Willis Towers Watson PLC Valuation – March 2019 #WLTW

Company Profile (excerpt from Reuters): Willis Towers Watson Public Limited Company (Willis Towers Watson), incorporated on September 24, 2009, is a holding company. The Company operates as a global advisory, broking and solutions company. It is engaged in offering risk management, insurance broking, consulting, technology and solutions, and private exchanges. The Company operates through eight segments: Willis International; Willis North America; Willis Capital, Wholesale & Reinsurance (CWR); Willis GB; Towers Watson Benefits; Towers Watson Exchange Solutions; Towers Watson Risk and Financial Services, and Towers Watson Talent and Rewards.

 

Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:

ModernGraham Valuation of WLTW – March 2019

Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?

What kind of Intelligent Investor are you?

Defensive Investor; must pass 6 out of the following 7 tests.
1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise Market Cap > $2Bil $22,553,439,896 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 2 1.07 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 10 years prior Fail
4. Dividend Record Dividend Payments for 10 years prior Pass
5. Earnings Growth Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end 513.26% Pass
6. Moderate PEmg Ratio PEmg < 20 26.81 Fail
7. Moderate Price to Assets PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50 2.31 Pass
Enterprising Investor; must pass 4 out of the following 5 tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.
1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 1.5 1.07 Fail
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Debt to NCA < 1.1 3.92 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 5 years prior Pass
4. Dividend Record Currently Pays Dividend Pass
5. Earnings Growth EPSmg greater than 5 years ago Pass

 

Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value

EPSmg $6.52
MG Growth Estimate 12.25%
MG Value $215.04
Opinion Fairly Valued
MG Grade D
MG Value based on 3% Growth $94.50
MG Value based on 0% Growth $55.40
Market Implied Growth Rate 9.15%
Current Price $174.70
% of Intrinsic Value 81.24%

Willis Towers Watson PLC does not satisfy the requirements of either the Enterprising Investor or the more conservative Defensive Investor. The Defensive Investor is concerned with the low current ratio, insufficient earnings stability over the last ten years, and the high PEmg ratio. The Enterprising Investor has concerns regarding the level of debt relative to the current assets. As a result, all value investors following the ModernGraham approach should explore other opportunities at this time or proceed cautiously with a speculative attitude.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be Fairly Valued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $3.59 in 2015 to an estimated $6.52 for 2019. This level of demonstrated earnings growth supports the market’s implied estimate of 9.15% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on the Benjamin Graham value investing formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value within a margin of safety relative to the price.

At the time of valuation, further research into Willis Towers Watson PLC revealed the company was trading above its Graham Number of $134.56. The company pays a dividend of $2.4 per share, for a yield of 1.4% Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 26.81, which was above the industry average of 21.22. Finally, the company was trading above its Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) of $-45.41.

Willis Towers Watson PLC scores quite poorly in the ModernGraham grading system, with an overall grade of D.

Stage 3: Information for Further Research

Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) -$45.41
Graham Number $134.56
PEmg 26.81
Current Ratio 1.07
PB Ratio 2.31
Current Dividend $2.40
Dividend Yield 1.37%
Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth 2

Useful Links:

ModernGraham tagged articles Morningstar
Google Finance MSN Money
Yahoo Finance Seeking Alpha
GuruFocus SEC Filings

Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures

Balance Sheet Information 12/1/2018
Total Current Assets $16,420,000,000
Total Current Liabilities $15,301,000,000
Long-Term Debt $4,389,000,000
Total Assets $32,385,000,000
Intangible Assets $13,783,000,000
Total Liabilities $22,414,000,000
Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) 132,000,000

Earnings Per Share History

EPS History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $10.53
Dec2018 $5.27
Dec2017 $4.18
Dec2016 $3.04
Dec2015 $5.41
Dec2014 $5.32
Dec2013 $5.37
Dec2012 -$6.83
Dec2011 $3.05
Dec2010 $7.05
Dec2009 $6.86
Dec2008 $5.43
Dec2007 $7.36
Dec2006 $7.52
Dec2005 $4.56
Dec2004 $6.41
Dec2003 $5.75
Dec2002 $3.39
Dec2001 $0.03
Dec2000 $0.19

Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History

EPSmg History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $6.52
Dec2018 $4.56
Dec2017 $4.35
Dec2016 $3.78
Dec2015 $3.59
Dec2014 $2.71
Dec2013 $1.97
Dec2012 $1.22
Dec2011 $5.48
Dec2010 $6.75
Dec2009 $6.51
Dec2008 $6.31
Dec2007 $6.61
Dec2006 $6.00
Dec2005 $4.83
Dec2004 $4.36
Dec2003 $2.85

Recommended Reading:

Other ModernGraham posts about the company

Willis Towers Watson PLC Valuation – Initial Coverage June 2018 $WLTW

Other ModernGraham posts about related companies

Synchrony Financial Valuation – March 2019 #SYF
CBRE Group Inc Valuation – March 2019 #CBRE
Franklin Resources Inc Valuation – March 2019 #BEN
S&P Global Inc Valuation – March 2019 #SPGI
Equifax Inc Valuation – March 2019 #EFX
CME Group Inc Valuation – March 2019 #CME
Northern Trust Corp Valuation – March 2019 #NTRS
Affiliated Managers Group Inc Valuation – February 2019 $AMG
Bank of New York Mellon Corp Valuation – February 2019 $BK
Western Union Co Valuation – February 2019 $WU

Disclaimer:

The author did not hold a position in any company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.  See my current holdings here.  This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to a registered investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions.  ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner.  Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.

Willis Towers Watson PLC Valuation – Initial Coverage June 2018 $WLTW

Company Profile (excerpt from Reuters): Willis Towers Watson Public Limited Company (Willis Towers Watson), incorporated on September 24, 2009, is a holding company. The Company operates as a global advisory, broking and solutions company. It is engaged in offering risk management, insurance broking, consulting, technology and solutions, and private exchanges. The Company operates through eight segments: Willis International; Willis North America; Willis Capital, Wholesale & Reinsurance (CWR); Willis GB; Towers Watson Benefits; Towers Watson Exchange Solutions; Towers Watson Risk and Financial Services, and Towers Watson Talent and Rewards.

WLTW Chart

WLTW data by YCharts

 

Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:

ModernGraham Valuation of WLTW – June 2018

Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?

What kind of Intelligent Investor are you?

Defensive Investor; must pass 6 out of the following 7 tests.
1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise Market Cap > $2Bil $20,847,850,672 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 2 1.11 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 10 years prior Fail
4. Dividend Record Dividend Payments for 10 years prior Pass
5. Earnings Growth Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end -1.53% Fail
6. Moderate PEmg Ratio PEmg < 20 26.51 Fail
7. Moderate Price to Assets PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50 1.95 Pass
Enterprising Investor; must pass 4 out of the following 5 tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.
1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 1.5 1.11 Fail
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Debt to NCA < 1.1 2.50 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 5 years prior Pass
4. Dividend Record Currently Pays Dividend Pass
5. Earnings Growth EPSmg greater than 5 years ago Pass

 

Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value

EPSmg $5.97
MG Growth Estimate 15.00%
MG Value $229.67
Opinion Undervalued
MG Grade D+
MG Value based on 3% Growth $86.50
MG Value based on 0% Growth $50.71
Market Implied Growth Rate 9.00%
Current Price $158.13
% of Intrinsic Value 68.85%

Willis Towers Watson PLC does not satisfy the requirements of either the Enterprising Investor or the more conservative Defensive Investor. The Defensive Investor is concerned with the low current ratio, insufficient earnings stability or growth over the last ten years, and the high PEmg ratio. The Enterprising Investor has concerns regarding the level of debt relative to the current assets. As a result, all value investors following the ModernGraham approach should explore other opportunities at this time or proceed cautiously with a speculative attitude.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be Undervalued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $2.72 in 2014 to an estimated $5.97 for 2018. This level of demonstrated earnings growth outpaces the market’s implied estimate of 9% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on the Benjamin Graham value investing formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value above the price.

At the time of valuation, further research into Willis Towers Watson PLC revealed the company was trading above its Graham Number of $127.98. The company pays a dividend of $2.12 per share, for a yield of 1.3% Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 26.51, which was above the industry average of 22.96. Finally, the company was trading above its Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) of $-43.64.

Willis Towers Watson PLC scores quite poorly in the ModernGraham grading system, with an overall grade of D+.

Stage 3: Information for Further Research

Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) -$43.64
Graham Number $127.98
PEmg 26.51
Current Ratio 1.11
PB Ratio 1.95
Current Dividend $2.12
Dividend Yield 1.34%
Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth 1

Useful Links:

ModernGraham tagged articles Morningstar
Google Finance MSN Money
Yahoo Finance Seeking Alpha
GuruFocus SEC Filings

Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures

Balance Sheet Information 3/1/2018
Total Current Assets $17,606,000,000
Total Current Liabilities $15,804,000,000
Long-Term Debt $4,507,000,000
Total Assets $34,212,000,000
Intangible Assets $14,316,000,000
Total Liabilities $23,410,000,000
Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) 133,000,000

Earnings Per Share History

EPS History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $9.50
Dec2017 $4.18
Dec2016 $3.04
Dec2015 $5.41
Dec2014 $5.32
Dec2013 $5.37
Dec2012 -$6.83
Dec2011 $3.07
Dec2010 $7.05
Dec2009 $6.86
Dec2008 $5.43
Dec2007 $7.36
Dec2006 $7.52
Dec2005 $4.56
Dec2004 $6.41
Dec2003 $5.75
Dec2002 $3.39
Dec2001 $0.03
Dec2000 $0.19

Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History

EPSmg History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $5.97
Dec2017 $4.35
Dec2016 $3.78
Dec2015 $3.59
Dec2014 $2.72
Dec2013 $1.98
Dec2012 $1.23
Dec2011 $5.49
Dec2010 $6.75
Dec2009 $6.51
Dec2008 $6.31
Dec2007 $6.61
Dec2006 $6.00
Dec2005 $4.83
Dec2004 $4.36
Dec2003 $2.85
Dec2002 $1.17

Recommended Reading:

Other ModernGraham posts about the company

None. This is the first time ModernGraham has covered the company.

Other ModernGraham posts about related companies

Synchrony Financial Valuation – June 2018 $SYF
CBRE Group Inc Valuation – June 2018 $CBRE
Franklin Resources Inc Valuation – May 2018 $BEN
S&P Global Inc Valuation – May 2018 $SPGI
Equifax Inc Valuation – May 2018 $EFX
CME Group Inc Valuation – May 2018 $CME
Discover Financial Services Valuation – May 2018 $DFS
Affiliated Managers Group Inc Valuation – May 2018 $AMG
The Western Union Co Valuation – April 2018 $WU
Northern Trust Corp Valuation – April 2018 $NTRS

Disclaimer:

The author did not hold a position in any company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.  See my current holdings here.  This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to a registered investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions.  ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner.  Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.

Tesoro Corporation Valuation – February 2017 $TSO

Benjamin Graham taught that Intelligent Investors must do a thorough fundamental analysis of investment opportunities to determine their intrinsic value and inherent risk.  This is best done by utilizing a systematic approach to analysis that will provide investors with a sense of how a specific company compares to another company or by reviewing the 10 Stocks for Using A Benjamin Graham Value Investing Strategy – February 2017.  By using the ModernGraham method one can review a company’s historical accomplishments and determine an intrinsic value that can be compared across industries.  What follows is a stock analysis showing a specific look at how Tesoro Corporation (TSO) fares in the ModernGraham valuation model.

Company Profile (obtained from Google Finance): Tesoro Corporation (Tesoro) is an independent petroleum refining and marketing company. The Company operates through three business segments: Refining operating segment (Refining), which owns and operates refineries, and refines crude oil and other feedstocks into transportation fuels; TLLP, a publicly traded limited partnership, which includes certain crude oil and natural gas gathering assets, natural gas processing and crude oil and refined products terminaling, and transportation and storage assets, and marketing segment (Marketing), which sells transportation fuels. The Company’s Refining segment owns and operates approximately six petroleum refineries with a combined crude oil capacity of over 850 thousand barrels per day (Mbpd). TLLP’s business operates in three segments: Gathering, Processing, and Terminalling and Transportation. The Marketing segment sells transportation fuels in approximately 20 states through a network of approximately 2,270 retail stations.

TSO Chart

TSO data by YCharts

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Premium members can view a full ModernGraham valuation of the company and have access to download a PDF version of the valuation for easy reference. Recent valuations of the components of the Dow Jones Industrial Average are available for free members, including this one of Microsoft Corporation.  In addition, here is a post detailing what can be found within each individual company’s valuation.

[/level-free]
[not-level-free]

Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:

ModernGraham Valuation of TSO – February 2017

Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?

What kind of Intelligent Investor are you?

Defensive Investor; must pass 6 out of the following 7 tests.
1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise Market Cap > $2Bil $9,721,849,220 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 2 1.90 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 10 years prior Fail
4. Dividend Record Dividend Payments for 10 years prior Fail
5. Earnings Growth Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end 379.60% Pass
6. Moderate PEmg Ratio PEmg < 20 11.67 Pass
7. Moderate Price to Assets PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50 1.81 Pass
Enterprising Investor; must pass 4 out of the following 5 tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.
1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 1.5 1.90 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Debt to NCA < 1.1 1.93 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 5 years prior Pass
4. Dividend Record Currently Pays Dividend Pass
5. Earnings Growth EPSmg greater than 5 years ago Pass

Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value

EPSmg $7.14
MG Growth Estimate 15.00%
MG Value $274.92
Opinion Undervalued
MG Grade B
MG Value based on 3% Growth $103.54
MG Value based on 0% Growth $60.70
Market Implied Growth Rate 1.59%
Current Price $83.35
% of Intrinsic Value 30.32%

Tesoro Corporation is suitable for the Enterprising Investor but not the more conservative Defensive Investor. The Defensive Investor is concerned with the low current ratio, insufficient earnings stability over the last ten years, and the poor dividend history. The Enterprising Investor is only concerned with the level of debt relative to the net current assets. As a result, all Enterprising Investors following the ModernGraham approach should feel comfortable proceeding with the analysis.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be Undervalued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $2.72 in 2012 to an estimated $7.14 for 2016. This level of demonstrated earnings growth outpaces the market’s implied estimate of 1.59% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on the Benjamin Graham value investing formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value above the price.

At the time of valuation, further research into Tesoro Corporation revealed the company was trading above its Graham Number of $75.72. The company pays a dividend of $2.05 per share, for a yield of 2.5%, putting it among the best dividend paying stocks today. Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 11.67, which was below the industry average of 69.19, which by some methods of valuation makes it one of the most undervalued stocks in its industry. Finally, the company was trading above its Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) of $-62.03.

Tesoro Corporation performs fairly well in the ModernGraham grading system, scoring a B.

Stage 3: Information for Further Research

Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) -$62.03
Graham Number $75.72
PEmg 11.67
Current Ratio 1.90
PB Ratio 1.81
Current Dividend $2.05
Dividend Yield 2.46%
Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth 5

[/not-level-free]

Useful Links:

ModernGraham tagged articles Morningstar
Google Finance MSN Money
Yahoo Finance Seeking Alpha
GuruFocus SEC Filings

Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures

Balance Sheet Information 9/1/2016
Total Current Assets $5,105,000,000
Total Current Liabilities $2,693,000,000
Long-Term Debt $4,667,000,000
Total Assets $18,005,000,000
Intangible Assets $1,287,000,000
Total Liabilities $12,505,000,000
Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) 119,300,000

Earnings Per Share History

EPS History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $5.42
Dec2015 $12.36
Dec2014 $6.44
Dec2013 $3.00
Dec2012 $5.25
Dec2011 $3.81
Dec2010 -$0.21
Dec2009 -$1.01
Dec2008 $2.00
Dec2007 $4.06
Dec2006 $5.73
Dec2005 $3.60
Dec2004 $2.38
Dec2003 $0.58
Dec2002 -$0.97
Dec2001 $1.05
Dec2000 $0.88
Dec1999 $0.96
Dec1998 -$0.43
Dec1997 $0.57
Dec1996 $1.41

Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History

EPSmg History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $7.14
Dec2015 $7.39
Dec2014 $4.49
Dec2013 $3.07
Dec2012 $2.72
Dec2011 $1.55
Dec2010 $0.98
Dec2009 $2.01
Dec2008 $3.53
Dec2007 $3.96
Dec2006 $3.36
Dec2005 $1.89
Dec2004 $0.95
Dec2003 $0.33
Dec2002 $0.23
Dec2001 $0.76
Dec2000 $0.63

Recommended Reading:

Other ModernGraham posts about the company

Tesoro Corporation Analysis – October 2015 Update $TSO
14 Companies in the Spotlight This Week – 10/18/14
Tesoro Corporation Annual Stock Valuation – 2014 $TSO

Other ModernGraham posts about related companies

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Halliburton Company Valuation – January 2017 $HAL
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SM Energy Co Valuation – Initial Coverage $SM
Kinder Morgan Inc Valuation – January 2017 $KMI
South Jersey Industries Inc Valuation – Initial Coverage $SJI
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Surge Energy Inc Valuation – Initial Coverage $TSE:SGY
Range Resources Corp Valuation – January 2017 $RRC

Disclaimer:

The author did not hold a position in any company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.  See my current holdings here.  This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to a registered investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions.  ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner.  Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.

Tesoro Corporation Analysis – October 2015 Update $TSO

Benjamin Graham taught that Intelligent Investors must do a thorough fundamental analysis of investment opportunities to determine their intrinsic value and inherent risk.  This is best done by utilizing a systematic approach to analysis that will provide investors with a sense of how a specific company compares to another company or by reviewing the 10 Most Undervalued Companies for the Defensive Investor – September 2015.  By using the ModernGraham method one can review a company’s historical accomplishments and determine an intrinsic value that can be compared across industries.  What follows is a stock analysis showing a specific look at how Tesoro Corporation (TSO) fares in the ModernGraham valuation model.

Company Profile (obtained from Google Finance): Tesoro Corporation is an independent petroleum refining and marketing company. Through its subsidiaries, the Company primarily transports crude oil and manufactures, transports and sells transportation fuels. The Company operates through three business segments: Refining operating segment, which owns and perates six petroleum refineries with a combined crude oil capacity of 850 thousand barrels per day (Mbpd) located in the western United States and sells transportation fuels to a variety of customers; TLLP, a publicly traded limited partnership, which includes certain crude oil and natural gas gathering assets, natural gas processing and crude oil and refined products terminalling, transportation and storage assets, and Retail operating segment, which sells transportation fuels in approximately 16 states through a network of approximately 2,267 retail stations under the ARCO, Shell, Exxon, Mobil, USA Gasoline and Tesoro brands.

[level-free]

To read the details of this valuation, you must be logged in as a premium member. If you are not a premium member, please consider becoming one.

Premium members can view a full ModernGraham valuation of the company and have access to download a PDF version of the valuation for easy reference. Here is a free sample valuation pdf, and here is a post detailing what can be found within each individual company’s valuation.

[/level-free]
[level-mg-stocks-screens-subscriber]

Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:

ModernGraham Valuation of TSO

Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?

What kind of Intelligent Investor are you?

Defensive Investor; must pass 6 out of the following 7 tests.
1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise Market Cap > $2Bil $12,427,843,123 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 2 1.44 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 10 years prior Fail
4. Dividend Record Dividend Payments for 10 years prior Fail
5. Earnings Growth Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end 60.90% Pass
6. Moderate PEmg Ratio PEmg < 20 15.66 Pass
7. Moderate Price to Assets PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50 2.64 Pass
Score
Enterprising Investor; must pass 4 out of the following 5 tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.
1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 1.5 1.44 Fail
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Debt to NCA < 1.1 2.55 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 5 years prior Pass
4. Dividend Record Currently Pays Dividend Pass
5. Earnings Growth EPSmg greater than 5 years ago Pass

Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value

TSO value chart October 2015

EPSmg $6.45
MG Growth Estimate 15.00%
MG Value $248.25
Opinion Undervalued
MG Value based on 3% Growth $93.50
MG Value based on 0% Growth $54.81
Market Implied Growth Rate 3.58%
Current Price $100.96
% of Intrinsic Value 40.67%

Tesoro Corporation does not qualify for either the Enterprising Investor or the more conservative Defensive Investor.  The Defensive Investor is concerned with the low current ratio, inconsistent dividend history, and the insufficient earnings stability over the last ten years.  The Enterprising Investor is concerned by the level of debt relative to the current assets.  As a result, all value investors following the ModernGraham approach based on Benjamin Graham’s methods should explore other opportunities at this time or proceed with a cautious speculative attitude.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be undervalued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $1.55 in 2011 to an estimated $6.45 for 2015.  This level of demonstrated earnings growth is better than the market’s implied estimate of 3.58% annual earnings loss over the next 7-10 years.  As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on Benjamin Graham’s formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value above the price.

The next part of the analysis is up to individual investors, and requires discussion of the company’s prospects.  What do you think?  What value would you put on Tesoro Corporation (TSO)?  Where do you see the company going in the future?  Is there a company you like better?  Leave a comment on our Facebook page or mention @ModernGraham on Twitter to discuss.

Stage 3: Information for Further Research

TSO charts October 2015

Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) -$55.08
Graham Number $91.80
PEmg 15.66
Current Ratio 1.44
PB Ratio 2.64
Dividend Yield 1.44%
Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth 4

 

[/level-mg-stocks-screens-subscriber]

Useful Links:

ModernGraham tagged articles Morningstar
Google Finance MSN Money
Yahoo Finance Seeking Alpha
GuruFocus SEC Filings

Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures

Total Current Assets $4,898,000,000
Total Current Liabilities $3,404,000,000
Long-Term Debt $3,808,000,000
Total Assets $16,691,000,000
Intangible Assets $1,200,000,000
Total Liabilities $11,854,000,000
Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) 126,300,000

Earnings Per Share History

Next Fiscal Year Estimate $9.53
Dec14 $6.44
Dec13 $3.00
Dec12 $5.25
Dec11 $3.81
Dec10 -$0.21
Dec09 -$1.01
Dec08 $2.00
Dec07 $4.06
Dec06 $5.73
Dec05 $3.60
Dec04 $2.38
Dec03 $0.58
Dec02 -$0.97
Dec01 $1.05
Dec00 $0.88
Dec99 $0.96
Dec98 -$0.43
Dec97 $0.57
Dec96 $1.41
Dec95 $1.09

Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History

Next Fiscal Year Estimate $6.45
Dec14 $4.49
Dec13 $3.07
Dec12 $2.72
Dec11 $1.55
Dec10 $0.98
Dec09 $2.01
Dec08 $3.53
Dec07 $3.96
Dec06 $3.36
Dec05 $1.89
Dec04 $0.95
Dec03 $0.33
Dec02 $0.23
Dec01 $0.76
Dec00 $0.63
Dec99 $0.58

Recommended Reading:

Other ModernGraham posts about the company

14 Companies in the Spotlight This Week – 10/18/14
Tesoro Corporation Annual Stock Valuation – 2014 $TSO

Other ModernGraham posts about related companies

Cameron International Company Analysis – September 2015 Update $CAM
Halliburton Company Analysis – September 2015 Update $HAL
Kinder Morgan Inc. Analysis – September 2015 Update $KMI
Range Resources Corporation Analysis – August 2015 Update $RRC
Helmerich & Payne Inc. Analysis – August 2015 Update $HP
FMC Technologies Inc. Analysis – August 2015 Update $FTI
Denbury Resources Inc. Analysis – August 2015 Update $DNR
Western Refining Inc. Analysis – Initial Coverage $WNR
WPX Energy Inc. Analysis – 2015 Update $WPX
Marathon Petroleum Corporation Analysis – 2015 Update $MPC

Disclaimer:

The author did not hold a position in any company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.  See my current holdings here.  This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to a registered investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions.  ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner.  Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.

Tesoro Corporation Annual Stock Valuation – 2014 $TSO

tsologoBenjamin Graham taught that Intelligent Investors must do a thorough fundamental analysis of investment opportunities to determine their intrinsic value and inherent risk.  This is best done by utilizing a systematic approach to analysis that will provide investors with a sense of how a specific company compares to another company or by reviewing the 5 Highest Dividend Yields Among Undervalued Companies for the Defensive Investor – September 2014.  By using the ModernGraham method one can review a company’s historical accomplishments and determine an intrinsic value that can be compared across industries.  What follows is a specific look at how Tesoro Corporation (TSO) fares in the ModernGraham valuation model.

Company Profile (obtained from Google Finance): Tesoro Corporation (Tesoro), is an independent petroleum refiners and marketers in the United States. The Company’s subsidiaries, operating through two business segments: manufacture and sell transportation fuels. Its refining operating segment (refining), which operates seven refineries in the western United States, refines crude oil and other feedstocks into transportation fuels, such as gasoline, gasoline blendstocks, jet fuel and diesel fuel, as well as other products, including heavy fuel oils, liquefied petroleum gas, petroleum coke and asphalt. Its retail operating segment (retail) sells transportation fuels and convenience products In September 2013, the Company announced that it has completed the sale of all of its interests in Tesoro Hawaii, LLC to Hawaii Pacific Energy, LLC. In December 2013, Tesoro Corp closed the acquisition of the majority of the remaining Los Angeles logistics assets.
TSO Chart

TSO data by YCharts

Defensive Investor – must pass at least 6 of the following 7 tests: Score = 3/7

  1. Adequate Size of Enterprise – market capitalization of at least $2 billion - PASS
  2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition – current ratio greater than 2 - FAIL
  3. Earnings Stability – positive earnings per share for at least 10 straight years - FAIL
  4. Dividend Record – has paid a dividend for at least 10 straight years - FAIL
  5. Earnings Growth – earnings per share has increased by at least 1/3 over the last 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end of period - FAIL
  6. Moderate PEmg ratio – PEmg is less than 20 - PASS
  7. Moderate Price to Assets – PB ratio is less than 2.5 or PB x PEmg is less than 50 - PASS

Enterprising Investor – must pass at least 4 of the following 5 tests or be suitable for a defensive investor: Score = 3/5

  1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition, Part 1 – current ratio greater than 1.5 - PASS
  2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition, Part 2 – Debt to Net Current Assets ratio less than 1.1 - FAIL
  3. Earnings Stability – positive earnings per share for at least 5 years - FAIL
  4. Dividend Record – currently pays a dividend - PASS
  5. Earnings growth – EPSmg greater than 5 years ago - PASS

Valuation Summary

Key Data:

Recent Price $59.95
MG Value $151.84
MG Opinion Undervalued
Value Based on 3% Growth $57.19
Value Based on 0% Growth $33.52
Market Implied Growth Rate 3.35%
Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) -$29.57
PEmg 15.20
Current Ratio 1.53
PB Ratio 1.78

Balance Sheet – 6/30/2014

Current Assets $5,906,000,000
Current Liabilities $3,867,000,000
Total Debt $3,055,000,000
Total Assets $14,071,000,000
Intangible Assets $0
Total Liabilities $9,720,000,000
Outstanding Shares 129,000,000

Earnings Per Share

2014 (estimate) $4.80
2013 $3.00
2012 $5.25
2011 $3.81
2010 -$0.21
2009 -$1.01
2008 $2.00
2007 $4.06
2006 $5.73
2005 $4.06
2004 $2.52

Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham

2014 (estimate) $3.94
2013 $3.07
2012 $2.72
2011 $1.55
2010 $0.98
2009 $2.04

Dividend History
TSO Dividend Chart

TSO Dividend data by YCharts

Conclusion:

Tesoro Corporation is not suitable for either the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor.  The Defensive Investor has concerns with the company’s low current ratio, lack of stable dividend payments, and lack of earnings stability or growth over the last ten years.  The Enterprising Investor is similarly situated with concerns regarding the level of debt relative to the net current assets, and the lack of earnings stability over the last five years.  As a result, value investors following the ModernGraham approach based on Benjamin Graham’s methods should explore other opportunities at this time.  As for a valuation, the company appears to be undervalued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $0.98 in 2010 to an estimated $3.94 for 2014.  This level of demonstrated growth outpaces the market’s implied estimate of 3.35% earnings growth and leads the ModernGraham valuation model, based on Benjamin Graham’s formula, to return an estimate of intrinsic value above the price.

The next part of the analysis is up to individual investors, and requires discussion of the company’s prospects.  What do you think?  What value would you put on Tesoro Corporation (TSO)?  Where do you see the company going in the future?  Is there a company you like better?  Leave a comment on our Facebook page or mention @ModernGraham on Twitter to discuss.

Disclaimer:  The author did not hold a position in Tesoro Corporation (TSO) or in any other company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.  Logo taken from Wikipedia for the sole purpose of identifying the company; this article is not affiliated with the company in any manner.

Goldman Sachs Group Inc Valuation – April 2019 #GS

Company Profile (excerpt from Reuters): The Goldman Sachs Group, Inc., incorporated on July 21, 1998, is an investment banking, securities and investment management company that provides a range of financial services to corporations, financial institutions, governments and individuals. The Company operates in four business segments: Investment Banking, Institutional Client Services, Investing & Lending, and Investment Management. As of December 2016, it had offices in over 30 countries.

 

Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:

ModernGraham Valuation of GS – April 2019

Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?

What kind of Intelligent Investor are you?

Defensive Investor; must pass all 6 of the following tests.
1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise Market Cap > $2Bil $74,225,517,968 Pass
2. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 10 years prior Pass
3. Dividend Record Dividend Payments for 10 years prior Pass
4. Earnings Growth Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end 62.01% Pass
5. Moderate PEmg Ratio PEmg < 20 11.71 Pass
6. Moderate Price to Assets PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50 0.86 Pass
Enterprising Investor; must pass all 3 of the following tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.
1. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 5 years prior Pass
2. Dividend Record Currently Pays Dividend Pass
3. Earnings Growth EPSmg greater than 5 years ago Pass

 

Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value

EPSmg $17.28
MG Growth Estimate 3.68%
MG Value $274.01
Opinion Undervalued
MG Grade A-
MG Value based on 3% Growth $250.54
MG Value based on 0% Growth $146.87
Market Implied Growth Rate 1.61%
Current Price $202.38
% of Intrinsic Value 73.86%

Goldman Sachs Group Inc qualifies for both the Defensive Investor and the Enterprising Investor. In fact, the company meets all of the requirements of both investor types, a rare accomplishment indicative of the company’s strong financial position . The Enterprising Investor has no initial concerns. As a result, all value investors following the ModernGraham approach should feel comfortable proceeding with the analysis.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be Undervalued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $13.88 in 2015 to an estimated $17.28 for 2019. This level of demonstrated earnings growth outpaces the market’s implied estimate of 1.61% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on Benjamin Graham’s formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value above the price.

At the time of valuation, further research into Goldman Sachs Group Inc revealed the company was trading below its Graham Number of $287.24. The company pays a dividend of $3.15 per share, for a yield of 1.6% Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 11.71, which was below the industry average of 21.66, which by some methods of valuation makes it one of the most undervalued stocks in its industry.

Goldman Sachs Group Inc fares extremely well in the ModernGraham grading system, scoring an A-.

Stage 3: Information for Further Research

Graham Number $287.24
PEmg 11.71
PB Ratio 0.86
Dividend Yield 1.56%
TTM Dividend $3.15
Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth 7

Useful Links:

ModernGraham tagged articles Morningstar
Google Finance MSN Money
Yahoo Finance Seeking Alpha
GuruFocus SEC Filings

Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures

Balance Sheet Information 12/1/2018
Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation $245,582,000,000
Total Assets $931,796,000,000
Intangible Assets $4,082,000,000
Total Liabilities $841,611,000,000
Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) 383,900,000

Earnings Per Share History

EPS History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $17.27
Dec2018 $25.27
Dec2017 $9.01
Dec2016 $16.29
Dec2015 $12.14
Dec2014 $17.07
Dec2013 $15.46
Dec2012 $14.13
Dec2011 $4.51
Dec2010 $13.18
Dec2009 $22.13
Nov2008 $4.47
Nov2007 $24.73
Nov2006 $19.69
Nov2005 $11.21
Nov2004 $8.92
Nov2003 $5.87
Nov2002 $4.03
Nov2001 $4.26
Nov2000 $6.00
Nov1999 $5.57

Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History

EPSmg History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $17.28
Dec2018 $16.84
Dec2017 $13.08
Dec2016 $15.08
Dec2015 $13.88
Dec2014 $14.12
Dec2013 $13.06
Dec2012 $11.80
Dec2011 $11.69
Dec2010 $15.80
Dec2009 $16.89
Nov2008 $14.11
Nov2007 $17.32
Nov2006 $12.39
Nov2005 $8.11
Nov2004 $6.31
Nov2003 $5.05

Recommended Reading:

Other ModernGraham posts about the company

Goldman Sachs Group Inc Valuation – November 2018 $GS
Goldman Sachs Group Inc Valuation – February 2018 $GS
Goldman Sachs Group Inc Valuation – June 2016 $GS
10 Low PE Stocks for the Enterprising Investor – June 2016
Stocks Trading Below Their Graham Number – May 2016

Other ModernGraham posts about related companies

American Express Co Valuation – April 2019 #AXP
Broadridge Financial Solutions Inc Valuation – April 2019 #BR
T.Rowe Price Group Inc Valuation – March 2019 #TROW
Moody’s Corp Valuation – March 2019 #MCO
Charles Schwab Corp Valuation – March 2019 #SCHW
Willis Towers Watson PLC Valuation – March 2019 #WLTW
Paypal Holdings Inc Valuation – March 2019 #PYPL
Synchrony Financial Valuation – March 2019 #SYF
CBRE Group Inc Valuation – March 2019 #CBRE
Franklin Resources Inc Valuation – March 2019 #BEN

Disclaimer:

The author did not hold a position in any company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.  See my current holdings here.  This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to a registered investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions.  ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner.  Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.

American Express Co Valuation – April 2019 #AXP

Company Profile (excerpt from Reuters): American Express Company, incorporated on June 10, 1965, together with its subsidiaries, is a global services company. The Company’s principal products and services are charge and credit card products, and travel-related services offered to consumers and businesses around the world. The Company’s segments include the Global Consumer Services Group (GCSG), Global Merchant and Network Services (GMNS), and Global Commercial Services (GCS). The Company’s range of products and services includes network services; merchant acquisition and processing, servicing and settlement, and point-of-sale marketing and information products and services for merchants; other fee services, including fraud prevention services and the design and operation of customer loyalty programs; expense management products and services, and stored value/prepaid products.

 

Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:

ModernGraham Valuation of AXP – April 2019

Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?

What kind of Intelligent Investor are you?

Defensive Investor; must pass all 6 of the following tests.
1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise Market Cap > $2Bil $93,000,342,672 Pass
2. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 10 years prior Pass
3. Dividend Record Dividend Payments for 10 years prior Pass
4. Earnings Growth Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end 83.98% Pass
5. Moderate PEmg Ratio PEmg < 20 15.56 Pass
6. Moderate Price to Assets PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50 4.24 Fail
Enterprising Investor; must pass all 3 of the following tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.
1. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 5 years prior Pass
2. Dividend Record Currently Pays Dividend Pass
3. Earnings Growth EPSmg greater than 5 years ago Pass

 

Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value

EPSmg $7.13
MG Growth Estimate 6.66%
MG Value $155.42
Opinion Undervalued
MG Grade B-
MG Value based on 3% Growth $103.32
MG Value based on 0% Growth $60.57
Market Implied Growth Rate 3.53%
Current Price $110.86
% of Intrinsic Value 71.33%

American Express Company is suitable for the Enterprising Investor but not the more conservative Defensive Investor. The Defensive Investor is concerned with the high PB ratio. The Enterprising Investor has no initial concerns. As a result, all Enterprising Investors following the ModernGraham approach should feel comfortable proceeding with the analysis.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be Undervalued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $4.94 in 2015 to an estimated $7.13 for 2019. This level of demonstrated earnings growth outpaces the market’s implied estimate of 3.53% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on Benjamin Graham’s formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value above the price.

At the time of valuation, further research into American Express Company revealed the company was trading above its Graham Number of $76.95. The company pays a dividend of $1.48 per share, for a yield of 1.3% Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 15.56, which was below the industry average of 21.66, which by some methods of valuation makes it one of the most undervalued stocks in its industry.

American Express Company performs fairly well in the ModernGraham grading system, scoring a B-.

Stage 3: Information for Further Research

Graham Number $76.95
PEmg 15.56
PB Ratio 4.24
Dividend Yield 1.34%
TTM Dividend $1.48
Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth 3

Useful Links:

ModernGraham tagged articles Morningstar
Google Finance MSN Money
Yahoo Finance Seeking Alpha
GuruFocus SEC Filings

Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures

Balance Sheet Information 12/1/2018
Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation $58,423,000,000
Total Assets $188,602,000,000
Intangible Assets $3,347,000,000
Total Liabilities $166,312,000,000
Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) 853,000,000

Earnings Per Share History

EPS History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $10.00
Dec2018 $7.91
Dec2017 $2.99
Dec2016 $5.61
Dec2015 $5.05
Dec2014 $5.56
Dec2013 $4.88
Dec2012 $3.89
Dec2011 $4.12
Dec2010 $3.35
Dec2009 $1.54
Dec2008 $2.32
Dec2007 $3.36
Dec2006 $2.99
Dec2005 $2.97
Dec2004 $2.68
Dec2003 $2.30
Dec2002 $2.01
Dec2001 $0.98
Dec2000 $2.07
Dec1999 $1.81

Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History

EPSmg History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $7.13
Dec2018 $5.60
Dec2017 $4.57
Dec2016 $5.24
Dec2015 $4.94
Dec2014 $4.71
Dec2013 $4.04
Dec2012 $3.43
Dec2011 $3.11
Dec2010 $2.64
Dec2009 $2.40
Dec2008 $2.84
Dec2007 $3.02
Dec2006 $2.77
Dec2005 $2.50
Dec2004 $2.18
Dec2003 $1.90

Recommended Reading:

Other ModernGraham posts about the company

American Express Co Valuation – November 2018 $AXP
American Express Co. Valuation – February 2018 $AXP
5 Undervalued Dow Components to Research – March 2017
5 Undervalued Dow Components to Research – February 2017
10 Stocks for Using A Benjamin Graham Value Investing Strategy – January 2017

Other ModernGraham posts about related companies

Broadridge Financial Solutions Inc Valuation – April 2019 #BR
T.Rowe Price Group Inc Valuation – March 2019 #TROW
Moody’s Corp Valuation – March 2019 #MCO
Charles Schwab Corp Valuation – March 2019 #SCHW
Willis Towers Watson PLC Valuation – March 2019 #WLTW
Paypal Holdings Inc Valuation – March 2019 #PYPL
Synchrony Financial Valuation – March 2019 #SYF
CBRE Group Inc Valuation – March 2019 #CBRE
Franklin Resources Inc Valuation – March 2019 #BEN
S&P Global Inc Valuation – March 2019 #SPGI

Disclaimer:

The author did not hold a position in any company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.  See my current holdings here.  This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to a registered investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions.  ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner.  Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.

Broadridge Financial Solutions Inc Valuation – April 2019 #BR

Company Profile (excerpt from Reuters): Broadridge Financial Solutions, Inc. (Broadridge), incorporated on December 6, 2006, is a provider of investor communications and technology-driven solutions to banks, broker-dealers, mutual funds and corporate issuers. The Company’s segments include Investor Communication Solutions, and Global Technology and Operations. The Company’s services include investor and customer communications, securities processing, and data and analytics solutions. The Company delivers a range of solutions that helps its clients serve their retail and institutional customers across the entire investment lifecycle, including pre-trade, trade, and post-trade processing functionality. The Company serves a client base across four client groups: capital markets, asset management, wealth management and corporations.

 

Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:

ModernGraham Valuation of BR – April 2019

Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?

What kind of Intelligent Investor are you?

Defensive Investor; must pass 6 out of the following 7 tests.
1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise Market Cap > $2Bil $12,145,347,942 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 2 1.02 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 10 years prior Pass
4. Dividend Record Dividend Payments for 10 years prior Pass
5. Earnings Growth Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end 185.25% Pass
6. Moderate PEmg Ratio PEmg < 20 31.08 Fail
7. Moderate Price to Assets PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50 11.13 Fail
Enterprising Investor; must pass 4 out of the following 5 tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.
1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 1.5 1.02 Fail
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Debt to NCA < 1.1 78.56 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 5 years prior Pass
4. Dividend Record Currently Pays Dividend Pass
5. Earnings Growth EPSmg greater than 5 years ago Pass

 

Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value

EPSmg $3.37
MG Growth Estimate 11.73%
MG Value $107.83
Opinion Fairly Valued
MG Grade D
MG Value based on 3% Growth $48.93
MG Value based on 0% Growth $28.68
Market Implied Growth Rate 11.29%
Current Price $104.87
% of Intrinsic Value 97.25%

Broadridge Financial Solutions, Inc. does not satisfy the requirements of either the Enterprising Investor or the more conservative Defensive Investor. The Defensive Investor is concerned with the low current ratio, high PEmg and PB ratios. The Enterprising Investor has concerns regarding the level of debt relative to the current assets. As a result, all value investors following the ModernGraham approach should explore other opportunities at this time or proceed cautiously with a speculative attitude.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be Fairly Valued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $1.89 in 2015 to an estimated $3.37 for 2019. This level of demonstrated earnings growth supports the market’s implied estimate of 11.29% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on the Benjamin Graham value investing formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value within a margin of safety relative to the price.

At the time of valuation, further research into Broadridge Financial Solutions, Inc. revealed the company was trading above its Graham Number of $29.75. The company pays a dividend of $1.46 per share, for a yield of 1.4% Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 31.08, which was above the industry average of 21.66. Finally, the company was trading above its Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) of $-10.65.

Broadridge Financial Solutions, Inc. scores quite poorly in the ModernGraham grading system, with an overall grade of D.

Stage 3: Information for Further Research

Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) -$10.65
Graham Number $29.75
PEmg 31.08
Current Ratio 1.02
PB Ratio 11.13
Current Dividend $1.46
Dividend Yield 1.39%
Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth 12

Useful Links:

ModernGraham tagged articles Morningstar
Google Finance MSN Money
Yahoo Finance Seeking Alpha
GuruFocus SEC Filings

Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures

Balance Sheet Information 12/1/2018
Total Current Assets $966,400,000
Total Current Liabilities $951,200,000
Long-Term Debt $1,194,100,000
Total Assets $3,357,600,000
Intangible Assets $1,699,700,000
Total Liabilities $2,235,000,000
Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) 119,100,000

Earnings Per Share History

EPS History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $4.18
Jun2018 $3.56
Jun2017 $2.70
Jun2016 $2.53
Jun2015 $2.32
Jun2014 $2.12
Jun2013 $1.69
Jun2012 $0.97
Jun2011 $1.32
Jun2010 $1.37
Jun2009 $1.58
Jun2008 $1.36
Jun2007 $1.42
Jun2006 $1.20

Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History

EPSmg History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $3.37
Jun2018 $2.86
Jun2017 $2.43
Jun2016 $2.18
Jun2015 $1.89
Jun2014 $1.62
Jun2013 $1.37
Jun2012 $1.25
Jun2011 $1.40
Jun2010 $1.42
Jun2009 $1.33
Jun2008 $1.07
Jun2007 $0.79
Jun2006 $0.40

Recommended Reading:

Other ModernGraham posts about the company

None. This is the first time ModernGraham has covered the company.

Other ModernGraham posts about related companies

T.Rowe Price Group Inc Valuation – March 2019 #TROW
Moody’s Corp Valuation – March 2019 #MCO
Charles Schwab Corp Valuation – March 2019 #SCHW
Willis Towers Watson PLC Valuation – March 2019 #WLTW
Paypal Holdings Inc Valuation – March 2019 #PYPL
Synchrony Financial Valuation – March 2019 #SYF
CBRE Group Inc Valuation – March 2019 #CBRE
Franklin Resources Inc Valuation – March 2019 #BEN
S&P Global Inc Valuation – March 2019 #SPGI
Equifax Inc Valuation – March 2019 #EFX

Disclaimer:

The author did not hold a position in any company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.  See my current holdings here.  This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to a registered investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions.  ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner.  Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.

T.Rowe Price Group Inc Valuation – March 2019 #TROW

Company Profile (excerpt from Reuters): T. Rowe Price Group, Inc., incorporated on February 4, 2000, is a financial services holding company. The Company provides global investment management services through its subsidiaries to investors across the world. The Company provides an array of Company sponsored the United States mutual funds, other sponsored pooled investment vehicles, sub advisory services, separate account management, recordkeeping, and related services to individuals, advisors, institutions, financial intermediaries and retirement plan sponsors.

 

Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:

ModernGraham Valuation of TROW – March 2019

Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?

What kind of Intelligent Investor are you?

Defensive Investor; must pass 6 out of the following 7 tests.
1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise Market Cap > $2Bil $23,699,005,370 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 2 6.99 Pass
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 10 years prior Pass
4. Dividend Record Dividend Payments for 10 years prior Pass
5. Earnings Growth Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end 119.75% Pass
6. Moderate PEmg Ratio PEmg < 20 16.37 Pass
7. Moderate Price to Assets PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50 3.97 Fail
Enterprising Investor; must pass 4 out of the following 5 tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.
1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 1.5 6.99 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Debt to NCA < 1.1 0.00 Pass
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 5 years prior Pass
4. Dividend Record Currently Pays Dividend Pass
5. Earnings Growth EPSmg greater than 5 years ago Pass

 

Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value

EPSmg $6.11
MG Growth Estimate 6.95%
MG Value $136.92
Opinion Undervalued
MG Grade A
MG Value based on 3% Growth $88.66
MG Value based on 0% Growth $51.97
Market Implied Growth Rate 3.94%
Current Price $100.12
% of Intrinsic Value 73.12%

T. Rowe Price Group Inc qualifies for both the Defensive Investor and the Enterprising Investor. The Defensive Investor is only initially concerned with the high PB ratio. The Enterprising Investor has no initial concerns. As a result, all value investors following the ModernGraham approach should feel comfortable proceeding with the analysis.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be Undervalued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $4.18 in 2015 to an estimated $6.11 for 2019. This level of demonstrated earnings growth outpaces the market’s implied estimate of 3.94% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on the Benjamin Graham value investing formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value above the price.

At the time of valuation, further research into T. Rowe Price Group Inc revealed the company was trading above its Graham Number of $59.52. The company pays a dividend of $2.8 per share, for a yield of 2.8%, putting it among the best dividend paying stocks today. Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 16.37, which was below the industry average of 21.22, which by some methods of valuation makes it one of the most undervalued stocks in its industry. Finally, the company was trading above its Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) of $1.69.

T. Rowe Price Group Inc fares extremely well in the ModernGraham grading system, scoring an A.

Stage 3: Information for Further Research

Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) $1.69
Graham Number $59.52
PEmg 16.37
Current Ratio 6.99
PB Ratio 3.97
Current Dividend $2.80
Dividend Yield 2.80%
Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth 20

Useful Links:

ModernGraham tagged articles Morningstar
Google Finance MSN Money
Yahoo Finance Seeking Alpha
GuruFocus SEC Filings

Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures

Balance Sheet Information 12/1/2018
Total Current Assets $1,974,800,000
Total Current Liabilities $282,700,000
Long-Term Debt $0
Total Assets $7,689,300,000
Intangible Assets $665,700,000
Total Liabilities $1,565,000,000
Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) 243,000,000

Earnings Per Share History

EPS History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $6.12
Dec2018 $7.27
Dec2017 $5.97
Dec2016 $4.75
Dec2015 $4.63
Dec2014 $4.55
Dec2013 $3.90
Dec2012 $3.36
Dec2011 $2.92
Dec2010 $2.53
Dec2009 $1.65
Dec2008 $1.82
Dec2007 $2.40
Dec2006 $1.90
Dec2005 $1.58
Dec2004 $1.26
Dec2003 $0.88
Dec2002 $0.76
Dec2001 $0.76
Dec2000 $1.04
Dec1999 $0.93

Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History

EPSmg History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $6.11
Dec2018 $5.89
Dec2017 $5.05
Dec2016 $4.47
Dec2015 $4.18
Dec2014 $3.79
Dec2013 $3.23
Dec2012 $2.75
Dec2011 $2.38
Dec2010 $2.09
Dec2009 $1.87
Dec2008 $1.92
Dec2007 $1.85
Dec2006 $1.47
Dec2005 $1.19
Dec2004 $0.98
Dec2003 $0.85

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Disclaimer:

The author did not hold a position in any company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.  See my current holdings here.  This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to a registered investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions.  ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner.  Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.

Moody’s Corp Valuation – March 2019 #MCO

Company Profile (excerpt from Reuters): Moody’s Corporation (Moody’s), incorporated on June 2, 2000, is a provider of credit ratings; credit, capital markets and economic related research, data and analytical tools; software solutions and related risk management services, quantitative credit risk measures, financial services training and certification services, and research and analytical services to financial institution customers. The Company operates in two segments: Moody’s Investors Service (MIS) and Moody’s Analytics (MA). The Company’s MIS segment consists of the Company’s ratings operations. The Company’s MA segment develops a range of products and services that support financial analysis and risk management activities of institutional participants in financial markets.

 

Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:

ModernGraham Valuation of MCO – March 2019

Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?

What kind of Intelligent Investor are you?

Defensive Investor; must pass 6 out of the following 7 tests.
1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise Market Cap > $2Bil $33,481,677,645 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 2 1.61 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 10 years prior Pass
4. Dividend Record Dividend Payments for 10 years prior Pass
5. Earnings Growth Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end 146.68% Pass
6. Moderate PEmg Ratio PEmg < 20 31.24 Fail
7. Moderate Price to Assets PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50 52.53 Fail
Enterprising Investor; must pass 4 out of the following 5 tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.
1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 1.5 1.61 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Debt to NCA < 1.1 4.06 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 5 years prior Pass
4. Dividend Record Currently Pays Dividend Pass
5. Earnings Growth EPSmg greater than 5 years ago Pass

 

Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value

EPSmg $5.68
MG Growth Estimate 5.95%
MG Value $115.79
Opinion Overvalued
MG Grade C-
MG Value based on 3% Growth $82.32
MG Value based on 0% Growth $48.26
Market Implied Growth Rate 11.37%
Current Price $177.38
% of Intrinsic Value 153.19%

Moody’s Corporation is suitable for the Enterprising Investor but not the more conservative Defensive Investor. The Defensive Investor is concerned with the low current ratio, high PEmg and PB ratios. The Enterprising Investor is only concerned with the level of debt relative to the net current assets. As a result, all Enterprising Investors following the ModernGraham approach should feel comfortable proceeding with the analysis.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be Overvalued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $4.07 in 2015 to an estimated $5.68 for 2019. This level of demonstrated earnings growth does not support the market’s implied estimate of 11.37% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on the Benjamin Graham value investing formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value below the price.

At the time of valuation, further research into Moody’s Corporation revealed the company was trading above its Graham Number of $19.55. The company pays a dividend of $1.76 per share, for a yield of 1% Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 31.24, which was above the industry average of 21.22. Finally, the company was trading above its Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) of $-28.2.

Moody’s Corporation receives an average overall rating in the ModernGraham grading system, scoring a C-.

Stage 3: Information for Further Research

Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) -$28.20
Graham Number $19.55
PEmg 31.24
Current Ratio 1.61
PB Ratio 52.53
Current Dividend $1.76
Dividend Yield 0.99%
Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth 9

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Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures

Balance Sheet Information 12/1/2018
Total Current Assets $3,386,900,000
Total Current Liabilities $2,098,500,000
Long-Term Debt $5,226,100,000
Total Assets $9,526,200,000
Intangible Assets $5,347,400,000
Total Liabilities $8,869,700,000
Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) 194,400,000

Earnings Per Share History

EPS History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $7.08
Dec2018 $6.74
Dec2017 $5.15
Dec2016 $1.36
Dec2015 $4.63
Dec2014 $4.61
Dec2013 $3.60
Dec2012 $3.05
Dec2011 $2.49
Dec2010 $2.15
Dec2009 $1.69
Dec2008 $1.87
Dec2007 $2.58
Dec2006 $2.58
Dec2005 $1.84
Dec2004 $1.40
Dec2003 $1.19
Dec2002 $0.92
Dec2001 $0.66
Dec2000 $0.49
Dec1999 $0.48

Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History

EPSmg History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $5.68
Dec2018 $4.82
Dec2017 $3.86
Dec2016 $3.29
Dec2015 $4.07
Dec2014 $3.58
Dec2013 $2.91
Dec2012 $2.46
Dec2011 $2.16
Dec2010 $2.06
Dec2009 $2.04
Dec2008 $2.17
Dec2007 $2.18
Dec2006 $1.85
Dec2005 $1.39
Dec2004 $1.09
Dec2003 $0.87

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Other ModernGraham posts about the company

Moody’s Corporation – June 2018 $MCO
Moody’s Corporation Valuation – March 2017 $MCO
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Moody’s Corporation Valuation – August 2016 $MCO
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Disclaimer:

The author did not hold a position in any company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.  See my current holdings here.  This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to a registered investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions.  ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner.  Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.

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