liabilities $579,822,000
Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) 77,409,000

Earnings Per Share History

EPS History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $3.45
Jun2018 $4.85
Jun2017 $3.14
Jun2016 $3.12
Jun2015 $2.59
Jun2014 $2.19
Jun2013 $1.94
Jun2012 $1.74
Jun2011 $1.59
Jun2010 $1.38
Jun2009 $1.22
Jun2008 $1.16
Jun2007 $1.14
Jun2006 $0.96
Jun2005 $0.81
Jun2004 $0.68
Jun2003 $0.55
Jun2002 $0.62
Jun2001 $0.61
Jun2000 $0.40
Jun1999 $0.38

Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History

EPSmg History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $3.66
Jun2018 $3.57
Jun2017 $2.82
Jun2016 $2.54
Jun2015 $2.17
Jun2014 $1.90
Jun2013 $1.69
Jun2012 $1.52
Jun2011 $1.37
Jun2010 $1.23
Jun2009 $1.13
Jun2008 $1.04
Jun2007 $0.93
Jun2006 $0.79
Jun2005 $0.68
Jun2004 $0.61
Jun2003 $0.55

Recommended Reading:

Other ModernGraham posts about the company

Jack Henry & Associates Inc Valuation – August 2018 $JKHY
Jack Henry & Associates Inc Valuation – Initial Coverage $JKHY

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IHS Markit Ltd Valuation – February 2019 $INFO
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Rollins Inc Valuation – February 2019 $ROL
Iron Mountain Inc Valuation – February 2019 $IRM

Disclaimer:

The author did not hold a position in any company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.  See my current holdings here.  This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to a registered investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions.  ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner.  Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.

Pioneer Natural Resources Co Valuation – April 2019 #PXD

Company Profile (excerpt from Reuters): Pioneer Natural Resources Company (Pioneer), incorporated on April 2, 1997, is an oil and gas exploration and production company. The Company explores for, develops and produces oil, natural gas liquids (NGLs) and gas within the United States, with operations primarily in the Permian Basin in West Texas, the Eagle Ford Shale play in South Texas, the Raton field in southeast Colorado and the West Panhandle field in the Texas Panhandle. The Company’s operations include well stimulation and completion activities, such as hydraulic fracturing, and water distribution and disposal activities. As of December 31, 2016, the Company owned interests in eight gas processing plants and nine treating facilities.

 

Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:

ModernGraham Valuation of PXD – April 2019

Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?

What kind of Intelligent Investor are you?

Defensive Investor; must pass 6 out of the following 7 tests.
1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise Market Cap > $2Bil $24,703,246,605 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 2 1.42 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 10 years prior Fail
4. Dividend Record Dividend Payments for 10 years prior Pass
5. Earnings Growth Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end 10.03% Fail
6. Moderate PEmg Ratio PEmg < 20 43.92 Fail
7. Moderate Price to Assets PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50 2.07 Pass
Enterprising Investor; must pass 4 out of the following 5 tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.
1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 1.5 1.42 Fail
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Debt to NCA < 1.1 3.00 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 5 years prior Fail
4. Dividend Record Currently Pays Dividend Pass
5. Earnings Growth EPSmg greater than 5 years ago Pass

 

Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value

EPSmg $3.34
MG Growth Estimate 15.00%
MG Value $128.69
Opinion Overvalued
MG Grade D
MG Value based on 3% Growth $48.47
MG Value based on 0% Growth $28.41
Market Implied Growth Rate 17.71%
Current Price $146.81
% of Intrinsic Value 114.08%

Pioneer Natural Resources does not satisfy the requirements of either the Enterprising Investor or the more conservative Defensive Investor. The Defensive Investor is concerned with the low current ratio, insufficient earnings stability or growth over the last ten years, and the high PEmg ratio. The Enterprising Investor has concerns regarding the level of debt relative to the current assets, and the lack of earnings stability over the last five years. As a result, all value investors following the ModernGraham approach should explore other opportunities at this time or proceed cautiously with a speculative attitude.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be Overvalued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $0.52 in 2015 to an estimated $3.34 for 2019. This level of demonstrated earnings growth does not support the market’s implied estimate of 17.71% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on the Benjamin Graham value investing formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value below the price.

At the time of valuation, further research into Pioneer Natural Resources revealed the company was trading above its Graham Number of $82.52. The company pays a dividend of $0.32 per share, for a yield of 0.2% Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 43.92, which was below the industry average of 52.47, which by some methods of valuation makes it one of the most undervalued stocks in its industry. Finally, the company was trading above its Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) of $-18.78.

Pioneer Natural Resources scores quite poorly in the ModernGraham grading system, with an overall grade of D.

Stage 3: Information for Further Research

Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) -$18.78
Graham Number $82.52
PEmg 43.92
Current Ratio 1.42
PB Ratio 2.07
Current Dividend $0.32
Dividend Yield 0.22%
Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth 1

Useful Links:

ModernGraham tagged articles Morningstar
Google Finance MSN Money
Yahoo Finance Seeking Alpha
GuruFocus SEC Filings

Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures

Balance Sheet Information 12/1/2018
Total Current Assets $2,580,000,000
Total Current Liabilities $1,818,000,000
Long-Term Debt $2,284,000,000
Total Assets $17,903,000,000
Intangible Assets $407,000,000
Total Liabilities $5,792,000,000
Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) 171,000,000

Earnings Per Share History

EPS History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $4.26
Dec2018 $5.70
Dec2017 $4.85
Dec2016 -$3.34
Dec2015 -$1.83
Dec2014 $6.38
Dec2013 -$6.16
Dec2012 $1.50
Dec2011 $6.88
Dec2010 $5.08
Dec2009 -$0.46
Dec2008 $1.76
Dec2007 $3.06
Dec2006 $5.81
Dec2005 $3.80
Dec2004 $2.46
Dec2003 $3.46
Dec2002 $0.23
Dec2001 $1.00
Dec2000 $1.53
Dec1999 -$0.22

Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History

EPSmg History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $3.34
Dec2018 $2.71
Dec2017 $0.80
Dec2016 -$1.05
Dec2015 $0.52
Dec2014 $2.04
Dec2013 $0.37
Dec2012 $3.41
Dec2011 $3.99
Dec2010 $2.72
Dec2009 $1.96
Dec2008 $3.24
Dec2007 $3.89
Dec2006 $3.92
Dec2005 $2.71
Dec2004 $2.02
Dec2003 $1.60

Recommended Reading:

Other ModernGraham posts about the company

Pioneer Natural Resources Co Valuation – June 2018 $PXD
Pioneer Natural Resources Valuation – September 2017 $PXD
Pioneer Natural Resources Valuation – June 2016 $PXD
Pioneer Natural Resources Annual Valuation – 2015 $PXD

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Cabot Oil & Gas Corp Valuation – March 2019 #COG
Concho Resources Inc Valuation – March 2019 #CXO
Valero Energy Corp Valuation – March 2019 #VLO
Occidental Petroleum Corp Valuation – March 2019 #OXY
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Halliburton Co Valuation – March 2019 #HAL
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Disclaimer:

The author did not hold a position in any company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.  See my current holdings here.  This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to a registered investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions.  ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner.  Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.

Universal Health Services Inc Valuation – April 2019 #UHS

Company Profile (excerpt from Reuters): Universal Health Services, Inc. is a holding company. The Company’s principal business is owning and operating, through its subsidiaries, acute care hospitals and outpatient facilities, and behavioral healthcare facilities. The Company’s segments include Acute Care Hospital Services, Behavioral Health Services and Other. As of August 1, 2018, the Company owned and/or operated more than 326 inpatient facilities, and 32 outpatient and other facilities, located in 37 states, Washington, District of Columbia, the United Kingdom, Puerto Rico and the United States Virgin Islands. The Company’s hospitals provide a range of services, such as oncology, diagnostic care, coronary care, pediatric services, pharmacy services and/or behavioral health services. As of February 28, 2017, its acute care facilities located in the United States included 26 inpatient acute care hospitals; four free-standing emergency departments, and four outpatient surgery/cancer care centers and one surgical hospital.

 

Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:

ModernGraham Valuation of UHS – April 2019

Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?

What kind of Intelligent Investor are you?

Defensive Investor; must pass 6 out of the following 7 tests.
1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise Market Cap > $2Bil $12,167,567,641 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 2 1.34 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 10 years prior Pass
4. Dividend Record Dividend Payments for 10 years prior Pass
5. Earnings Growth Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end 136.21% Pass
6. Moderate PEmg Ratio PEmg < 20 15.96 Pass
7. Moderate Price to Assets PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50 2.27 Pass
Enterprising Investor; must pass 4 out of the following 5 tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.
1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 1.5 1.34 Fail
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Debt to NCA < 1.1 8.05 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 5 years prior Pass
4. Dividend Record Currently Pays Dividend Pass
5. Earnings Growth EPSmg greater than 5 years ago Pass

 

Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value

EPSmg $8.40
MG Growth Estimate 7.49%
MG Value $197.22
Opinion Undervalued
MG Grade B
MG Value based on 3% Growth $121.76
MG Value based on 0% Growth $71.38
Market Implied Growth Rate 3.73%
Current Price $134.03
% of Intrinsic Value 67.96%

Universal Health Services, Inc. Class B qualifies for both the Defensive Investor and the Enterprising Investor. The Defensive Investor is only initially concerned with the low current ratio. The Enterprising Investor has concerns regarding the level of debt relative to the current assets. As a result, all value investors following the ModernGraham approach should feel comfortable proceeding with the analysis.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be Undervalued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $5.6 in 2015 to an estimated $8.4 for 2019. This level of demonstrated earnings growth outpaces the market’s implied estimate of 3.73% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on the Benjamin Graham value investing formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value above the price.

At the time of valuation, further research into Universal Health Services, Inc. Class B revealed the company was trading above its Graham Number of $112.47. The company pays a dividend of $0.4 per share, for a yield of 0.3% Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 15.96, which was below the industry average of 47.79, which by some methods of valuation makes it one of the most undervalued stocks in its industry. Finally, the company was trading above its Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) of $-41.66.

Universal Health Services, Inc. Class B performs fairly well in the ModernGraham grading system, scoring a B.

Stage 3: Information for Further Research

Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) -$41.66
Graham Number $112.47
PEmg 15.96
Current Ratio 1.34
PB Ratio 2.27
Current Dividend $0.40
Dividend Yield 0.30%
Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth 0

Useful Links:

ModernGraham tagged articles Morningstar
Google Finance MSN Money
Yahoo Finance Seeking Alpha
GuruFocus SEC Filings

Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures

Balance Sheet Information 12/1/2018
Total Current Assets $1,937,802,000
Total Current Liabilities $1,448,738,000
Long-Term Debt $3,935,187,000
Total Assets $11,265,480,000
Intangible Assets $3,844,628,000
Total Liabilities $5,799,687,000
Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) 92,706,000

Earnings Per Share History

EPS History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $9.65
Dec2018 $8.31
Dec2017 $7.81
Dec2016 $7.14
Dec2015 $6.76
Dec2014 $5.42
Dec2013 $5.14
Dec2012 $4.53
Dec2011 $4.04
Dec2010 $2.34
Dec2009 $2.64
Dec2008 $1.96
Dec2007 $1.59
Dec2006 $2.28
Dec2005 $2.00
Dec2004 $1.38
Dec2003 $1.60
Dec2002 $1.37
Dec2001 $0.80
Dec2000 $0.75
Dec1999 $0.61

Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History

EPSmg History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $8.40
Dec2018 $7.54
Dec2017 $6.92
Dec2016 $6.25
Dec2015 $5.60
Dec2014 $4.78
Dec2013 $4.22
Dec2012 $3.54
Dec2011 $2.87
Dec2010 $2.24
Dec2009 $2.16
Dec2008 $1.89
Dec2007 $1.83
Dec2006 $1.87
Dec2005 $1.59
Dec2004 $1.32
Dec2003 $1.20

Recommended Reading:

Other ModernGraham posts about the company

Universal Health Services Inc Valuation – June 2018 $UHS
Universal Health Services Inc Valuation – August 2017 $UHS
Universal Health Services Inc Valuation – August 2016 $UHS
Universal Health Services Inc. Analysis – Initial Coverage $UHS

Other ModernGraham posts about related companies

Dentsply Sirona Inc Valuation – March 2019 #XRAY
McKesson Corp Valuation – March 2019 #MCK
IDEXX Laboratories Inc Valuation – March 2019 #IDXX
Hologic Inc Valuation – March 2019 #HOLX
Mettler-Toledo International Inc Valuation – March 2019 #MTD
DaVita Inc Valuation – March 2019 #DVA
Danaher Corp Valuation – March 2019 #DHR
Agilent Technologies Inc Valuation – March 2019 #A
ResMed Inc Valuation – March 2019 #RMD
Cooper Companies Inc Valuation – March 2019 #COO

Disclaimer:

The author did not hold a position in any company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.  See my current holdings here.  This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to a registered investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions.  ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner.  Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.

Lam Research Corp Valuation – April 2019 #LRCX

Company Profile (excerpt from Reuters): Lam Research Corporation, incorporated on October 8, 1989, is a supplier of wafer fabrication equipment and services to the semiconductor industry. The Company designs, manufactures, markets, refurbishes and services semiconductor processing systems that are used in the fabrication of integrated circuits (ICs). The Company operates through manufacturing and servicing of wafer processing semiconductor manufacturing equipment segment. The Company’s products are designed to enable its customers build a range of devices that are used in a range of electronic products, including cell phones, tablets, computers, storage devices and networking equipment. The Company’s customer base includes semiconductor memory, foundry and integrated device manufacturers (IDMs) that make products, such as dynamic random-access memory (DRAM), negative-AND (NAND) memory and logic devices. The Company offers a portfolio of products that are used in several areas of the semiconductor manufacturing process flow, including thin film deposition, plasma etch and single-wafer clean. The Company also offers a range of services, including customer service, spares, upgrades, and refurbishment of its deposition, etch and clean products. The Company also provides refurbished legacy products.

 

Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:

ModernGraham Valuation of LRCX – April 2019

Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?

What kind of Intelligent Investor are you?

Defensive Investor; must pass 6 out of the following 7 tests.
1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise Market Cap > $2Bil $29,332,951,738 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 2 3.39 Pass
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 10 years prior Pass
4. Dividend Record Dividend Payments for 10 years prior Fail
5. Earnings Growth Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end 259.29% Pass
6. Moderate PEmg Ratio PEmg < 20 18.10 Pass
7. Moderate Price to Assets PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50 5.34 Fail
Enterprising Investor; must pass 4 out of the following 5 tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.
1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 1.5 3.39 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Debt to NCA < 1.1 0.35 Pass
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 5 years prior Pass
4. Dividend Record Currently Pays Dividend Pass
5. Earnings Growth EPSmg greater than 5 years ago Pass

 

Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value

EPSmg $10.63
MG Growth Estimate 15.00%
MG Value $409.23
Opinion Undervalued
MG Grade B-
MG Value based on 3% Growth $154.13
MG Value based on 0% Growth $90.35
Market Implied Growth Rate 4.80%
Current Price $192.35
% of Intrinsic Value 47.00%

Lam Research Corporation is suitable for the Enterprising Investor but not the more conservative Defensive Investor. The Defensive Investor is concerned with the poor dividend history, and the high PB ratio. The Enterprising Investor has no initial concerns. As a result, all Enterprising Investors following the ModernGraham approach should feel comfortable proceeding with the analysis.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be Undervalued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $2.9 in 2015 to an estimated $10.63 for 2019. This level of demonstrated earnings growth outpaces the market’s implied estimate of 4.8% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on the Benjamin Graham value investing formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value above the price.

At the time of valuation, further research into Lam Research Corporation revealed the company was trading above its Graham Number of $110.67. The company pays a dividend of $2.55 per share, for a yield of 1.3% Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 18.1, which was below the industry average of 35.4, which by some methods of valuation makes it one of the most undervalued stocks in its industry. Finally, the company was trading above its Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) of $14.98.

Lam Research Corporation performs fairly well in the ModernGraham grading system, scoring a B-.

Stage 3: Information for Further Research

Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) $14.98
Graham Number $110.67
PEmg 18.10
Current Ratio 3.39
PB Ratio 5.34
Current Dividend $2.55
Dividend Yield 1.33%
Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth 5

Useful Links:

ModernGraham tagged articles Morningstar
Google Finance MSN Money
Yahoo Finance Seeking Alpha
GuruFocus SEC Filings

Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures

Balance Sheet Information 12/1/2018
Total Current Assets $7,355,845,000
Total Current Liabilities $2,166,837,000
Long-Term Debt $1,813,190,000
Total Assets $10,768,458,000
Intangible Assets $1,736,468,000
Total Liabilities $4,927,086,000
Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) 162,170,000

Earnings Per Share History

EPS History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $12.98
Jun2018 $13.17
Jun2017 $9.24
Jun2016 $5.22
Jun2015 $3.70
Jun2014 $3.62
Jun2013 $0.66
Jun2012 $1.35
Jun2011 $5.79
Jun2010 $2.71
Jun2009 -$2.41
Jun2008 $3.47
Jun2007 $4.85
Jun2006 $2.33
Jun2005 $2.09
Jun2004 $0.54
Jun2003 -$0.06
Jun2002 -$0.71
Jun2001 $0.39
Jun2000 $1.53
Jun1999 -$0.98

Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History

EPSmg History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $10.63
Jun2018 $8.63
Jun2017 $5.74
Jun2016 $3.63
Jun2015 $2.90
Jun2014 $2.61
Jun2013 $1.94
Jun2012 $2.45
Jun2011 $2.96
Jun2010 $1.76
Jun2009 $1.54
Jun2008 $3.23
Jun2007 $2.72
Jun2006 $1.39
Jun2005 $0.76
Jun2004 $0.18
Jun2003 $0.01

Recommended Reading:

Other ModernGraham posts about the company

Lam Research Corp Valuation – June 2018 $LRCX
Lam Research Corp Valuation – September 2017 $LRCX
12 Best Stocks For Value Investors This Week – 7/1/16
Lam Research Corp Valuation – June 2016 $LRCX
19 Best Stocks For Value Investors This Week – 1/9/16

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IPG Photonics Corp Valuation – March 2019 #IPGP
Micron Technology Inc Valuation – March 2019 #MU
Amphenol Corp Valuation – March 2019 #APH
Xilinx Inc Valuation – March 2019 #XLNX
Western Digital Corp Valuation – March 2019 #WDC

Disclaimer:

The author did not hold a position in any company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.  See my current holdings here.  This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to a registered investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions.  ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner.  Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.

Eversource Energy Valuation – March 2019 #ES

Company Profile (excerpt from Reuters): Eversource Energy, incorporated on January 15, 1927, is a utility holding company. The Company is engaged in the energy delivery business. It operates through three segments: electric distribution, electric transmission and natural gas distribution. It operates through its utility subsidiaries, which include The Connecticut Light and Power Company (CL&P), an electric utility that serves residential, commercial and industrial customers in parts of Connecticut; NSTAR Electric Company (NSTAR Electric), an electric utility that serves residential, commercial and industrial customers in parts of eastern Massachusetts; Public Service Company of New Hampshire (PSNH), an electric utility that serves residential, commercial and industrial customers in parts of New Hampshire, and owns generation assets used to serve customers; Western Massachusetts Electric Company (WMECO), an electric utility that serves residential, commercial and industrial customers in parts of western Massachusetts, and owns solar generating assets; NSTAR Gas Company (NSTAR Gas), a natural gas utility that serves residential, commercial and industrial customers in parts of Massachusetts, and Yankee Gas Services Company (Yankee Gas), a natural gas utility that serves residential, commercial and industrial customers in parts of Connecticut. CL&P, NSTAR Electric, PSNH and WMECO also serve New England customers through the Company’s electric transmission business.

 

Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:

ModernGraham Valuation of ES – March 2019

Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?

What kind of Intelligent Investor are you?

Defensive Investor; must pass 6 out of the following 7 tests.
1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise Market Cap > $2Bil $22,452,304,349 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 2 0.56 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 10 years prior Pass
4. Dividend Record Dividend Payments for 10 years prior Pass
5. Earnings Growth Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end 55.56% Pass
6. Moderate PEmg Ratio PEmg < 20 22.02 Fail
7. Moderate Price to Assets PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50 1.96 Pass
Enterprising Investor; must pass 4 out of the following 5 tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.
1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 1.5 0.56 Fail
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Debt to NCA < 1.1 -7.05 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 5 years prior Pass
4. Dividend Record Currently Pays Dividend Pass
5. Earnings Growth EPSmg greater than 5 years ago Pass

 

Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value

EPSmg $3.21
MG Growth Estimate 4.24%
MG Value $54.56
Opinion Overvalued
MG Grade C
MG Value based on 3% Growth $46.60
MG Value based on 0% Growth $27.32
Market Implied Growth Rate 6.76%
Current Price $70.76
% of Intrinsic Value 129.69%

Eversource Energy does not satisfy the requirements of either the Enterprising Investor or the more conservative Defensive Investor. The Defensive Investor is concerned with the low current ratio, high PEmg ratio. The Enterprising Investor has concerns regarding the level of debt relative to the current assets. As a result, all value investors following the ModernGraham approach should explore other opportunities at this time or proceed cautiously with a speculative attitude.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be Overvalued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $2.51 in 2015 to an estimated $3.21 for 2019. This level of demonstrated earnings growth does not support the market’s implied estimate of 6.76% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on the Benjamin Graham value investing formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value below the price.

At the time of valuation, further research into Eversource Energy revealed the company was trading above its Graham Number of $52.97. The company pays a dividend of $2.02 per share, for a yield of 2.9%, putting it among the best dividend paying stocks today. Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 22.02, which was below the industry average of 23.71, which by some methods of valuation makes it one of the most undervalued stocks in its industry. Finally, the company was trading above its Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) of $-76.89.

Eversource Energy receives an average overall rating in the ModernGraham grading system, scoring a C.

Stage 3: Information for Further Research

Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) -$76.89
Graham Number $52.97
PEmg 22.02
Current Ratio 0.56
PB Ratio 1.96
Current Dividend $2.02
Dividend Yield 2.85%
Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth 20

Useful Links:

ModernGraham tagged articles Morningstar
Google Finance MSN Money
Yahoo Finance Seeking Alpha
GuruFocus SEC Filings

Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures

Balance Sheet Information 12/1/2018
Total Current Assets $2,292,224,000
Total Current Liabilities $4,112,882,000
Long-Term Debt $12,832,074,000
Total Assets $38,241,256,000
Intangible Assets $4,427,266,000
Total Liabilities $26,754,439,000
Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) 318,130,000

Earnings Per Share History

EPS History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $3.44
Dec2018 $3.25
Dec2017 $3.11
Dec2016 $2.96
Dec2015 $2.76
Dec2014 $2.58
Dec2013 $2.49
Dec2012 $1.89
Dec2011 $2.22
Dec2010 $2.19
Dec2009 $1.91
Dec2008 $1.67
Dec2007 $1.59
Dec2006 $3.05
Dec2005 -$1.93
Dec2004 $0.91
Dec2003 $0.91
Dec2002 $1.18
Dec2001 $1.74
Dec2000 -$0.20
Dec1999 $0.26

Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History

EPSmg History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $3.21
Dec2018 $3.04
Dec2017 $2.89
Dec2016 $2.70
Dec2015 $2.51
Dec2014 $2.34
Dec2013 $2.20
Dec2012 $2.03
Dec2011 $2.03
Dec2010 $1.99
Dec2009 $1.68
Dec2008 $1.39
Dec2007 $1.14
Dec2006 $0.88
Dec2005 $0.05
Dec2004 $1.00
Dec2003 $0.96

Recommended Reading:

Other ModernGraham posts about the company

Best Dividend Paying Stocks for Dividend Growth Investors – June 2018
Eversource Energy Valuation – June 2018 $ES
Eversource Energy Valuation – July 2017 $ES
Eversource Energy Valuation – August 2016 $ES
Eversource Energy Analysis – Initial Coverage $ES

Other ModernGraham posts about related companies

Evergy Inc Valuation – March 2019 #EVRG
Entergy Corp Valuation – March 2019 #ETR
Pinnacle West Capital Corp Valuation – March 2019 #PNW
NiSource Inc Valuation – March 2019 #NI
American Electric Power Company Inc Valuation – March 2019 #AEP
American Water Works Co Inc Valuation – March 2019 #AWK
Alliant Energy Corp Valuation – March 2019 #LNT
Consolidated Edison Inc Valuation – March 2019 #ED
Duke Energy Corp Valuation – March 2019 #DUK
Sempra Energy Valuation – March 2019 #SRE

Disclaimer:

The author did not hold a position in any company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.  See my current holdings here.  This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to a registered investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions.  ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner.  Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.

Salesforce.com Inc Valuation – March 2019 #CRM

Company Profile (excerpt from Reuters): Salesforce.com, Inc., incorporated February 3, 1999, is a provider of enterprise software, delivered through the cloud, with a focus on customer relationship management (CRM). The Company focuses on cloud, mobile, social, Internet of Things (IoT) and artificial intelligence technologies. The Company’s service offerings are configured and integrated with other platforms and enterprise applications. The Company delivers its service offerings via Internet browsers and on mobile devices. Its Customer Success Platform is a portfolio of service offerings providing sales force automation, customer service and support, marketing automation, digital commerce, community management, analytics, application development, IoT integration, collaborative productivity tools and its professional cloud services.

 

Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:

ModernGraham Valuation of CRM – March 2019

Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?

What kind of Intelligent Investor are you?

Defensive Investor; must pass 6 out of the following 7 tests.
1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise Market Cap > $2Bil $121,301,431,411 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 2 0.95 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 10 years prior Fail
4. Dividend Record Dividend Payments for 10 years prior Fail
5. Earnings Growth Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end -1259.69% Fail
6. Moderate PEmg Ratio PEmg < 20 114.55 Fail
7. Moderate Price to Assets PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50 7.90 Fail
Enterprising Investor; must pass 4 out of the following 5 tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.
1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 1.5 0.95 Fail
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Debt to NCA < 1.1 -5.55 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 5 years prior Fail
4. Dividend Record Currently Pays Dividend Fail
5. Earnings Growth EPSmg greater than 5 years ago Pass

 

Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value

EPSmg $1.37
MG Growth Estimate 15.00%
MG Value $52.85
Opinion Overvalued
MG Grade F
MG Value based on 3% Growth $19.90
MG Value based on 0% Growth $11.67
Market Implied Growth Rate 53.03%
Current Price $157.24
% of Intrinsic Value 297.53%

salesforce.com, inc. does not satisfy the requirements of either the Enterprising Investor or the more conservative Defensive Investor. The Defensive Investor is concerned with the low current ratio, insufficient earnings stability or growth over the last ten years, and the poor dividend history, and the high PEmg and PB ratios. The Enterprising Investor has concerns regarding the level of debt relative to the current assets, and the lack of earnings stability over the last five years, and the lack of dividends. As a result, all value investors following the ModernGraham approach should explore other opportunities at this time or proceed cautiously with a speculative attitude.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be Overvalued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $-0.28 in 2016 to an estimated $1.37 for 2020. This level of demonstrated earnings growth does not support the market’s implied estimate of 53.03% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on the Benjamin Graham value investing formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value below the price.

At the time of valuation, further research into salesforce.com, inc. revealed the company was trading above its Graham Number of $33.94. The company does not pay a dividend. Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 114.55, which was above the industry average of 65.85. Finally, the company was trading above its Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) of $-5.67.

salesforce.com, inc. scores quite poorly in the ModernGraham grading system, with an overall grade of F.

Stage 3: Information for Further Research

Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) -$5.67
Graham Number $33.94
PEmg 114.55
Current Ratio 0.95
PB Ratio 7.90
Current Dividend $0.00
Dividend Yield 0.00%
Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth 0

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Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures

Balance Sheet Information 1/1/2019
Total Current Assets $10,683,000,000
Total Current Liabilities $11,255,000,000
Long-Term Debt $3,173,000,000
Total Assets $30,737,000,000
Intangible Assets $14,926,000,000
Total Liabilities $15,132,000,000
Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) 784,000,000

Earnings Per Share History

EPS History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $2.51
Jan2019 $1.43
Jan2018 $0.49
Jan2017 $0.46
Jan2016 -$0.07
Jan2015 -$0.42
Jan2014 -$0.39
Jan2013 -$0.48
Jan2012 -$0.02
Jan2011 $0.12
Jan2010 $0.16
Jan2009 $0.09
Jan2008 $0.04
Jan2007 $0.00
Jan2006 $0.06
Jan2005 $0.02
Jan2004 $0.01
Jan2003 -$0.09
Jan2002 -$0.34
Jan2001 -$0.60

Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History

EPSmg History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $1.37
Jan2019 $0.66
Jan2018 $0.19
Jan2017 -$0.03
Jan2016 -$0.28
Jan2015 -$0.33
Jan2014 -$0.24
Jan2013 -$0.11
Jan2012 $0.07
Jan2011 $0.10
Jan2010 $0.09
Jan2009 $0.05
Jan2008 $0.03
Jan2007 $0.01
Jan2006 -$0.01
Jan2005 -$0.09
Jan2004 -$0.17

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Other ModernGraham posts about the company

Salesforce.com Inc Valuation – June 2018 $CRM
Salesforce.com Inc Valuation – April 2017 $CRM
Salesforce.com Valuation – January 2016 Update $CRM
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Salesforce.com Inc. Annual Valuation – 2014 $CRM

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Disclaimer:

The author did not hold a position in any company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.  See my current holdings here.  This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to a registered investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions.  ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner.  Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.

10 Low PE Stock Picks for the Defensive Investor – March 2019

There are a number of great companies in the market today. By using the ModernGraham Valuation Model, I’ve selected the ten lowest PEmg (price / normalized earnings) companies reviewed by ModernGraham. Each company has been determined to be undervalued or fairly valued and suitable for the Defensive Investor according to the ModernGraham approach.

Defensive Investors are defined as investors who need to select only the companies that present the least amount of risk. Enterprising Investors, on the other hand, are able to select companies that present a moderate (though still low) amount of risk.

Macy’s Inc (M)

Macy’s Inc qualifies for both the Defensive Investor and the Enterprising Investor. The Defensive Investor is only initially concerned with the low current ratio. The Enterprising Investor has concerns regarding the level of debt relative to the current assets. As a result, all value investors following the ModernGraham approach should feel comfortable proceeding with the analysis.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be Fairly Valued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $3.61 in 2015 to an estimated $3.68 for 2019. This level of demonstrated earnings growth supports the market’s implied estimate of 0.75% annual earnings loss over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on the Benjamin Graham value investing formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value within a margin of safety relative to the price.

At the time of valuation, further research into Macy’s Inc revealed the company was trading below its Graham Number of $39.21. The company pays a dividend of $1.51 per share, for a yield of 5.9%, putting it among the best dividend paying stocks today. Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 7.01, which was below the industry average of 25.4, which by some methods of valuation makes it one of the most undervalued stocks in its industry. Finally, the company was trading above its Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) of $-19.38.

Macy’s Inc fares extremely well in the ModernGraham grading system, scoring an A-.  (See the full valuation)

Invesco Ltd. (IVZ)

Invesco Ltd. qualifies for both the Defensive Investor and the Enterprising Investor. In fact, the company meets all of the requirements of both investor types, a rare accomplishment indicative of the company’s strong financial position . The Enterprising Investor has no initial concerns. As a result, all value investors following the ModernGraham approach should feel comfortable proceeding with the analysis.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be Undervalued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $1.89 in 2014 to an estimated $2.39 for 2018. This level of demonstrated earnings growth outpaces the market’s implied estimate of 0.65% annual earnings loss over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on Benjamin Graham’s formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value above the price.

At the time of valuation, further research into Invesco Ltd. revealed the company was trading below its Graham Number of $33.89. The company pays a dividend of $1.15 per share, for a yield of 6.7%, putting it among the best dividend paying stocks today. Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 7.21, which was below the industry average of 18, which by some methods of valuation makes it one of the most undervalued stocks in its industry.

Invesco Ltd. fares extremely well in the ModernGraham grading system, scoring an A.  (See the full valuation)

Unum Group (UNM)

Unum Group qualifies for both the Defensive Investor and the Enterprising Investor. In fact, the company meets all of the requirements of both investor types, a rare accomplishment indicative of the company’s strong financial position . The Enterprising Investor has no initial concerns. As a result, all value investors following the ModernGraham approach should feel comfortable proceeding with the analysis.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be Undervalued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $2.71 in 2015 to an estimated $4.02 for 2019. This level of demonstrated earnings growth outpaces the market’s implied estimate of 0.17% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on Benjamin Graham’s formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value above the price.

At the time of valuation, further research into Unum Group revealed the company was trading below its Graham Number of $68.83. The company pays a dividend of $0.98 per share, for a yield of 2.8%, putting it among the best dividend paying stocks today. Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 8.85, which was below the industry average of 32.96, which by some methods of valuation makes it one of the most undervalued stocks in its industry.

Unum Group fares extremely well in the ModernGraham grading system, scoring an A.  (See the full valuation)

Principal Financial Group Inc (PFG)

Principal Financial Group Inc qualifies for both the Defensive Investor and the Enterprising Investor. In fact, the company meets all of the requirements of both investor types, a rare accomplishment indicative of the company’s strong financial position . The Enterprising Investor has no initial concerns. As a result, all value investors following the ModernGraham approach should feel comfortable proceeding with the analysis.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be Undervalued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $2.9 in 2014 to an estimated $5.72 for 2018. This level of demonstrated earnings growth outpaces the market’s implied estimate of 0.29% annual earnings loss over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on Benjamin Graham’s formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value above the price.

At the time of valuation, further research into Principal Financial Group Inc revealed the company was trading below its Graham Number of $76.24. The company pays a dividend of $1.87 per share, for a yield of 4.1%, putting it among the best dividend paying stocks today. Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 7.92, which was below the industry average of 30.63, which by some methods of valuation makes it one of the most undervalued stocks in its industry.

Principal Financial Group Inc fares extremely well in the ModernGraham grading system, scoring an A.  (See the full valuation)

Gilead Sciences, Inc. (GILD)

Gilead Sciences, Inc. qualifies for both the Defensive Investor and the Enterprising Investor. The Defensive Investor is only initially concerned with the poor dividend history. The Enterprising Investor has no initial concerns. As a result, all value investors following the ModernGraham approach should feel comfortable proceeding with the analysis.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be Undervalued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $3.61 in 2014 to an estimated $6.87 for 2018. This level of demonstrated earnings growth outpaces the market’s implied estimate of 0.69% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on the Benjamin Graham value investing formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value above the price.

At the time of valuation, further research into Gilead Sciences, Inc. revealed the company was trading above its Graham Number of $44.37. The company pays a dividend of $2.08 per share, for a yield of 3.1%, putting it among the best dividend paying stocks today. Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 9.88, which was below the industry average of 35.4, which by some methods of valuation makes it one of the most undervalued stocks in its industry. Finally, the company was trading above its Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) of $-4.88.

Gilead Sciences, Inc. performs fairly well in the ModernGraham grading system, scoring a B+.  (See the full valuation)

Eastman Chemical Company (EMN)

Eastman Chemical Company qualifies for both the Defensive Investor and the Enterprising Investor. The Defensive Investor is only initially concerned with the low current ratio. The Enterprising Investor is only concerned with the level of debt relative to the net current assets. As a result, all value investors following the ModernGraham approach should feel comfortable proceeding with the analysis.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be Undervalued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $5.02 in 2014 to an estimated $7.69 for 2018. This level of demonstrated earnings growth outpaces the market’s implied estimate of 0.46% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on the Benjamin Graham value investing formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value above the price.

At the time of valuation, further research into Eastman Chemical Company revealed the company was trading below its Graham Number of $86.45. The company pays a dividend of $2.09 per share, for a yield of 2.9%, putting it among the best dividend paying stocks today. Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 9.42, which was below the industry average of 20.47, which by some methods of valuation makes it one of the most undervalued stocks in its industry. Finally, the company was trading above its Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) of $-47.19.

Eastman Chemical Company fares extremely well in the ModernGraham grading system, scoring an A.  (See the full valuation)

Discover Financial Services (DFS)

Discover Financial Services qualifies for both the Defensive Investor and the Enterprising Investor. In fact, the company meets all of the requirements of both investor types, a rare accomplishment indicative of the company’s strong financial position . The Enterprising Investor has no initial concerns. As a result, all value investors following the ModernGraham approach should feel comfortable proceeding with the analysis.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be Undervalued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $4.87 in 2015 to an estimated $7.09 for 2019. This level of demonstrated earnings growth outpaces the market’s implied estimate of 0.82% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on Benjamin Graham’s formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value above the price.

At the time of valuation, further research into Discover Financial Services revealed the company was trading below its Graham Number of $77.91. The company pays a dividend of $1.5 per share, for a yield of 2.1%, putting it among the best dividend paying stocks today. Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 10.13, which was below the industry average of 31.76, which by some methods of valuation makes it one of the most undervalued stocks in its industry.

Discover Financial Services fares extremely well in the ModernGraham grading system, scoring an A.  (See the full valuation)

Molson Coors Brewing Co Class B (TAP)

Molson Coors Brewing Co Class B qualifies for both the Defensive Investor and the Enterprising Investor. The Defensive Investor is only initially concerned with the low current ratio. The Enterprising Investor has concerns regarding the level of debt relative to the current assets. As a result, all value investors following the ModernGraham approach should feel comfortable proceeding with the analysis.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be Undervalued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $2.97 in 2014 to an estimated $5.89 for 2018. This level of demonstrated earnings growth outpaces the market’s implied estimate of 1.12% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on the Benjamin Graham value investing formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value above the price.

At the time of valuation, further research into Molson Coors Brewing Co Class B revealed the company was trading below its Graham Number of $86.77. The company pays a dividend of $1.64 per share, for a yield of 2.6%, putting it among the best dividend paying stocks today. Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 10.75, which was below the industry average of 19.84, which by some methods of valuation makes it one of the most undervalued stocks in its industry. Finally, the company was trading above its Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) of $-62.64.

Molson Coors Brewing Co Class B fares extremely well in the ModernGraham grading system, scoring an A.  (See the full valuation)

AT&T Inc. (T)

AT&T Inc. qualifies for both the Defensive Investor and the Enterprising Investor. The Defensive Investor is only initially concerned with the low current ratio. The Enterprising Investor has concerns regarding the level of debt relative to the current assets. As a result, all value investors following the ModernGraham approach should feel comfortable proceeding with the analysis.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be Undervalued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $1.89 in 2014 to an estimated $3.06 for 2018. This level of demonstrated earnings growth outpaces the market’s implied estimate of 0.53% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on the Benjamin Graham value investing formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value above the price.

At the time of valuation, further research into AT&T Inc. revealed the company was trading below its Graham Number of $38.89. The company pays a dividend of $1.97 per share, for a yield of 6.7%, putting it among the best dividend paying stocks today. Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 9.56, which was below the industry average of 25.67, which by some methods of valuation makes it one of the most undervalued stocks in its industry. Finally, the company was trading above its Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) of $-40.55.

AT&T Inc. fares extremely well in the ModernGraham grading system, scoring an A.  (See the full valuation)

Fifth Third Bancorp (FITB)

Fifth Third Bancorp qualifies for both the Defensive Investor and the Enterprising Investor. In fact, the company meets all of the requirements of both investor types, a rare accomplishment indicative of the company’s strong financial position . The Enterprising Investor has no initial concerns. As a result, all value investors following the ModernGraham approach should feel comfortable proceeding with the analysis.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be Undervalued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $1.62 in 2014 to an estimated $2.41 for 2018. This level of demonstrated earnings growth outpaces the market’s implied estimate of 1.35% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on Benjamin Graham’s formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value above the price.

At the time of valuation, further research into Fifth Third Bancorp revealed the company was trading below its Graham Number of $36.08. The company pays a dividend of $0.6 per share, for a yield of 2.2%, putting it among the best dividend paying stocks today. Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 11.21, which was below the industry average of 14.65, which by some methods of valuation makes it one of the most undervalued stocks in its industry.

Fifth Third Bancorp fares extremely well in the ModernGraham grading system, scoring an A.  (See the full valuation)

What do you think?  Are these companies a good value for Defensive Investors?  Is there a company you like better?  Leave a comment on our Facebook page or mention @ModernGraham on Twitter to discuss.

Disclaimer:

The author held a long position in IVZ but did not hold a position in any other company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.  See my current holdings here.  This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to a registered investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions.  ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner.  Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.

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