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Northern Trust Corp Valuation – March 2019 #NTRS

Company Profile (excerpt from Reuters): Northern Trust Corporation, incorporated on August 23, 1971, is a financial holding company. The Company provides asset servicing, fund administration, asset management, fiduciary and banking solutions for corporations, institutions, families and individuals around the world. The Company’s segments include Corporate & Institutional Services (C&IS), Wealth Management, and Treasury and Other. The Company conducts its business through various subsidiaries, including The Northern Trust Company (Bank). The Asset Management business, through the Company’s subsidiaries, supports the C&IS and Wealth Management segments by providing a range of asset management and related services, and other products to customers around the world.

 

Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:

ModernGraham Valuation of NTRS – March 2019

Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?

What kind of Intelligent Investor are you?

Defensive Investor; must pass all 6 of the following tests.
1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise Market Cap > $2Bil $20,238,028,921 Pass
2. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 10 years prior Pass
3. Dividend Record Dividend Payments for 10 years prior Pass
4. Earnings Growth Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end 121.45% Pass
5. Moderate PEmg Ratio PEmg < 20 16.36 Pass
6. Moderate Price to Assets PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50 1.95 Pass
Enterprising Investor; must pass all 3 of the following tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.
1. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 5 years prior Pass
2. Dividend Record Currently Pays Dividend Pass
3. Earnings Growth EPSmg greater than 5 years ago Pass

 

Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value

EPSmg $5.66
MG Growth Estimate 10.34%
MG Value $165.23
Opinion Undervalued
MG Grade B+
MG Value based on 3% Growth $82.12
MG Value based on 0% Growth $48.14
Market Implied Growth Rate 3.93%
Current Price $92.66
% of Intrinsic Value 56.08%

Northern Trust Corporation qualifies for both the Defensive Investor and the Enterprising Investor. In fact, the company meets all of the requirements of both investor types, a rare accomplishment indicative of the company’s strong financial position . The Enterprising Investor has no initial concerns. As a result, all value investors following the ModernGraham approach should feel comfortable proceeding with the analysis.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be Undervalued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $3.35 in 2015 to an estimated $5.66 for 2019. This level of demonstrated earnings growth outpaces the market’s implied estimate of 3.93% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on Benjamin Graham’s formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value above the price.

At the time of valuation, further research into Northern Trust Corporation revealed the company was trading above its Graham Number of $78.3. The company pays a dividend of $1.94 per share, for a yield of 2.1%, putting it among the best dividend paying stocks today. Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 16.36, which was below the industry average of 21.22, which by some methods of valuation makes it one of the most undervalued stocks in its industry.

Northern Trust Corporation performs fairly well in the ModernGraham grading system, scoring a B+.

Stage 3: Information for Further Research

Graham Number $78.30
PEmg 16.36
PB Ratio 1.95
Dividend Yield 2.09%
TTM Dividend $1.94
Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth 7

Useful Links:

ModernGraham tagged articles Morningstar
Google Finance MSN Money
Yahoo Finance Seeking Alpha
GuruFocus SEC Filings

Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures

Balance Sheet Information 12/1/2018
Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation $11,303,000,000
Total Assets $132,212,500,000
Intangible Assets $669,300,000
Total Liabilities $121,704,200,000
Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) 221,469,000

Earnings Per Share History

EPS History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $6.20
Dec2018 $6.64
Dec2017 $4.92
Dec2016 $4.32
Dec2015 $3.99
Dec2014 $3.32
Dec2013 $2.99
Dec2012 $2.81
Dec2011 $2.47
Dec2010 $2.74
Dec2009 $3.16
Dec2008 $3.47
Dec2007 $3.24
Dec2006 $3.00
Dec2005 $2.64
Dec2004 $2.27
Dec2003 $1.80
Dec2002 $1.97
Dec2001 $2.11
Dec2000 $2.08
Dec1999 $1.74

Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History

EPSmg History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $5.66
Dec2018 $5.14
Dec2017 $4.23
Dec2016 $3.75
Dec2015 $3.35
Dec2014 $2.98
Dec2013 $2.82
Dec2012 $2.80
Dec2011 $2.86
Dec2010 $3.08
Dec2009 $3.20
Dec2008 $3.12
Dec2007 $2.83
Dec2006 $2.53
Dec2005 $2.25
Dec2004 $2.05
Dec2003 $1.94

Recommended Reading:

Other ModernGraham posts about the company

Northern Trust Corp Valuation – April 2018 $NTRS
7 Best Stocks For Value Investors This Week – 7/30/16
Northern Trust Corp Valuation – July 2016 $NTRS
18 Best Stocks For Value Investors This Week – 1/30/16
Northern Trust Corp Valuation – January 2016 Update $NTRS

Other ModernGraham posts about related companies

Affiliated Managers Group Inc Valuation – February 2019 $AMG
Bank of New York Mellon Corp Valuation – February 2019 $BK
Western Union Co Valuation – February 2019 $WU
Raymond James Financial Valuation – February 2019 $RJF
Nasdaq Inc Valuation – February 2019 $NDAQ
E*Trade Financial Corp Valuation – January 2019 $ETFC
Marsh & McLennan Companies Inc Valuation – January 2019 $MMC
Intercontinental Exchange Inc Valuation – January 2019 $ICE
H&R Block Inc Valuation – January 2019 $HRB
State Street Corp Valuation – January 2019 $STT

Disclaimer:

The author did not hold a position in any company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.  See my current holdings here.  This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to a registered investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions.  ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner.  Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.

Affiliated Managers Group Inc Valuation – February 2019 $AMG

Company Profile (excerpt from Reuters): Affiliated Managers Group, Inc., incorporated on December 29, 1993, is an asset management company with equity investments in boutique investment management firms (Affiliates). The Company is focused on investing around the globe in investment management firms that manage active return-oriented strategies, including traditional, alternative and wealth management firms. The Company operates through three business segments, which represent its principal distribution channels: Institutional, Mutual Fund and High Net Worth. The equity method investments in the Institutional distribution channel are made in relationships with public and private client entities, including foundations, endowments, sovereign wealth funds and retirement plans for corporations and municipalities. The equity method investments in the Mutual Fund distribution channel are made in advisory or sub-advisory relationships with active return-oriented mutual funds, Undertakings for Collective Investment in Transferable Securities (UCITS) and other retail products. The equity method investments in the High Net Worth distribution channel are made in relationships with high net worth and ultra-high net worth individuals, families, trusts, foundations, endowments and retirement plans.

 

Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:

ModernGraham Valuation of AMG – February 2019

Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?

What kind of Intelligent Investor are you?

Defensive Investor; must pass 6 out of the following 7 tests.
1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise Market Cap > $2Bil $5,732,676,828 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 2 1.45 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 10 years prior Pass
4. Dividend Record Dividend Payments for 10 years prior Fail
5. Earnings Growth Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end 224.67% Pass
6. Moderate PEmg Ratio PEmg < 20 11.23 Pass
7. Moderate Price to Assets PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50 1.40 Pass
Enterprising Investor; must pass 4 out of the following 5 tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.
1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 1.5 1.45 Fail
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Debt to NCA < 1.1 5.40 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 5 years prior Pass
4. Dividend Record Currently Pays Dividend Pass
5. Earnings Growth EPSmg greater than 5 years ago Pass

 

Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value

EPSmg $9.81
MG Growth Estimate 5.82%
MG Value $197.46
Opinion Undervalued
MG Grade C+
MG Value based on 3% Growth $142.18
MG Value based on 0% Growth $83.35
Market Implied Growth Rate 1.37%
Current Price $110.14
% of Intrinsic Value 55.78%

Affiliated Managers Group, Inc. does not satisfy the requirements of either the Enterprising Investor or the more conservative Defensive Investor. The Defensive Investor is concerned with the low current ratio, poor dividend history. The Enterprising Investor has concerns regarding the level of debt relative to the current assets. As a result, all value investors following the ModernGraham approach should explore other opportunities at this time or proceed cautiously with a speculative attitude.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be Undervalued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $7.06 in 2015 to an estimated $9.81 for 2019. This level of demonstrated earnings growth outpaces the market’s implied estimate of 1.37% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on the Benjamin Graham value investing formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value above the price.

At the time of valuation, further research into Affiliated Managers Group, Inc. revealed the company was trading below its Graham Number of $140.26. The company pays a dividend of $1.2 per share, for a yield of 1.1% Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 11.23, which was below the industry average of 20.29, which by some methods of valuation makes it one of the most undervalued stocks in its industry. Finally, the company was trading above its Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) of $-56.9.

Affiliated Managers Group, Inc. receives an average overall rating in the ModernGraham grading system, scoring a C+.

Stage 3: Information for Further Research

Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) -$56.90
Graham Number $140.26
PEmg 11.23
Current Ratio 1.45
PB Ratio 1.40
Current Dividend $1.20
Dividend Yield 1.09%
Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth 2

Useful Links:

ModernGraham tagged articles Morningstar
Google Finance MSN Money
Yahoo Finance Seeking Alpha
GuruFocus SEC Filings

Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures

Balance Sheet Information 12/1/2018
Total Current Assets $1,085,400,000
Total Current Liabilities $746,600,000
Long-Term Debt $1,829,600,000
Total Assets $8,219,100,000
Intangible Assets $3,943,300,000
Total Liabilities $4,084,200,000
Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) 52,700,000

Earnings Per Share History

EPS History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $13.32
Dec2018 $4.52
Dec2017 $12.03
Dec2016 $8.57
Dec2015 $9.17
Dec2014 $7.70
Dec2013 $6.55
Dec2012 $3.28
Dec2011 $3.11
Dec2010 $2.81
Dec2009 $1.38
Dec2008 -$0.03
Dec2007 $4.55
Dec2006 $3.74
Dec2005 $2.81
Dec2004 $2.02
Dec2003 $1.05
Dec2002 $1.65
Dec2001 $1.47
Dec2000 $1.66
Dec1999 $2.12

Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History

EPSmg History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $9.81
Dec2018 $8.16
Dec2017 $9.59
Dec2016 $7.93
Dec2015 $7.06
Dec2014 $5.57
Dec2013 $4.15
Dec2012 $2.67
Dec2011 $2.36
Dec2010 $2.15
Dec2009 $2.05
Dec2008 $2.46
Dec2007 $3.42
Dec2006 $2.65
Dec2005 $2.00
Dec2004 $1.59
Dec2003 $1.45

Recommended Reading:

Other ModernGraham posts about the company

Affiliated Managers Group Inc Valuation – May 2018 $AMG
Affiliated Managers Group Inc Valuation – January 2017 $AMG
Affiliated Managers Group Analysis – Initial Coverage $AMG

Other ModernGraham posts about related companies

Raymond James Financial Valuation – February 2019 $RJF
Nasdaq Inc Valuation – February 2019 $NDAQ
E*Trade Financial Corp Valuation – January 2019 $ETFC
Marsh & McLennan Companies Inc Valuation – January 2019 $MMC
Intercontinental Exchange Inc Valuation – January 2019 $ICE
H&R Block Inc Valuation – January 2019 $HRB
State Street Corp Valuation – January 2019 $STT
Morgan Stanley Valuation – January 2019 $MS
MSCI Inc Valuation – January 2019 $MSCI
BlackRock Inc Valuation – January 2019 $BLK

Disclaimer:

The author did not hold a position in any company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.  See my current holdings here.  This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to a registered investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions.  ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner.  Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.

Bank of New York Mellon Corp Valuation – February 2019 $BK

Company Profile (excerpt from Reuters): The Bank of New York Mellon Corporation, incorporated on February 9, 2007, is a global investments company. The Company is focused on helping its clients manage and service their financial assets throughout the investment lifecycle. It provides financial services for institutions, corporations or individual investors. It allows clients to create, trade, hold, manage, service, distribute or restructure investments. The Company operates businesses through two segments: Investment Management and Investment Services. The Company also has an Other segment, which includes the leasing portfolio, corporate treasury activities (including its investment securities portfolio), derivatives and other trading, corporate and bank-owned life insurance and renewable energy investments, and business exits. As of September 30, 2018, the Company had $34.5 trillion in assets under custody and/or administration and $1.8 trillion in assets under management.

 

Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:

ModernGraham Valuation of BK – February 2019

Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?

What kind of Intelligent Investor are you?

Defensive Investor; must pass all 6 of the following tests.
1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise Market Cap > $2Bil $52,474,421,623 Pass
2. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 10 years prior Pass
3. Dividend Record Dividend Payments for 10 years prior Pass
4. Earnings Growth Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end 97.25% Pass
5. Moderate PEmg Ratio PEmg < 20 14.41 Pass
6. Moderate Price to Assets PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50 1.34 Pass
Enterprising Investor; must pass all 3 of the following tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.
1. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 5 years prior Pass
2. Dividend Record Currently Pays Dividend Pass
3. Earnings Growth EPSmg greater than 5 years ago Pass

 

Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value

EPSmg $3.68
MG Growth Estimate 10.24%
MG Value $106.77
Opinion Undervalued
MG Grade A-
MG Value based on 3% Growth $53.41
MG Value based on 0% Growth $31.31
Market Implied Growth Rate 2.95%
Current Price $53.07
% of Intrinsic Value 49.70%

Bank of New York Mellon Corp qualifies for both the Defensive Investor and the Enterprising Investor. In fact, the company meets all of the requirements of both investor types, a rare accomplishment indicative of the company’s strong financial position . The Enterprising Investor has no initial concerns. As a result, all value investors following the ModernGraham approach should feel comfortable proceeding with the analysis.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be Undervalued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $2.19 in 2015 to an estimated $3.68 for 2019. This level of demonstrated earnings growth outpaces the market’s implied estimate of 2.95% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on Benjamin Graham’s formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value above the price.

At the time of valuation, further research into Bank of New York Mellon Corp revealed the company was trading below its Graham Number of $59.25. The company pays a dividend of $1.04 per share, for a yield of 2% Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 14.41, which was below the industry average of 20.29, which by some methods of valuation makes it one of the most undervalued stocks in its industry.

Bank of New York Mellon Corp fares extremely well in the ModernGraham grading system, scoring an A-.

Stage 3: Information for Further Research

Graham Number $59.25
PEmg 14.41
PB Ratio 1.34
Dividend Yield 1.96%
TTM Dividend $1.04
Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth 8

Useful Links:

ModernGraham tagged articles Morningstar
Google Finance MSN Money
Yahoo Finance Seeking Alpha
GuruFocus SEC Filings

Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures

Balance Sheet Information 12/1/2018
Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation $29,163,000,000
Total Assets $362,873,000,000
Intangible Assets $20,570,000,000
Total Liabilities $322,134,000,000
Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) 1,030,404,000

Earnings Per Share History

EPS History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $4.04
Dec2018 $3.72
Dec2017 $3.72
Dec2016 $3.15
Dec2015 $2.71
Dec2014 $2.15
Dec2013 $1.73
Dec2012 $1.73
Dec2011 $2.03
Dec2010 $2.06
Dec2009 -$1.16
Dec2008 $1.20
Dec2007 $2.18
Dec2006 $3.94
Dec2005 $2.03
Dec2004 $1.85
Dec2003 $1.52
Dec2002 $1.24
Dec2001 $1.81
Dec2000 $1.92
Dec1999 $2.27

Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History

EPSmg History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $3.68
Dec2018 $3.37
Dec2017 $3.02
Dec2016 $2.55
Dec2015 $2.19
Dec2014 $1.93
Dec2013 $1.64
Dec2012 $1.46
Dec2011 $1.30
Dec2010 $1.17
Dec2009 $1.03
Dec2008 $2.16
Dec2007 $2.53
Dec2006 $2.51
Dec2005 $1.76
Dec2004 $1.64
Dec2003 $1.61

Recommended Reading:

Other ModernGraham posts about the company

Bank of New York Mellon Corp Valuation – May 2018 $BK
15 Best Stocks for Value Investors This Week – 1/14/17
Bank of New York Mellon Corp Valuation – January 2017 $BK
10 Stocks for Using A Benjamin Graham Value Investing Strategy – August 2016
5 Best Undervalued Stocks of the Week – 8/14/16

Other ModernGraham posts about related companies

Western Union Co Valuation – February 2019 $WU
Raymond James Financial Valuation – February 2019 $RJF
Nasdaq Inc Valuation – February 2019 $NDAQ
E*Trade Financial Corp Valuation – January 2019 $ETFC
Marsh & McLennan Companies Inc Valuation – January 2019 $MMC
Intercontinental Exchange Inc Valuation – January 2019 $ICE
H&R Block Inc Valuation – January 2019 $HRB
State Street Corp Valuation – January 2019 $STT
Morgan Stanley Valuation – January 2019 $MS
MSCI Inc Valuation – January 2019 $MSCI

Disclaimer:

The author did not hold a position in any company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.  See my current holdings here.  This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to a registered investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions.  ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner.  Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.

Western Union Co Valuation – February 2019 $WU

Company Profile (excerpt from Reuters): The Western Union Company (Western Union), incorporated on February 17, 2006, is a provider of money movement and payment services. The Company operates through three segments: Consumer-to-Consumer, Consumer-to-Business and Business Solutions. Western Union’s Consumer-to-Consumer segment is engaged in individual money transfers from one consumer to another. The Company’s Consumer-to-Business segment provides options to make one-time or recurring payments from consumers to businesses and other organizations, including utilities, auto finance companies, mortgage servicers, financial service providers and government agencies. Western Union’s Business Solutions segment facilitates payment and foreign exchange solutions, primarily cross-border, cross-currency transactions, for small and medium size enterprises and other organizations and individuals.

 

Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:

ModernGraham Valuation of WU – February 2019

Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?

What kind of Intelligent Investor are you?

 

Defensive Investor; must pass 6 out of the following 7 tests.
1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise Market Cap > $2Bil $7,879,832,269 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 2 0.88 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 10 years prior Fail
4. Dividend Record Dividend Payments for 10 years prior Pass
5. Earnings Growth Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end -48.67% Fail
6. Moderate PEmg Ratio PEmg < 20 17.06 Pass
7. Moderate Price to Assets PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50 -25.68 Fail
Enterprising Investor; must pass 4 out of the following 5 tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.
1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 1.5 0.88 Fail
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Debt to NCA < 1.1 -5.32 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 5 years prior Fail
4. Dividend Record Currently Pays Dividend Pass
5. Earnings Growth EPSmg greater than 5 years ago Fail

 

Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value

EPSmg $1.05
MG Growth Estimate -4.25%
MG Value $0.00
Opinion Overvalued
MG Grade D+
MG Value based on 3% Growth $15.18
MG Value based on 0% Growth $8.90
Market Implied Growth Rate 4.28%
Current Price $17.86
% of Intrinsic Value N/A

The Western Union Company does not satisfy the requirements of either the Enterprising Investor or the more conservative Defensive Investor. The Defensive Investor is concerned with the low current ratio, insufficient earnings stability or growth over the last ten years, and the high PB ratio. The Enterprising Investor has concerns regarding the level of debt relative to the current assets, and the lack of earnings stability or growth over the last five years. As a result, all value investors following the ModernGraham approach should explore other opportunities at this time or proceed cautiously with a speculative attitude.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be Overvalued after seeing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) decline from $1.6 in 2015 to an estimated $1.05 for 2019. This level of demonstrated earnings growth does not support the market’s implied estimate of 4.28% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on the Benjamin Graham value investing formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value below the price.

At the time of valuation, further research into The Western Union Company revealed the company was trading above its Graham Number of $0. The company pays a dividend of $0.76 per share, for a yield of 4.3%, putting it among the best dividend paying stocks today. Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 17.06, which was below the industry average of 20.29, which by some methods of valuation makes it one of the most undervalued stocks in its industry. Finally, the company was trading above its Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) of $-10.15.

The Western Union Company scores quite poorly in the ModernGraham grading system, with an overall grade of D+.

Stage 3: Information for Further Research

Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) -$10.15
Graham Number $0.00
PEmg 17.06
Current Ratio 0.88
PB Ratio -25.68
Current Dividend $0.76
Dividend Yield 4.26%
Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth 4

Useful Links:

 

ModernGraham tagged articles Morningstar
Google Finance MSN Money
Yahoo Finance Seeking Alpha
GuruFocus SEC Filings

Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures

Balance Sheet Information 12/1/2018
Total Current Assets $4,787,200,000
Total Current Liabilities $5,432,700,000
Long-Term Debt $3,433,700,000
Total Assets $8,996,800,000
Intangible Assets $3,323,200,000
Total Liabilities $9,306,600,000
Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) 445,400,000

Earnings Per Share History

EPS History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $1.83
Dec2018 $1.87
Dec2017 -$1.19
Dec2016 $0.51
Dec2015 $1.62
Dec2014 $1.59
Dec2013 $1.43
Dec2012 $1.69
Dec2011 $1.84
Dec2010 $1.36
Dec2009 $1.21
Dec2008 $1.24
Dec2007 $1.11
Dec2006 $1.19
Dec2005 $1.21
Dec2004 $0.00
Dec2003 $0.00
Dec2002 $0.65

Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History

EPSmg History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $1.05
Dec2018 $0.73
Dec2017 $0.37
Dec2016 $1.22
Dec2015 $1.60
Dec2014 $1.59
Dec2013 $1.56
Dec2012 $1.57
Dec2011 $1.46
Dec2010 $1.25
Dec2009 $1.20
Dec2008 $1.11
Dec2007 $0.93
Dec2006 $0.76
Dec2005 $0.49
Dec2004 $0.13
Dec2003 $0.17

Recommended Reading:

Other ModernGraham posts about the company

The Western Union Co Valuation – April 2018 $WU
The Western Union Company Valuation – December 2016 $WU
Western Union Company Analysis – 2015 Update $WU
19 Companies in the Spotlight This Week – 8/9/14
The Western Union Company Annual Valuation – 2014 $WU

Other ModernGraham posts about related companies

Raymond James Financial Valuation – February 2019 $RJF
Nasdaq Inc Valuation – February 2019 $NDAQ
E*Trade Financial Corp Valuation – January 2019 $ETFC
Marsh & McLennan Companies Inc Valuation – January 2019 $MMC
Intercontinental Exchange Inc Valuation – January 2019 $ICE
H&R Block Inc Valuation – January 2019 $HRB
State Street Corp Valuation – January 2019 $STT
Morgan Stanley Valuation – January 2019 $MS
MSCI Inc Valuation – January 2019 $MSCI
BlackRock Inc Valuation – January 2019 $BLK

Disclaimer:

The author did not hold a position in any company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.  See my current holdings here.  This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to a registered investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions.  ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner.  Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.

Raymond James Financial Valuation – February 2019 $RJF

Company Profile (excerpt from Reuters): Raymond James Financial, Inc. (RJF), incorporated on January 24, 1974, is a financial holding company. The Company’s subsidiaries include Raymond James & Associates, Inc. (RJ&A), Raymond James Financial Services, Inc. (RJFS), Raymond James Financial Services Advisors, Inc. (RJFSA), Raymond James Ltd. (RJ Ltd.), Eagle Asset Management, Inc. (Eagle), and Raymond James Bank, N.A. (RJ Bank). The Company operates through five segments: Private Client Group (PCG), Capital Markets, Asset Management, RJ Bank and the Other segment. The Private Client Group segment includes the retail branches of the Company’s broker-dealer subsidiaries located throughout the United States, Canada and the United Kingdom. The Capital Markets segment includes institutional sales and trading in the United States, Canada and Europe. The Asset Management segment includes the operations of Eagle, the Eagle Family of Funds, Cougar Global Investments Limited (Cougar), the asset management operations of RJ&A, trust services of RJ Trust, and other fee-based asset management programs. RJ Bank segment provides corporate loans, securities based loans (SB) and residential loans. The Other segment includes principal capital and private equity activities, as well as certain corporate costs of RJF.

 

Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:

ModernGraham Valuation of RJF – February 2019

Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?

What kind of Intelligent Investor are you?

Defensive Investor; must pass all 6 of the following tests.
1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise Market Cap > $2Bil $11,570,757,649 Pass
2. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 10 years prior Pass
3. Dividend Record Dividend Payments for 10 years prior Pass
4. Earnings Growth Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end 171.22% Pass
5. Moderate PEmg Ratio PEmg < 20 15.25 Pass
6. Moderate Price to Assets PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50 1.94 Pass
Enterprising Investor; must pass all 3 of the following tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.
1. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 5 years prior Pass
2. Dividend Record Currently Pays Dividend Pass
3. Earnings Growth EPSmg greater than 5 years ago Pass

 

Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value

EPSmg $5.38
MG Growth Estimate 12.03%
MG Value $175.15
Opinion Undervalued
MG Grade B
MG Value based on 3% Growth $77.98
MG Value based on 0% Growth $45.71
Market Implied Growth Rate 3.37%
Current Price $81.99
% of Intrinsic Value 46.81%

Raymond James Financial, Inc. qualifies for both the Defensive Investor and the Enterprising Investor. In fact, the company meets all of the requirements of both investor types, a rare accomplishment indicative of the company’s strong financial position . The Enterprising Investor has no initial concerns. As a result, all value investors following the ModernGraham approach should feel comfortable proceeding with the analysis.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be Undervalued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $2.98 in 2015 to an estimated $5.38 for 2019. This level of demonstrated earnings growth outpaces the market’s implied estimate of 3.37% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on Benjamin Graham’s formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value above the price.

At the time of valuation, further research into Raymond James Financial, Inc. revealed the company was trading above its Graham Number of $81.73. The company pays a dividend of $1.1 per share, for a yield of 1.3% Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 15.25, which was below the industry average of 20.29, which by some methods of valuation makes it one of the most undervalued stocks in its industry.

Raymond James Financial, Inc. performs fairly well in the ModernGraham grading system, scoring a B.

Stage 3: Information for Further Research

Graham Number $81.73
PEmg 15.25
PB Ratio 1.94
Dividend Yield 1.34%
TTM Dividend $1.10
Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth 6

Useful Links:

ModernGraham tagged articles Morningstar
Google Finance MSN Money
Yahoo Finance Seeking Alpha
GuruFocus SEC Filings

Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures

Balance Sheet Information 12/1/2018
Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation $2,448,000,000
Total Assets $38,544,000,000
Intangible Assets $633,000,000
Total Liabilities $32,319,000,000
Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) 147,300,000

Earnings Per Share History

EPS History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $6.79
Sep2018 $5.75
Sep2017 $4.33
Sep2016 $3.65
Sep2015 $3.43
Sep2014 $3.32
Sep2013 $2.58
Sep2012 $2.20
Sep2011 $2.19
Sep2010 $1.83
Sep2009 $1.25
Sep2008 $1.97
Sep2007 $2.11
Sep2006 $1.85
Sep2005 $1.33
Sep2004 $1.15
Sep2003 $0.78
Sep2002 $0.71
Sep2001 $0.88
Sep2000 $1.19
Sep1999 $0.78

Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History

EPSmg History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $5.38
Sep2018 $4.48
Sep2017 $3.72
Sep2016 $3.29
Sep2015 $2.98
Sep2014 $2.65
Sep2013 $2.21
Sep2012 $1.98
Sep2011 $1.87
Sep2010 $1.74
Sep2009 $1.70
Sep2008 $1.84
Sep2007 $1.67
Sep2006 $1.35
Sep2005 $1.06
Sep2004 $0.93
Sep2003 $0.84

Recommended Reading:

Other ModernGraham posts about the company

Raymond James Financial Inc Valuation – March 2018 $RJF

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Disclaimer:

The author did not hold a position in any company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.  See my current holdings here.  This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to a registered investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions.  ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner.  Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.

Synchrony Financial Valuation – June 2018 $SYF

Company Profile (excerpt from Reuters): Synchrony Financial (Synchrony), incorporated on September 12, 2003, is a consumer financial services company. The Company provides a range of credit products through programs it has established with a group of national and regional retailers, local merchants, manufacturers, buying groups, industry associations and healthcare service providers. The Company’s revenue activities are managed through three sales platforms: Retail Card, Payment Solutions and CareCredit. It offers its credit products through its subsidiary, Synchrony Bank (the Bank). Through the Bank, it offers a range of deposit products insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC), including certificates of deposit, individual retirement accounts (IRAs), money market accounts and savings accounts.

SYF Chart

SYF data by YCharts

 

Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:

ModernGraham Valuation of SYF – June 2018

Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?

What kind of Intelligent Investor are you?

 

Defensive Investor; must pass all 6 of the following tests.
1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise Market Cap > $2Bil $26,416,479,565 Pass
2. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 10 years prior Fail
3. Dividend Record Dividend Payments for 10 years prior Fail
4. Earnings Growth Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end 27833233.33% Pass
5. Moderate PEmg Ratio PEmg < 20 12.50 Pass
6. Moderate Price to Assets PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50 1.88 Pass
Enterprising Investor; must pass all 3 of the following tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.
1. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 5 years prior Pass
2. Dividend Record Currently Pays Dividend Pass
3. Earnings Growth EPSmg greater than 5 years ago Pass

 

Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value

EPSmg $2.80
MG Growth Estimate 15.00%
MG Value $107.77
Opinion Undervalued
MG Grade B+
MG Value based on 3% Growth $40.59
MG Value based on 0% Growth $23.79
Market Implied Growth Rate 2.00%
Current Price $35.00
% of Intrinsic Value 32.48%

Synchrony Financial is suitable for the Enterprising Investor but not the more conservative Defensive Investor. The Defensive Investor is concerned with the insufficient earnings stability over the last ten years, and the poor dividend history. The Enterprising Investor has no initial concerns. As a result, all Enterprising Investors following the ModernGraham approach should feel comfortable proceeding with the analysis.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be Undervalued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $0.93 in 2014 to an estimated $2.8 for 2018. This level of demonstrated earnings growth outpaces the market’s implied estimate of 2% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on Benjamin Graham’s formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value above the price.

At the time of valuation, further research into Synchrony Financial revealed the company was trading below its Graham Number of $36.58. The company pays a dividend of $0.56 per share, for a yield of 1.6% Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 12.5, which was below the industry average of 22.96, which by some methods of valuation makes it one of the most undervalued stocks in its industry.

Synchrony Financial performs fairly well in the ModernGraham grading system, scoring a B+.

Stage 3: Information for Further Research

Graham Number $36.58
PEmg 12.50
PB Ratio 1.88
Dividend Yield 1.60%
TTM Dividend $0.56
Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth 2

Useful Links:

 

ModernGraham tagged articles Morningstar
Google Finance MSN Money
Yahoo Finance Seeking Alpha
GuruFocus SEC Filings

Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures

Balance Sheet Information 3/1/2018
Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation $21,015,000,000
Total Assets $95,559,000,000
Intangible Assets $1,771,000,000
Total Liabilities $81,203,000,000
Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) 770,300,000

Earnings Per Share History

EPS History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $3.22
Dec2017 $2.42
Dec2016 $2.71
Dec2015 $2.65
Dec2014 $2.78

Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History

EPSmg History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $2.80
Dec2017 $2.43
Dec2016 $2.17
Dec2015 $1.62
Dec2014 $0.93

Recommended Reading:

Other ModernGraham posts about the company

5 Undervalued Large Cap Stocks for Value Investors – August 2017
11 Best Stocks for Value Investors This Week – 3/4/17
Synchrony Financial Valuation – Initial Coverage $SYF

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The Western Union Co Valuation – April 2018 $WU
Northern Trust Corp Valuation – April 2018 $NTRS
Nasdaq Inc Valuation – April 2018 $NDAQ
Leucadia National Corp Valuation – March 2018 $LUK

Disclaimer:

The author did not hold a position in any company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.  See my current holdings here.  This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to a registered investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions.  ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner.  Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.

CBRE Group Inc Valuation – June 2018 $CBRE

Company Profile (excerpt from Reuters): CBRE Group, Inc., incorporated on February 20, 2001, is a holding company that conducts all of its operations through its subsidiaries. The Company operates as a commercial real estate services and investment company. The Company operates through the segments: The Americas; Europe, Middle East and Africa (EMEA); Asia Pacific; Global Investment Management, and Development Services. The Company provides services in the office, retail, industrial, multifamily and hotel sectors of commercial real estate.

CBRE Chart

CBRE data by YCharts

 

Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:

ModernGraham Valuation of CBRE – June 2018

Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?

What kind of Intelligent Investor are you?

Defensive Investor; must pass 6 out of the following 7 tests.
1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise Market Cap > $2Bil $15,651,811,146 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 2 1.18 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 10 years prior Pass
4. Dividend Record Dividend Payments for 10 years prior Fail
5. Earnings Growth Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end 346.98% Pass
6. Moderate PEmg Ratio PEmg < 20 21.20 Fail
7. Moderate Price to Assets PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50 3.57 Fail
Enterprising Investor; must pass 4 out of the following 5 tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.
1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 1.5 1.18 Fail
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Debt to NCA < 1.1 1.99 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 5 years prior Pass
4. Dividend Record Currently Pays Dividend Fail
5. Earnings Growth EPSmg greater than 5 years ago Pass

 

Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value

EPSmg $2.17
MG Growth Estimate 15.00%
MG Value $83.67
Opinion Undervalued
MG Grade C-
MG Value based on 3% Growth $31.51
MG Value based on 0% Growth $18.47
Market Implied Growth Rate 6.35%
Current Price $46.07
% of Intrinsic Value 55.06%

CBRE Group Inc does not satisfy the requirements of either the Enterprising Investor or the more conservative Defensive Investor. The Defensive Investor is concerned with the low current ratio, poor dividend history, and the high PEmg and PB ratios. The Enterprising Investor has concerns regarding the level of debt relative to the current assets, and the lack of dividends. As a result, all value investors following the ModernGraham approach should explore other opportunities at this time or proceed cautiously with a speculative attitude.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be Undervalued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $1.07 in 2014 to an estimated $2.17 for 2018. This level of demonstrated earnings growth outpaces the market’s implied estimate of 6.35% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on the Benjamin Graham value investing formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value above the price.

At the time of valuation, further research into CBRE Group Inc revealed the company was trading above its Graham Number of $27.99. The company does not pay a dividend. Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 21.2, which was below the industry average of 22.96, which by some methods of valuation makes it one of the most undervalued stocks in its industry. Finally, the company was trading above its Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) of $-5.06.

CBRE Group Inc receives an average overall rating in the ModernGraham grading system, scoring a C-.

Stage 3: Information for Further Research

Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) -$5.06
Graham Number $27.99
PEmg 21.20
Current Ratio 1.18
PB Ratio 3.57
Current Dividend $0.00
Dividend Yield 0.00%
Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth 0

Useful Links:

ModernGraham tagged articles Morningstar
Google Finance MSN Money
Yahoo Finance Seeking Alpha
GuruFocus SEC Filings

Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures

Balance Sheet Information 3/1/2018
Total Current Assets $5,754,300,000
Total Current Liabilities $4,869,655,000
Long-Term Debt $1,758,188,000
Total Assets $11,907,442,000
Intangible Assets $4,677,134,000
Total Liabilities $7,488,768,000
Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) 342,590,000

Earnings Per Share History

EPS History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $2.94
Dec2017 $2.03
Dec2016 $1.69
Dec2015 $1.63
Dec2014 $1.45
Dec2013 $0.95
Dec2012 $0.97
Dec2011 $0.74
Dec2010 $0.63
Dec2009 $0.12
Dec2008 -$4.81
Dec2007 $1.66
Dec2006 $1.35
Dec2005 $0.95
Dec2004 $0.30
Dec2003 -$0.23
Dec2002 $0.15
Dec2001 $0.73

Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History

EPSmg History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $2.17
Dec2017 $1.71
Dec2016 $1.48
Dec2015 $1.30
Dec2014 $1.07
Dec2013 $0.82
Dec2012 $0.34
Dec2011 -$0.09
Dec2010 -$0.41
Dec2009 -$0.67
Dec2008 -$0.74
Dec2007 $1.13
Dec2006 $0.74
Dec2005 $0.42
Dec2004 $0.17
Dec2003 $0.11
Dec2002 $0.25

Recommended Reading:

Other ModernGraham posts about the company

CBRE Group Inc Valuation – July 2016 $CBG
58 Companies in the Spotlight This Week – 1/31/15
CBRE Group Inc. Annual Valuation – 2015 $CBG
14 Companies in the Spotlight This Week – 1/11/14
ModernGraham Valuation: CBRE Group Inc. (CBG)

Other ModernGraham posts about related companies

Franklin Resources Inc Valuation – May 2018 $BEN
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Affiliated Managers Group Inc Valuation – May 2018 $AMG
The Western Union Co Valuation – April 2018 $WU
Northern Trust Corp Valuation – April 2018 $NTRS
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Disclaimer:

The author did not hold a position in any company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.  See my current holdings here.  This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to a registered investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions.  ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner.  Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.

Franklin Resources Inc Valuation – May 2018 $BEN

Company Profile (excerpt from Reuters): Franklin Resources, Inc., incorporated on November 28, 1969, is a holding company. The Company, along with its subsidiaries, operates as Franklin Templeton Investments. The Company is a global investment management company that provides investment management and related services to retail, institutional and high net-worth clients in jurisdictions around the world. The Company offers its investment products and services under the Franklin, Templeton, Franklin Mutual Series, Franklin Bissett, Fiduciary Trust, Darby, Balanced Equity Management, K2 and LibertyShares brand names. The Company’s products include investment funds and institutional, high net-worth and separately managed accounts (collectively, sponsored investment products (SIPs)). The Company offers various types of SIPs, such as the United States funds, cross-border funds, local/regional funds, and other managed accounts, alternative investment products and trusts.

BEN Chart

BEN data by YCharts

 

Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:

ModernGraham Valuation of BEN – May 2018

Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?

What kind of Intelligent Investor are you?

Defensive Investor; must pass 6 out of the following 7 tests.
1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise Market Cap > $2Bil $18,410,477,599 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 2 3.00 Pass
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 10 years prior Pass
4. Dividend Record Dividend Payments for 10 years prior Pass
5. Earnings Growth Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end 13.52% Fail
6. Moderate PEmg Ratio PEmg < 20 13.96 Pass
7. Moderate Price to Assets PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50 1.81 Pass
Enterprising Investor; must pass 4 out of the following 5 tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.
1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 1.5 3.00 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Debt to NCA < 1.1 0.17 Pass
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 5 years prior Pass
4. Dividend Record Currently Pays Dividend Pass
5. Earnings Growth EPSmg greater than 5 years ago Fail

 

Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value

EPSmg $2.47
MG Growth Estimate -3.71%
MG Value $4.29
Opinion Overvalued
MG Grade B+
MG Value based on 3% Growth $35.80
MG Value based on 0% Growth $20.98
Market Implied Growth Rate 2.73%
Current Price $34.47
% of Intrinsic Value 804.35%

Franklin Resources, Inc. qualifies for both the Defensive Investor and the Enterprising Investor. The Defensive Investor is only initially concerned with the insufficient earnings growth over the last ten years. The Enterprising Investor is only concerned with the lack of earnings growth over the last five years. As a result, all value investors following the ModernGraham approach should feel comfortable proceeding with the analysis.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be Overvalued after seeing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) decline from $3.28 in 2014 to an estimated $2.47 for 2018. This level of demonstrated earnings growth does not support the market’s implied estimate of 2.73% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on the Benjamin Graham value investing formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value below the price.

At the time of valuation, further research into Franklin Resources, Inc. revealed the company was trading above its Graham Number of $24.36. The company pays a dividend of $0.8 per share, for a yield of 2.3%, putting it among the best dividend paying stocks today. Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 13.96, which was below the industry average of 22.78, which by some methods of valuation makes it one of the most undervalued stocks in its industry. Finally, the company was trading above its Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) of $4.29.

Franklin Resources, Inc. performs fairly well in the ModernGraham grading system, scoring a B+.

Stage 3: Information for Further Research

Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) $4.29
Graham Number $24.36
PEmg 13.96
Current Ratio 3.00
PB Ratio 1.81
Current Dividend $0.80
Dividend Yield 2.32%
Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth 20

Useful Links:

ModernGraham tagged articles Morningstar
Google Finance MSN Money
Yahoo Finance Seeking Alpha
GuruFocus SEC Filings

Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures

Balance Sheet Information 3/1/2018
Total Current Assets $9,625,500,000
Total Current Liabilities $3,204,500,000
Long-Term Debt $1,078,800,000
Total Assets $17,690,000,000
Intangible Assets $2,242,300,000
Total Liabilities $7,287,800,000
Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) 545,500,000

Earnings Per Share History

EPS History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $1.16
Sep2017 $3.01
Sep2016 $2.94
Sep2015 $3.29
Sep2014 $3.79
Sep2013 $3.37
Sep2012 $2.98
Sep2011 $2.87
Sep2010 $2.11
Sep2009 $1.28
Sep2008 $2.22
Sep2007 $2.34
Sep2006 $1.62
Sep2005 $1.35
Sep2004 $0.92
Sep2003 $0.66
Sep2002 $0.55
Sep2001 $0.64
Sep2000 $0.76
Sep1999 $0.56
Sep1998 $0.66

Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History

EPSmg History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $2.47
Sep2017 $3.18
Sep2016 $3.26
Sep2015 $3.37
Sep2014 $3.28
Sep2013 $2.86
Sep2012 $2.50
Sep2011 $2.23
Sep2010 $1.91
Sep2009 $1.80
Sep2008 $1.93
Sep2007 $1.65
Sep2006 $1.21
Sep2005 $0.94
Sep2004 $0.73
Sep2003 $0.63
Sep2002 $0.63

Recommended Reading:

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Franklin Resources Inc Valuation – February 2017 $BEN
Best Dividend Paying Stocks for Dividend Growth Investors – February 2017
10 Low PE Stock Picks for the Defensive Investor – January 2017
Best Dividend Paying Stocks for Dividend Growth Investors – January 2017
Best Dividend Paying Stocks for Dividend Growth Investors – December 2016

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The Western Union Co Valuation – April 2018 $WU
Northern Trust Corp Valuation – April 2018 $NTRS
Nasdaq Inc Valuation – April 2018 $NDAQ
Leucadia National Corp Valuation – March 2018 $LUK
E*Trade Financial Corp Valuation – March 2018 $ETFC

Disclaimer:

The author did not hold a position in any company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.  See my current holdings here.  This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to a registered investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions.  ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner.  Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.

S&P Global Inc Valuation – May 2018 $SPGI

Company Profile (excerpt from Reuters): S&P Global Inc., formerly McGraw Hill Financial Inc., incorporated on December 29, 1925, is a provider of ratings, benchmarks, analytics and data to the capital and commodity markets around the world. The Company operates through three segments: Ratings, Market and Commodities Intelligence, and S&P Dow Jones Indices (Indices). The Company provides ratings related to new issuance of corporate and government debt instruments, and structured finance debt instruments; bank loan ratings; and corporate credit estimates, which are intended, based on an abbreviated analysis, to provide an indication of its opinion regarding creditworthiness of a company, which does not have a Ratings credit rating. The Company serves its customers through a range of products and services available through both third party and its distribution channels. The Company’s subsidiary, CRISIL Limited (CRISIL), is a global analytical company and a provider of ratings, data and research, analytics and solutions.

SPGI Chart

SPGI data by YCharts

 

Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:

ModernGraham Valuation of SPGI – May 2018

Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?

What kind of Intelligent Investor are you?

Defensive Investor; must pass 6 out of the following 7 tests.
1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise Market Cap > $2Bil $49,724,596,372 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 2 1.05 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 10 years prior Fail
4. Dividend Record Dividend Payments for 10 years prior Pass
5. Earnings Growth Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end 178.20% Pass
6. Moderate PEmg Ratio PEmg < 20 30.46 Fail
7. Moderate Price to Assets PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50 7,183.53 Fail
Enterprising Investor; must pass 4 out of the following 5 tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.
1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 1.5 1.05 Fail
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Debt to NCA < 1.1 21.28 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 5 years prior Fail
4. Dividend Record Currently Pays Dividend Pass
5. Earnings Growth EPSmg greater than 5 years ago Pass

 

Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value

EPSmg $6.49
MG Growth Estimate 15.00%
MG Value $249.84
Opinion Fairly Valued
MG Grade C-
MG Value based on 3% Growth $94.10
MG Value based on 0% Growth $55.16
Market Implied Growth Rate 10.98%
Current Price $197.66
% of Intrinsic Value 79.11%

S&P Global Inc does not satisfy the requirements of either the Enterprising Investor or the more conservative Defensive Investor. The Defensive Investor is concerned with the low current ratio, insufficient earnings stability over the last ten years, and the high PEmg and PB ratios. The Enterprising Investor has concerns regarding the level of debt relative to the current assets, and the lack of earnings stability over the last five years. As a result, all value investors following the ModernGraham approach should explore other opportunities at this time or proceed cautiously with a speculative attitude.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be Fairly Valued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $2.05 in 2014 to an estimated $6.49 for 2018. This level of demonstrated earnings growth supports the market’s implied estimate of 10.98% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on the Benjamin Graham value investing formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value within a margin of safety relative to the price.

At the time of valuation, further research into S&P Global Inc revealed the company was trading above its Graham Number of $23.11. The company pays a dividend of $1.64 per share, for a yield of 0.8% Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 30.46, which was above the industry average of 22.78. Finally, the company was trading above its Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) of $-20.46.

S&P Global Inc receives an average overall rating in the ModernGraham grading system, scoring a C-.

Stage 3: Information for Further Research

Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) -$20.46
Graham Number $23.11
PEmg 30.46
Current Ratio 1.05
PB Ratio 7,183.53
Current Dividend $1.64
Dividend Yield 0.83%
Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth 20

Useful Links:

ModernGraham tagged articles Morningstar
Google Finance MSN Money
Yahoo Finance Seeking Alpha
GuruFocus SEC Filings

Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures

Balance Sheet Information 3/1/2018
Total Current Assets $3,284,000,000
Total Current Liabilities $3,135,000,000
Long-Term Debt $3,170,000,000
Total Assets $8,497,000,000
Intangible Assets $4,435,000,000
Total Liabilities $8,490,000,000
Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) 254,400,000

Earnings Per Share History

EPS History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $8.48
Dec2017 $5.78
Dec2016 $7.94
Dec2015 $4.21
Dec2014 -$0.42
Dec2013 $4.91
Dec2012 $1.53
Dec2011 $3.00
Dec2010 $2.65
Dec2009 $2.33
Dec2008 $2.51
Dec2007 $2.94
Dec2006 $2.40
Dec2005 $2.21
Dec2004 $1.96
Dec2003 $1.79
Dec2002 $1.48
Dec2001 $0.96
Dec2000 $1.03
Dec1999 $1.07
Dec1998 $0.83

Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History

EPSmg History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $6.49
Dec2017 $5.16
Dec2016 $4.44
Dec2015 $2.68
Dec2014 $2.05
Dec2013 $3.15
Dec2012 $2.32
Dec2011 $2.70
Dec2010 $2.56
Dec2009 $2.50
Dec2008 $2.53
Dec2007 $2.44
Dec2006 $2.12
Dec2005 $1.88
Dec2004 $1.62
Dec2003 $1.39
Dec2002 $1.15

Recommended Reading:

Other ModernGraham posts about the company

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Disclaimer:

The author did not hold a position in any company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.  See my current holdings here.  This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to a registered investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions.  ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner.  Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.

Equifax Inc Valuation – May 2018 $EFX

Company Profile (excerpt from Reuters): Equifax Inc., incorporated on December 20, 1913, is a global provider of information solutions and human resources business process outsourcing services for businesses, governments and consumers. The Company operates in four segments: U.S. Information Solutions (USIS), International, Workforce Solutions and Global Consumer Solutions. Its products and services are based on databases of consumer and business information derived from various sources, including credit, financial assets, telecommunications and utility payments, employment, income, demographic and marketing data. It uses statistical techniques and software tools to analyze all available data, creating customized insights, decision-making solutions and processing services for its clients. It helps consumers understand, manage and protect their personal information and make more informed financial decisions. It also provides information, technology and services to support debt collections and recovery management.

EFX Chart

EFX data by YCharts

 

Downloadable PDF version of this valuation:

ModernGraham Valuation of EFX – May 2018

Stage 1: Is this company suitable for the Defensive Investor or the Enterprising Investor?

What kind of Intelligent Investor are you?

Defensive Investor; must pass 6 out of the following 7 tests.
1. Adequate Size of the Enterprise Market Cap > $2Bil $13,662,980,946 Pass
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 2 0.60 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 10 years prior Pass
4. Dividend Record Dividend Payments for 10 years prior Pass
5. Earnings Growth Increase of 33% in EPS in past 10 years using 3 year averages at beginning and end 153.78% Pass
6. Moderate PEmg Ratio PEmg < 20 23.97 Fail
7. Moderate Price to Assets PB Ratio < 2.5 OR PB*PEmg < 50 4.20 Fail
Enterprising Investor; must pass 4 out of the following 5 tests, or be suitable for the Defensive Investor.
1. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Current Ratio > 1.5 0.60 Fail
2. Sufficiently Strong Financial Condition Debt to NCA < 1.1 -2.80 Fail
3. Earnings Stability Positive EPS for 5 years prior Pass
4. Dividend Record Currently Pays Dividend Pass
5. Earnings Growth EPSmg greater than 5 years ago Pass

 

Stage 2: Determination of Intrinsic Value

EPSmg $4.73
MG Growth Estimate 12.49%
MG Value $158.54
Opinion Undervalued
MG Grade D+
MG Value based on 3% Growth $68.64
MG Value based on 0% Growth $40.24
Market Implied Growth Rate 7.74%
Current Price $113.49
% of Intrinsic Value 71.58%

Equifax Inc. does not satisfy the requirements of either the Enterprising Investor or the more conservative Defensive Investor. The Defensive Investor is concerned with the low current ratio, high PEmg and PB ratios. The Enterprising Investor has concerns regarding the level of debt relative to the current assets. As a result, all value investors following the ModernGraham approach should explore other opportunities at this time or proceed cautiously with a speculative attitude.

As for a valuation, the company appears to be Undervalued after growing its EPSmg (normalized earnings) from $2.58 in 2014 to an estimated $4.73 for 2018. This level of demonstrated earnings growth outpaces the market’s implied estimate of 7.74% annual earnings growth over the next 7-10 years. As a result, the ModernGraham valuation model, based on the Benjamin Graham value investing formula, returns an estimate of intrinsic value above the price.

At the time of valuation, further research into Equifax Inc. revealed the company was trading above its Graham Number of $59.23. The company pays a dividend of $1.56 per share, for a yield of 1.4% Its PEmg (price over earnings per share – ModernGraham) was 23.97, which was above the industry average of 22.78. Finally, the company was trading above its Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) of $-24.77.

Equifax Inc. scores quite poorly in the ModernGraham grading system, with an overall grade of D+.

Stage 3: Information for Further Research

Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) -$24.77
Graham Number $59.23
PEmg 23.97
Current Ratio 0.60
PB Ratio 4.20
Current Dividend $1.56
Dividend Yield 1.37%
Number of Consecutive Years of Dividend Growth 8

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Most Recent Balance Sheet Figures

Balance Sheet Information 3/1/2018
Total Current Assets $917,400,000
Total Current Liabilities $1,538,900,000
Long-Term Debt $1,739,600,000
Total Assets $7,196,100,000
Intangible Assets $5,535,500,000
Total Liabilities $3,921,400,000
Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) 121,300,000

Earnings Per Share History

EPS History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $5.90
Dec2017 $4.83
Dec2016 $4.04
Dec2015 $3.55
Dec2014 $2.97
Dec2013 $2.84
Dec2012 $2.22
Dec2011 $1.88
Dec2010 $2.11
Dec2009 $1.83
Dec2008 $2.09
Dec2007 $2.02
Dec2006 $2.12
Dec2005 $1.86
Dec2004 $1.76
Dec2003 $1.20
Dec2002 $1.25
Dec2001 $0.85
Dec2000 $1.68
Dec1999 $1.55
Dec1998 $1.34

Earnings Per Share – ModernGraham History

EPSmg History
Next Fiscal Year Estimate $4.73
Dec2017 $3.98
Dec2016 $3.41
Dec2015 $2.96
Dec2014 $2.58
Dec2013 $2.32
Dec2012 $2.05
Dec2011 $1.97
Dec2010 $2.02
Dec2009 $1.98
Dec2008 $2.02
Dec2007 $1.93
Dec2006 $1.80
Dec2005 $1.55
Dec2004 $1.38
Dec2003 $1.23
Dec2002 $1.27

Recommended Reading:

Other ModernGraham posts about the company

Equifax Inc Valuation – February 2017 $EFX
Equifax Inc Valuation – August 2016 $EFX
27 Companies in the Spotlight This Week – 4/4/15
Equifax Inc. Annual Valuation – 2015 $EFX
14 Companies in the Spotlight This Week – 4/5/14

Other ModernGraham posts about related companies

Affiliated Managers Group Inc Valuation – May 2018 $AMG
The Western Union Co Valuation – April 2018 $WU
Northern Trust Corp Valuation – April 2018 $NTRS
Nasdaq Inc Valuation – April 2018 $NDAQ
Leucadia National Corp Valuation – March 2018 $LUK
E*Trade Financial Corp Valuation – March 2018 $ETFC
Cboe Global Markets Inc Valuation – Initial Coverage $CBOE
Raymond James Financial Inc Valuation – March 2018 $RJF
Marsh & McLennan Companies Inc Valuation – March 2018 $MMC
Fidelity National Information Services Inc Valuation – March 2018 $FIS

Disclaimer:

The author did not hold a position in any company mentioned in this article at the time of publication and had no intention of changing that position within the next 72 hours.  See my current holdings here.  This article is not investment advice; any reader should speak to a registered investment adviser prior to making any investment decisions.  ModernGraham is not affiliated with the company in any manner.  Please be sure to review our detailed disclaimer.

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